Theme4 part2


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Theme4 part2

  1. 1. Theme 4 Part 2: The English in North America Kendra Lacasella History of the Americas Online November 12 th , 2011
  2. 2. Chapter 7: Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>In both colonies (Virginia and Maryland), had to share power with the wealthiest and most ambitious colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>Planters also dominated, due to tobacco cultivation. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chesapeake only had two towns that were small. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jamestown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Mary’s City </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chesapeake also had a bad sex ratio, which made it hard for men to find women to form a family household. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The total women population was 10% </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>English servants composted at least three-quarters of the emigrants during the 17 th century. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And African slaves only made up a small 2% of the population. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These servants owned nothing, were journeyman artisans, or had skills but no shop of their own. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many servants died of various diseases or were overworked in the extreme environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-century Chesapeake became a little healthier and slaves lived longer, and were able to claim their freedoms. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>In 1665- common planters became squeezed between declining incomes and heavy taxes paid to the government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They began to require colonists to ship their tobacco to England and in English ships, this worsened the tobacco glut. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People started becoming poor, quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1675 war erupted between the settlers and the Susquehannock, Iroquoian- speaking people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This lead to hositlity and hit-and-run raids that killed the family on frontier farms. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>By the end of the 17 th century tensions between the common whites and planters diminished. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English emigration to the Chesapeake declined. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The bad economic news from the Chesapeake turned away any potential emigrants. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This decline turned into a greater African slave population on plantations for labor. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 11: Carolina <ul><li>Carolina, which is now made up of North and South Carolina, and Georiga. </li></ul><ul><li>It officially belonged to a set of English aristocrats, the Lords Proprietor. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eight powerful political favorites of the king. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carolina offered abundant lands which appealed to the ambitions of Barbados. </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina had a broad fertile coastal plain. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also there are large muddy rivers and broad swamps. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had very cool winters and hot and humid summers. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Carolina <ul><li>Early leaders decided that a way to manage local Indians was to recruit them as slave caters by offering guns and ammunition. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By doing this Carolinians gained mastery over a network of native peoples and securing their own frontier and wreaking havoc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Although they traded together, Indians and Carolinians did not share the same economic ethos. </li></ul><ul><li>The traders preferred women and children as captives deeming them more adaptable to a new life as slaves. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Men usually died resisting attacks or were executed upon surrender. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Carolina <ul><li>In the 1690’s they developed rice as their great staple for the export market. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice thrived in the wet lowland of Carolina, sub-tropical grain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After planting in April and May slaves would harvest the grain in September and October. </li></ul><ul><li>Carolina became the empires great rice colony. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1750’s, Carolinians developed the second most valuable crop: Indigo. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigo is a plant that produced blue dye in a great demand by the clothing industry. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Carolina <ul><li>Carolina and Georgia provided more room for common opportunity than did the West Indies. </li></ul><ul><li>Even after using large pieces of land for rice and indigo, there was still plenty of land left for whites to have substantial farms. </li></ul><ul><li>They had as stable relationship rather than their predecessors . </li></ul>
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