Experimental photography 2014


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  • Also required: Camera settings ppt, photography book pro forma and example ppt, reading photographs ppt and unit 57 photography evidence template.
  • Experimental photography 2014

    1. 1. Experimental Photography Creative Media Production 2013 1
    2. 2. Title Nunnington Hall is a Manor house on the river Rye in North Yorkshire. They regularly hold art, fashion and photography exhibitions. They have worked with York College in the past and are keen to have students produce work for display around the house over the summer. They have asked for submissions of experimental photography on the theme of discovery. Students are to submit a maximum of 3 final images. Final selections will be made and images will be displayed in the house. Creative Media Production 2013 2
    3. 3. Title Experimental photography is a phrase that includes alternative process techniques, and broadly refers to any photographic process or product falling outside the realm of straight film or digital photography. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Experimental_photography Experimental Photography is where photography takes on new techniques or technologies. It often re-employs existing techniques in new ways. We can simply divide up the world of experimental photography in to 4 distinction categories with 2 distinction purposes. Creative Media Production 2013 3
    4. 4. Title Historical: Older photography work which uses traditional methods. Contemporary: More modern photography which may use non-traditional or traditional methods. Traditional: This method of working uses older methods such as film photography, cyanotypes, dark room techniques and paper collage. Non-traditional: This method of working uses more modern techniques, in particular digital production, to achieve it’s aims. Traditional methods of working can still be employed but use digital methods of production. Creative Media Production 2013 4
    5. 5. Title Fine art: Fine art images are created as a piece in themselves. "Photography that is done as a fine art -- that is, done to express the artist's perceptions and emotions and to share them with others“ Gloria McDarrah "A picture that is produced for sale or display rather than one that is produced in response to a commercial commission" Terry Hope This work usually appears in galleries, exhibitions and fine art books and magazines. Commercial: Commercial work is often produced in response to a brief and then used for another purpose, rather than just being a piece of art in itself. It could be used for a wide variety of reasons including advertising and promotion. This sort of work appears in a wide variety of contexts. It can appear on adverts in a range of different media and also be used to promote bands and events. 5
    6. 6. History of experimental photography The late Victorian era saw the birth of experimental photography although it was not considered a fully fledged art form until after World War 1. In 1918 German artists Hannah Hoch and John Heartfield introduced the term ‘photomontage’ which represents images that have been ‘engineered rather than created’ They used photographs, illustration and a variety of media to construct their images. Creative Media Production 2013 6
    7. 7. Hannah Hoch Hannah Hoch was a pioneer of the photomontage technique. Her work plays with the idea of beauty and fashion at a time when mass media was starting to create very clear representations of women and beauty
    8. 8. John Heartfield John Heartfield is best known for his political montages that were constructed in the 1930’s and 1940’s which aimed to expose Hitler’s Nazi regime.
    9. 9. History of experimental photography In an attempt to escape the idea that photography had to provide images of the real world and could not be abstract like art, Alvin Langdon Coburn used a series of mirrors and reflections to create his Vortagraph images Creative Media Production 2013 9
    10. 10. Title Man Ray (American, 1890-1976) produced photograms by placing objects and other materials on photosensitive paper before exposing it to light. Man Ray dubbed the results of his efforts “Rayographs”— a play on his name, but also a twist on the Latin roots of the word “photograph,” meaning “light-writing. This allowed him to make images without the use of a camera. Creative Media Production 2013 10
    11. 11. Man Ray
    12. 12. Title David Hockney, (born 9 July 1937) is an English painter, draughtsman, printmaker, stage designer and photographer. He is based in Bridlington, Yorkshire, and Kensington, London. An important contributor to the Pop art movement of the 1960s, he is considered one of the most influential British artists of the twentieth century. In the early 1980s, Hockney produced Photomontages as well as photo collages, which he called joiners. He first used Polaroid prints and later 35mm commercially processed colour prints. Creative Media Production 2013 12
    13. 13. Hockney's Photomontages Hockney Photomontages
    14. 14. Hockney Joiners
    15. 15. Title Since experimental photography’s birth it has been used and developed by many artists and photographers. Experimental photography has and is used to cause intrigue, awe and shock. In art it is used to provoke thought in the viewer. Over the course of time it has been brought into the modern era with the use of Photoshop. It has also been used for more commercial purposes rather than just fine art and appears in advertising and as part as promotional items. Creative Media Production 2013 15
    16. 16. Photoshop Experimental Photography
    17. 17. Task Task 1: You are to write a case study on different experimental photographers and photographs. You need to include a minimum of three experimental images produced using photographs. You should note down the artist. You should explain the techniques that they used and categorise them as traditional or non-traditional and also as historical or contemporary. You should also explain where their work might be displayed, such as a billboard, a book or a gallery. Creative Media Production 2013 19
    18. 18. Exploring techniques Be able to explore and test techniques, materials, processes and media Creative Media Production 2013 20
    19. 19. Exploring techniques Today we are going to look at 4 basic techniques that break the traditional rules of photography. These techniques will give you a starting point for your own experiments although you can choose whatever techniques you want to use later on in the project. The key to this task and your own project later on is to be methodical in your work. Each one will produce very different results and you can use them in a variety of ways. To get a distinction you need to effectively and coherently explore and test techniques, materials and processes before independently and imaginatively review evaluate and develop innovative outcomes. Creative Media Production 2013 21
    20. 20. Exploring techniques Out of focus: Focus is a key element of photography and most of the time you will try to get at least the important elements in focus. With this technique, the idea is to break the rules and try to purposely take out of focus images. The results can be quite stunning. Creative Media Production 2013 22
    21. 21. Exploring techniques Technique: Switch the camera from AF(auto focus) to MF (manual focus). Use the focus ring to adjust the level of focus. Wider apertures (f4) tend to give more blur than smaller ones (f18) but it is worth testing out a range of settings. Different focal lengths will also affect the image and are worth experimenting with. Creative Media Production 2013 23
    22. 22. Exploring techniques Hockney Photomontages/Joiners: This involves take lots of close up images of a scene and then arranging them so that the bigger picture can be seen. There are several ways of doing it. Photoshop allows you to create a photomontage as an automatic process. You can also do it manually by layering up lots of images on a blank document. You can also create them with printed images, as Hockney did. Creative Media Production 2013 24
    23. 23. Exploring techniques Technique: When taking your images, get close to your subject. Take lots of images but be methodical to ensure you cover everything. Going from left to right for each row is a sure fire technique. Use file > automate > Photomerge in Photoshop to put it together automatically. Don’t worry about being too perfect or you will lose the charm. Creative Media Production 2013 25
    24. 24. Exploring techniques Creative Media Production 2013 26
    25. 25. Exploring techniques Movement: Capturing movement can result in very interesting and surreal images. Two main techniques involve either photographing an object in motion or moving the camera during exposure. Each has its own aesthetic and can be used in different ways. Creative Media Production 2013 27
    26. 26. Technique: To do this you need to have long exposure to capture movement. Using TV (shutter priority) mode can help you control the time the shutter is open. To capture movement of objects, keep the camera still during the exposure. This will allow stationary objects to remain in focus and give a counterbalance to the moving elements. To introduce your own movement, hand hold the camera and move it during exposure. Creative Media Production 2013 28
    27. 27. Exploring techniques Reflections: Reflections can give us a unique and interesting perspective on a subject that we might not have considered before. They can provide distortion, transforming the mundane in to the exciting. They can provide frames which capture small parts of the bigger picture. Technique: No special techniques are required for this kind of shoot, just a good eye. You can even leave your camera on automatic. Try to exclude your own reflection from the image unless you have a particular reasons to add it. Creative Media Production 2013 29
    28. 28. Creative Media Production 2013 30
    29. 29. Task Task 2: Produce images using reflections, Hockney joiners and photomontages, out of focus photography and movement in your images. You should demonstrate that you can use the techniques effectively. Use a variety of subjects and compositions to add interest to your images and test out the technique. Once you have your images, you should use the experiments pro-forma to display your images and record your thoughts on the outcomes. Creative Media Production 2013 31
    30. 30. Additional techniques Further techiques: Experimental photography encompasses many different techniques. This project will allow you to select one of more of these and develop a series of images. As with the Irn-Bru project, we want to see lots of development and evaluation of your work. The process of taking images, testing methods, reviewing results and then refining methods will help you get to a distinction. The next few slides show just some of the possibilities. Creative Media Production 2013 32
    31. 31. Light Writing:
    32. 32. High Speed Photography:
    33. 33. Multimedia Photography:
    34. 34. Harris Shutter:
    35. 35. Scanography:
    36. 36. Multiple exposures (Photoshop): Creative Media Production 2013 42
    37. 37. 3D Photography: Creative Media Production 2013 43
    38. 38. Further techniques Task 3: Investigate at least 2 different experimental photography methods. Gather a range of sample images and find out how to achieve each effect. Creative Media Production 2013 44
    39. 39. Example 3D Photography: 3D photography involves using photoshop to process an image which can then be viewed with 3D glasses. It is created by using two layers in photoshop. One layer is altered to gives it a red colour overall. A second layer has the colour channels adjusted to cyan. The red layer is moved a few pixels to the right and the cyan layer is moved to the left. Using appropriate glasses, you can see a 3D image. It offers a lot of potential for experimentation. Creative Media Production 2013 45
    40. 40. Planning Intentions: Theme: The theme for your own work is discovery. This is quite an open brief and allows for your own personal interpretation of the theme. You should explore your thoughts on this theme and consider the techniques that you might use to investigate the theme. Task 4: Create an initial mind map on the theme of discovery before producing a mood board of inspiring images to help with your ideas. This will help you complete your proposal which should outline the subjects you will use and the techniques you will test. Task 5: Complete the planning pro-forma to list the time, date, location and equipment required to produce your images. You should also include details of what you will be doing during the shoot. Remember that methodical, controlled experimentation will help you get better results. 46
    41. 41. Title Task 6: You are to produce a minimum of three complete experimental photographs. You need to evaluate each photograph to show how you have refined your images. There is a pro-forma to help structure your responses with this. You should consider technical and aesthetic qualities. You should consider formal elements of your work such as line, shape and texture as well as colour, tone and contrast. You should also consider the composition of your work. You need to use contact sheets to view and show your progress. You should include your workings out and progression of the development of your photography. Re-working or retaking of your images would be beneficial to get the most out of your processes and to help you develop it to near professional standards. To gain a distinction you need to effectively analyse developmental work to implement purposeful outcomes and independently and imaginatively review evaluate and develop innovative outcomes. Creative Media Production 2013 47
    42. 42. Title Creative Media Production 2013 48