Over 2.9 million people have diabetes in the UK (Source: Diabetes UK). Diabetes is where the glucose in your blood is too high and your body can’t use it properly . This is because you do not have enough (or any) insulin to move glucose into your cells where it is needed. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes means your body does not produce any insulin. The cells which produce insulin in your body have been destroyed. Doctors are still unsure as to why this happens. Type 1 diabetes can be found in 5-15% of all diabetes suffers and is managed through a healthy diet, exercise and daily insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes is found in 85- 95% of diabetes sufferers. It is when the body produces a small amount of insulin which is not enough for your body, or when the insulin doesn’t work properly. This type of diabetes is treated with a healthy diet and increased physical activity. Often medication or insulin is also required. It is becoming increasingly common with children, adolescents and young people.
Some of the symptoms of diabetes are: Tiredness Blurred Vision Thirst Needing the toilet more often than normal Recurring infections Slow healing woundsIf you have any of these symptoms, we wouldadvise you to take a test for diabetes and visit yourGP
You can’t have sugar – FALSE ◦ You can have sugar, you just have to balance how much you have You can only eat ‘diabetic’ foods– FALSE ◦ Again, balance is the key Diabetes sufferers all go blind– FALSE ◦ Although it is true some diabetes sufferers go blind, you can reduce your risk by keeping healthy People with diabetes can’t play sport- FALSE ◦ Sufferers are encouraged to keep active to reduce your risk of heart disease or other complications