Unit Objectives : Identify the major codes of transportation for tourism. Identify the influences of political positions or transportation for tourism. Analyze the issues and trends that will have impacts upon transportation for tourism.
Transport Is a fundamental component of tourism industry. Transport is preconditioning for travel: it facilitates the mobility and the movement of tourists from their place of origin to their destination and back.
1. Conceptualizing Transport and Tourismtwo basic approaches have dominated the analysis of transport and tourism: Transport for Tourism This is the transport as a utilitarian or functional act which involves a mode or modes of travel in moving from origin to destination and for travel in the destination. it offers Low intrinsic value as a tourism experience. o (Taxi, Urban Bus, and metro.. Intercity rail Flights)
Transport as Tourism The mode of transport is integral to the overall experience of tourism such as cruising or taking a scenic railway journey. High intrinsic value as a tourism experience. o (Scenic car trails, Coach Tours, Cruises, City walking Trails, Special activities : Kayaking, Ballooning)
2. Land-based Travel2.1 The Car It is still widely neglected in tourism studies because it is now such an accepted part of everyday life than in impact and the use in tourism is taken for granted and overlooked.
2.2 Coach and Bus Transport The term coach is used to describe any publicly or privately operated road service for passengers, other than local scheduled bus services. It thus embraces a wide range of tourist services that are sold to public, both directly and through other sectors and travel industry.
2.3 Rail Travel was one of the prime movers of the leisure revolution in Victorian and Edwardian times, linked with the rise of seaside resorts since it offered an efficient mode of moving volumes of urban passengers from a city to a coastal destination.
2.4 Cycling Rural destinations, particularly those in relatively flat but attractive landscapes, have recognized the growing popularity of cycling as an activity of visitors and encouraged cyclists by providing suitable trails and informative leaflets about the surrounding countryside.
2.5Tourism on foot Walking holidays in the mountains have a long tradition and hiking and trekking have both grown in popularity in recent years. It is also important to towns and cities. In the most popular urban destinations, trails are often marked out by means of symbols on pavements or signposts, just as markers on trees enable visitor to find their way along forest trails.
3. Water-based Transport3 Main forms of Water-based Transport:1. Cruising Cruising by boat is a lifestyle that involves living for extended time on a boat while traveling from place to place for pleasure or luxury. Cruising generally refers to trips of a few days or more, and can extend to round- the-world voyages.
2. Ferries A ferry (or ferryboat) is a boat or ship (a merchant ship) used to carry (or ferry) primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate on regular, frequent, return services. A passenger ferry with many stops, such as in Venice, is sometimes called a water bus or Water taxi. Ferries form a part of the public transport systems of many waterside cities and islands, allowing direct transit between points at a capital coast much lower than bridges or tunnels. However, ship connections of much larger distances (such as over long distances in water bodies like the Mediterranean Sea) may also be called ferry services, especially if they carry vehicles.
3.Pleasure craft on inland waterways A pleasure craft (or pleasure boat) is a boat used for personal, family, and sometimes sportsmanlike recreation. Typically such watercraft are motorized and are used for holidays, for example on a river, lake canal or waterway. Pleasure craft are normally kept at a marina. They may include accommodation for use while moored to the bank.
Punt A punt is a flat-bottomed boat with a square-cut bow, designed for use in small rivers or other shallow water. Punting refers to boating in a punt. The punter generally propels the punt by pushing against the river bed with a pole. A punt should not be confused with a gondola, which is propelled by an oar rather than a pole. Punts were originally built as cargo boats or platforms for fowling and angling, but in modern times their use is almost exclusively confined to pleasure trips. The term "punt" has also been used to indicate a smaller version of a regional type of long shore working boat, for example the Deal Galley Punt. This derives from the wide usage in coastal communities of the name "punt" for any small clinker-built open-stem general purpose boat. In Canada, the term punt can also refer to any small flat-bottomed boat with a square-cut bow, regardless of purpose, building material, or propulsion source. In Australia, cable ferries are commonly referred to as punts.