How to thinklikea_historian_wwexp

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  • Model the questioning for students; Complete as a class for guided practice
  • Have students brainstorm: Images, maps, photographs, newspapers, letters, diary entries, textbooks, the writing of other experts
  • Practice together
  • How to thinklikea_historian_wwexp

    1. 1. How do we learn about History?
    2. 2. Warm Up: See, Think, Wonder Look at this picture and finish the sentences with as any ideas as you can. I see . . . • • • I think . . . • • • I wonder . . . • • •
    3. 3. If you’re stuck . . . Guiding Questions 1 See • What type of evidence is this? • When was it made? Can you tell? • What do you notice first? What stands out to you? • What people or objects are shown/described? • Where does this take place? 2 Think • Why do you think this image was made? • What is happening in the image? • What tools were used to create this? • What can you learn from this image? • What’s missing from this image? 3 Wonder • What do you not recognize? • What surprises you? • What is confusing to you? • What do you wonder about?
    4. 4. What we’re going to do today By the end of class, you will understand HOW we learn about history. You will practice by learning the reasons people moved west following the Civil War. Agenda – Warm Up – Activity • Historical Question • Considering evidence – Closure: Draw a CONCLUSION
    5. 5. . . . to think like a historian.
    6. 6. . . . to think like a historian. It all begins with a Historical Question Why did Americans move west after the Civil War?
    7. 7. . . . to think like a historian. It all begins with a Historical Question Then, you need to consider the evidence (artifacts).
    8. 8. We consider the evidence . . . What types of evidence do historians use?
    9. 9. We consider the evidence . . . What types of evidence do historians use? Today we will look at four pieces of evidence! Evidence 1: Millions of Acres Evidence 2: Homestead Act Evidence 3: Certificate Evidence 4: Indian Territory
    10. 10. For each piece of evidence . . . • DESCRIBE what you see, hear or read in this source. What images, symbols or words? • EXPLAIN the main idea of this source. What does the creator (author, artist, photographer) want you to think, believe or know? • SUMMARIZE what this tell you about the historical question. From this source, what can you learn about why Americans moved west after the Civil War?
    11. 11. Name: Team Color: Title: DESCRIBE what you see, hear or read in this source. What images, symbols or words? EXPLAIN the main idea of this source. What does the creator (author, artist, photographer) want you to think, believe or know? SUMMARIZE what this tell you about the historical question. From this source, what can you learn about why Americans Thinking like a Historian: Why did Americans Move West After the Civil War? Evidence 1: Millions of Acres >> – U.S. History II Evidence 2: Homestead Act
    12. 12. Thinking like a Historian: Why did Americans Move West After the Civil War? Title: DESCRIBE what you see, hear or read in this source. What images, symbols or words? EXPLAIN the main idea of this source. What does the creator (author, artist, photographer) want you to think, believe or know? SUMMARIZE what this tell you about the historical question. From this source, what can you learn about why Americans Evidence 3: Certificate Evidence 4: Indian Territory
    13. 13. Evidence 1
    14. 14. Evidence 2 Homestead Act Land 37th Congress Session II 1862 Chapter LXXV. - An Act to secure Homesteads to actual Settlers on the Public Domain. Original Modernized Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the person applying for the benefit of this act shall, upon application to the register of the land office in which he or she is about to make such entry, make affidavit before the said register or receiver that he or she is the head of a family, or is twenty-one years or more of age, or shall have performed service in the army or navy of the United States, and that he has never borne arms against the Government of the United States or given aid and comfort to its enemies, and that such application is made for his or her exclusive use and benefit, and that said entry is made for the purpose of actual settlement and cultivation, and not either directly or indirectly for the use of benefit of any other person or persons whomsoever; and upon filing the said affidavit with the register or receiver, and on payment of ten dollars, he or she shall thereupon be permitted to enter the quantity of land specified: Provided, however, That no certificate shall be given or patent issued therefore until the expiration of five years from the date of such entry; The two houses of the U.S. Congress have decided that any head of household who is at least 21 years old and a citizen of the United States (AND who has never fought against the U.S. in a war) . . . will have the right, after January 1st, 1863, to have up to 160 acres of government land. This person will have to swear that they are going to use it for “actual settlement and cultivation” themselves and their families. They must pay $10 and then will own the land after five years of living on it and farming it.
    15. 15. Homestead Act Land Certificate Evidence 3 This is a picture of a Homestead Land Certificate. It is the piece of paper that said settlers owned the land they lived on for 5 years as part of the Homestead Act.
    16. 16. Evidence 4 This advertisement is about land in Kansas that is available for settlement.
    17. 17. . . . to think like a historian. It all begins with a Historical Question Then, you need to consider the evidence (artifacts). Finally, you come up with a conclusion. In other words, you answer your question based on what the evidence showed you.
    18. 18. . . . to think like a historian. Why did Americans move west after the Civil War? After the Civil War, many Americans moved west because. . .
    19. 19. . . . to think like a historian. The evidence I will consider is: Historical Question: After the Civil War, many Americans moved west because . . .

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