Poetry terms notes


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Poetry terms notes

  1. 1. Poetry Terms You Need to Know
  2. 2. Simile <ul><li>A simile is a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The car was as slow as a snail. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The fish’s scales sparkled in the sunlight like rare jewels. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Predictable Poor as a church mouse. strong as an ox, cute as a button, smart as a fox. thin as a toothpick, white as a ghost, fit as a fiddle, dumb as a post. bald as an eagle, neat as a pin, proud as a peacock, ugly as sin. When people are talking you know what they'll say as soon as they start to use a cliché. © 2000 Bruce Lansky Find the similes in this poem by Bruce Lansky!
  4. 4. Metaphor <ul><li>A metaphor is a direct comparison between two unlike things. It does not use the words like or as. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Maria’s new puppy is a garbage disposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The pen is a mighty sword. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Alliteration <ul><li>Alliteration is when the same sound is repeated at the beginning of several words of a line of poetry or a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Bobby blew ten big bubbles. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>Onomatopoeia is when words are used that sound like the noises they describe. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Ding dong! Pow! Buzz! Bang! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Idiom <ul><li>An idiom is a common expression that makes no sense unless you know its figurative meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: That test was a piece of cake. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: She got a taste of her own medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: That shirt cost me an arm and a leg. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Personification <ul><li>Personification gives animals or objects human qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: That chocolate cake on the counter called out to Jose, begging him to take a bite. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Couplet <ul><li>A couplet is a poem with two rhyming lines. Both have the same rhythm. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Twinkle, twinkle, little star </li></ul><ul><li>How I wonder what you are. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hyperbole <ul><li>A hyperbole is an exaggerated statement. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I’m so hungry that I could eat a bear. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Concrete Poem <ul><li>Concrete poems are shape poems spaced to form pictures of what the poem is about. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Autobiographical Poem <ul><li>An autobiographical poem is a poem that the author writes about himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Line 1: Your first name </li></ul><ul><li>Line 2: Four adjectives that describe you </li></ul><ul><li>Line 3: Son/daughter of ...., Brother/sister of .... </li></ul><ul><li>Line 4: Lover of (three people or ideas or a combination) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 5: Who feels (three sensations or emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Line 6: Who find happiness in (three things) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 7: Who needs (three things) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 8: Who gives (three things) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 9: Who fears (three things) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 10: Who would like to see (three things) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 11: Who enjoys (three things) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 12: Who likes to wear (three things) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 13: Add something you want to say </li></ul><ul><li>Line 14: Your last name only </li></ul>
  13. 13. Haiku <ul><li>A haiku is a short poem invented in Japan. It often describes nature with very simple observations about the world around us. A haiku consists of three unrhymed lines of 5-7-5 syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>So many breezes </li></ul><ul><li>Wander through my summer room: </li></ul><ul><li>But never enough </li></ul>
  14. 14. Limericks <ul><li>Limericks have five lines, and they are usually funny or silly. The rhyme scheme is AABBA. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>There was a young lady whose chin </li></ul><ul><li>resembled the point of a pin; </li></ul><ul><li>so she had it made sharp, </li></ul><ul><li>and purchased a harp, </li></ul><ul><li>and played several tunes with her chin. </li></ul><ul><li>-Edward Lear </li></ul>
  15. 15. Rhyme and Rhyme Scheme <ul><li>Rhyme is a technique that creates rhythm using words with the same end sound. Example: cat, hat, bat, rat, sat, mat, gnat </li></ul><ul><li>Rhyme Scheme is the order of the rhymes in a poem: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My fat cat A (new rhyme) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At a mouse B (new rhyme) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then he sat A (same rhyme as A) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In my house B (same rhyme as B) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Rhythm <ul><li>Rhythm is the beat of a poem </li></ul><ul><li>Limericks have a definite rhythm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limericks have five lines, and they are usually funny or silly. The rhyme scheme is AABBA. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Repetition <ul><li>Poets often use repetition to stress important points or sounds in their poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Yak ~Jack Prelutsky~ </li></ul><ul><li>Yickity-yackity, yickity-yak, </li></ul><ul><li>the yak has a scriffily, scraffily back, </li></ul><ul><li>some yaks are brown yaks and some yaks are black, </li></ul><ul><li>yickity-yackity, yickity-yak. </li></ul><ul><li>Sniggildy-snaggildy, sniggildy-snag, </li></ul><ul><li>the yak is all covered with shiggildy-shag; </li></ul><ul><li>he walks with a ziggildy-zaggildy-sag, </li></ul><ul><li>sniggildy-snaggildy, sniggildy-snag. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Diamante Poem <ul><li>Poem written about two opposite things in a diamond shape. </li></ul><ul><li>Line 1—one noun (subject #1) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 2—two adjectives(describing subject #1) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 3—three participles (ending in –ing, telling about subject #1) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 4—four nouns (first two related to subject #1, second two related to subject #2) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 5—three participles (about subject #2) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 6—two adjectives (describing subject #2) </li></ul><ul><li>Line 7—one noun (subject #2) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Example of Diamante Poem <ul><li>Cat </li></ul><ul><li>clever, cuddly </li></ul><ul><li>crouching, pouncing, purring </li></ul><ul><li>meow, feline, canine, bark </li></ul><ul><li>running, sniffing, yelping </li></ul><ul><li>lovable, smart </li></ul><ul><li>Dog </li></ul>
  20. 20. Acrostic Poem <ul><li>An acrostic poem uses each letter of a word to begin each line. </li></ul><ul><li>E lizabeth Jane Smith </li></ul><ul><li>L oves animals </li></ul><ul><li>I s a great student </li></ul><ul><li>Z oos are a favorite place to visit </li></ul><ul><li>A lways tries to have a smile </li></ul><ul><li>B elieves in being a good friend </li></ul><ul><li>E ats pizza and fries </li></ul><ul><li>T hinks that I want to be a doctor </li></ul><ul><li>H as a great family </li></ul>
  21. 21. Imagery <ul><li>The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sensory details <ul><li>Sensory details appeal to the readers’ five senses—sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. </li></ul>
  23. 23. “ Dreams” by Langston Hughes <ul><li>Hold fast to dreams </li></ul><ul><li>For if dreams die </li></ul><ul><li>Life is a broken-winged bird </li></ul><ul><li>That cannot fly. </li></ul><ul><li>Hold fast to dreams </li></ul><ul><li>For when dreams go </li></ul><ul><li>Life is a barren field </li></ul><ul><li>Frozen with snow. </li></ul>