Campuses as Living Laboratories for a Greener Future

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Presentation made on July 20th by Jerry Sheehan to ACUTA conference in San Fran.

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Campuses as Living Laboratories for a Greener Future

  1. 1. Campuses as Living Laboratories for a Greener Future Jerry Sheehan, Chief of Staff California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2) July 20th, 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  2. 2. Topics to Be Discussed I. The Warming World II. Carbon Regulations and Universities III. The UCSD Green Campus Testbed Thursday, July 22, 2010
  3. 3. Topic The Warming World Thursday, July 22, 2010
  4. 4. CO2 Rises Suddenly Since Industrial Era Source: David JC MacKay, 388 PPM in Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) 2010 Medieval Little Warm Period Ice Age Thursday, July 22, 2010
  5. 5. Global Average Temperature over Last 160 Years Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) Thursday, July 22, 2010
  6. 6. Climate Models Match Past Temperature Variations Combining Natural and Anthropogenic Effects Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) SOURCE: http://www.aip.org/history/climate/summary.htm Thursday, July 22, 2010
  7. 7. Atmospheric CO2 Levels Last 800,00 Years and 21st Century Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) SOURCE: US Global Change Research Program Report, 2009 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  8. 8. Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) SOURCE: EPA Analysis of American Power Act, June 14, 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  9. 9. Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) SOURCE: EPA Analysis of American Power Act, June 14, 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  10. 10. CO2 Emissions Persist for Millennium Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) SOURCE: PNAS, February 10, 2009,Vol 206 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  11. 11. Planet Already Committed to Dangerous Warming Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) Planet Has Only Realized 1/3 of the Committed Warming Future Emissions Move Peak to the Right SOURCE: V. Ramanthan and Y. Feng, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, PNAS, September 2008 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  12. 12. SOURCE: Stabilization Targets for Atmospheric Greenhouse Gas Concentrations, National Research Council, July 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  13. 13. Thursday, July 22, 2010
  14. 14. What Would it Take to Limit CO2 to 450PPM Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) Limiting GHG concentrations to 450 ppm CO2-equivalent is expected to limit temperature rises to no more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels. This would be extremely challenging to achieve, requiring an explosive pace of industrial transformation going beyond even the aggressive developments outlined in the Blueprints scenario. It would require global GHG emissions to peak before 2015, a zero-emission power sector by 2050 and a near zero-emission transport sector in the same time period… SOURCE: Shell Oil, Energy Forecast, 2009 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  15. 15. Reducing Emissions 50% by 2050 Requires Radical Change Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) SOURCE: Wieslaw Maslowski, Naval Postgraduate School, AAAS Talk, January 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  16. 16. The Challenge “The Biggest Single Peacetime Project Humankind Have Ever Undertaken” Thursday, July 22, 2010
  17. 17. Thinking About the Future is Hard Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) Thursday, July 22, 2010
  18. 18. Topic Climate Regulation and Universities Thursday, July 22, 2010
  19. 19. US EPA Mandatory Reporting of GHG SOURCE: US Environmental Protection Agency, http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghgrulemaking.html Thursday, July 22, 2010
  20. 20. US EPA Mandatory Reporting of GHG Institution Gross Emissions US EPA GHG Rule Requires Scope 1 & 2 (CO2e) Year Reporting in 2011? University of Illinois 491,258 2008 YES! University of Louisville 52,2709 2008 YES! Syracuse University 80,498 2007 YES! University of Tennessee 234,000 2008 YES! Penn State University 309, 117 2008 YES! University of California San Diego 192,862 2008 YES! SOURCE: American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment, http://acupcc.aashe.org/ Thursday, July 22, 2010
  21. 21. American Power Act SOURCE: http://wonkroom.thinkprogress.org/2010/05/12/kerry-lieberman/ Thursday, July 22, 2010
  22. 22. How a Bill Becomes a Law SOURCE: Mike Wirth and Dr. Suzanne Cooper Guasco, Queens University of Charlotte, SunLight Labs Award Winner Thursday, July 22, 2010
  23. 23. When This SOURCE: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/horizon-oil-spill.html Thursday, July 22, 2010
  24. 24. Leading to This SOURCE: National Geographic, 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  25. 25. And These Obama Oval Office Gulf Coast Address June 15, 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  26. 26. Only Get You This.. SOURCE: CNN, June 15, 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  27. 27. Individual American CO2 Emissions 20 Tons 14 Tons =1 Ton CO2 =AB 32 Required Decrease Thursday, July 22, 2010
  28. 28. Subnational GHG Goals in the U.S. STATES 2009 •72% Climate Action Plans •42% GHG Reduction Targets •66% Cap & Trade SOURCE: Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Climate101-State Actions, January 2009 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  29. 29. California and Greenhouse Gas Emissions • Executive Order S-3-05 Green House Gas targets. • 2010 GHG emissions set to 2000 levels. • 2020 GHG emissions set to 1990 levels. • 2050 GHG emissions set to 80% of 1990 levels. • AB 32 (Signed Into Law 2006) • Identify statewide GHG emissions for 1990 to serve as emissions limit to be achieved by 2020. • 427 million metric tons of CO2e goal, roughly 30% reduction. • Mandatory reporting and verification of GHG emissions by major emitters on or before Jan 1, 2008. • If you emit over 25,000 metric tons of CO2e reporting is required. • Identify and adopt regulations for discrete early actions enforceable by or before January 2010. Thursday, July 22, 2010
  30. 30. California and Renewable Energy • California State law currently requires 20% of power to be renewable by 2010. • California is likely to only achieve about ½ of this by the deadline. • Executive Order S-14-08 [October 2008] set a goal of 33% renewable in the portfolio . • Executive Order S-21-09 [September 2009] directs California Air Resources Board to adopt regulations to support 33% renewable by 2020. • Regulations to be in place and adopted by stakeholder by July 2010. • More strict then any other state but Hawaii which has a 40% requirement by 4030. • Including hydro-power by 2020, California expects to exceed this and hit 45% renewables. Thursday, July 22, 2010
  31. 31. GHG Regulation in British Columbia • Bill 44-2007 (Greenhouse Gas Reductions Target Act) became law in 2008 • Act Establishes GHG Targets • 2020 33% less than 2007 • 2050 80% less then 2007 • Public Sector Organizations CARBON NEUTRAL by 2010. • If not neutral, must buy oversets at cost of $24/Ton. Thursday, July 22, 2010
  32. 32. University of British Columbia and Carbon Costs Greenhouse Gas Liability 2010-2012 2010 2011 2012 Carbon Offset $1,602,750 $1,602,750 $1,602,750 Carbon Tax $1,179,940 $1,474,925 $1,769,910 Total $2,782,690 $3,077,675 $3,372,660 SOURCE: UBC Sustainability Office, August 2009 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  33. 33. Universities Pledging to Address Climate Thursday, July 22, 2010
  34. 34. The ICT Challenge and Opportunity Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) Thursday, July 22, 2010
  35. 35. Breakdown of ICT’s GHG Emissions by Area Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) 6% Growth Rate SOURCE: SMART2020 Report, 2008 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  36. 36. Clouds May Not Have Silver Linings Source: David JC MacKay, Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air (2009) SOURCE: GreenPeace, MakeIT Green, March 2010 Thursday, July 22, 2010
  37. 37. PREZITATION For Campus Lab Details See Interactive Prezi https://prezi.com/mt2zmpyvljz0/acuta-green/ Thursday, July 22, 2010

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