1. ENGLISH ACTIVITYManners are ImportantBritain is the birthplace ofNewton, Darwin, Shakespeare and the Beatles; home of the worlds largest foreignexchange market, the worlds richest football club - Manchester United , the inventor ofthe hovercraft and the JK Rowling, the author of the Harry Potter books. From Scotlandto Cornwall, Britain is full of customs and traditions. A lot of them have very longhistories. Some are funny and some are strange. But theyre all interesting and are allpart of the British way of life. There are some interesting stories that have to do withBritish life.The word sandwich that we use today was born in London during the very late hoursone night in 1762 when an English nobleman, John Montagu, the Fourth Earl ofSandwich (1718-1792), was too busy gambling to stop for a meal even though he washungry for some food. The legend goes that he ordered a waiter to bring him roast-beefbetween two slices of bread. The Earl was able to continue his gambling while eatinghis snack; and from that incident, we have inherited that quick-food product that wenow know as the sandwich. He apparently had the meat put on slices of bread so hewouldn’t get his fingers greasy while he was playing cards.The English are said to be reserved in manners, dress and speech. They are famous fortheir politeness, self-discipline and especially for their sense of humour. Basicpoliteness (please, thank you, excuse me) is expected.Do´s and Don´ts in EnglandDo stand on line: In England we like to form orderly queues ( standing in line) and waitpatiently for our turn: boarding a bus.It is usual to queue when required and expectedthat you will take your correct turn and not push in front( Queue jumping).
2. Do say “ Excuse me”: If someone is blocking your way and you would like them tomove, say excuse me and they will move out of your way.Do say “Please” and “Thank you”: It is very good manners to say “Please and “Thankyou”. It is considered rude if you don´t. You will notice in England that they say “Thankyou a lot”.Do cover your mouth: When yawning or coughing always cover your mouth with yourhand..Do shake hands: When you are first introduced to someone, shake their right handwith your own right hand.Do say “sorry”: If you accidentally bumo into someone, say “sorry”. They probably willtoo, even if it was your fault.Do “smile”: A smile face is a welcoming face.Do drive on the left side of the road.Do “ open doors “ for other people: Men and women both hold open the door for eachother. It depends on who goes through the door first.Do not greet people with a kiss: we only kiss people who are close friends or relatives.Avoid talking loudly in publicIt is impolite to stare at anyone in public.Do not ask a lady her age: It is considered impolite.Do not pick your nose in public: if your nostrils need de-bugging, use a handkerchief.Avoid doing gestures such as backslapping and hugging: this is only done among closefriends.Do not spit: Spitting in the street is considered to be very bad mannered.Do not burp in public: you may feel better by burping loudly after eating or drinking,but other people will not. If you cannot stop a burp from bursting out, then cover yourmouth with your hand and say “excuse me “ afterwards.It is Impolite to speak with your mouth full of food.Do not ask personal or intimate questions such as “How much money do you earn?”,How much do you weigh? Or Why aren´t you married?.Never eat off a knife when having a meal.
3. TimeBritish people place considerable value on punctuality. If you agree to meetfriends at three oclock, you can bet that theyll be there just before three. InBritain, people make great effort to arrive on time. It is often consideredimpolite to arrive even a few minutes late. If you are unable to keep anappointment, it is expected that you call the person you are meeting.How to Greet someone in BritainT h e Han ds h ak eA handshake is the most common form of greeting among the English and Britishpeople and is customary when you are introduced to somebody new.T h e Kis sIt is only when you meet friends, whom you havent seen for a long time, that youwould kiss the cheek of the opposite sex. In Britain one kiss is generally enough.Fo rm a l greetin gsThe usual formal greeting is a How do you do? and a firm handshake, but with a lightertouch between men and women.‘How do you do?’ is a greeting not a question and the correct response is to repeat ‘Howdo you do? You say this when shaking hands with someone.First person "How do you do?"Second person " How do you do?"How are you? is a question and the most common and polite response is "I am finethank you and you?"First person "How are you?"Second person "I am fine thank you and you?"Nice to meet you – Nice to meet you too. (Often said whilst shaking hands)Delighted to meet you– Delighted to meet you too.Pleased to meet you – Pleased to meet you too. .
4. Glad to meet you - Glad to meet you tooGood Morning / Good Afternoon / Good EveningIn f o rmal greetin gsHi - Hi or helloMorning / Afternoon / Evening ( We drop the word Good in informal situations).Hows you? - Fine thanks. You?T h an k you / th ank s / ch eersWe sometime say cheers instead of thank you. You may hear cheers said instead of good byMeals and Meal TimesSome people have their biggest meal in the middle of the day and some have it in theevening, but most people today have a small mid-day meal - usually sandwiches, andperhaps some crisps and some fruit.W e h a ve th ree main meals a d ay: • Breakfast - between 7:00 and 9:00, • Lunch - between 12:00 and 1:30 p.m. • Dinner (sometimes called Supper) - The main meal. Eaten anytime between 6:30 and 8:00 p.m. (Evening meal)Traditionally, and for some people still, the meals are called: • Breakfast - between 7:00 and 9:00, • Dinner (The main meal) - between 12:00 and 1:30 p.m. • Tea - anywhere from 5:30 at night to 6:30 p.m.On Sundays the main meal of the day is often eaten at midday instead of in the evening.This meal usually is a Roast Dinner consisting of a roast meat, yorkshire pudding andtwo or three kinds of vegetables.
5. BREAKFAST What is a typical English Breakfast?Most people around the world seem to think a typical English breakfast consists of eggs,bacon, sausages, fried bread, mushrooms and baked beans all washed down with a cupof coffee. Now-a-days, however, a typical English breakfast is more likely to be a bowlof cereals, a slice of toast, orange juice and a cup of coffee.Many people, especially children, in England will eat a bowl of cereal. They are madewith different grains such as corn, wheat, oats etc.In the winter many people will eat "porridge" or boiled oats.What is the traditional English Breakfast?The traditional English breakfast consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread,baked beans and mushrooms. Even though not many people will eat this for breakfasttoday, it is always served in hotels and guest houses around Britain.The traditional English breakfast is called the Full English and sometimes referred toas The Full English Fry-up.
6. LU N C HWhat is a typical British lunch?Many children at school and adults at work willhave a packed lunch. This typically consists of asandwich, a packet of crisps, a piece of fruit and adrink. The packed lunch is kept in a plasticcontainer.Sandwiches are also known as a butty or sarniein some parts of the UK.My favourite sandwich is prawn and mayonnaise. I also love tuna and mayonnaise andham and pickle sandwiches.DINNERThe evening meal is usually called tea, dinner or supper.What is a traditional British Dinner?A typical British meal for dinner is "meat and two veg". We put hot brown gravy,(traditionally made from the juices of the roast meat, but more often today from apacket!) on the meat and usually the vegetables. One of the vegetables is almost alwayspotatoes.
7. What is a typical British Dinner like today?The traditional meal is rarely eaten nowadays, apart from on Sundays. A recent surveyfound that most people in Britain eat curry! Rice or pasta dishes are now favoured as theBritish Dinner.Vegetables grown in England, like potatoes, carrots, peas, cabbages and onions, are stillvery popular.T h e Su n d ay Roas t D in n erSunday lunch time is a typical time to eat the traditional Sunday Roast.Traditionally it consists of roast meat, (cooked in the oven for about two hours), twodifferent kinds of vegetables and potatoes with a Yorkshire pudding. The most commonjoints are beef, lamb or pork; chicken is also popular.
8. Beef is eaten with hot white horseradish sauce, pork with sweet apple sauce and lambwith green mint sauce. Gravy is poured over the meat.STUDENT ACTIVITY • Which of the following social customs are similar or different to your country? • Make a similar list for visitors to your country. Write 7 different do’s and don’ts about English andSpanish manners and uses Do’s Don´ts Engl Spain England Spainand
9. Make a list of do’s and don´ts for visitors to Spain Do’s Don´ts