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Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
Writing strategies for beginners
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Writing strategies for beginners

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  • 1. WRITING STRATEGIES FOR BEGINNERS
    FROM SENTENCES TO PARAGRAPH
    FIRST LEVEL INTENSIVE COURSE
    BY JOSEFINA CALLE
  • 2. Writingisnotaneasytask.
    Itisnecessarytofollow a process:
    1. Get ideas Get a better idea
    2. Organize ideas
    3. WriteThink of a betterwaytoorganize
    4. ReviseNeed more ideas
    5. EditFindsomegrammarmistakes
    THE WRITING PROCESS
  • 3. BRAINSTORMING
    Onewaytoget ideas forwritingistobrainstorm.
    Brainstormmeanstothinkabout a topic and writedown as many ideas as possible in a list.
    Whenyoubrainstormwritewordsorphrases.
    Youdon´tneedtowritesentences.
    Some ideas willbegoodones, and otherswillbenotuseful.
    Lateryou can use the ideas thatyouwantto use.
    1. GET IDEAS
  • 4. Fromthelist of ideas:
    Decide which ideas to use; then,
    Orderthem.
    2. ORGANIZE IDEAS
  • 5. Thefirstdraft
    Thefirst time youwrite a paragraph, itiscalledthefirstdraft.
    Try towriteyour ideas in aninterestingway.
    Don´tworryaboutmakingmistakes.
    Checkittwo times: revising and editing
    3. WRITE
  • 6. Revise means:
    Checkingyour ideas
    Itdoesnot mean checkingyourgrammar. Youwillhave time to do itafteryou revise.
    4. REVISE
  • 7. Editmeans:
    Checkingthegrammar in yourwriting.
    Itisimportant:
    To revise your ideas first and thenedityourgrammar.
    Ifyou revise first, youwillnotwasteyour time editingirrelevantsentences.
    5. EDIT
  • 8. Whatdoes a sentence mean?
    Sentences are group of wordsthatexpress a complete idea. Theybeginwith a capital letter and endwith a punctuationmark.
    Examples:
    Small dogs are goodpets.
    Do youhaveanypets?
    My neighbor has fifteenpets. I don´tlikepets; so, I don´thaveanypet.
    FOCUS ON SENTENCE GRAMMAR
  • 9. In English:
    Everysentencemusthave a subjet and a verb. A sentencewith a subject and a verbiscalled a simple sentence.
    A subjecttellswhoorwhat a sentenceisabout. A simple sentence can have more thanonesubject.
    Jackiehatesthemorning.
    Everymorning, hermother and fatherwake up at sixo´clock
    Averbtellswhatthesubjectisordoes. A simple sentence can have more thanoneverb.
    Jackiehatesthemorning.
    Shenevergets up orspeakstoanyonebeforenineo´clock.
    SIMPLE SENTENCES
  • 10. Mark eachunderlinedwordwith a Sforsubject of Vforverb:
    My dogshorty
    At home in Mexico, I havea littledog. Sheisanimportatpart of ourfamily. Wecall
    herShorty. Sheisa littlefat, buthershapeisvery cute. All my friendsknowher
    name and playwithher. My fathersometimesgetsangrywithherbecausesheeats
    plants in hisgarden. Histomatoes and flowers are herfavoritesnacks. I wouldlike
    topetShortyrightnow.
    IDENTIFYING SUBJECTS AND VERBS
  • 11. Whatdoes a paragrah mean?
    Goodparagraphs in Englishconsist of threetoeightsentencesononetopic.
    Paragraphsusuallyhavethreeparts:
    A topicsentence,usually at thebeginning, whichtellsthemain idea of theparagraph.
    Severalbodysentencesin themiddle, whichgivesupportinginformationaboutthetopicsentence.
    A concludingsentenceat theend, whichrestatesthetopicsentence.
    PARAGRAPHS
  • 12. Readtheparagraphbelow:
    My grandmother
    ------------- Shewasborn 77 yearsago in England, Whenshewas a baby, herfamily moved tothe USA. AfterHighSchool, sheworked in a bakeryuntil se married my grandfather. She can stillmakedeliciouscakes! My grandfatherdiedfiveyearsago, so sheliveswithusnow. My grandmotherisnotpatient, butshenevergetsangrywith me. Shealwasyslistensto me and helps me with my problems.
    Checkallthesentencesthat are goodtopicsentencesfortheparagraph:
    -----1. My grandmotheristall
    and thin.
    -----2. I think my granmotheris
    a wonderfulperson.
    -----3. Animportantperson in
    my lifeis my grandmother.
    -----4. My grandmotherhadfive
    children.
    -----5. Let me tellabout my
    Grandma.
    -----6. My grandmother can
    make me laughwhen I
    am sad.
    IDENTIFYING TOPIC SENTENCES
  • 13. Stowe Vermont
    Do youliketoskyor snowboard? For a trulyrelaxingwintervacation como toStowe,
    Vermont, in the Green Mountains. Enjoythefreshmountain air and snow at Mount
    Mansfield. Do youlike ice skating? Thereis a small ice skatingrinkneartheskating
    area. At thebottom of themountain, there are severalwonderful restaurants for
    eatinginsideoroutside. At the hotel nexttotheskyarea, thereis a heated pool and
    a hottub . In thetown of Stowe, there are plenty of antique shops and restaurants.
    Stowe, Vermont, is a great place for a wintervacation.
    Readthetravelbrouchure. Thenunderlinethemain idea.
  • 14. Wordsthat show sequency of events are: first, then, next, after
    that, finally.
    Thisis a goodwaytoorganizethesupportingsentences in thebody
    of a paragraph.
    Writeabout a camping dayyoutook in thepast, add time wordsto show thesequency.
    USING WORDS TO SEQUENCE EVENTS
  • 15. A concludingsentenceisusuallythelastsentence in a paragraph.
    A goodconcludingsentenceoftenrepeatstheparagraph´smain
    idea in differentwords.
    Writeit. Underlinethemain idea and write a concludingsentence in theparagraphbelow:
    Janet Francis wantstoteachabout local history. She has a collection of 50 oldmaps of Boston neighborhood. Shealso has a collection of oldphotosfromtheneighborhood. Everymonth, Janet invites neighborstoherapartmentto look at hermaps and photos. ¨Peopleliketoseehowthisneighbohoodchanged,¨Janetsays. ¨
    IDENTIFYING CONCLUDING SENTENCES
  • 16. Followtheintructionsyouread and writeyourownparagraph.
    Choose a topicyouliketowriteabout.
    WRITE YOUR PARAGRAPH
  • 17. Cameron S. & Vargo M. (2008).Hemipheres. New York: McGraw-Hill
    Ingram, B. & King, C. (2005). FromWritingtoComposing. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress.
    Singleten, J. (2005).Writers at WorkTheParagraph. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress.
    REFERENCES

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