Adjective notes
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Adjective notes Adjective notes Presentation Transcript

  • Adjectives
  • What is an Adjective?
    • An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun.
    • Ex: A heavy rainstorm soaked the campsite.
    • Ex: The thirty students piled into the crowded room.
  • Adjectives answer 3 questions.
    • What kind?
    • Which one?
    • How many?
    What kind? green backpack spicy stew Which one or ones? last hamburger third hike How many or how much? two flashlights many insects View slide
  • Predicate Adjectives
    • A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the verb’s subject . The linking verb connects the predicate adjective with the subject.
    • Ex: A volcanic eruption is violent .
    • Ex: The lava looks very thick.
    View slide
  • Proper Adjectives
    • A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun. Proper adjectives are always capitalized.
    Proper Noun Proper Adjective China Chinese food Ireland Irish cookies Africa African beads
  • Demonstrative Adjectives
    • The demonstrative adjectives this , that , these , and those are the same as demonstrative pronouns but they are used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun.
    • Ex: This apartment needs furniture.
    • Ex: Can you pick up those shoes?
    • Demonstrative adjective or pronoun?
    • Those are my shoes on the table.
  • Comparison of Adjectives
    • The original form of the word is the positive form.
    • An adjective that compares one noun to another uses the comparative form.
    • An adjective that compares three or more nouns to another uses the superlative form.
    • Ex: Sean is tall. (positive)
    • Ex: Sean is taller than Crystal.(comparative)
    • Ex: Sean is the tallest in the class. (superlative)
  • Comparison of Adjectives # of syllables Positive Form Comparative Form Superlative Form 1 syllable fast faster fastest 2 syllables active more active most active 2 syllables ending with a –y. friendly friendlier friendliest 3 syllables or more efficient more efficient most efficient
  • How to Make an Adjective Comparative or Superlative
    • Comparative:
      • Add er to most one-syllable adjectives
      • Ad er to many two-syllable adjectives
      • Place more (or less ) before many two-syllable adjectives
      • Some adjectives totally change form (good/better, bad/worse)
    • Superlative:
      • Add est to most one-syllable adjectives
      • Add est to many two-syllable adjectives
      • Place most (or least ) before many two-syllable adjectives
      • Place most (or least ) before many three-syllable adjectives
      • Some adjectives totally change form (good/best, bad, worst)
  • Write the Comparative and Superlative Form Adjective Comparative Superlative adequate loud narrow busy green sympathetic difficult greedy