The Spanish Empire 1450-1800 Theme 3, Part 2 Kendra LacasellaHistory of the Americas Online October 27, 2011
History of Spain• Involves all the other • For the next 3 peoples and nations centuries, Spain was the within the Iberian most important colonial peninsula. power in the world.• Today it still includes • During this time Spanish the nations of literature and fine arts Andorra, Gibraltar, Port flourished. ugal, and Spain.• It was created in 1492.
Habsburg Spain• Over the 16th and 17th • but… after dominating centuries, Spain was Europe politically and ruled by the major militarily, Spain branch of the Habsburg experienced a decline in dynasty. in influence under the• Habsburg Spain was the later Habsburg kings. worlds greatest power for over a century.• This was called the age of expansion.
Habsburg Spain cont.• The empire was controlled from Seville, Spain.• The Great plague of Seville killed up to 25% of Seville’s population and the economy could never recover fully.
Habsburg Spain cont.• The trade and industry in Spain grew but was fairly limited.• Spain became dependent on foreign sources of raw materials and manufactured goods.• Economic and administrative problems multiplied in Castile – This lead to weakness in the native economy. – Rising inflation – Economic draining wars.
Spanish Empire• The empire consisted of • There was mixed territories and colonies population due to the administered by Spain colonization in Spanish in Europe, the America. Americas, Africa, Asia, a nd Oceania.• Roman Catholic faith was brought to the Americas, Indies, and different parts of Africa during the colonization.
Spanish Empire cont.• After Columbus, the Spanish colonization was lead by a series of warrior- explorers that are called Conquistadors.• These conquistadors lead the way to Spanish settlements being progressively established in the New World.