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Theme4 part2 Theme4 part2 Presentation Transcript

  • Theme 4 Part 2: The English in North America Kendra Lacasella History of the Americas Online November 12 th , 2011
  • Chapter 7: Chesapeake Colonies
    • In both colonies (Virginia and Maryland), had to share power with the wealthiest and most ambitious colonists.
    • Planters also dominated, due to tobacco cultivation.
    • The Chesapeake only had two towns that were small.
      • Jamestown
      • St. Mary’s City
    • Chesapeake also had a bad sex ratio, which made it hard for men to find women to form a family household.
      • The total women population was 10%
  • Chesapeake Colonies
    • English servants composted at least three-quarters of the emigrants during the 17 th century.
      • And African slaves only made up a small 2% of the population.
      • These servants owned nothing, were journeyman artisans, or had skills but no shop of their own.
    • Many servants died of various diseases or were overworked in the extreme environment.
    • Mid-century Chesapeake became a little healthier and slaves lived longer, and were able to claim their freedoms.
  • Chesapeake Colonies
    • In 1665- common planters became squeezed between declining incomes and heavy taxes paid to the government.
      • They began to require colonists to ship their tobacco to England and in English ships, this worsened the tobacco glut.
    • People started becoming poor, quickly.
    • In 1675 war erupted between the settlers and the Susquehannock, Iroquoian- speaking people.
      • This lead to hositlity and hit-and-run raids that killed the family on frontier farms.
  • Chesapeake Colonies
    • By the end of the 17 th century tensions between the common whites and planters diminished.
      • English emigration to the Chesapeake declined.
      • The bad economic news from the Chesapeake turned away any potential emigrants.
    • This decline turned into a greater African slave population on plantations for labor.
  • Chapter 11: Carolina
    • Carolina, which is now made up of North and South Carolina, and Georiga.
    • It officially belonged to a set of English aristocrats, the Lords Proprietor.
      • Eight powerful political favorites of the king.
    • Carolina offered abundant lands which appealed to the ambitions of Barbados.
    • South Carolina had a broad fertile coastal plain.
      • Also there are large muddy rivers and broad swamps.
      • Had very cool winters and hot and humid summers.
  • Carolina
    • Early leaders decided that a way to manage local Indians was to recruit them as slave caters by offering guns and ammunition.
      • By doing this Carolinians gained mastery over a network of native peoples and securing their own frontier and wreaking havoc.
    • Although they traded together, Indians and Carolinians did not share the same economic ethos.
    • The traders preferred women and children as captives deeming them more adaptable to a new life as slaves.
      • Men usually died resisting attacks or were executed upon surrender.
  • Carolina
    • In the 1690’s they developed rice as their great staple for the export market.
      • Rice thrived in the wet lowland of Carolina, sub-tropical grain.
    • After planting in April and May slaves would harvest the grain in September and October.
    • Carolina became the empires great rice colony.
    • In the 1750’s, Carolinians developed the second most valuable crop: Indigo.
      • Indigo is a plant that produced blue dye in a great demand by the clothing industry.
  • Carolina
    • Carolina and Georgia provided more room for common opportunity than did the West Indies.
    • Even after using large pieces of land for rice and indigo, there was still plenty of land left for whites to have substantial farms.
    • They had as stable relationship rather than their predecessors .