Republic of the Philippines DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 10th floor, Francisco Good Condominium II Bldg. Esda cor. Mapagmahal St., Diliman, Quezon City MESSAGE It is an honor for me to congratulate the Philippine NationalPolice for it’s newly published “Compendium of Six OperationalMaster Plans”, that shall serve as a guiding tool of theorganization to achieve its vision, mission and goals. This compendium will surely help all PNP uniformedpersonnel to fully understand and effectively implement thevarious operational plans designed to address major threats tocriminality, safety and security. It’s timely publication is anindication of the PNP’s sincere effort to truly make our country asafe place to live, work and do business in. In behalf of the DILG family, I commend the Chief, PNP andhis staff most especially the Directorate for Operations for theefforts they exerted in making the publication of this compendiuma reality. JOSE D LINA JR Secretary
Republic of the Philippines Department of the Interior and Local Government NATIONAL POLICE COMISSION NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, PNP Camp Crame, Quezon City MESSAGE On behalf of the Philippine National Police, I am bothhonored and happy to welcome the publication of this“compendium of the Six Operational Master Plans”. I especiallywould like to commend Police Director Edgar Aglipay and his staffat the directorate for Operations for coming up with this handoutat a very opportune time. It gives me great pleasure to find in this handout an honestreflection of the faith, mission, and vision of the PhilippineNational Police. Our dreams of achieving organizationaldiscipline, moral integrity, and professional aptitude are aptlyreflected in this brief version of the PNP’s operational plans. As such, I encourage everyone to read this handout andtake it to heart. It is my fervent hope that every police officer, inall stations throughout the country be made to know and applythe principles and procedures contained in this handout. This is amust read for every police officer worth his uniform. Congratulations and Carry On! LEANDRO R MENDOZA Police Director General Chief, PNP
Republic of the Philippines Department of the Interior and Local Government NATIONAL POLICE COMISSION NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY CHIEF PNP FOR OPERATIONS Camp Crame, Quezon City MESSAGE For the past few years, the Philippine National Police hasrelied on numerous operational plans for various kinds of policeactivities and to counter different types of crimes. Thus, thisdecision to compile and summarize our operational plans into this“Compendium of six Operational Master Plans” is a welcomemove, as it would help provide a concise and complete readingfacility to our police officers. I, therefore, encourage everyone, especially our policeofficers in the field to read this Compendium. Ignorance of itdoes not only excuse anyone, it also creates many dangerousthings not only to oneself but also to the entire Philippine NationalPolice. MABUHAY tayong lahat! EDGAR C GALVANTE Police Deputy Director General Deputy Chief PNP for Operations
Republic of the Philippines Department of the Interior and Local Government NATIONAL POLICE COMISSION NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE DIRECTORATE FOR OPERATIONS Camp Crame, Quezon City MESSAGE Every navigator knows how hard it is to find an island in themiddle of the open sea without certain tools like a map or acompass. But with the aid of such tools success becomes agiven. The ‘Compendium of six Operational Master Plans” waspublished precisely to achieve such success in the field of lawenforcement. This is one of the tools of the trade necessary for apolice officer to accomplish his duties with a high level ofefficiency and proficiency. This publication – launched under my humble watch asDirector for Operations – provides a concise but complete versionof the PNP’s operational plans. It is my hope that this handoutbecomes an integral part of every policeman and his policestation’s “survival kit”. MABUHAY and God bless all of you! EDGAR B AGLIPAY Police Director Directorate for Operations
FOREWORD This compendium of the six (6) Master Plan forpolice Operations was prepared by the Directoratefor Operations to serve as a ready reference of allPNP units in the performance of their mandatedtasks. This compendium is a compilation of all LOIs,directives, policies, memoranda circulars and otherissuances, which were previously issued andpublished by the PNP. This will become a unitproperty and not a personal copy of the unitcommander and will remain on file at theunit/station and made available to all concerned,especially to those whose tasks/functions havedirect bearing on the conduct of police operationsof the unit. The users of this compendium are enjoined to read carefully and understand fully its contents be able to effectively and efficiently carryout the various tasks in accordance with the applicable laws.
PREFACE The Philippine National Police is a separateentity from the Armed Forces of the Philippines. Itis mandated in the Philippines Constitution that thestate shall establish one national police, which iscivilian in character and national in scope. As anational police, it is primarily charged with theenforcement of law’s and maintenance of peaceand order in the country. It shall likewise ensurepublic safety and internal security. Section 24 ofRA 6975 defines the functions of the PhilippineNational Police to include its collateral functions.
TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle Page No.SANDIGAN 1 - 14(Master plan for Anti-Criminality Campaign)SANDUGO 15 -38(Counter Insurgency Master Plan)SANGYAMAN 39 - 58(Master Plan for the Protection ofthe Environment and Natural Resources)SANG-BANAT 59 - 78(Master Plan for the CampaignAgainst Illegal Drugs)SANG-INGAT 79 - 90(Master Plan for Security Coverage)SAKLOLO 91 - 98(PNP Master Plan for DisasterPreparedness & Management)UNIVERSAL DECLAMATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS 100 – 105POLICE OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES 106PNP IMPLAN TO E. O. # 62 107 – 111LIGTAS ACTION PLAN AGAINST KIDNAPPING 112 –122(Standard Operating Procedures Nr 5)EXECUTIVE ORDER # 115 123 - 126(Localization of Peace Efforts)EXECUTIVE ORDER # 3 127 - 129(Creating of National Anti-Crime Commission)JOINT IMPLEMENTATING GUIDELINES ON THEDILG/PNP; DND/AFP; DOJ/NBIMOA ON ANTI CRIME OPERATIONS 131 - 138MOA ON INTELLIGENCE AND COUNTERINTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS 139 - 146DETAILS ON THE PROPOSAL OF THE STUDYCOMMITTEE CHAIRED BY DCO 147 – 149EO # 3 DEFINING POLICY AND ADMINSTRATIVESTRUCTURE FOR GOVERNMENT’S COMPREHENSIVEPEACE EFFORTS 150 - 154PNP IMPLAN TO EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 61 155 - 161(Creation of NDLEPCC)
THE NATIONAL DRUG SITUATION 162 - 165PRESIDENTIAL LETTER OF INSTRUCTION 01-01 166 - 184(National Anti-Drug Program of Action)LOI 17/94 KALIKASAN 185 - 189LOI 28/96 NIYOG 190 - 19336/93 DUHAT 194 - 196LOI 46/93 CHESA 197 - 199THE FORESTRY REFORM CODE OF THE PHIL. 200 - 217(PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 705)THE PHILIPPINE FISHERIES CODE OF 1998 218 – 225(RA 8550)RA No. 7942 226 – 255RA No. 9003 256 - 294
DIRECTORATE FOR OPERATIONS MISSION To assist the Chief, PNP in the exercise of command,control, direction, coordination and supervision of all theactivities concerning operations, employment anddeployment of the PNP. FUNCTIONS 1. Plans, directs, controls, coordinates andssupervises PNP operations and integrates support activities; 2. Assesses, evaluates and prepares mobilization,demobilization, assignment and/or locationemployment/deployment of units in coordination with otherdirectorial Staffs; 3. Prepares, coordinates and issues operationalplan, orders and directives in accordance with Chief,PNPs policies and guidelines; 4. Maintains active liaisoning with the other OperatingUnits of the military and other law enforcement agencies; 5. Maintains close supervision, direction, control andcoordination of operational activities of all operating unitsand regional offices of the PNP; and 6. Performs such other duties as higher authoritiesmay direct.
LAW ENFORCER "Law enforcer" is one whose prime responsibility is toenforce the law and whose constitutional duty is to preservepeace, to defend and protect the people. There are several law enforcement officers appointed anddesignated by operation of law. Police officer is just one of them.Thus, there is indeed a clear delineation of duties andresponsibilities, and definition of jurisdiction in the application oftheir respective law enforcing authority. As distinguished from other law enforcers, a police officer isa general law enforcer who executes and enforces all existinggeneral, local, special and penal laws other than those specificallyand exclusively assigned to other law enforcement agencies ofthe government. HOW TO ENFORCE THE LAW: A law enforcer is presumed to know the law he has sworn toenforce, One must not be allowed to exercise and perform thedelicate duty as a law enforcer unless he knows how to enforceand execute the law, including its boundaries and limitationsotherwise, abuses, anarchy and lawlessness shall prevail.
Law enforcers must: 1. Know the ability to learn how they are interpreted by thecourts; 2. Have the ability to learn how they are interpreted by thecourts; 3. Know how to properly execute and enforce such laws; 4. Know how and when to properly effect the arrest ofoffenders; 5. Have the technical and legal know-how to protect anddefend the innocent from harassment, and prosecute offenderswho are probably guilty of a felony or a crime. Unless the foregoing mandatory requirements areaccomplished satisfactorily, a new graduate from the policeacademy and other law enforcement training centers mustnot be allowed to join or be appointed as a regular memberof the Philippine National Police or any law enforcementagency of the government. To do otherwise is by itself adeliberate violation of the constitution, a disservice to thepeople, and at their useless and unjustifiable expense andprejudice.
CARDINAL RULES RESPECTING HUMAN RIGHTS (Sec 11, Art 11, 1987 Philippine Constitution) HUMAN RIGHTS ARE THE GOD GIVEN RIGHTSINHERENT TO THE VERY EXISTENCE OF MAN. The right towear a piece of cloth to shield himself from shivering coldor melting heat; a right to have a bowl of rice to fill hisempty stomach for the day; the right to have a shelter tospend the night; the right of every working man to assurehimself and his family a life worthy of human dignity; and,the right to live with honor, dignity and respect of hisfellowmen living in a just and humane society under theblessing of democracy Entrusted with the constitutional mandate to serveand protect the people, law enforcers should be the veryfirst protectorate of human rights. Failing that task, thereis no Aristotelian reason for them to navigate the legalcomplexity and technical intricacy in the enforcement oflaws. Without recognizing and respecting the sanctity ofhuman rights as enshrined in the Constitution, they cannever induce public respect or command obedience toexisting laws. THEY CAN NEVER EFFECTIVELY ENFORCETHE LAW BY VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS!
SANDIGAN (ANTI-CRIMINALITY MASTERPLAN)I. INTRODUCTION A. PURPOSE AND SCOPE This Plan shall serve as the Master Plan in which all plans andprograms of the PNP shall conform with and supplement. It shall prescribe the grand strategy to be undertaken by PNPOffices and personnel on crime prevention, control and suppression, in thetotal fight against all forces of criminality. B. SITUATION The campaign against crime is a continuing concern. It is a warthat the police can not win alone, and can not in any real sense fight alone.Police can not change the “root drivers” of crime such as poverty,unemployment, poor housing, moral education, freedom, civil liberties,ambitions, dysfunctional families and other ills of socio-economicopportunities. Thus, all aspects of police work should be premised uponactive community consent, trust and participation. In so doing, developing effective crime prevention, control andsuppression strategies has presented the PNP with a fundamental dilemma.On one hand, crime will always be committed and, indeed, a continuingmandate. From this perspective, the police is viewed solely as a professionalcrime buster and often criticized if public expectations are not met. On theother hand, the community needs to believe that the police is or can becomeeffective crime buster. Thus, the PNP has been compelled to rethink and redesign itsentire approach to this main task through clearer prioritization of targetswith emphasis on prevention, control and suppression of crime and moreresources moved into proactive policing. C. ASSUMPTION The primary concern of the PNP for the next five years is curbingcriminality. D. MISSION The PNP shall implement a responsive and holistic anti-crimestrategy to effective prevent, control and suppress the occurrences of crimesto insure safety in our community. E. OBJECTIVES 1. To reduce index crime rate 2. To improve response time 3. To improve crime solution efficiency 4. To increase conviction rate 5. To operationalize COPS through the Police CommunityPrecincts, for the 24-hour community security coverage.
II. DEFINITION OF TERMS (Please see appendix E)III. EXECUTION A. CPNP’S INTENT “Let us intensify our campaign against crime. Let us create anatmosphere of peace, in close collaboration with the community, localgovernment units, NGOs and international organizations, dedicating ourresources and enhancing our capabilities and skills to address national andtransnational threats to peace and order”. The efforts of the Police Regional Offices (PROs), Police ProvincialOffices (PPOs)/City Offices and Police Stations shall be to set-up andimplement a localized Anti-Crime Campaign Plan based on this plan. On theother hand, the National Support Units shall create their efforts inaccounting and neutralizing transnational and syndicated crime groups, andsupport the PROs in their localized Anti-Crime Campaign. B. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS 1. Strategic Concept a. Improve the Police Security Service Package 1) Effective law enforcement and crimeprevention and suppression system. . Foremost among the means of effective lawenforcement is the wise utilization of all PNP available assets on the ground.One tested and tried instrument is the Police Security Containment RingSystem (PSCRS), composed of the following five (5) major components,deployment of which depends on their availability and the situation on theground: a) The Innermost Containment Ring, whichis composed of barangay tanods, CVOs, NGOs, radio groups,fire/disaster/calamity volunteer brigades that provide localized and neededpolice services to the barangays. b) The Inner Containment Ring, composedof the foot patrol elements are in uniform for police visibility while thedetective patrol component is in “civilian” attire for police presence. Even ifthere are no uniformed police around the people will still think that a policeeye is watching them because they will see police detectives in civiliancausing the arrest of crime perpetrators. c) The third component is the MiddleContainment Ring, which is composed of bicycle or motorcycle-mountedpatrols at control points who shall patrol the residential areas and make thetransport loading and unloading areas as their standby points. This willprevent mugging of commuters specially during nighttime. d) The Outer Containment Ring is composedof designated specialized units like the mobile patrols, which shall be
deployed at chokepoints. Their task is to prevent the escape of fleeingcriminal and react to call for police assistance. e) The fifth is the Outermost ContainmentRing, where the special police units (like the SWAT or anti-terrorist units)and the mobile groups shall serve as security elements at areas designatedas strong points, where they can immediately react to call for armed supportto beleaguered police personnel on the ground. 2) Adoption by police offices/stations of the Crimeand Information Management System, which will systematize the recording,retrieval and analysis of crime data. Another means of effective law enforcement isthe adoption by police offices/stations of Crime and InformationManagement System. In simple terms, the Regional, Provincial and City, andMunicipal Police Offices will indicate in their local maps the place and time acrime incident happened. The resulting inputs will constitute the basis for thedeployment or redeployment of police resources to maximize their use foranti crime efforts. 3) Deployment of dedicated Police Intelligenceand Investigation Teams for criminal gang/syndicates, terrorists, kidnappers,bank robbers, carnappers and specific crime prone areas. The deployment of dedicated intelligence,investigation and manhunt teams is another means of organizationaleffectiveness. Teams for specific activities involving InternalSecurity/Terrorist Groups, Kidnapping, Robbery, Hijacking and Carnappingare formed in all police units in varying scale depending on the threatanalysis and availability of personnel. These teams shall conduct legaloffensives against members of syndicated crime groups to force them out ofthe locality or, better still, to prevent them in the commission of crimes. 4) Aggressive Anti-Illegal Drugs Campaign Illegal Drug is the country’s’ number 1 enemy.A high percentage of our populace is affected by this menace and majority ofthe heinous crimes committed is drug- related. It is for this reason that wedo not only put to jail drug pushers but also rehabilitate drug users. Thesupply and demand reduction strategies should be coupled with aheightened drug education campaign. 5) Strengthening of the Programs for PublicSafety and Internal Security The government considers the crimes such askillings; kidnappings, extortion and etc, committed by the insurgent groupsas a criminal act not a political act. It is for this reason that crimescommitted by them should be investigated and appropriate cases filed sothat justice is afforded to the victims. People who feel that they are not safe in theirhouses, streets and place of work are predisposed to crime. The policetherefore has to lend support. 6) Pursuing the objectives for Gender AwarenessDevelopment
This concept will involve the strengthening ofGender and Development thrust of the PNP in collaboration with governmentorganizations, NGOs and women organizations in the country, as greatpercentage of crimes committed nowadays, involve women and children asvictims. b. Strengthen linkages with NGOs, local andinternational law enforcement organizations, the AFP, andPresidential Task Force and Centers as venues for interagency andinternational cooperation and support. These organizations and agencies are venues foreffective law enforcement coordination and support. The maintenance ofpeace and order is a multi-disciplinary responsibility and the active linkageswith these agencies and offices will redound to the efforts to eliminatetransnational and national crimes in the country, to include the criminalactivities of internal security threat groups and terrorists. In addition, this linkage would turn very relevant andbeneficial during the conduct of special events, like, the holding of honest,orderly and peaceful elections for both national and local officials of thegovernment. c. Enhance the community participation thru theCommunity-Oriented Policing System (COPS). Through COPS, there will be voluntary communitysupport and cooperation with law enforcement/crime prevention and controlactivities, thus there will be enhanced police effectiveness and efficiencygiven the same police resources. d. Operationalize the Integrated Area/Community Public Safety Plan (IA/CPSP) In order to insure the success of linking up thecontribution of the community, the government and the police inguaranteeing the safety and security of the communities, the existingIntegrated Area/Community Public Safety Plan of provincial and municipalgovernment units shall complement this Anti-Crime Strategy. Closecoordination with respective Peace and Order Councils (POCs), LawEnforcement Coordinating Committees (LECCs), Regional DevelopmentCouncils (RDCs), Disaster Coordinating Councils (DCCs), Drug Watch andStreetwatch organizations, shall be maintained. e. Promote the objectives of an active CriminalJustice System Being in the frontline in the operationalization of theCriminal Justice System, the police serves as an effective catalyst inpromoting the concepts of justice for crime victims and of enhancingattainment of the objectives of the Anti-Crime Strategy. f. Devise an Effective Feedback Mechanism The continued feedback from all recipients of publicsafety services received from the citizens through the Project 117 of theDILG, the “Ugnayans” conducted by the PNP and other governmentagencies, and other sources of reports, complaints, needs, or rejoinders,
shall be the basis for improving the delivery of police services to thecitizenry. This feedback mechanism shall serve as the trigger to set off aseries of adjustments and if need be, a realignment of the foregoingstrategies to attain the purpose of maintaining a peaceful and prosperouscommunity. 2. Operational Concept The NHQ-PNP, through its directorial staff, shall superviseand support the Police Regional Offices in implementing the strategic agendaand operational concept of this anti-crime strategy. The PNP leadership,through the NALECC, the NDCC and the NPOC, shall coordinate andcooperate with other national government agencies in the realization of themission of this anti-crime strategy. The Police Regional Offices, through the policeprovincial/city offices and municipal/city police stations, shall implementtheir localized anti-crime plans based on this master plan. Their plans shallbe focused towards the implementation of localized activities to attain: (1)reduction of crime rate; (2) improvement of response time; (3)improvement of local crime solution efficiency; (4) increase in convictionrate for cases filed in court; and (5) the operationalization of community-oriented policing system (COPS) thru the Police Community Precincts, for the24-hour community security coverage. The national support units, through their specializedoperating units and various regional offices, shall concentrate their effortstowards supporting all the anti-crime efforts of the PROs, except in thepursuit of specific anti-crime tasks assigned to them. Schematic Diagram of the “SANDIGAN MASTERPLAN” refer to appendix C. TASKS In furtherance of the intent and purpose of this Plan thefollowing shall also be undertaken by offices/units concerned: 1. NHQ, PNP a. DCO – Command Group supervisor, responsible inthe successful implementation of this Master Plan. b. DPRM 1) Responsible in the conduct of moral recoveryprogram for PNP personnel in coordination with DHRDD. 2) Strictly implement COMPLAN PATNUBAY; 3) Monitor and supervise the moral and welfareprogram for the PNP personnel. 4) Strengthen policies and guidelines for theproper selection of personnel for designation to key positions, particularly atmunicipal station level; and
5) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. c. DI 1) Update and validate watch-lists on criminalsand furnish the same to tasked units; 2) Provide timely intelligence andcounterintelligence information or similar support, as needed, in theimplementation of this Plan; and 3) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. d. DO 1) OPR for this Master Plan; 2) Supervise and monitor the progress of theactivities of tasked units in the implementation of this Plan; 3) Supervise the implementation of the Strategicconcepts on law enforcement, prevention and suppression system, andIntegrated Area/Community Public Safety Plan. 4) Coordinate with the PAOCTF, PCTC andNDLEPCC for an effective integration of anti-crime efforts with local andinternational offices and organizations; and 5) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. e. DL 1) Provide equipment and logistical support to alltasked units; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. f. DC 1) Provide necessary fund support needed in theimplementation of this Plan; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. g. DIDM 1) Monitor the progress of cases beinginvestigated until their final disposition in court; 2) Conduct pre-charge investigation of personnelinvolved in violation of the ICU guidance of the CPNP; and 3) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. h. DPCR 1) Disseminate various thrusts of the PNP incontaining all forms of criminal activities throughout the country;
2) Supervise the implementation of theCommunity Oriented Policing System (COPS) in this Plan; 3) Come up with activities to catalyze the five (5)pillars of CJS to be an effective system for anti-crime efforts; 4) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. i. DHRDD 1) Design training programs/seminars for all PNPpersonnel to enhance their ability in the performance of their assigned dutiesrelative to this Plan’s operational concept; 2) Assist DPRM in the conduct of Moral RecoveryPrograms; and 3) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 2. Police Regional Offices 1-13, ARMM, CAR and NCR a. The main implementors of this Master Plan, thus youare directed to perform activities but not limited to the following: 1) Pursue more meaningful interfacing with othergovernment agencies through the RLECC, RPOC and other regionalcoordinating bodies; prepare and update and operational IA/CPSP of everyprovince and municipality under your jurisdiction; 2) Coordinate with various government agenciesand NGOs concerned in development programs and the government’spoverty-alleviation projects; 3) Operationalize the strategic concept andoperational concept as contained in this Plan; 4) Support government agencies, particularly thepillars of the Criminal Justice System, and those concerned in the driveagainst lawless elements; and 5) Together with the Provincial Directors (PDs),constantly evaluate the performance and continuously assess the fitness,qualifications, and service reputation of local police chiefs. The ProvincialDirectors shall closely coordinate these evaluations with the concerned localgovernment executives. b. Provide other support/assistance to other operatingunits tasked with law enforcement functions. 3. National Support Units a. CIDG 1) Support/assist all PNP units in the conduct ofinvestigation and in the filing and prosecution of criminal cases, to insure theconviction of suspects; and
2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed; b. NARG 1). Launch sustained campaign against drug chainand syndicates and other related offenses; 2). Provide other support/assistance to all PNPunits pertaining to anti-illegal drugs operations; and 3) Perform other tasks, as requested/ directed. c. IG 1) Conduct intelligence and counter-intelligenceoperations in support of this Plan; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. d. TMG 1) Assist all PNP units in the conduct ofinvestigation of crimes involving motor vehicles; and 2) Perform other tasks as directed/requested. e. SAF 1) Assist the PROs in specialized crimeoperations; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. f. PCRG 1) Promote crime prevention awareness bytapping the support of the media and the community; 2) Formulate/distribute anti-crime slogans/ tips/posters/leaflets/pamphlets, etc; and, 3) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. g. CLS 1) Provide forensics technical support to PROs;and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 4. All Other NSUs a. Provide technical/administrative support to all PROs,NSUs and other PNP attached agencies; and, b. Perform other tasks as requested/directed.
D. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS 1. Respect for human rights shall be paramount, and strictadherence with the PNP Operational Procedures (Revised Rules ofEngagement) shall always be emphasized in all police operations. 2. All PNP units shall re-assess respective resources andcapabilities. All IMPLANs and SOPs, shall be updated to conform with thismaster plan. 3. Tasked units shall operate on the existing logistical andfinancial allocations. NHQ-PNP shall provide additional logistical andfinancial support on a case-to-case basis. 4. Maximum coordination with national government agencies,local government units, non-government organizations and all sectors of thecommunity, for the success of the anti-crime strategy, is authorized andhighly encouraged. 5. In order to insure uniformity in adopting/implementing theCOPS and IA/CPSP concepts, all chiefs of police/police supervisorsimplementing them must always be guided by the “Community-OrientedPolicing System (COPS) Manual for the PNP” issued thru NAPOLCOMResolution Nr 2000-157 dated October 31, 2000 and IA/CPSP guidelines andrequirements. 6. This Master Plan shall supersede PNP LOI 10/93SANDIGAN (PNP Anti-Crime Strategy). However, all applicable issuances,MOUs/MOAs not in conflict with this Master Plan are still in effect. 7. All RDs, PROs and Dirs, NSUs shall submit IMPLANs to thisPlan and periodic reports on its implementation. 8. This Master Plan shall take effect upon approval.IV. APPENDICESA. To improve the Police Security Service Package, the following standardoperating procedures and guidelines shall be implemented: 1. SOP #01 - POLICE BEAT PATROL PROCEDURES This SOP prescribes the basic procedures to be observed by all PNPUnits and mobile patrol elements in the conduct of visibility patrols. 2. SOP #02 - BANTAY KALYE This SOP prescribes the deployment of 85% of the PNP in the fieldto increase police visibility and intensify anti-crime campaign nationwide. 3. SOP #03 – SIYASAT This SOP prescribes the guidelines in the conduct of inspectionsto ensure police visibility. 4. SOP #04 - REACT 166
REACT 166 was launched in 1992 as the people’s direct link tothe police to receive public calls for assistance and complaints for promptaction by police authorities. This SOP prescribes the procedures in the detailof Duty Officers, Telephone Operators and Radio Operators for REACT 166;their term of duty and responsibilities. 5. SOP #05 – LIGTAS (ANTI-KIDNAPPING) With the creation of the Presidential Anti-Organized Crime TaskForce (PAOCTF), the PNP is now in the support role in the campaign againstkidnapping in terms of personnel requirements. SOP #6 sets forth the PNP’sguidelines in its fight against kidnapping activities. 6. SOP #06 - ANTI-CARNAPPING This SOP prescribes the conduct of an all-out and sustained Anti-Carnapping campaign to stop/minimize carnapping activities, neutralizesyndicated carnapping groups, identify/prosecute government personnelinvolved in carnapping activities, and to effectively address other criminalactivities related to carnapping. 7. SOP #07 - ANTI-TERRORISM This prescribes the operational guidelines in the conduct ofoperations against terrorists and other lawless elements involved interroristic activities. 8. SOP #08 – JOINT ANTI-BANK ROBBERY ACTION COMMITTEE(ANTI-BANK ROBBERY) This SOP provides overall planning, integration,orchestration/coordination and monitoring of all efforts to ensure thesuccessful implementation. 9. SOP #09 - ANTI-HIJACKING/HIGHWAY ROBBERY This SOP sets forth the guidelines and concepts of operations tobe observed in the conduct of anti-hiway robbery/hold-up/hijackingoperations. 10. SOP #10 - PAGLALANSAG/PAGAAYOS-HOPE This SOP sets forth the concept of operations and tasks of allconcerned units in the campaign against Partisan Armed Groups and loosefirearms. 11. SOP #11 – MANHUNT BRAVO (NEUTRALIZATION OF WANTEDPERSONS) This SOP sets forth the objectives and concept of operations andtasks of all concerned units in the neutralization of wanted persons. 12. SOP #12 - ANTI-ILLEGAL GAMBLING This SOP sets forth the operational thrusts to beundertaken by the PNP that will spearhead the fight against all forms ofillegal gambling nationwide. 13. SOP #13 - ANTI-SQUATTING
This SOP sets forth the concept of operations in the campaignagainst professional squatters and squatting syndicates. 14. SOP #14 – JERICHO This SOP prescribes the operational guidelines to be undertakenby the NHQ, PNP in the establishment of a quick reaction group that can bedetailed with the office of the SILG (OSILG), with personnel and equipmentrequirements of that reaction group supported by the PNP. 15. SOP #15 – NENA (ANTI-PROSTITUTION/VAGRANCY) This SOP sets forth the operational thrusts to be undertaken bythe PNP that will spearhead the fight against prostitution and vagrancy. 16. SOP #16 – ANTI-PORNOGRAPHY This prescribes the guidelines to be followed by tasked PNPUnits/Offices in enforcing the ban on pornographic pictures, videos andmagazines. 17. SOP #17 - GUIDELINES IN THE CONDUCT OF ARREST, SEARCH,AND SEIZURE This SOP prescribes the procedure and manner of conducting anarrest, raid, search and/or search of person, search of any premises and theseizure of properties pursuant to the 1987 Philippine Constitution, Rules ofCourt, as amended and updated decision of the Supreme Court. 18. SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF SANDIGAN MASTER PLAN 19. ANTI-ILLEGAL LOGGING (Please refer to SANGYAMAN MasterPlan) 20. ANTI-ILLEGAL FISHING (Please refer to SANGYAMAN MasterPlan) 21. ANTI-ILLEGAL DRUGS (Please refer to BANAT Master Plan)B. To strengthen linkages with other government and NGOs, local andinternational law enforcement organizations, the AFP, and Presidential TaskForce and Centers as venues for interagency and international cooperationand support, the following shall be implemented. 1) RULES AND REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING EO 829 AS AMENDEDBY EOs 41 AND 41-A (LECC) 2) PNP IMPLEMENTING PLAN TO EO 61. 3) PNP IMPLEMENTING PLAN TO EO 62.C. To enhance community participation thru the Community-OrientedPolicing System (COPS) and uniform implementation of COPS, theCOMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING SYSTEM (COPS) MANUAL shall beimplemented.
D. To operationalize the Integrated Area/ Community Public Safety Plan(IA/CPSP), IA/CPSP GUIDELINES shall be implemented.E. Definition of TermsV. REFERENCES A. Republic Act 6975, as amended by Republic Act 8551 B. Pertinent NAPOLCOM Resolutions C. NHQ-PNP LOI 10/93 SANDIGAN (PNP Anti-Crime Strategy) D. The PNP Program Thrusts for CY 2001 E. “Pulis ng Bayan, Lingkod ng Mamamayan” by PDDG LEANDRO RMENDOZA F. The Operational PPAs and PER.
SANDUGO (THE PNP ISO MASTER PLAN)I. INTRODUCTION The insurgency problem, whether of the communist or the secessionisttype, has social, economic, political and security dimensions. The securitypart, as manifested by armed guerilla activities, is the most visible sign orsymptom of the problem. The security acts only because of the politicalorganization that provides the leadership and the direction. On the otherhand, the dissatisfaction and grievances of the people resulting from thesocio-economic and political conditions in the area provide the insurgencymovement the reason for its being. Thus, insurgency may not be solved bypolice/military solution alone (although police/military action is vital and animportant part), but by a package of government policies and programs thatcan effectively and simultaneously address the socio-economic, the politicaland the military aspects of the situation. Accordingly, the whole governmentmachinery and instrumentalities must strongly and coordinately be made tobear on the problem. A. PURPOSE AND SCOPE This serves as the long-range and holistic master plan of the PNP inwaging an internal security support operations nationwide. Premised on theestimate of the national situation and other considerations, it prescribes thecounterinsurgency support strategy, operational concept, scheme ofimplementation, service support, and coordinating instructions in order toaccomplish the PNP”s internal security support mission. All subsequent and supplemental Programs of Action, LOIs, andother related issuances to be prescribed and executed by PNP units andpersonnel at all levels which would have a bearing on internal security, musttherefore conform with the intent/spirit and strategic and operationalguidelines embodied herein. This is to ensure the continuity, unity,consistency and synergy of all internal security efforts at all times. B. DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS (See Annex 1) C. NATIONAL SITUATION AND CONSIDERATIONS: 1. General The Government, through the AFP and the PNP, hadlaunched various campaigns and pacification drives in the past decades toresolve the continuing communist insurgency threat. As a result, thecommunist insurgent movement experienced a downtrend in its partybuilding, army building and alliance work. This downtrend was attributedamong others to the vigorous implementation of the series of the PNPsSandugo COIN campaign plans and the AFP Campaign Plan Lambat-Bitag. These developments, however, did not lead to the downfallof the Communist Movement. The CPP/NPA, instead, staged a strategicwithdrawal to avoid decisive defeat by the government forces.
Subsequently, the CPP/NPA launched a rectification campaign to regaincontrol of LCM lost areas and restore its influence in the rural areas.Additionally, the CPP, having experienced a regression in the Yearly sub-stages of the Strategic Defensive Stage focused its activities on ideological,political and organizational (IPO) work to rebuild the party, its army andmass organizations. During the Philippine Constabulary/Integrated NationalPolice (PC/INP) era, internal and external security were tasks relegated tothe Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). The PC/INP then, as one of thefour major services of the AFP had played an indispensable role in counter-insurgency until its deactivation in 1991, with the passage of RA 6975,which resulted in the birth of the PNP. RA 6975 further placed the PNP as thelead agency in the maintenance of internal security although it took until1995, for the PNP to fully assume its primary role in internal security.However, when RA 8551 was passed into law in 1998, internal security wasonce again given to the aegis of the AFP. Moreover, Executive Order No.110 issued on June 15, 1999 mandated the PNP to support the AFP in ISOfor the suppression of insurgency and other serious threats to nationalsecurity. The military and police counter-insurgencycampaigns and other complementing efforts by concerned civil governmentagencies LGUs and NGOS, may be classified into three major operations oractivities, namely: (1) Internal Security Operations (ISO) by the AFP and thePNP to provide security to the people and the government; (2) NationalDevelopment operations by the civil government agencies to address the rootcauses of insurgency; and (3) Peace Process by the Office of the PresidentialAssistant on the Peace Process (OPAPP) to complement the overall governmenteffort to attract rebels back to the mainstream of society, in the spirit ofequality, peace, reconciliation and unification. Essentially, these three mutuallycomplementing efforts are the government’s three-pronged strategy inaddressing the country’s insurgency problem. In line with the government’s three-pronged strategy inaddressing the insurgency problem, the PNP and the AFP have expanded theirroles and actively participated in the civil government’s development activitiesthat strike at the root causes of insurgency. As one recognized weakness of thisundertaking is the lack of coordination and unity of efforts among themilitary/police and civil government agencies, thus the National Peace andDevelopment Plan (NPDP) was formulated. Amidst these changes in the operationalenvironment, coupled with the recent political events in our country, the PNPhas to formulate and adopt a comprehensive plan that would define the generalguidelines/concepts of operations and tasks to be observed and followed by allPNP units/offices in supporting the AFP in the suppression of insurgency andother serious threats to national security in conjunction with the NPDP andExecutive Order No. 110. 2. Strategic Guidance a. The National Peace and Development Plan This Plan sets forth the government’s overall plan for addressinginsurgency. It recognizes insurgency as a multi-dimensional problem requiring aholistic and collaborative response and involvement of all sectors of governmentand of the citizenry. It prescribes the Clear – Hold – Consolidate – Develop(CHCD) operational methodology and envisions to launch a concerted,
integrated and collaborative campaign to address insurgency and its root causesthrough the “left – hand” and the “right – hand” responses. The “left – hand”response involves the conduct of political and socio-economic reforms toaddress the root causes of insurgency and win the hearts and minds of thepeople, while the “right –hand” response involves the conduct of offensiveoperations that directly contribute to the decisive defeat of the insurgents andthe dismantling of their politico-military infrastructures. These offensiveoperations include diplomatic, political, intelligence, psychological and militaryoffensive. b. Strategy of "Total-Approach" The National Peace and Development Plan has adopted the Strategyof "Total Approach". Its holistic approach to effectively address armed conflictsin the country consists of a security component, a political component and asocio-economic component. The security component directly addresses violentconflicts, the political component seeks to tap the full cooperation of localgovernment units and civil society to promote good governance and local peaceinitiatives, while the socio-economic component focuses on ways and means toeradicate/alleviate poverty. c. AFP ISO Campaign Plan “BALANGAI”: This is the implementation of the National Peace and DevelopmentPlan and consistent with the National Strategy of “Total Approach” and theClear – Hold – Consolidate and Develop Methodology prescribed in the nationalplan. It envisions the clearing of barangays one after the other bysimultaneously and decisively defeating CPP/NPA armed groups, dismantlingLCM politico – military infrastructures and more importantly Winning the Heartsand Minds of the People. The SOT concept is applied in dismantling the politico– military structure of the enemy and employs the TRIAD of intelligence,combat and psychological operations as separate weapons system to decisivelydefeat its armed groups.II COUNTER - INSURGENCY STRATEGY A. C, PNP’s INTENT I intend to have all the PNP Offices and units consistently andvigorously perform our tasks as mandated by RA 8551 and further providedin EO 110. The Police Regional Police Offices and other tasked PNP Unitsshall be employed accordingly to help support the AFP neutralize the LCMnationwide. This way, the armed components, the infrastructures, and thepolitical machinery of the CPP/NPA/NDF will be dismantled by thegovernment. I likewise intend to have the organization help LocalGovernment Units (LGUs) re-establish or strengthen government authorityand control over insurgency-affected barangays, and have linkages withother security and development agencies and organizations to help attainthe aims of the National Peace and Development Plan of the government. Inso doing the PNP would be able to effectively implement and succeed in thiscampaign plan as the PNP will be greatly involved in harnessing allgovernment resources in the fight against insurgency and its root causes. B. OBJECTIVES 1. Broad Objective
The PNP, in strengthening its participation and involvement in thegovernment’s peace and development machinery, and concurrent with itsstatutory functions and mandate through Executive Order 110, shall support theAFP in ISO for the suppression of insurgency and other serious threats tonational security and to perform its tasks in the National Peace andDevelopment Plan. 2. Specific Objectives a. To develop the capability of field units to fullyoperationalize this ISO support plan for the government and the AFP inparticular. b. To support the AFP in the isolation of the undergroundinfrastructure and front organizations of the insurgents in the towns andcities from the general population c. To enhance intelligence activities against threatgroups d. To enhance the conduct of legal offensive against theinsurgents. e. To support the governments’ National Peace andDevelopment Plan to include the Peace and Reconciliation plan. C. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS: 1. Strategic Concept a. The PNP shall basically support the AFP’s ISOCampaign Plan “Balangai” through the conduct of limited internal securityoperations, sustained law enforcement and PCR activities, intensiveinformation gathering and the conduct of investigation and prosecution ofISO related cases. b. The PNP campaign plan shall also follow the Clear-Hold-Support operational methodology as herein indicated in support to theintegration efforts of the military and other civilian agencies of thegovernment as envisioned in the NPDP and the strategy of “Total Approach”. The CLEAR Stage shall involve the conduct ofcombat, Intelligence and Psychological operations as separate weaponssystems to directly lead to the destruction of the insurgent armed groups.The end state of this phase is dismantled LCM politico-military infrastructurein the affected barangays and the decisive defeat of the main enemy armedgroups in the targeted guerilla fronts. The PNP will support the AFP who isprimarily responsible for the Clear Stage. The HOLD Stage shall involve the utilization of theterritorial defense forces to limit the freedom of action and movement of theCPP/NPA, limit its access to resources and reduce mass base support to theCPP/NPA/NDF. This phase shall have the following end state. IntegratedArea/Community Public Safety Plan (IA/CPSP) is organized and established, inorder to protect the people, defend communities and secure vital assets andinstallations. The PNP will be primarily responsible for the Hold Stage in areaswhich are turned over to the PNP or where there are no AFP units assigned.
However, other areas especially in those areas where AFP units are present orwhere AFP supervises CAFGU then the IA/CPSP is responsible. The SUPPORT Stage is a “work in progress:. Itshall involve police support to consolidation and development activities ofother agencies of government. The PNP within its capability shall play asupportive role in these activities, including but not limited to the conduct ofmedical and dental civic action, adult literacy programs and providingsecurity in support and in coordination with AFP to civil government agenciesin their delivery of basic services in far-flung and strife-torn area. The Consolidation Stage aims to strengthengovernment control and authority in contested barangays and develop thecapability of local officials to effectively govern their barangays. This stagehas the following end-state; 1) Government authority and control in contestedareas reestablished or strengthened, 2) Government services delivered, 3) Counter-organizations further expanded andconsolidated, and 4) Mass support for the government is enhanced. The Development Stage has the following for itsend state: 1) Root causes of insurgency effectivelyaddressed, and 2) Political and socio-economic reforms plannedat the beginning of the campaign are sustained. c. The overlapping and interrelated phases of thismethodology may be conducted simultaneously or sequentially depending onthe prevailing situation in the targeted area. The efforts of the PNP shallfocus in supporting the AFP on the Clearing and Holding phases, and withinthe local unit capability they shall provide appropriate support to localgovernment units and other concerned agencies in the Consolidation andDevelopment Phase. d. The principle of integration of efforts shall be appliedto accomplish an ISO-related mission. This principal thrust requires the PNP,military and the civil government agencies to work cohesively, and to unifyefforts to ensure a focused, effective and holistic approach in addressinginsurgency. The role of the police aside from supporting the AFP inneutralizing the insurgent politico-military infrastructure is to help create aphysically and psychologically secured environment conducive for socio-economic development. 2. Operational Concept a. The NHQ-PNP, through its directorial staff, shallsupervise and support the Police Regional Offices in implementing thestrategic agenda and operational concept of this counter-insurgencystrategy. The PNP leadership, through the NALEC, the NDCC and the NPOC,
shall coordinate and cooperate with other national government agencies inthe realization of the intent of this counter-insurgency strategy. b. The Police Regional Offices, through the policeprovincial/city offices and municipal/city police stations, RMGs and PMGsshall implement their localized counter-insurgency plans based on thismaster plan. Their plan shall be focused towards the implementation oflocalized activities to attain: (1) development of the capabilities of fieldsunits to support the AFP in the resolution of ISO problem; (2) isolation of theunderground infrastructure and front organizations of insurgents in townsand cities from the general population; (3) enhancement of intelligenceactivities against threat group; and (4) enhancement of legal offensiveagainst the insurgents. c. The Special Action Force is designated as the reservemobile/strike unit of NHQ, PNP. It shall be deployed/committed to supportthe police Regional offices as situation warrants and/or upon request. d. The PNP National Support Units, through theirspecialized operating units and various regional offices, shall assist/support thelocal police units in the conduct of ISO related activities in accordance with theirmandated mission and functions. e. Role of PNP and AFP on Enemy Affected Barangaysparticularly in areas with guerilla frontsInfluenced Infiltrated Threatened As shown in the above schematic diagram, the AFPtakes the primary responsibility in responding to affected areas, particularlyin areas with very active and active guerilla fronts. In these areas, the AFPwill seek to dismantle/neutralize the insurgent political and armedcomponents by mobile battalions of a tasked unit applying the SpecialOperations Team (SOT) concept and the TRIAD concept of Intelligence. Inbuilt - up areas not affected by insurgency, including cities and urban center,the PNP takes the lead role. It shall continue its normal police functions,such as the enhancement of law enforcement activities, maintenance ofpeace and order to ensure public safety intensified intelligence, policecommunity relation activities and other related police operations. f. In areas where the AFP due to its limited resources,cannot physically occupy or adequately secure an area, and where PNP unitsare present or available, the PNP within its capability shall initially providesecurity in the area until AFP reinforcements shall have arrived. However, inareas where there is preponderance of AFP forces or where it is declared byMOA/policy that they are the OPR, the PNP shall, through the conduct oflimited combat support operations assist the AFP mainly because the policepersonnel to be committed on this aspect are the same personnel that areperforming law enforcement functions. On the ground, the Regional Directors, PDsand Chiefs of Police are enjoined to enter into memorandum of understanding
with their AFP counterparts purposely to delineate and define their respectiveresponsibilities/tasks and command relationship based on their capabilities,limitations and the prevailing threat situation and within the limits of the MOAset by DILG/PNP and DND/AFP. g. The PNP through the PROs, PPOs/CPOs and MPSshall undertake the following specific activities during the Clearing andHolding Phases of the operational Methodology: 1) Operations – This shall focus on thefollowing: 1.1) Conduct of population and resourcecontrol/denial measures depending upon the prevailing situation and legalconsideration, such as but not limited to the establishment of checkpoints, androadblock; employment of overt and covert population surveillance; screeningand controlling of displaced persons in the affected areas. 1.2) Deployment of police visibility patrols inrear areas to prevent the entry/incursion of the enemy in threatened/conflictareas. 1.3) Conduct of limited police operations suchas ambush, raid, clearing and other similar operations depending upon thecapability and limitation of forces and threat situation on the ground. 1.4) Implementation of the crime preventionand suppression programs provided for in LOI Sandigan – Milenyo. 1.5) Intensification of the preventive and pro-active measures and guidelines set forth in LOI AGAP dated October 16, 2000. 1.6) Provision of appropriate security measuresto government vital installations/facilities, defense of communities andprotection of the people from insurgent terroristic actions. 1.7) Conduct holding operations in areascleared by the AFP forces to protect the community from possible enemydepredations and terroristic activities, with the support of CAFGUs, CVOs, andthe local government units upon request of, or in coordination with local AFP. 1.8) Operationalization of the IntegratedArea /Community Public Safety Plan (IA/SPSP) through close coordination withthe Local Government Units, Local Peace and Order Councils, Law Enforcementand Disaster Coordinating Councils, in order that it shall appropriate serve asthe unified and integrated direction of the local public safety programs andcreate an active shield against the problems associated with internal security. 1.9) Strengthen the various programs forpublic safety and internal security 2) Intelligence Operations: This shall focus on the following: 2.1) Conduct intensive and sustainedintelligence gathering to identify threat groups and monitor their movements,plans/activities etc. 2.2) Conduct of special projects and caseoperations to neutralize or negate insurgent leadership, logistics fund support,plans and terroristic activities, safe houses and other support facilities.
2.3) Intensify counter intelligence operations todetect and neutralize enemy infiltration, sabotage and subversion, incoordination with the intelligence units of the AFP and other law enforcementagencies. 2.4) Enhance the mobilization and utilization ofthe Barangay Information Nets (BINs) 3) Police Community Relations This shall focus on the following: 3.1) Conduct public information campaign thatwould reduce the influence of the insurgent on the populace through the tri-media. 3.2) Implement measures to gain, preserve andstrengthen civilian support for the programs of the government in counter-insurgency. 3.3) Support the comprehensive, integratedand holistic peace process of the Government pursuant to Executive Order No. 3issued by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on February 28, 2001 (See Annex-- ) 3.4) Maintain a databank of issues against theinsurgents and develop positive issues for the PNP and AFP for mediaexploitation. 3.5) Conduct civic action, information drives,dialogues, livelihood projects, civil assistance and development, and other alliedPCR activities designed to win back the enemy mass base. 4) Legal Offensive Activities: This shall involve the following: 4.1) Provide efficient and well-coordinatedinvestigation documentation and prosecution of all ISO related cases, incoordination with the DND/AFP, DOJ and the Commission on Human Rights. 4.2) Sustain the filing of ISO related cases andfollow-up the prosecution of cases in court against the insurgents. h. In the Consolidation and Development Phases, theactivities are as follows: 1) Assist the Local Government Units (LGUs) andconcerned civil government agencies in the strengthening and consolidatingcontrol and authority over targeted barangays/areas pursuant to the strategicconcept laid down in the NPDP. 2) Provide/extend appropriate security coverage tocivil government agencies, local government units NGAs, NGOs and GO’s in thedelivery of basic services and development projects to the community duringthe consolidation and development phases. 3) Participate in, and support the Local ChiefExecutives (LCEs) in the selection process of the Civilian VolunteerOrganizations (Bantay Bayan/Kababayan).
4) Intensify intelligence gathering: 5) Ensure that the Integrated Area/CommunityPublic Safety Plan (IA/CPSP) is fully operationalize in coordination with thelocal government units. i. Counter-organization effort against insurgents/secessionists above ground organizations. Counter - organization such as the CVOs/BantayBayan/Kababayan and CAFGUs are organized in barangays that have beende-influenced or cleared from enemy control. The CAFGUs and CVOs/Bantay Bayan/Kababayanshall, during the holding phase, augment the PNP for territorial defense inorder to free the AFP maneuver forces to go on all offensive. The CVOs shallhelp mobilize the people to support the government, the police and themilitary against the insurgents. Another important element of counter organization isthe setting-up of peoples organizations and cooperatives in the clearedbarangays for various livelihood projects and community - basedreforestation (when appropriate). The peoples organizations (POs) andCooperatives can also serve as the nuclei for rural economic developmentand environmental protection to be orchestrated by concerned governmentagencies under the baton of the governor or Mayor. j. Organization of CVOs for ISO Support The CVO is an overt but unarmed component of theLocal Defense Organization. They are directly under the control andsupervision of the local chief executives who shall be assisted by the localpolice and/or military elements in the community. The PCR elements of PNP units/offices incollaboration with the local officials, recruit volunteers to become membersof the CVOs from all sectors of society such as peasants, workers, students,professionals, businessman, religious sectors, out of school youth andothers. The CVOs shall among others perform the followingtasks in support of the police and the military in the area: 1) Collect intelligence reports; 2) Conduct ronda and similar neighborhood watchactivities; 3) Assist in the dissemination of publicinformation; 4) Assist in providing safety and security servicesin cases of emergency; 5) Support and assist in the identification andimplementation of community development projects; and 6) Perform other related tasks. k. Conduct of regular meetings of Coordinating Councilsto plan, monitor, supervise and revitalize ISO government efforts
Government fora such as the peace and ordercouncils, development councils and the disaster coordinating centers andarea coordinating centers are excellent venues or facilities through whichvarious government programs are discussed and facilitated. Concerned PNP units are therefore directed toactively participate in the activities of these bodies for the attainment of arevitalized internal security support operations to the AFP and thegovernment as a whole. l. The operationalization of the DILG/PNPand DND/AFP Joint IRR to EO 110 The core objective of the Joint IRR is to delineate theroles and responsibilities of the PNP and AFP in the implementation of theprovisions of EO 110 in the areas of Operations, Intelligence, PoliceCommunity Relations and Investigation of ISO related cases and otherrelated activities. Likewise, it set forth the concept in Internal SecurityOperations to be conducted jointly by the AFP with the PNP in the supportrole in order to preserve the internal security of the State against insurgentsand other serious threats to national security. Relatedly, the Clear-Hold-Consolidate-Developoperational methodology shall be applied to carry out the integrated andfocused effort of the military, police, the entire government machinery andthe NGOs, GOs, POs in addressing insurgency as outlined in the NationalPeace and Development Plan and the Strategy of Total Approach. (SeeAnnex- ): Schematic Diagram of the Operational Methodology) D. TASKS: In furtherance of the intent and purpose of this Plan thefollowing shall also be undertaken by offices/units concerned: 1. NHQ PNP Directorial Staff a. Directorate for Operations 1) Monitor the progress and development of thiscampaign plan; 2) Coordinate/work closely with the Joint AFP-PNPSecretariat on Internal Security Coordinating System (ISCS) for thecontinuous evaluation and assessment of internal security condition of thecountry; 3) Prioritize the deployment of SAF operatingunits to critical areas, especially when there are more critical areas than theavailable operating units; 4) Monitor the operationalization of the IntegratedArea/Community Public Safety Plan; 5) Generate and maintain additional reserveelements from available personnel at NHQ-PNP; and 6) Perform other tasks as directed.
b. Directorate for Police-Community Relations 1) Plan, develop and supervise the PCR activitiesof tasked units; 2) Assist the PROs in the establishment ofeffective inter-agency linkages with concerned government units and NGOs. 3) Develop and pursue PCR activity design to gainthe support and cooperation of the populace on the government; and 4) Perform other tasks as directed/requested. c. Directorate for Personnel and Records Management 1) Fill-up personnel strength of all mobile forcesin accordance with the staffing pattern; 2) Recommend the replacement and/or reshuffleof field commanders when necessary; 3) Prioritize the distribution of recruitment quota toareas where the AFP is not present. 4) Come-up with policies and guidelines onthe proper selection of key positions in insurgency affected areas; and 5) Perform other tasks as directed. d. Directorate for Intelligence 1) Provide policy direction to PROs in theirintelligence efforts; 2) Intensify the conduct of intelligence and CIoperations in support of the AFP; 3) Provide timely and relevant intelligenceand estimates of the situation to all tasked units; 4) Assess continuously the intelligence priorityrequirements; and 5) Perform other tasks as directed. e. Directorate for Investigation and DetectiveManagement 1) Supervise the PROs in their investigation effortsand in the service of warrants of arrest against DT personalities; 2) Monitor and follow-up the cases filed against theinsurgents in the proper court and/or at the Commission on Human Rights; 3) Supervise the PROs and other tasked PNPunits/offices in the implementation of the legal offensive; and 4) Perform other tasks as directed/requested. f. Directorate for Logistics
1) Allocate and re-allocate vehicles, firearms andcommunication facilities based on criticality of the area and threat situation; 2) Plan for and support the additional logisticalrequirement of tasked units; and 3) Perform other tasks as directed/requested. g. Directorate for Plans 1) Responsible in the re-organization of theRegional and Provincial Mobile Groups in accordance with the staffing pattern;and 2) Perform other tasks as directed. h. Directorate for Comptrollership Provide additional fund requirements of tasked units. i. Directorate for Human Resource and DoctrineDevelopment 1) Supervise and monitor the training activities of tasked units; 2) Supervise the SCOUT Training of all mobile forces; and 3) Direct and supervise the training to improvepolice investigative techniques. j. Directorate for Research and Development 1) Conduct continuous research on organizationaland individual equipment that may be appropriate for use in ISO; and 2) Conduct continuous evaluation on the existingorganizational and individual equipment for usefulness, serviceability andapplicability in ISO. 2. NSUsa. PNP Special Action Group 1) Act as the primary mobile force of PNP; 2) Sustain training and retraining of personnel forISO to maintain the highest level of tactical proficiency; and 3) Perform other tasks on orders. b. Aviation Security Group 1) Maintain and enhance the serviceability ofprimary air assets;
2) Prioritize the allocation of flights for an efficientdelivery of air support to ISO; 3) Establish, maintain and improve air-to-groundcommunications system; and 4) Conduct a sustained training on the operationand deployment of air assets as a measure to maintain the highest level ofair tactical proficiency in support to ISO.c. Maritime Group 1) Maintain and enhance the serviceability ofprimary maritime assets; 2) Prioritize the allocation of materials for anefficient delivery of Maritime support to ISO; 3) Maintain and improve ship-to-groundcommunications system; 4) Conduct a sustained training on the operationand deployment of watercrafts; and 5) Perform other tasks on orders.d. Police Community Relations Group 1) Assist PROs in the conduct of PCR and otherPCR operations in support to ISO; 2) Conduct civic action, information drives,dialogues and counter propaganda using the print and broadcast media todiscredit and isolate the threat group politico-military hierarchy; 3) Conduct series of coordination with othergovernment agencies and NGOs for possible support in conjunction with theimplementation of this plan; 4) Assist PROs in the processing of the threatgroup’s members who will avail of the amnesty and balik-baril programs;and 5) Perform other tasks on orders.e. Intelligence Group 1) Intensify information gathering and intelligenceoperations against CPP/NPA/NDF top leadership; 2) Provide timely intelligence information totasked units; 3) Perform other tasks on orders.
f. Criminal Investigation and Detection Group 1) Assist PRO’s in the case build-up and otherdocumentation against CPP/NPA/NDF personalities; 2) Provide investigation teams to other taskedunits; and 3) Perform other tasks on orders. g. Police Security Protection Office 1) Sustain and enhance the security ofembassies, vital installation, and VIPs from atrocities; and 2) Perform other tasks on orders. h. Communications and Electronics Group Provide additional communication requirements totasked units. 3. PROs 1-12, NCRPO, CAR, ARMM and CARAGA The main implementors of this master plan , thus directedto perform the following subject to the MOA with the AFP, PNP priority forAnti-crime, available PNP resources, threat level and other localconsiderations: a. Conduct limited internal security operations,gathering of information and PCR activities in support to the AFP. b. Re-deploy forces, firearms, vehicles andcommunication equipment to address the enemy threat; c. Determine own “force mix” in the deployment offorces for ISO and law enforcement, giving more emphasis to the identifiedprimary thrust or local areas; d. Coordinate closely with the AFP Area Commandswithin respective AORs in the conduct of internal security operations; e. Continue to conduct SCOUT Training until allpersonnel of the mobile forces are trained; f. See to it that all your lower offices have IA/CPSP’sand COPS Plans and are fully implemented; g. Strengthen the organization of COOPs and/ororganize new ones in cleared areas in respective AORs to bolster the existingIA/CPSP; h. Prepare to conduct ISO in areas where no AFP arepresent.
i. Coordinate closely with Peace and OrderCouncil/Development Coordinating Council (POCs/DCC) on other activitiesthat require the active participation of civilian agencies and the privatesector; j. Render quarterly report on the Internal SecurityCondition (ISC) of provinces/municipalities within their respectivejurisdiction; and k. Perform other tasks on orders. 4. Other NSUs a. Assist and support the ISO of PROs in conformitywith their respective area of interest or field of expertise; and b. Continue to perform their respective missions. E. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS 1. Respect for human rights shall be paramount, and strictadherence with the PNP Operational Procedure (Revised Rules of Engagement)shall always be emphasized in all police operations. 2. All PNP units shall re-assess respective resources andcapabilities. All IMPLANS AND SOPs, shall be updated to conform with thismaster plan. 3. Tasked units shall operate on the existing logistical andfinancial allocations. NHQ-PNP shall provide additional logistical and financialsupport on a case-to-case basis. 4. Maximum coordination with national government units, non-government organizations and all sectors of the community, for the success ofthis strategy, is authorized and highly encouraged. 5. In order to insure uniformity in adopting/implementing theCOPS and IA/CPSP concepts, all chiefs of police/police supervisors implementingthem must always be guided by the "Community-Oriented Policing System(COPS) Manual for the PNP" issued thru NAPOLCOM Resolution Nr 2000-157dated October 31, 200 and IA/CPSP guidelines and requirements. 6. This Master Plan shall supersede PNP LOI 41/96 CAMPAIGNPLAN SANDUGO III (PNP Counter Insurgency Strategy). However, all applicableissuances, MOUs/MOAs not in conflict with this Master Plan are still in effect. 7. All RDs, PROs and Dirs, NSUs shall submit IMPLANs to thisPlan and periodic reports on its implementation. 8. This Master Plan shall take effect upon approval. LEANDRO R MENDOZA Police Director General Chief, PNP
ATTACHMENTS: A. APPENDICES (OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES) 1. Strengthen the Advance Security Control Point (ASCP)established at the respective area of responsibility in order to prevent policestations/precincts from the attack of the Local Communist Terrorists (LCTs). SOP # 1 – MEMO DIRECTIVE ON ADVANCE SECURITY CONTROLPOINT dated November 5, 1999. 2. Intensify legal offensive campaign particularly in thedocumentation and filing of criminal charges against the DTs, including theservice of pending warrants of arrest. SOP # 2 - MEMO DIRECTIVE RE NOTICE OF TERMINATION OFJASIG DTD JUNE 7, 1999. 3. Enhance the coordination and cooperation between the AFPand PNP in the conduct of intelligence and counter-intelligence operations onmatters involving suppression of insurgency and other serious threats tonational security. SOP # 3 - MOA BY THE AFP AND PNP ON THE CONDUCT OFINTELLIGENCE AND COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS DTD FEBRUARY 19,2001. 4. Strengthen linkages with NGOs, local and international lawenforcement organizations, the AFP, and Presidential Task Force and Centers asvenues for interagency and international cooperation and support. SOP # 17 OF SANDIGAN - IMPLEMENTATION OF EO 829 ASAMENDED BY EOs 41 AND 41-A (LECC) SOP # 18 OF SANDIGAN - CAMPAIGN AGAINSTTRANSNATIONAL CRIMINAL SYNDICATES (PNP IMPLEMENTING PLAN TO EO 62) 5. Enhance community participation thru the Community-Oriented Policing System (COPS) SOP # 19 OF SANDIGAN - COMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICINGSYSTEM (COPS) MANUAL 6. Operationalize the Integrated Area/Community Public SafetyPlan (IA/CPSP) SOP # 20 OF SANDIGAN - IA/CPSP GUIDELINES B: Definition of Terms Armed Conflict - refers to any conflict betweengovernment forces and organized groups which involves the actual use ofarmed force and which disrupts normal social, economic, political andcultural activities in a specific geographical area. Centers of Gravity - Are the “source of strength andbalance”; that characteristic, capability or locality from wherein the enemyderives its freedom of action, physical strength or the will to fight. It is the“hub of all power and movement”. Its attack should be the focus of alloperations. Centers of gravity can change. A major shift in operational
direction, the replacement of a key enemy commander, the fielding of newunits or weaponry can significantly shift centers of gravity. Combat Operations - These shall mean offensive anddefensive operations such as attack, counter attack, bombing, artillerybarrage and other tactical actions involving the use of bigger, tactical forces,bigger caliber weapons, better armored vehicles and both air and navalweapons systems. Community-Oriented Policing System (COPS) - anintegrated approach to the community’s public safety concern which is basedon the notion that the police can provide better services to the communitythrough the development of an effective partnership between and amongthem. Such partnership must be based on trust and goodwill in order tofacilitate voluntary community support and cooperation to lawenforcement/crime prevention and control activities, thus enhance policeeffectiveness and efficiency, given the same police resource. Counter Insurgency - These are the economic, socio-cultural, political reforms and development including the military and policeactions undertaken by the Government in order to defeat insurgency. Counter Intelligence - An aspect of intelligence devotedto offensive actions to destroy or neutralize the effectiveness of adverseintelligence activities and to undertake defensive actions to protectinformation against espionage, individuals against subversion andinstallations or material against sabotage. Government Forces - refers to the Armed Forces ofthe Philippines, the Philippine National Police and other armed groupssupporting the government forces. Information - Refers to unevaluated material of everydescription including those derived from observations, communications,reports, rumors, imagery and other sources from which intelligence isproduced. Information Gathering - It is an activity aimed atidentifying the composition, organization and leadership, disposition, training,strategy and tactics, logistics, combat effectiveness, plans and other relatedinformation about the insurgents and other threat groups. It also includes theacquisition of other related information/data that indirectly or directly relate toinsurgency and other serious threats to national security such as: data oncriminal elements/groups that can be exploited by or can sympathize withinsurgents; results of security survey and personnel security investigation; casebuild-up as part of legal offensive; analysis/assessment of recovered subversivedocuments; and, data about the terrain, weather and the people in certainareas. Insurgency - a condition of subversive political activity,civil rebellion, revolt or insurrection against a duly constituted governmentor occupying power, where irregular forces are formed and engaged inactions, which may include guerilla warfare, that are designed to defy,weaken and/or overthrow the government and occupying power. Integrated Area / Community Public Safety Plan(IA/CPSP) – is the blue print for the protection of lives and properties in agiven locality. It is focused on total mobilization of all available resourcesand the simultaneous conduct of complementary programs involving the
civilian, police and military components of the society. It has ten (10) areasof concern namely: crime prevention, law-enforcement, prosecution,corrections, fire prevention and suppression, counter-insurgency,environmental protection, health and sanitation, civil defense andcommunity development. Integrated Territorial Defense System (ITDS) - Is astrategy of integrating the efforts of mobile, forces, territorial forces (AFPdesignated territorial forces, CAA companies, PNP and local defenseorganization); local government; local sectoral organizations (NGOs, POs)and the local populace into an effective defense and security system that willsecure and insulate the locality from enemy influence incursion or re-entry. Intelligence - A meaningful statement or a productderived from information which has been selected, recorded, evaluated,analyzed, integrated and interpreted so that its immediate mandate orpotential significance to the development and execution of plans, policiesand operation is made clear. Internal Security - refers to the wide range of measurestaken by the government to free and protect its society from subversion,lawlessness and insurgency. It is established and maintained primarily tocreate an atmosphere of relative peace and order under which nationaldevelopment could be achieved. Internal Security Operations – activities designed topreserve internal security against insurgents, secessionists and terrorists.Among others, it includes territorial defense operations, intelligence, combat,military and police civil relations and psychological operations. Investigation - The process whereby the facts of thecommission of an offense, identity of the person/s responsible and the placeof commission of the offense, are known through examination of the crimescene, interview, or questioning of the witnesses, the complainants orsuspects, and other pieces of evidence presented. National Development – refers to those actions taken bythe government to foster and strengthen its responsiveness and capabilitiesto meet the needs of the society, and to promote the growth of a viablepolitical, economic and social institution that will insure freedom fromconditions bearing potentials for internal conflict. National Security - refers to the state or conditionwherein the people’s way of life and attitudes, their institutions, territorialintegrity and sovereignty, including their well-being, are protected, andenhanced. It is synonymous with the protection of the political, economic,psycho-social, military, geo-ecological and techno-scientific environment ofthe nation. Operational Control (OPCON) – Those functions ofcommand involving composition of subordinate forces, the assignment of tasks,the designation of objectives and the authoritative direction necessary toaccomplish the mission. Operational control should be exercised by the use ofthe assigned normal organizational units through their respective commandersor through the commanders of subordinate forces established by thecommander exercising operational control. It does not include such matters asadministration, discipline, internal organization and unit training except when asubordinate commander requests assistance.
Order of Battle - is a document which reflects enemycomposition, disposition, strength, tactics, logistics, training, combateffectiveness, miscellaneous data and personalities. Police Functions – These are the regular, customary ornormal duties and activities of the police in the performance of its mandate, asenumerated in Section 24 of RA 6975 (DILG/PNP Law of 1990), as amended byRA 8551. Primary/Lead Role - As used herein, shall mean providingthe principal planning, direction, control and resources for internal securityoperations. This shall also include the responsibility for preparing internalsecurity assessment and other related documents and reports unless specifiedby law or directed by competent authority, as well as the establishment andadministration of an appropriate Rewards System. Support for Combat Operations – Assisting the leadagency in internal security operations with personnel and material resourceswithin the capability of the PNP. Threats to National Security - these are dangers tothe components of National Security that could come from within or fromwithout the nation state. They may be political, economic, military, psycho-social, techno-scientific and geo-ecological in nature including but not limitedto organized/syndicated crimes, terrorism, rebellion, coup d’etat andinsurgency.
Annex - 2 OPERATIONAL METHODOLOGY CLEAR HOLD CONSOLIDATE DEVELOP Activities • Clearing of the • Re-establishment of • Strengthening • Full blast to political Government control & of Govt control economic infrastructure thru authority in recovered and authority development gradual areas • Sanctioning of & construction • Organization of CVOs & pro-dissident environmental (TRIAD Way) CAFGUs local officials protection • Formation of Peoples • Expansion of • Field Officers Organization (PO)/Coops POs/Coops (or of NGAs conversion of work together CAFGUS/CVOs under the as such) baton of the LCE Orchestration of development efforts through COC, ROC, etc. RolesDND/AFP- lead agency DILG/PNP - as lead agency DILG/PNP - prosecute DILG/PNP- as leadw/support of DILG/PNP with support of DOJ & AFP dissident local officials agency CDA/NAPC -DOJ – legal offensive CAFGUs/CVOs - augment PNP livelihood projects NAPC - implement field forces Social Reform Agenda DENR - reforestationPIA - media offensive CVOs - mobilize popular projects Others - provide support to Govt and AFP support & Others - support to cooperation per SRA CDA/NAPC - organize livelihood convergence plan Pos/Coops LCEs - orchestration LCE - convergence AFP - support agency of development efforts Leader AFP - support agency AFP – support role REFERENCES a) Section 12 of Republic Act (RA) # 6975 as amended by Section 3 of RA # 8551 b) EO No. 309 concerning the Re-organization of the Peace and Order Councils; c) EO No. 319 concerning the Re-organization of the Local Development Councils; d) EO No. 113 concerning the National Reconciliation and Development Program (NRDP); e) EO No. 1012 concerning the Local Integrated Security Defense Plan;
f) Joint AFP-PNP SOPs relating the Counter-insurgency; g) “Pro-Democracy PEOPLE’S WAR” Book, 1991; and h) Executive Order (EO) # 110 i) AFP Campaign Plan 01/99 “BALANGAI” j) EO 115, series ’99, - Localization of Peace Efforts; k) National Peace and Development Plan dtd Jan 2000. l) PNP COIN Master Plan (MP-01 SANDUGO) m) MOA on Intelligence & Counter-Intelligence Opns dtd 19February 2001 n) 2000 Revised Rules of Criminal Procedures o) MOA on JSOP on ISO dtd 07 Jan 1999 p) MOA on Intelligence and Counter-Intelligence Operationsdtd 19 February 2001 q) EO No. 3 dtd 28 February 2001
SANGYAMAN (PNP’s MASTERPLAN TO HELP PROTECT AND PRESERVE OUR ENVIRONMENT, CULTURAL PROPERTIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES)I. INTRODUCTION A. PURPOSE AND SCOPE This master plan prescribes the guidelines to be followedby tasked PNP Units/Offices in assisting lead government agencies in theenforcement of laws over Philippine territorial waters, lakes, rivers,mountain ranges, forest, to include laws and ordinances that have been setforth to preserve, protect and enhance our environment and naturalresources, in close coordination with the Department of the Environment andNatural Resources, Department of Agriculture, National Museum and othertasked government agencies and non-government organizations. B. SITUATION The Philippines is one of the countries in the world blessed withsignificantly rich natural resources. In fact, almost all kinds of minerals,metals, precious stones, animal species, plants, and trees can be found inthis very unique archipelago. However, Filipinos and foreigners alike have exploited theseresources, and even worse, to the extent of over exploiting and destroyingit. The most affected are our marine, aquatic and forest resources. Thecontinuing degradation of our remaining natural resources has reachedcritical proportion due to illegal destructive methods for business or personalmotives. Further contributing to the deterioration of our environment is theexacerbating pollution emanating from vehicles brought about by the rapidurban growth and industrialization.The following are the five (5) immediate concerns that should be addressedin order to insure protections of the environment: Forest Protection;Protection of Fisheries; Marine Life, and Aquatic Resources; Ensuring Cleanand Safe Land, Air and Water; Preservation of Endangered Species andOther Wild Life; and Protection of Cultural Properties (Annex “B’ – FiveImmediate Concerns).II. DEFINITION OF TERMS (See Annex “A”)III. CPNP’s INTENT It is the C,PNP’s intent for the PNP through its National Support Units(NSUs), Police Regional Offices (PROs), Police Provincial Offices (PPOs), Cityand Police Stations to assist concerned government agencies in protectingand conserving the country’s natural and man-made resources, including itscultural sites and heritage. Coordination may be undertaken with non-government organizationsto further improve the current status of the nation’s wildlife and other
resources in the preservation and protection of all of our country’s naturaland man-made resources.IV. OBJECTIVES: A. BROAD OBJECTIVES To protect, conserve and develop our environment and naturalresources, in coordination with and in direct support of all concernedgovernment agencies. B. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES Protect Lives - People must learn to properly utilize and protect ourenvironment, cultural properties and natural resources. It is unfortunate forour country to have experienced disasters that claimed thousands of liveswhich can be attributed to peoples’ reckless and erroneous utilization of ournatural resources. The disaster that had happened in Ormoc is a clearpicture of nature’s way of retaliating to man’s irresponsiveness. Enhance Public Safety - Public safety remains to be the top priority of the PNP.Destruction of lives and property caused by continuous misuse, abuse, andmalpractices of the people on our natural resources must be fully stopped inorder to protect these resources and promote public safety. Hence, the PNP,being deputized to enforce environmental laws, should relentlessly conductoperations that would effect the arrest and conviction of violators andpreempt the same from ensuing. The PNP shall assist in the enforcement of environmental andcultural properties laws in close coordination with tasked governmentagencies - ( See annex “B” - Summary of Pertinent Provisions ofEnvironmental, Cultural and Natural Resources Protection Laws ) 4. Community Participation in the protection,conservation and development of environment and natural resources. Community participation is an indispensable element in theprotection, conservation and development of natural resources. Therealization of the vision to live in a community with vast source of naturalresources and an environment worthy of emulation will come about throughthe voluntary community support and cooperation to environmentalprotection law enforcement, prevention and control activities.V. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS A. STRATEGIC CONCEPTS 1) Operationalization of the Integrated Area/CommunityPublic Safety Plan (IA/CPSP). One of the areas of concern embodied in the IA/CPSPis the protection of the environment and natural resources. As part of the
strategic concept, THE INTEGRATED AREA COMMUNITY PUBLICSAFETY PLAN (IA/CPSP) is the blueprint for the protection of lives andproperties in a given locality. The IA/CPSP concept requires the totalmobilization of all available resources and the simultaneous conduct ofcomplementary programs that will involve the civilian, police and militarycomponents of society. The primary responsibility of the PNP is to assist the DENR,National Museum, DA and other tasked government agencies in the conductof anti-crime operations implementing appropriate environmental, culturaland natural resources protection laws. 2) The employment of both territorial Units/offices andselected National Support Units (NSUs) in the conduct of an all-out andsustained campaign to protect and preserve our environment, naturalheritage and natural resources should be executed in tandem with concernedgovernment agencies. Selected NSUs with suitable/relevant capabilitiesshall be task-organized to track down crime groups involved in illegalactivities that contribute to the degradation of the environment and naturalresources. B. OPERATIONAL CONCEPTS The NHQ-PNP, through its directorial staff, shall superviseand support the Police Regional Offices and selected National OperationalSupport Units in implementing the strategic agenda and operational conceptof this master plan. The PNP leadership, through the NALECC, RLECC andPROs, shall coordinate and cooperate with other national governmentagencies in the realization of the mission of this plan. The Police Regional Offices, through the policeprovincial/city offices and municipal/city police stations shall select andorganize capable and dedicated PNP personnel to be utilized in policeoperations against violators of environmental, cultural and natural resourcesprotection laws. PNP personnel selected for this purpose shall undergotraining on environmental, cultural and other related laws, to ensure theireffectiveness in the conduct of operations. In order for the operational concepts to become dynamic,assessment on the operations conducted shall be made together with theDepartment of Agriculture, National Museum and the Department ofEnvironment and Natural Resources counterpart, to determine itseffectiveness; and further recommend new approaches, manner ofoperations, adjustments on the implementing plans, amendments toenvironmental laws, and other recommendations that will assure thepreservation of our natural resources. C. TASKINGS 1. NHQ PNP - a) DCO - Overall supervisor in theimplementation of this plan; b) DO - 1) Designated as OPR; and
2) Perform other tasks as ordered. c) DI 1) Provide intelligence and perform intelligence operations/ support; and 2) Perform other tasks as ordered. d) DPCR 1) Inform the public regarding the Command’s effort in this undertaking; 2) Mobilize NGOs and GOs re enforcement of laws on environmental protection and in raising public awareness on these matters. 3) Perform other tasks as ordered. e) DPL - 1) Initiate at the national level the updating of necessary agreements and/or joint undertakings with DENR, DA and other government and non-government agencies concerned in this activity; 2) Initiate the deputation by concerned government agency/s of all PNP personnel involved in this operation. 3) Perform other tasks as ordered. f) DHRDD – 1) Provide POIs for the training in coordination with concerned agencies; 2) Provide training cadres/lecturers andinformation materials in coordination with concerned agencies; 3) Monitor development/completion of training of respective PNP personnel; 4) Perform other tasks as ordered. g) DL - 1) Provide logistical requirements of tasked units upon request and as needed; and 2) Perform other tasks as ordered. h) DC - 1) Provide additional fund releases to PNP units upon approval of C, PNP; and 2) Perform other tasks as ordered.
2. MARIGROUP a) Conduct/assist in the enforcement of all fisherylaws, rules and regulations; b) Conduct/assist in the examination of fishsuspected to have been caught by the use of explosives, prohibited fishingequipment, or noxious or poisonous substances; c) Conduct/assist in the apprehension,investigation and filing of criminal and/or administrative bodies againstviolators of fishery laws, rules and regulations; d) Dispose confiscated fishes pursuant toMalacañang Circular No. 130 dated September 26, 2000 and other relatedguidelines; e) Take custody of impounded fishing boatsincluding fishing gears and other paraphernalia used in illegal fishing, whenapplicable, pending the final resolution of the criminal/administrative casethereon; f) Assist the Bureau of Fisheries and AquaticResources on information dissemination against all forms of illegal fishing; g) Ensure the attendance of apprehending officersand fish examiners to court hearings; and h) Submit reports on operations conducted andaccomplishments to DO. i) Perform other tasks as ordered. 3. TMG - a) Conduct/assist in the enforcement ofenvironmental protection laws such as laws in smoke belching, wastedumping, and other related ordinances; b) Support the conduct of operation incoordination with DENR and other government and non-governmentagencies concerned re drive against vehicular air pollutants; c) Support other PNP units in the apprehension ofpersons transporting illegally gathered forest and marine products; and d) Perform other tasks as ordered. 4. CIDG a) Conduct operations to assist in theenforcement of cultural heritage protection laws; and b) Perform other tasks as ordered. 5. ASG a) Conduct air patrol/reconnaissance operationwithin capability in coordination with the government agencies concerned,
if necessary; b) Undertake measures to prevent the smugglingof protected species of Philippine flora and fauna, through airports, otherexit points and through air travel; and c) Perform other tasks as ordered. 6. SAF - a) Support other PNP units deputized to enforceenvironmental laws; b) Acts as the reserve force to be deployedanywhere, on orders; and c) Perform other tasks as ordered. 7. LSS a) Logistical support shall be carried out throughthe normal logistics procedures and channels except in cases requiringemergency allocation; and b) Perform other tasks as ordered. 8. Other National Support Units - Support/Augment the operations of the MaritimeGroup, Traffic Management Group, Aviation Security Group and PoliceRegional Offices. 9. All RDs, PROs 1 –13, CAR, ARMM, and NCR a) Train qualified PNP personnel to be utilizedduring police operations for assisting in the enforcement of environmentallaws and other existing ordinances for the preservation and protection ofnatural resources, cultural heritage and the environment; b) Select and train qualified personnel onenvironment, cultural heritage and natural resources protection incoordination with DA, DENR, National Museum and other government andnon-government agencies concerned; c) Conduct joint undertakings with concernedagencies in the conduct of sustained cultural and resources protectionoperations. Operations shall be assessed together with counterparts ofconcerned agencies to determine future undertakings and possible coursesof action; d) Support, through local police units and othermobile forces, localized police operations on the apprehensions of violatorsof environmental protection laws; and e) Perform other tasks as ordered.
IV. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS a. Coordination and consultation with Peace and OrderCouncils, NGOs, and other Civilian Organizations is highly encouraged. b. Respect for human rights is of paramount importance in alloperations. c. Adherence to rules of engagement is a must. d. Selection, organization and training of personnel to beutilized in police operations to help enforce environmental laws for theprevention and preservation of natural resources and environment must becompleted within one (1) month upon receipt of this plan. e. Confiscated/seized items shall be turned-over togovernment agency concerned for proper disposition. f. Investigation and filing of appropriate charge/s against theapprehended person/s shall be the responsibility of the government agencyconcerned. g. RDs concerned shall submit to NHQ PNP (Attn: DHRDD)After Training Report immediately upon completion of training. h. Result and assessment of the first month of actualoperations must reach NHQPNP (Attn: DO) NLT 75 days upon receipt of thisplan. i. Lateral coordination is encouraged. j. This master plan shall take effect upon approval and shallsupersede other instruction inconsistent with it. LEANDRO R MENDOZA Police Director General Chief, PNPCopy furnished: Command GroupDistribution: D-Staff All RDs, PROs All Dirs, NSUs
ANNEXES: A. Definition of Terms B. Summary of Pertinent Provisions on Environmental, Cultural Properties and Natural Resources Protection Laws C. LOI 17/94 KALIKASAN (PNP’s Campaign Plan to Protect Our Environment and Natural Resources) D. LOI 28/96 NIYOG (PNP’s Campaign Plan to Protect the Coconut Industry) E. LOI 36/93 DUHAT (PNP’s Campaign Plan Against Illegal Logging) F. LOI 46/93 CHESA (PNP’s Campaign Plan Against the Destruction of Marine Life) G. Presidential Decree No. 705 (Revising P.D. No. 389 – The Forestry Reform Code of the Philippines) H. Republic Act No. 8550 (The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998) I. Republic Act No. 7942 (Philippine Mining Act of 1995) J. Republic Act No. 9003 (Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000) K. Republic Act No. 8749 ( Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999) L. Presidential Decree 984 (Revising R.A. 3931 – Pollution Control Law) M. Republic Act No. 6969 (Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990) N. Republic Act No. 7586 (NIPAS ACT – An Act Providing for the Establishment and Management of National Integrated Protected Areas System) O. Republic Act 3547 of 1929 ( An Act Defining and Penalizing Cruelty to Animals) P. Commonwealth Act No. 73 of 1936 (An Act Prohibiting the Hunting, Killing, Wounding, or Taking of the Tamaraw) Q. Republic Act 3983 of 1932 (An Act for the Protection of Wild Flowers and Plants) R. Presidential Decree No.374 (Amending Certain Section of R.A. 4846 – Cultural Properties Preservation and Protection Act)
ANNEX “A” DEFINITION OF TERMS a. Aquaculture - fishery operations involving all forms of raising and culturing fish and other fishery species in fresh, brackish, marine areas. . b. Air Pollutant - means any matter found in the atmosphere other than oxygen, nitrogen, water vapor, carbon dioxide, and the inert gases in their natural or normal concentrations, that is detrimental to health or the environment, which includes but not limited to smoke, dust, soot, cinders, fly ash, solid particles of any kind, gases, fumes, chemical mists, steam and radio-active substances. c. Air Pollution - means any alteration of the physical, chemical and biological properties of the atmospheric air, any discharge thereto of any liquid, gaseous or solid substances that will or is likely to create or to render the air resources of the country harmful, detrimental, or injurious to public health, safety or welfare or which will adversely affect their utilization for domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational, or other legitimate purposes. d. Aquatic Pollution - the introduction by human or machine, directly or indirectly of substances or energy to the aquatic environment which result or is likely to result in such deleterious effects as to harm living and non-living aquatic resources, pose potential and/or real hazard to human health, hindrance to aquatic activities such as fishing and navigation, including dumping/disposal of waste and other marine litters, discharge of petroleum or residual products of petroleum or carbonaceous materials/substances and other radioactive, noxious or harmful liquid, gaseous or solid substances, from any water, land or air transport or other human made structure. Deforestation, unsound agricultural practices such as the use of banned chemicals and excessive use of chemicals, intensive use of artificial fish feed and wetland conversion, which cause similar hazards and deleterious effects shall also constitute aquatic pollution. e. Aquatic Resources - includes fish, all other aquatic flora and fauna and other living resources of the aquatic environment, including but not limited to see corals. f. Antiques - are cultural properties found locally which are one hundred years or more of age or even less, but their production having ceased, they have, therefore, become or are becoming rare. g. Artifacts - are articles which are products of human skills or workmanship, especially in the simple product of
primitive arts or industry representing past eras or periods.h. Artificial Reefs - any structure of natural or man-made materials placed on a body of water to serve as shelter and habitat, source of food, breeding areas for fishery species, and shoreline protection.i. Catch Ceilings - refers to the annual catch limits allowed to be taken, gathered or harvested from any fishing area in consideration of the need to prevent over fishing and harmful depletion of breeding stocks of aquatic organisms.j. Chemical Substance - means any organic or inorganic substance of a particular molecular identity including any combination of such substances occurring in whole or in part as a result of chemical reaction or occurring in nature.k. Closed Season - the period during which the taking of the specified fishery species by a specified fishing gear is prohibited in a specified area or areas in Philippine waters.l. Commercial Fishing - the taking of fishery species by passive or active gear for trade business or profit beyond subsistence or sports fishing.m. Coral Reef - a natural aggregation of coral skeleton with or without living coral polyps, occurring in intertidal and subtidal marine waters.n. Cultural Properties - are old buildings, monuments, shrines, documents, and objects which may be classified as antiques, relics, or artifacts, landmarks, anthropological and historical sites, and specimens of natural history which are of cultural, historical, anthropological, archaeological or scientific value and significance to the nation historical objects and manuscripts; household and agricultural implements, decorative articles or personal adornment; works of art such as paintings, sculptures, carvings, jewelry, music, architecture, sketches, drawings, or illustrations in part or in whole; works of industrial and commercial art such furniture, pottery, ceramics, wrought iron, gold, bronze, silver, wood, or other heraldic items, metals, coins, medals, badges, insignias, coat of arms, crests, flags, arms and armor, vehicles or ships or boats in part or in whole.”o. Ecosystem - means the ecological community considered together with non-living factors and its environment as a unit.p. Electro fishing - the use of electricity generated by batteries, electric generators and other source of electric power to kill, stupefy, disable or render unconscious fishery species, whether or not the same are subsequently recovered.q. Endangered, Rare, and/or Threatened Species - aquatic plants, animals including some varieties of corals and sea
shells in danger of extinction as provided for in existing fishery laws, rules and regulations.r. Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) - is the document issued by the government agency concerned certifying that the project under consideration will not bring about an unacceptable –environmental impact and that the proponent has complied with the requirements of the environmental impact statement system.s. Greenhouse Gases - means those gases that can potentially or can reasonably be expected to induce global warming, which includes carbon dioxide, methane, oxides of nitrogen, chorofluorocarbons, and the like.t. Fishery/Aquatic Products - include not only fin fish but also mollusk, crustaceans, echinoderms, marine mammals and all other species of aquatic flora and fauna and other products of aquatic living resources in any form.u. Fishing with Explosives - the use of the dynamite, other explosives or other chemical compounds that contains combustible elements or ingredients which upon ignition by friction, concussion, percussion, or detonation of all or parts of the compound will kill, stupefy, disable or render unconscious any fishery species. It also refers to the use of any other substance and/or device which causes an explosion that is capable of producing the said harmful effects on any fishery species and aquatic resources and capable of damaging and altering the natural habitat.v. Fishing With Noxious or poisonous Substances - the use of any substance, plant extracts or juice thereof, sodium cyanide and/or cyanide compounds or other chemicals either in raw or processed form, harmful or harmless to human beings, which will kill, stupefy, disable or render unconscious any fishery species and aquatic resources and capable of damaging and altering the natural habitat.w. Forest Products - means timber, pulpwood, firewood, bark, tree top, resin, gum, wood, oil, honey, beeswax, nipa, rattan, or other forest growth such as grass, shrub, and flowering plant, the associated water, fish, game, scenic, historical, recreational, and geological resources in forest lands.x. Hazardous Waste - are hereby defined as substances that are without any safe commercial, industrial, agricultural or economic usage and are shipped, transported or brought from the country of origin for dumping or disposal into or in transit through any part of the territory of the Philippines.y. Historical Site - is any place, province, city, town, and/or location and structure which has played a significant and important role in the history of our country and nation. Such significance and importance may be cultural, political, sociological or historical.
z. Infectious Waste - means that portion of medical waste that could transmit an infectious disease.aa. Kaingin - refers to the shifting and/or permanent slash- and-burn cultivation of forest land having little or no provision to prevent soil erosion.bb. Lake - an inland body of water, an expanded part of a river, a reservoir formed by a dam or lake basin intermittently or formerly covered by water.cc. Minerals - refers to all naturally occurring inorganic substances in solid, gas, liquid or any intermediate state excluding energy materials such as coal, petroleum, natural gas, radioactive materials, and geothermal energy.dd. Muro-Ami - fishing method that requires diving and other physical or mechanical acts to pound the coral reefs and other habitat to entrap, gather or catch fish and other fishery species.ee. National Cultural Treasure - is a unique object found locally, possessing outstanding historical, cultural, artistic and/or scientific value which is significant and important to this country and nation.ff. National Museum - referred to as the Museum, shall be the agency of the government which shall implement the provision of this act.gg. National Park - refers to a forest reservation essentially of natural wilderness character which has been withdrawn from settlement, occupancy or any form of exploitation except with in conformity with approved management plan and set aside as such exclusively to conserve the area or preserve the scenery, the natural and historic objects, wild animals and plants therein and to provide enjoyment of these features in such areas.hh. Non-Governmental Organization - an agency, institution, foundation or a group of persons whose purpose is to assist peoples organizations/associations in various ways including but not limited to organizing, education, training, research, and/or resource accessing.ii. Nuclear Wastes - are hazardous wastes made radioactive by exposure to the radiation incidental to the production or utilization of nuclear fuels but does not include nuclear fuel, or radioisotopes which have reached the final stage of fabrication so as to be usable for any scientific, medical, agricultural, commercial or industrial purpose.jj. People’s Organization - a bonafide association of citizens with demonstrated capacity to promote the public interest and with identifiable leadership, membership and structure, its members belong to a sector/s voluntarily band themselves for their own upliftment, development and greater good.
kk. Philippine Waters - include all bodies of water within the Philippine territory such as lakes, rivers, streams, creeks, brooks, ponds, swamps, lagoons, gulfs, bays and seas and other bodies of water now existing in the provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays and the waters around between and connecting the islands of the archipelago regardless of their breadth and dimensions, the territorial sea, the sea beds, the insular shelves, and all other waters over which the Philippines has sovereignty and jurisdiction including the 200-nautical miles Exclusive Economic Zone and the continental shelf.ll. Premium Hardwood - refers to narra, molave, dao, kamagong, ipil, acacia, akle apawit, banuyo, batkuling, hetis, bolangeta, taek, tindalo, and manggismm. Private Lands - refers to lands covered by either administrative or judicial title or FREE PATENT, HOMESTED and SALES PATENT and TORRENS TITLE obtained under the Land Registration Act (Act No. 496, as amended). Realty Tax Declaration is not acceptable proof of ownership (DENR Administrative Order No. 121, Series of 1989), also includes titled lands and alienable and disposable lands with approved applications for homestead, free and emancipation patents.nn. Protected Area - refers to identified portions of land and water set aside by reason of their unique physical and biological significance, managed to enhance biological diversity and protected against destructive human exploitation.oo. Quarrying - a process of extracting materials such as marble, basalt, andesite, conglomerate, tuff, adobe, granite, gabbro, serpentine, inset filling materials, clay for ceramic tiles and building bricks, pumice, perlite and other similar materials from the ground. Also the process of extracting, removing and disposing quarry resources found on or underneath the surface of private or public lands.pp. Relics - are cultural properties which, either as a whole or in fragments, are left behind after the destruction or decay of the rest of its parts and which are intimately associated with important beliefs, practices, customs and traditions, periods and personages.qq. Selective Logging - is the systematic removal of the mature, over mature and defective trees in such manner as to leave adequate number and volume of healthy residual trees of the desired species necessary to assure a future crop of timber, and forest cover for the protection and conservation of soil, and water.rr. Special Private Land Timber Permit (SPLTP) - issued to land owners themselves by the Secretary of DENR to cut, gather, collect, or remove narra and other premium hardwood species found in their private land (DENR Memo Circular No.22 Series of 1990).
ss. Timber License Agreement (TLA) - These permits were issued by the DENR, pursuant to P.D. 705 and the old constitution and continue to be in full force and effect until their expiry dates subject to the same term and conditions as originally granted and approved unless Congress may provide otherwise (Sec 3, Executive Order No. 278, Series of 1987).tt. Timber Sharing Agreement (TPSA) - All licensed issued by the DENR to utilize timber resources from forest areas, in lieu of TLA, in compliance with Sec 2 Article XII of the New Constitution as implemented under E.O. 278, series of 1987 (DENR Administrative Order No. 78, Series of 1990).
ANNEX “B” FIVE (5) IMMEDIATE CONCERNS THAT SHOULD BE ADDRESSEDFOR THE PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT, CULTURALPROPERTIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES 1. FOREST PROTECTION Statistics from the Bureau of Forest Development (BFD)maintains that 11.1 million hectares of forest land are still covered withtimber, satellite data and surveys conducted by other quarters reveal aconsiderably smaller figure. According to the Forestry Development Centerof the University of the Philippines, the remaining living forests may onlycover an area of between 1.9 million and 2.4 million hectares. Similarly,the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN-FAO) predictedthat the country may lose all its forests within 15 years if the continueddestruction is not averted. Because deforestation’s manifold effects on the Philippines’ecological balance is already being strongly felt, particularly in the ruralareas, the DENR admits that available resources are not enough forconservation and reforestation programs which require tremendous fundingto achieve goals. 2. PROTECTION OF FISHERIES, MARINE LIFE AND AQUATIC RESOURCES The Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR)claims its inability to stop illegal fishing and harvesting of coral has beenhampered by lack of finance. The lack of public awareness and cooperationin matters dealing with conservation is another stumbling block in efforts tosave the country’s dwindling natural resources. Blast fishing and muro-ami operations have turnedseabeds into killing fields, as shown here in the Philippines. In a recentconvention on Conservation in the Pacific and Southeast Asia, convenorsappeal for the protection of the reefs. Coral reefs are considered one of the most productiveecosystems. Their direct relationship with fish production has long beenestablished: a healthy reef supports more fish. And in a country like thePhilippines, where a great percentage of the population depends on fishingas a means of livelihood, the importance of coral reefs, cannot beunderrated. Already, fishermen have expressed concern over thedwindling fish harvests. Yet, ironically, illegal methods of fishing used byfishermen themselves have been responsible for some of the damage. Theyhave used dynamite, chemicals like sodium cyanide, bamboo poles andboulders to either stun or scare the fish toward their nets. In the process,they have destroyed the coral around which the fish hover. 3. ENSURING CLEAN AND SAFE LAND, AIR AND WATER
The continuous alteration of the physical, chemical, nuclear and biological properties of any water, air and/or land resources of the Philippines, or any discharge of any liquid, gaseous or solid wastes at will has created and rendered harmful, detrimental or injurious effects to public health or welfare, and further adversely affect their utilization for domestic, commercial, industrial, agricultural, recreational or other legitimate purposes. As progress was slowly felt, the attitude and mode of living ofthe people changed. Those who lived near the river considered the river asan ideal dumping place for their increasing garbage and other refuse. Inaddition, people from other nearby towns, who did not have much regardfor the river settled nearby and ventured into piggery and poultry raising.They then turned the pristine river into an instant sewer. Similarly, greedybusinessmen thought the river was a quarry and hauled tons of rocks,gravel, and sand. 4. PRESERVATION OF ENDANGERED SPECIES AND OTHER WILD LIFE The profound impact of man’s activities on all components of thenatural environment particularly the effect of increasing population, resourceexploitation, industrial advancement and man’s ignorance have causedsevere lost to our animal and plant resources. Recent assessment on thequantity of the varieties of terrestrial, wetland and marine species of bothflora and fauna revealed a very disturbing figures. Eighty nine percent(89%) of the 558 species of birds nationwide are recognized as threatenedspecies, likewise 44% threatened species of mammals and 8 species ofendangered reptiles. Similarly, plants in the vast forest areas in the countryare continuously experiencing destruction. The depletion of wildlife resources is attributed to the followingcauses, both direct and indirect: Habitat destruction; Hunting, poaching;Growing human population and inappropriate practices; Lack of knowledgeon the value of wildlife; Natural calamities and Introduction of exoticspecies. To this end, recognizing the critical importance of protecting andmaintaining the natural biological and physical diversities of the environmentnotably on areas with biologically unique features to sustain human life anddevelopment should be invoked to the people. 5. PROTECTION OF CULTURAL PROPERTIES The Philippines has a unique and rich cultural heritage.Evidences of this in the form of ancient churches, ancestral homes, naturaland man-made sceneries, and the treasures contained within them arespread out throughout the islands. However, due to a lack of awarenessand attention, many of these God-made and man-made structures havefallen into disrepair. Because people have not been properly educated,many historical landmarks are exploited and art pieces are disposed ofrather indiscriminately. Today, the Philippines is experiencing a spiritual and culturalrenaissance. As we look to the promise of the future and strive to make amark globally, it is important that we first take stock and become aware ofwho we are as a people. Art and culture is integral to the celebration andrenewal of the spirit . Writings, artworks, relics, and structural landmarks
are tangible evidences of our country’s past and of the way we live. Theyare the fingerprints of our nation’s character. In view of the above enumerated problems concerning theenvironment and natural resources, it is the policy of the state to protect thepeople by effectively enforcing environmental protection laws that wouldaddress these problems.
SANGBANAT PNP’s MASTER PLAN ON CAMPAIGN AGAINST ILLEGAL DRUGSI. BASIC PLAN 1. Purpose and Scope This master plan sets forth the concept ofoperations, operational guidelines and tasks of all PNP units/offices in thetotal fight against illegal drugs; integrating/orchestrating the activities of allconcerned National Government Agencies (NGAs) in the conduct of anti-illegal drug campaign at the national down to barangay levels. 2. Definition of Terms ( See Annex “1” ) 3. Situation a. Facts and Figures The drug menace has grown to alarming proportion inspite ofprevention and suppression efforts by the PNP and other tasked governmentagencies to combat it. Day by day we are shocked by crimes committed bythose high on illegal drugs. Narcotics makes possible the worst and mostheinous crimes in society. It distort reason, wreck values, and makemonster of men. The number one drug choice in the country isMethamphetamine hydrochloride or shabu, followed closely by Marijuana dueto its relatively low price and availability. “ECSTACY” or MDMA is now beingintroduced in the market particularly in nightclubs and discos. Shabu finds its origin from China and its entry into thecountry is facilitated by foreign and domestic-based syndicates usingHongkong and Taiwan as the staging points. Smuggling activities areperpetrated via ocean-going vessels from where multi-kilos of shabu aretransferred ship-side to smaller sea crafts which then unload the illegal drugto our shores. Interdiction records reveals that human couriers are beingutilized for both inbound and outbound shipments. Mails and parcels arevery popular for outbound shipments of small quantities of drugs. On theother hand, marijuana producing areas in the country are located inNorthern Luzon and in Central Visayas. Comparative statistics on the value of drugs seized for the past threedecades show a tremendous increase from P80 million pesos worth for theperiod 1972-1979 to more than P23 billion pesos for the period 1990-2000.Relatedly, records show that, for the year 2000 alone, thirty six thousandseven hundred fifty three (36,753) persons were arrested for involvementin drug related activities, and correspondingly, a seizure of three billion ninehundred ninety four million two hundred sixty four thousand four hundredeighty two pesos (P3,994,264,482.00) worth of illegal drugs. Topping the listin terms of the volume of confiscated illegal drugs is Methamphetaminehydrochloride (shabu) with a lion share of 85% of the total value of seizeddrugs, marijuana with 14% and 1% for all the other types of prohibiteddrugs. b. Diagnosis of the Drug Menace
The motive of the drug lords, traffickers, pushers and theircohorts in the illegal trade is profit. Today, even a simple and ordinaryperson have entered into the drug trade simply because of its extensivereturn. The present economic crises forced street level pushers to theretailing of prohibited drugs as a means/source of livelihood. While on theother hand, many abusers use dangerous drugs as a vehicle to escape therealities/ vagaries of poverty and its concomitant problems. Relatedly, lack of knowledge/information, loss of familyvalues and other aspects of prohibited drugs caused many others to fall intothe trap.II. OBJECTIVES A. National Objectives 1. To reduce to zero or at leastminimize the Profits derived from illicit drug activities thru supply Reductionand Demand Reduction, in order to fulfill the Freedom fro Fear for ourpeople; 2. To address and eradicate or alleviate the Breeding Grounds/riskfactors in the environment/social mileu that abet/exacerbate the drugproblem, in order to fulfill the Freedom from Want for our people andthereby preempt them from committing or becoming victims of drug-relatedcrimes; and 3. To motivationally enlighten, empower and mobilize the peopleto participate in and support the Criminal Justice System and Governmentmachinery in attaining the two aforementioned objectives, so thatParticipatory Democracy shall be institutionalized in our society. B. Broad Objective The PNP conducts an all-out and sustained anti-narcoticscampaign to neutralize drug personalities from street-level pushers to bigtime drug lords, smugglers and syndicates; investigate and prosecute drugoffenders; provide for the treatment and rehabilitation of drug dependents;and empower the barangay as self-policing entities against the drugmenace. C. Specific Objectives 1. Supply Reduction - Arrest of drug personalities andseizure of illegal drugs through intensified police operations. 2. Demand Reduction - Implementation of preventiveeducation and public information campaigns to increase awareness of the illeffects of prohibited drugs. This also includes treatment and rehabilitation ofdrug dependents. 3. Inter-Agency Cooperation - Promote anti-drug relatedactivities among tasked government agencies in close coordination with theNDLEPCC, being mandated to orchestrate and consolidate the drugenforcement and prevention efforts of National Government Agencies, LocalGovernment Units and Non-Government Organizations. 4. Community Participation - undertaking the 3 CoreComponents of Community Oriented Policing System (COPS) namely FullService Policing (FSP), Problem Solving (PS) and Community Partnership(CP). Generate support, active participation and cooperation of NGOs,
CVOs, other civilian organization in the community, including the formationof civilian organizations. 5. International Cooperation - to run after the transnationaldrugs syndicates; and plug/minimize the drug traffic to and from thePhilippines. Exchange of information and relevant technologies that could beused in the Anti-Drugs Campaign could also be accessed through this pillar.The PCTC, INTERPOL, ASEANAPOL, Defense/Military and Police attaches,embassies, consulates, international NGOs, like the International Associationof Chiefs of Police (IACP) and the like are the avenues through whichinternational cooperation could be tapped against transnational syndicatesand sources of drugs. This new pillar is but a natural consequence of the“globalization of the world into a village”.III. CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS A. STRATEGIC CONCEPTS It is a three-pronged strategy, each prong assigned to overcomeits targeted obstacle and accomplish its allocated objective. 1st Prong: Supply/Demand Reduction Campaign It consist of Production, Processing, Trafficking, Financing,Retailing and Consumption prevention/control measures to reduce profit tozero and thereby accomplish the first national objective. 2nd Prong: Development/Reform Package of Programs(Drug Preemption Campaign) It encompasses Education, Good Government,Development/Industrialization, Moral/Values/Spiritual Formation and LegalReform Programs to address/solve the risk factors/deficiencies in theenvironment and thereby attains the second national objective. 3rd Prong: People Empowerment Campaign Its components include Propaganda, Organizational, Political,Enforcement and Ideological Drives to catalyze into action the people andeliminate the crisis of citizenship, and thereby realize the third nationalobjective. (Please see Annex “L”). The operational methodology for PeopleEmpowerment consists of Motivational enlightenment Organization andMobilization (Annex “M”). The ultimate goal is to be able to mobilize PeoplePower against the drug menace nationwide, as envisioned in Annex “N”. B. OPERATIONAL CONCEPTS The above-strategic concept shall be operationalized bythe PNP through the execution of the following Concept of Operations: 1. Supply Reduction Drive (SRD) a. Activities to be undertaken by the PNP The PNP shall endeavor to reduce the supply side/segmentof illegal drugs to the barest minimum level possible. This is tosimultaneously drive the prices of drugs skyrocketing high and create acute
shortage of the contraband to deathknell level. The PNP shall bring thisabout by doing the following: 1) Production Control Measures a) Crop eradication operations (manual andaerial); b) Confiscation/forfeiture of plantationlands; c) Investigation and prosecution of owners,planters, guards, etc.; d) Interdiction operations to stop diversionof licit production by land, sea and air, including importation/smuggling; and e) Others. 2). Processing Control Measures a) Search and destroy operations toneutralize secret laboratories; b) Strict enforcement of regulations andclose monitoring of processing chemicals and refining supplies to minimizediversion of licit precursor chemicals; c) Investigation and prosecution of owners,workers, suppliers, buyers, guards, etc, involved in illegal drug trade; and d) Others. 3) Trafficking Control Measures a) Strict Customs operations to interceptdrug shipments; b) Border and coastal patrol operations; c) Airport security to prevent pilferage/landing; d) Search and seizure operations, especiallywith the use of X-Ray machines, K-9 and the like; e) Bilateral and Multilateral cooperation; f) Investigation and prosecution oftraffickers, couriers and cohorts; and g) Others. 4) Financing Control Measures a) International/bilateral cooperation toidentify, investigate and institute forfeiture proceedings against moneylaundering activities of drug financiers; b) Investigation and prosecution of DSHsuch as drug lords and financiers for tax evasion; and c) Others. 5). Retailing/Pushing Control Measures a) Buy-bust operations; b) Patrol/Police visibility operations; c) Check Point operations; d) Saturation Drives; e) Raids of drug dens; f) Arrest, investigation and prosecution ofpushers, as may be warranted; g) Police-Community Cooperation; and
h) Others. b. Regional Anti-Illegal Drugs Task Forces(RAIDTAFs) and their Anti-Drug Syndicates and Supply ReductionDrive (SRD) Operations. RAIDTAFs operations shall focus on the neutralization ofthe masterminds, drug lords, traffickers, top cohorts from thePolice/Military/Government and others including the pushers of the differentdrug syndicates in their respective regions. On the other hand, their SupplyReduction Drive operations shall dismantle and stop the supply segment ofthe drug chain above including retailing. Anti-Syndicated and Supply Reduction Operations shall beconducted in three (3) phases, as follows: Phase I - Surveillance/Case build Up - This will include thereview/updating of intelligence files, identification/listing of targetpersonalities and instrumentalities/locations/etc; building up of the potentialcase to be filed later by listing possible witnesses, scanning for pieces ofevidence, etc; and the like. These will be done primarily by joint forces ofNG, CIDG, IG, TMG and concerned PROs. Phase II - Negation Phase - This will be executed by Sub-Phases; namely: Preparatory, Proper and Post-Negation. In the Pre-Negation Sub-Phase, coordination/”test buys”/ application for warrants/organization and equipage of operating team/s mission briefing-orientation/etc shall be undertaken. In the Negation Proper Sub-Phase, theoperation/raid is conducted/SOCO-evidence gathering/collection-properhandling of evidence/secure presence of Brgy Officials/securewitnesses/arrest and TI of suspects/etc shall be conducted. In the Post-Negation Phase, getting result of lab test/debriefing/preparation and filing ofreport/accounting of seized evidence/etc shall be done. Phase III - Legal Offensive Phase - It shall include thepreparation and filing of criminal charges, confiscation/forfeiture procedure,pursuing tax evasion cases, providing protection to witnesses, preservationof and accountability for evidence, maximum security to prevent escape ofdrug suspects, case tracking and follow-up, prosecution activities and thelike; until the case is resolved/decided by the courts. The goal here is toassure the conviction and secure the maximum penalty, preferably death,for the personalities involved in drugs. This phase shall be done primarily bythe PROs/PPOs/CPOs/Pol Stations concerned, so as not to tie down/overburden the RAIDTAFs and for continuity in the prosecution of cases. c. PROs and Other Regional NSUs and Their Anti-Pushers/Users, SRD, and BANAT Operations 1) Anti-Pushers/Users Operations The Anti-Pushers/Users Operations such as theconduct of buy-bust, raids of drug dens, arrest of those engaged in potsessions and the like shall be retained and conducted by the PROs throughtheir respective PPOs/CPOs/Police Stations/Precincts and Mobile Groups.With the help and support of NGAs, LGUs and NGOs,PROs/PPOs/CPOs/PSs/PPs shall also address the root causes/breedinggrounds that prompted them to be pushers/users such as undertakinglivelihood projects and/or treatment and rehabilitation.
(NOTE: Anti-Pushers/users and DRD Operations shall bedone by the PROs through their respective PPOs/CPOs/PSs/PPs as part oftheir COPS implementation in their respective AORs; that is, FSP, PS and CPoperations/activities.) 2) BANAT Operations To disinfect/clear and empower drug-affected barangays tobecome self-policing communities and eventually turnedover to barangayofficials, BANAT Operations shall be conducted thereat. For this purpose, allbarangays shall be assessed by the Intelligence Community with the help ofBarangay Officials, and categorized according to the degrees of drugaffectation. The categorization shall be as follows: Target priority 1-Category 1 - Seriously affected- when 2.5% or more of the local population are drug dependents and/or existence of pushers/drug traffickers, drug syndicates and/or MJ plantation within the barangay. Target Priority 2-Category 2 -Less Seriously affected - when 1.0% to 2.49% of the local residents are drug dependents. Target Priority 3 -Category 3-Threatened to be affected-when less than 1% of the populace are drug dependents. Target Priority4 - Category 4- Unaffected – when there are no pushers and users. Parameters to be considered in this categorization should be: a) Number of users and pushers b) Presence of protectors/coddlers, syndicates c) No of Drug related cases d) Number of users and pushers apprehended and number of those who voluntarily surrendered for rehabilitation. BANAT OPERATIONS in drug-affected baragays shall be conducted bythe following outfits: a) Clearing of drug-affected barangay of narcotics abusersand traffickers, and empower the barangay folks to become a self-policingcommunity against the drug menace. b) The PNP field units with the cooperation of the differentNGAs, LGUs and/or NGOs, shall address the rootcauses/Breeding Groundsthat prompted pushers and abusers to indulge in drugs throughdevelopment-oriented package of projects and activities. The process of disinfecting and empowering a target barangayshall entail several operations and activities to be executed by phases. Phase I - Social Investigation and Planning- It shall includeintelligence gathering about drug syndicates, pushers and users; baselineand social research to know the socio-economic root-causes of drugtrafficking and addiction; operations and development planning; etc.
Phase II - Neutralization - At this stage, appropriate policeoperations by PNP line units shall be conducted to arrest drug personalities,their goons/henchmen, pushers, etc. The objective is to remove theatmosphere of fear in the community. Phase III - Field Units shall undertake the application of Scanning-Analysis-Response - Analysis (SARA) problem-solving methodology designedto identify/locate who/what are the persons/entities that can be tapped as"Guardians" to counter the drug menace in the barangay. These Guardiansshall be organized and mobilized to form a link against the drug menace. Phase IV- This shall involve the implementation of developmentprojects designed to address/alleviate the rootcauses; such as providealternative livelihood for the pushers, worthwhile alternatives andrehabilitation for the drug dependents; and the like. Phase V- Barangay Empowerment - Field Units shall jointlyempower the barangy folks against the drug menace by organizing BINs,conducting rondas, educating the local folks about the ill effect of drugs,implementing operation "Private Eye", etc. This will continue until thebarangy is completely rid of pushers, ushers and drug personalities. Phase VI- Self-Policing Community - The barangay shall bedeclared drug-free once the set of criteria are met. This will be culminatedwith the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between theBrgy Chairman and the PNP PD/CD/COP in the presence of LGUs, NGOs, andother civic groups. 3) Counterintelligence Counterintelligence shall be intensified and sustained by IGand Intelligence personnel of RAIDTAFs and PROs/PPOs/CPOs/PoliceStations/Precincts with the support of PTFIC, NBI, NICA and AFP to identifyand weed out the police, military, and other government personnel who areinvolved in Dangerous Drugs. The immediate superior of suchmisfits/scalawags shall be held accountable under the Doctrine of CommandResponsibility. There shall be strict screening (including drug test), closesurveillance and supervision of police/military/government personnel whoare tapped for anti-drug efforts. 4) Operation "Private Eye" To enhance the Intelligence and Counterintelligenceefforts of the Anti-Narcotics Campaign, Peoples Power shall be harnessedthrough the implementation of operation "Private Eye" by all RAIDTAFs andPROs. The citizenry shall serve as the "eye and ears" of the police bycollecting and reporting/submitting information/leads/evidence againstdrug personalities, drug chain instrumentality and activities, and theircohorts in the police/military/government. Monetary and other incentivesshall be offered and given to anyone who could so provide suchinfo/leads/evidence that shall lead to the arrest of drug elements (with orwithout warant of arrest) who could be caught flagrante delicto (doctrine ofcitizen s arrest situations) and/or location of illegal drug Instrumentalitiessuch as MJ plantations. The amount of reward/incentive shall becommensurate to the gravity of the crime/notoriety of the suspect/etc; andthe schedule of rewards/incentives widely disseminated. The identity of the"Private eye/ear" shall remain anonymous and special payment scheme shallbe devised and implemented to preserve same. In case it is compromised,
security and assistance shall be provided to him/her; including availment ofthe Witness Protection Program, if qualified. 5) Operational Guidelines i) RAIDTAFs and PNP Units shall pursue aggressivelythe arrest, prosecution and conviction of suspects and dismantling of theirdrug chain instrumentalities such as MJ plantations, laboratories, supportsystem, etc. ii) RAIDTAFs and PNP Regular Units shall conductcoordinated operation with each other, other law enforcement agencies,other pillars of the CJS, with support/assistance of the AFP, PTFIC, and NBI.For this purpose, the Law Enforcement Coordinating Committees (LECCs)and Peace and Order Councils (POCs at various levels shall be tapped for thispurpose. iii) All RAIDTAFs Commanders and RDs, PROs shall beevaluated/rated and held accountable for the performance of their respectiveunits as well as the involvement of their personnel in illegal drug activities.For this purpose, the following are the performance indicators/parameters: - Arrest, prosecution and conviction of drug personalities - Neutralization of Drug Syndicates and dismantling of illegal drug instrumentalities. - No. of cases filed in court and conviction rate. - No. of police/military/government personnel investigated/prosecuted for involvement in drugs/drug chain activities. - No. of Barangays cleared/empowered/self-policing - No of pushers and users rehabilitated. 2. Demand Reduction Drive (DRD) Demand Reduction Drive Operations(DRD) -These will be undertaken through Primary, Secondary and/or TertiaryPrevention Approaches. Tertiary Prevention Approaches which shall becoordinated/initiated/pump-primed and/or carried out byPROs/PPOs/CPOs/PSs/PPs, as the case maybe. These will be done with thesupport of other NSUs Regional Offices such as Police Community RelationsGroup (PCRG), Health Service (HS), Logistics Support Service (LSS), etc, asappropriate. The NGAs, LGUs, and NGOs shall likewise be catalyzed,organized and/or mobilized to help in this effort. The PNP, in collaboration with all other government taskedunits, shall exert all-out and sustained efforts to reduce, if not eradicate,the demand side/segment of illegal drugs. The NGAs, LGUs, NGOs, and thePrivate Sector/Civil Society shall be harnessed in multi-agency/sectoralefforts and cooperation to address the rootcauses giving rise to and abettingthe drug menace, especially the drug dependents and pushers. The effectiveimplementation of the Community Oriented Policing System (COPS) andthe Integrated Area Community Public Safety Plan (IA/CPSP), is the key toachieve the goal of reducing the demand side level of the drug menace.
The approaches to zero in to this side of the campaign withtheir respective target groups are as follows: a) Primary Prevention Approach for Non-Users Primary prevention attempts to discourage theinitiation of drug use, especially by children and adolescents. It tries to keepthem from “falling into the drug river”. A sequence of mutually reinforcingmeasures is encompassed by primary prevention. The measures and theirrespective activities are the following: 1) Public Awareness Public service announcements Advertisements Press conferences Press materials Public forums 2) Public Education In-depth coverage on TV and radio Newspaper features Parent mobilization and education School curricula Symposia for key influencers like parents, teachers, etc. 3) Attitude and Behavioral Change/ Reinforcement Parenting skills training Peer counseling Resistance skills training Alternatives to drug abuse 4) Social/Public Action Neighborhood improvement School renovation Job creation Drug-free zones Police patrol and protection b) Secondary Prevention Approach for “Experimenters”and Casual Drug Users Secondary prevention (intervention) discourages theescalation of drug consumption by occasional or experimental users andencourages them to return to non-use. It tries to get them “out of the drugriver” before too much damage is done -- and then keep them out. Inaddition to the measures listed under primary prevention, casual users mayneed direct, one-on-one assistance, including identification and referralservices and short-term counseling. Increased attention is being given towomen of childbearing age who may put their unborn children at risk notonly of fetal drug effects, but also of AIDS. Successful intervention reducesthe prevalence of drug abuse. The measures and their respective activities are asfollows: 1) Outreach Identification and Referral
Community-based information and referral networks Employee assistance programs Drug-related arrests Emergency rooms Health clinics Social service agencies 2) Intervention Hotlines Crisis counseling Short-term counseling Emergency rooms Health clinics c) Tertiary Preventive Approach for Addicts andRecovering Persons Tertiary prevention provides treatment and aftercareto help people get off and stay off drugs. It tries to save the casualties ofdrug use, to revive them, then help them stay “out of the drug river”.Addicted and recovering people may profit from the kinds of measures listedunder primary and secondary prevention, but typically will also need intenseand extended one-on-one services as well as long-term support. Both theAIDS epidemic and the mounting numbers of children suffering from in uterodrug exposure call for intensified prevention activities at the tertiary stage.Successful treatment and aftercare reduces the prevalence of drug abuse. The measures and their respective activities arelisted hereunder: 1) Detoxification Inpatient Outpatient “Social” detox 2) Chemically Assisted or Drug-Free Outpatient Inpatient Short-term residential Long-term residential 3) Relapse Resistance Halfway houses Aftercare programs Support groups (e.g. Alcoholics) Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous) It is most important to emphasize that a single approach cannever do the full prevention job. The goal is to combine selectedapproaches in the most powerful sequence possible; to address as many riskgroups as the prevention budget will allow; to include a range of key settingin the program; and to engage powerful influencers from all segments inthese effort. 3. International Cooperation (IC )
There is an overwhelming evidence that production, trafficking,and consumption of narcotics and psychotropic drugs has already reachedglobal scale, with far reaching consequences for the internationalcommunity. The illicit drug trade has been fueled by its tremendousprofitability, thus, it has evolved from a complex and sophisticated trade intoa commercial industry and has surpassed the expectations and predictions ofmany government worldwide, with some serious implications for the future.The key factor influencing the production of illicit drugs is the rise in globalconsumption. Aware of the magnitude of the problem, the United Nationsthrough its instrumentality, the UN International Drug Control Program andthe various conventions passed in recent years, had endeavored to securecommitments among the parties-signatories as well as intergovernmentaland international organizations, the important role of the suppressing thegrowing global drug abuse problem. In response to the challenge, theUNDCP has sought to focus attention on the underlying linkages between theillicit drug phenomenon and other threats facing the international communitythrough the development of a multidimensional global efforts to reversedrug related trends before they acquired serious dimensions. The government of the republic of the Philippines is a signatoryto three international drug control conventions: The Single Convention onNarcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972 Protocol. The Conventionon Psychotropic Substances of 1971 and the United Nations Conventionagainst Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988;and the Political Declaration of the Special Session of the General AssemblyDevoted to Countering the World Drug Problem Together held in New Yorkon June 8-10, 1998. The country does reaffirms its commitment to overcome thedrug problem through domestic and international strategies to reduce boththe illicit supply and demand for drugs. It further recognizes that the actionagainst the problem of drugs is a common and shared responsibility of allStates that must be addressed in a multilateral setting. The concern of the international community on the gravity of thedrug problem is reflected in the more familiar environment of Philippinedrug enforcement and prevention. Today’s drug syndicates are immenselyimproved versions of gangs of the past. They have the resources andfinancial capability to recruit experts in fields relevant to the trade. Theycan form armies and influence governments. The complexity and size of the international drug trade,punctuated by the ability of the traffickers to redirect operations fromcountry to country, necessitates an equally sophisticated response andcooperation by the governments in fulfillment of public safety concern aswell as their obligations under the UN conventions aimed at fightingtrafficking and drug abuse on the global dimension. To this end, the I.C.P.O.– Interpol remains as an institutional mechanism for international policecooperation. As an intergovernmental organization with specialarrangements with the UN, it has a total membership of 169 countries, ofwhich 28 are in the Asia-Pacific region to serve as a focal point ofcooperation. The National Central Bureaus (NCBs) conduct police actionsoriented work within the limits set by their national legislative andadministrative system. The strategy, therefore, towards a worldwide fight againstdangerous drugs, is to forge bilateral and multilateral
relationships/agreements between nations (through the Department ofForeign Affairs or through the National Drug Law Enforcement andPrevention Coordinating Center) to solidify international cooperation inchemical control and prevention of drug trafficking. C. TASKINGS: 1) NHQ, PNP A) DCO - overall supervisor/orchestrator B) DI - a) Furnish an updated drug watchlist on Illegal Drugs to all tasked units; b) Provide timely intelligence and counter-ntelligence informations/supports needed in the implementation of this plan; c) Continous updating of the illegal drugs situation; d) Intensify information collection efforts to identify the users/abusers, pushers/supplers/syndicates/traffickers/financiers, drug coddlers/protectors, drug dens/lairs and outlets, plantation/laboratory, drug network, their support systems and their modus operandi; e) Assess the effort of all tasked units; f) Assist NARG/DPL in liaisoning with other national and international organizations and police attaches; and g) Perform other tasks on order. C) DO- a) OPR in the conduct of this plan; b) Monitor the implementation of this plan; c) Assess the operational accomplishments and effors of all tasked units; and d) Perform other tasks on order. D) DL- a) Provide the necessary logistical support needed in the implementation of this plan; and b) Perform other tasks on order.
E) DC- a) Allocate necessary fund support in the implementation of this plan; b) Perform other tasks on order. F) DIDM- a) Assist the operating units in the conduct of SOCO investigation, documentation of arrested persons and seized documents and in the filing of appropriate charges in court against the suspects; b) Monitor and follow up of all drug cases filed in court; and c) Perform other tasks on order. G) DPL- a) Assist NARG in liaisoning through its NCB Secretariat; b) Support the campaign by proposing anti-drug legislation and tapping the Enactment Pillar; c) Initiate establishing linkages with friendly nations thru or in close coordination with the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) or National Drug Law Enforcement and Prevention Coordinating Center (NDLEPCC), in effect, to engender coalition among sovereign governments to devise an international drug policy; and d) Perform other tasks on order. H) DPCR- a) Seek the assistance of the leaders of the various NGOs, POs, tri-media, religious sectors, business and other sectors in the conduct of anti- illegal drugs operations; b) Responsible for the dissemination to the public of the various thrusts of the PNP in containing illegal drugs problem throughout the country; c) Responsible in the conduct of press conferences/releases; and d) Perform other tasks on order. 2) PROs 1-13, NCRPO, CAR and ARMM- jointly responsible withNARG in the conduct of these operations in their respective AORs.
a) Maintain/energized the Regional Anti-illegal Drugs Task Forces (RAIDTAFs) BANAT being headed by DRDOs with the Regional Field Officers of NARG as Deputies (with resident/in-place OPCON elements from PPOs/CPOs/PPs in respective AORs;b) Conduct all-out and sustained Anti-Narcotics Campaign by implementing the concept of operations in respective AORs, utilizing their respective RAIDTAFs, PPOs/CPOs/PSs/PPs,Mobile Groups and OPCON Regional Units/Offices of NSUs;c) Identify Users/abusers, pushers/suppliers, drug coddlers /protectors,syndicates /traffickers /financiers, including their residences, safehouses, laboratories, places of conveyances and other related information and take swift and agressive action against them;d) Conduct case build-up/surveillance on suspected user/abusers,pushers/suppliers drug coddlers/ protectors and syndicates/traffickers/financiers;e) Categorize the affected barangays into Categories 1, 2, 3 or as seriously affected, less seriously affected and threatened to be affected and subject them to BANAT Operations;f) Refer to other concerned government and non government line agencies arrested or surrendered drug dependents/abusers;g) Turn-over drug -free barangays and related policing activities to the Community thru a Memorandum of Understanding between the Brgy Chairman and the PNP;h) Conduct Community related projects/programs through sports activities and livelihood programs to divert youths attention from drugs;i) Conduct sustained drug awareness programs and ensure continued commitment to drug-abuse prevention programs;j) Primarily responsible for the supply reduction and demand reduction within respective AOR;k) Conduct performance evaluation of all operating units;l) Operationalize the PROs Speakers Bureau;m) Track down status of all narcotics cases in coordination with DOJ and other members of the criminal justice system;n) Strengthen counter-intelligence activities against all PNP personnel suspected of using, pushing/recycling seized narcotics evidence and protecting drug lords;
o) Jointly assess with PROs, NARG and concerned members of RPOC the result of campaign; p) Submit periodic reports; and q) Perform other tasks on order.3) NARG- jointly responsible with all PROs in the conduct of the following operations: a) Performs primary role in Anti-Narcotics Campaign against Transnational and National (two or more regions) drug syndicates and sources b) Administer and manage the PNP Rehabilitation and Treatment Centers, in coordination with DDB and DEP Center c) Furnish an Updated Watchlist on Illegal Drugs to all tasked units; d) Provide timely intelligence and counterintelligence informations/supports needed in the implementation of this plan; e) Continue updating the illegal drugs situation; f) Identify Users/abusers, pusher/suppliers, drug coddlers/protectors,syndicates/traffickers/financiers,includi ng their residences, safehouses, laboratory, places of conveyances and other related information and take swift and aggressive action against them; g) Conduct case build-up/surveillance on suspected users/abusers, pushers/suppliers, drug coddlers/protectors and syndicates/ trafficers/financiers; h) Intensify information collection efforts to identify the users/abusers, pushers/suppliers, drug coddlers/protectors, their support systems and their modus operandi; i) Responsible for supply reduction related activities; j) Track down status of all narcotics cases, in coordination with DOJ and other members of the criminal justice system; k) Strengthen counter-intelligence activities against all PNP personnel suspected of using, pushing/recycling seized narcotics evidence and protecting drug lords; l) Assess the effort of all tasked units; and together with IG, validate cleared/empowered/self-policing barangays declared as such by RAIDTAFs and PROs; m) Act as action office/liaison office of the PNP in all clustered and special task groups embodied in the National Anti Drug Program of Action (NADPA)
n) Primary arm/liaison of PNP in tapping/harnessing the International Cooperation; and o) Perform other tasks on orders.4) CIG- a) Assist the operating units in the conduct of investigation and in the filing of appropriate charges in court against the suspects; b) Provide technical and legal assistance to the operating units; c) Intensify collection efforts to identify the users/abusers, pushers/suppliers drug coddlers/ protectors, their support systems and their modus operandi; d) Identify Users/abusers, pusher/suppliers, drug coddlers/protectors, syndicates/trafficers/financiers, including their residences, safehouses, laboratories, places of conveyances and other related information, and take swift and aggressive action against them; e) Conduct case build-up / surveillance on suspects users / abusers, pushers/suppliers, drug coddlers /protectors and syndicates/traffickers/financiers; f) Perform other tasks on order5) IG a) Furnish an Updated Watchlist on Illegal Drugs to all tasked unit; b) Provide timely intelligence and counter-intelligence information/supports needed in the implementation of the plan; c) Undertake continuous updating of the illegal drugs situation; d) Intensify information collection efforts to identify the users / abusers, pushers / suppliers / syndicates/ traffickers / financiers Drug coddlers / protectors, drug dens/lairs and outlets, plantation/laboratory drug network, their support systems and their modus operandi; e) With NARG, validate Barangays declared as cleared / empowered / self policing by PPROs and/or RAIDTAF BANAT; and f) Perform other tasks on order.6) ASG- a) Increase police visibility at the NAIA domestic airports and other airports nationwide;
b) Conduct open verification (SITA) to all passengers entering or departing from the airport; c) Employ K-9 to detect and interdict drug cargoes/shipment; and d) Perform other tasks on order. 7) MARG a) Conduct open verification (SITA) to all passengers entering and departing form the ports/piers; b) Increase police visibility at the ports/pier nationwide; c) Intensify uniformed sea lane and coastal patrol; and d) Perform other tasks on order. 8) LS a) Provide legal assistance to the operating units especially in the conduct of investigation, filing of appropriate charges and in monitoring the development of cases; and b) Perform other tasks on order. 9) CLS- a) Provide technical assistance in the conduct of investigation, preservation of evidences and other related actions; b) Make available the crime laboratory for drug testing; and c) Perform other tasks on order. ANNEXES Definition of Terms LOI BANAT (Alpha) dated September 3, 1997 LOI 49/Y2 (PAGSULONG) dated December 16, 2000 LOI 14/94 (MARIJUANA ERADICATION) LOI 01/99 (Pabo Real - Alpha) LOI 08/99 (PNP IMPLAN to Executive Order No. 61)ANNEXES A:
a. Administer - refers to the act of introducing any dangerous drugs into the body of any person, with or without his knowledge by injection, ingestion, or other means of committing any act of indispensable assistance to a person in administering a dangerous drug to himself;b. Centers - refers to any of the treatment and rehabilitation centers for drug dependents;c. Cultivate - means the act of knowingly planting, growing, raising or permitting the planting, growing or raising of any plant which is a source of prohibited drugs;d. Dangerous Drugs - refers to either: 1) Prohibited Drug – which includes opium and its active components and derivatives, such as heroin and morphine, coca leaf and its derivatives, principally cocaine, alpha and beta cocaine, hallucinogenic drugs, such as mescaline, lysergic acid diethylamide and other substances producing similar effects, Indian hemp and its derivatives, all preparations made from any of the foregoing, and other drugs and chemical preparations, whether natural or synthetic, with the physiological effects of a narcotic or hallucinogenic; 2) Regulated Drugs - which includes self-inducing sedatives, such as secobarbital, pentobarbital, barbital, amobarbital and any other drug which contains a salt of a derivatives of a salt of barbituric acid, any salt, isomer or salt of an isomer, of amphetamine, such as Benzedrine or dexidrine, or any drug which produces a physiological action similar to amphetamine, and hypnotic drugs, such as methaqualone, nitrazepam or any other compound producing similar physiological effects;e. Deliver - refers to a person’s act of knowingly passing a dangerous drug to another personally or otherwise; and by any means, with or without consideration;e. Drug Dependence - means or state of psychic or physical dependence, or both, on a dangerous drug, arising in a person following administration or use of that drug on a periodic or continuous basis;f. Indian Hemp - otherwise known as ‘marijuana’, embraces every kind, class, genus or specie of the plant cannabis sativa L, including cannabis americana, hashish, bhang, guaza, churrus, and ganjab, and embraces every kind, class, and character thereof, whether dried or fresh and flowering, flowering or fruiting tops or any parts or portion of the plant, seed thereof, and all its geographic varieties, whether as a reefer, resin, extract, tincture or in any form whatsoever;g. Manufacture - means the production, preparation, compounding or processing of a dangerous drug either directly or indirectly or by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, and shall include any packaging or repackaging of such substance or labeling, or relabelling of its container, except that such terms do not include the preparation, compounding, packaging, or labeling of a drug or other substance by duly authorized practitioner as an
incident to his administration or dispensing of such drug or substance in the course of his professional practice; h. Narcotic Drug - refers to any drug which produces insensibility, stupor, melancholy or dullness of mind with delusions and which may be habit-forming, and shall include opium, opium derivatives and synthetic opiates; i. Opium - refers to the coagulated juice of the opium poppy and embraces every kind, character and class of opium, whether crude, or prepared the ashes or refuse of the same; narcotic preparation thereof or therefrom; morphine or any al kaloid of opium enters as an ingredient, opium poppy, opium seeds, opium poppy straw, and leaves or wrappings of opium leaves, whether prepared for use or not; j. Pusher - refers to any person who sells, administers, delivers, or gives away to another, on any terms whatsoever, or distributes, dispatches in transit or transports any dangerous drug or who acts as a broker in any of such transactions, k. Sell - means the act of giving a dangerous drug, whether for money, or any other material consideration; l. Use - refers to the act of injecting, intravenously or intramuscularly, or of consuming, either by chewing, smoking, sniffing, eating, swallowing, drinking, or otherwise introducing into the physiological system of the body, any of the dangerous drugs; m. Opium Poppy - means any part of the plant of the species papaver somniferum L, including the seeds there of.ANNEX “B” Summary of Pertinent Provisions of Environmental,Cultural and Natural Resources Protection Laws1. FOREST PROTECTION a. P. D. NO. 705 - Forestry Reform Code of the Phils. Pursuant to the provisions of PresidentialDecree No. 705; as amended, and Letter of Instructions No. 1020 and otherpertinent policies, laws and regulations, the Secretary of the Environmentand Natural Resources or his duly authorized representative haveadministrative authority to order the confiscation of any forest productsillegally cut, gathered, removed, possessed or abandoned, including allconveyances used either by land, water or air in the commission of theoffense and to dispose of the same in accordance with pertinent laws,regulations or policies. In case where the apprehension are made by thePNP, Philippine Navy, Coast Guard and other government law enforcementagencies, the apprehending agency shall notify the nearest DENR officer andturn over the seizured forest products to the CENRO/PENRO/RED concernedfor further investigation and disposition. b. P.D. NO. 331 - Requiring that all forests be developed,managed and utilized on a sustained yield basis with the benefit of technicalforestry know-how of registered foresters. All holders of timber licenses, leases and/or permitsare required to employ and/or engage the services of registered foresters,
so as to provide the needed expertise in safeguarding public interest in the development, management, and utilization of Philippine forests. 2. PROTECTION OF FISHERIES, MARINE LIFE AND AQUATIC RESOURCES Republic Act No. 8550 - The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998 Section 86 of the Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998, better known as Republic Act 8550, prohibit any person from unauthorized fishing or engaging in other unauthorized fisheries activities. No person shall exploit, occupy, produce, breed, culture, capture or gather fish, fry or fingerlings of any fishery species or fishery products, or engage in any fishery activity in Philippine waters without a license, lease or permit. Fishing for daily food sustenance or for leisure which is not for commercial occupation or livelihood purposes may be allowed. It shall be unlawful for any commercial fishing vessel to fish in bays and in such other fishery management areas which may herein after be declared as over exploited. It shall be unlawful for any person not listed in the registry of municipality fisher folk to engage in any commercial fishing activity in municipal waters. It shall be unlawful for any foreign person,corporation or entity to fish or operate any fishing vessel in Philippine waters.The entry of any foreign fishing vessel in Philippine waters shall constitute aprima facie evidence that the vessel is engaged in fishing in Philippine waters(Sec 87, Republic Act 8550). Section 88 also expresses that it is unlawful for anyperson to catch, take or gather or cause to be caught, taken or gathered, fishor any fishery species in Philippine waters with the use of electricity,explosives, noxious or poisonous substance such as sodium cyanide in thePhilippine fishery areas, which will kill, stupefy, disable or render unconsciousfish species: Provided, that the proper authorities, subject to such safeguardsand conditions deemed necessary and endorsement from the concerned LGUs,may allow, for research, educational or scientific purposes only, the use ofelectricity, poisonous or noxious substances to catch, take or gather fish orfishery species: Provided, further, that the use of poisonous or noxioussubstances to eradicate predators in fishponds in accordance with acceptedscientific practices and without causing adverse environmental impact inneighboring waters and grounds shall not be construed as illegal fishing. Itshall be unlawful for any person, corporation or entity to possess, deal in, sellor any manner dispose of, any fish or fishery species which have been illegallycaught, taken or gathered. It shall be unlawful for any person or corporation to gather, possess, sell or export ordinary precious and semi-precious corals, whether raw or in processed from, except for scientific or research purposes. The confiscated corals shall either be returned to the sea or donated to schools and museums for educational or scientific purposes or disposed through other means (Sec. 91, Republic Act 8550).. It shall be unlawful for any person, natural or judicial, to fish with gear method that destroys coral reefs, seagrass beds, and other fishery marine life habitat as may determined by the Department. “Muro-Ami” and any of its variation, and such similar gear and methods that require diving, other physical or mechanical acts to pound the coral reefs and other habitat to entrap, gather or catch fish and other fishery species are also prohibited (Sec. 92, R.A. 8550).
It is unlawful for any person or corporation to gather,sell or export white sand, silica, pebbles, and any other substances whichmake up any marine habitat (Sec 92, Republic Act 8550).3. ENSURING CLEAN AND SAFE LAND, AIR AND WATER a. Republic Act No. 7942 - The Philippine Mining Act of 1995 All mineral resources in public and private landswithin the territory and exclusive economic zone of the Republic of thePhilippines are owned by the State. It shall be the responsibility of the Stateto promote their rational exploration, development, utilization andconservation through the combined efforts of government and the privatesector in order to enhance national growth in a way that effectivelysafeguards the environment and protect the rights of affected communities.The Director, DENR may deputize, when necessary, any member or unit ofthe Philippine National Police, barangay, duly registered nongovernmentalorganization (NGO) or any qualified person to police all mining activities. Any person extracting minerals and disposing thesame without a mining agreement, lease, permit, license, or steals mineralsor ores or the products thereof from mines or mills or processing plants shallbe liable to law. Any person who wilfully destroys or damages structures inor on the mining area or on the mill sites shall, upon conviction, beimprisoned for a period not to exceed five (5) years and shall, in addition,pay compensation for the damages which may have been caused thereby. b. Republic Act No. 7160 - The Local Government Code Pursuant to Sec. 33 of R.A. 7160, otherwise knownas the Local Government Code, all provinces cities, municipalities andbarangays, through appropriate ordinances, are hereby mandated toconsolidate, or coordinate their efforts, services, and resources for purposesof jointly addressing common solid waste management problems and/orestablishing common waste disposal facilities. c. R. A. NO. 9003 - Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of2000 The following acts are prohibited in accordance toSec 48, Republic Act No. 9003 or Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of2000: (1) Littering, throwing, dumping of waste mattersin public places, such as roads, sidewalks, canals, esteros or parks, andestablishment, or causing or permitting the same; (2) Undertaking activities or operating, collectingor transporting equipment in violation of sanitation operation and otherrequirements or permits set forth in or established pursuant to this Act; (3) The open burning of solid waste;
(4) Causing or permitting the collection of non-segregated or unsorted waste; (5) Squatting in open dumps and landfills; (6) Open dumping, burying of biodegradable ornon-biodegradable materials in flood-prone areas; (7) Unauthorized removal of recyclable materialintended for collection by authorized persons; (8) The mixing of source-separated recyclablematerial with other solid waste in any vehicle, box, container or receptacleused in solid waste collection or disposal; (9) Establishment or operation of open dumps asenjoined in this Act, or closure of said dumps in violation of Sec. 37; (10) The manufacture, distribution or use of non-environmentally acceptable packaging materials; (11) Importation of consumer products packaged innon-environmentally acceptable materials; (12) Importation of toxic wastes misrepresented as“recyclable” or “with recyclable content”; (13) Transport and dumping in bulk of collecteddomestic, industrial, commercial and institutional wastes in areas other thancenters of facilities prescribed under this Act; (14) Site preparation, construction, expansion oroperation of waste management facilities without an EnvironmentalCompliance Certificate required pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 1586and this Act and not conforming with the land use plan of the LGU; (15) The construction of any establishment withintwo hundred (200) meters from open dumps or controlled dumps or sanitarylandfills; and (16) The construction or operation of landfills or anywaste disposal facility on any aquifer, groundwater reservoir or watershedarea and or any portions thereof; This Act also shall cover the importation, manufacture, processing, handling, storage, transportation, sale, distribution, use and disposal of all unregulated chemical substances and mixtures in the Philippines, including the entry even in transit, as well as the keeping or storage and disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country for whatever purposes (RA 6969 otherwise known as the Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990). d. Republic Act No. 8749 - Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 No person shall introduce or cause or allow theintroduction of leaded gasoline into any motor vehicle equipped with agasoline tank filler inlet and labeled "unleaded gasoline only". Thisprohibition shall also apply to any person who knows or should know thatsuch vehicle is designed solely for the use of unleaded gasoline. No person
shall manufacture, import, sell, offer for sale, introduce into commerce,convey or otherwise dispose of, in any manner leaded gasoline and enginesand components requiring the use of leaded gasoline. No motor vehicle shall be registered with the DOTCunless it meets the emission standards set by the Department as provided inSection 21 hereof. Any vehicle suspected of violation of emission standardsthrough visual signs, such as, but not limited to smoke-belching, shall besubjected to an emission test by a duly authorized testing center for thispurpose, the DOTC or its authorized testing center shall establish a roadsideinspection system. Should it be shown that there was no violation ofemission standards, the vehicle shall be immediately released. Otherwise, atesting result indicating an exceedance of the emission standards wouldwarrant the continuing custody of the impounded vehicle unless theappropriate penalties are fully paid, and the license plate is surrendered tothe DOTC pending the fulfillment of the undertaking by the owner/operatorof the motor vehicle to make the necessary repairs so as to comply with thestandards. A pass shall herein be issued by the DOTC to authorize the useof the motor vehicle within a specified period that shall not exceed seven (7)days for the sole purpose of making the necessary repairs on the saidvehicle. The owner/operator of the vehicle shall be required to correct itsdefects and show proof of compliance to the appropriate pollution controloffice before the vehicle can be allowed to be driven on any public orsubdivision roads. e. Presidential Decree No. 984 - Pollution Control Law No person shall throw, run, drain, or otherwisedispose into any of the water, air and/or land resources of the Philippines, orcause or permit, suffer to be thrown, run, drain, allow to seep or otherwisedispose thereto any organic or inorganic matter or any substance in gaseousor liquid form that shall cause pollution. No person shall perform any of the followingactivities without first securing a permit from the Commission for thedischarge of all industrial wastes which could cause pollution: 1) the construction, installation, modification oroperations of any sewage works or any extension or addition thereto; 2) the increase in volume or strength of any wastes inexcess of the permissive discharge specified under any existing permit; 3) the construction, installation or operation of anyindustrial or commercial establishments or any extension or modificationthereof or addition thereto, the operation of which would cause an increasein the discharge of waste directly into the water, air and/or land resourcesof the Philippines or would otherwise alter their physical, chemical orbiological properties in any manner not already lawfully authorized. f. Republic Act No. 6969 - Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 The following acts and omissions shall be consideredunlawful:
1) Knowingly use in chemical substance or mixturewhich is imported, manufactured, processed or distributed in violation of thisAct or implementing rules and regulations or orders;. 2) Failure or refusal to submit reports, notices or onthe information, access to records as required by this Act, or permitinspection of establishment where chemicals are manufactured, processed,stored or otherwise held; 3) Failure or refusal to comply with the pre-manufacture and pre-importation requirements; and 4) Cause, aid or facilitate, directly or indirectly, in thestorage, importation or bringing into Philippine Territory, including itsmaritime economic zones, even in transit, either by means of land, air or seatransportation or otherwise keeping in storage any amount of hazardous andnuclear wastes in any part of the Philippines. 4. PRESERVATION OF ENDANGERED SPECIES AND OTHER WILD LIFE a. Republic Act No. 7586 – NIPAS Act of 1992 It is hereby established a National IntegratedProtected Areas System (NIPAS), which shall encompass outstandinglyremarkable areas and biologically important public lands that are habitats ofrare and endangered species of plants and animals, biographic zones andrelated ecosystems, whether terrestrial, wetland or marine, all of which shallbe designated as “protected areas”. The following categories of protectedareas are hereby established: Strict nature reserve; Natural park; Naturalmonument; Wildlife sanctuary; Protected landscapes and seascapes;Resource reserve; Natural biotic areas; and other category established bylaw, conventions, or international agreements which the PhilippineGovernment is a signatory (RA No. 7586 (NIPAS Act of 1992). The following acts are prohibited within protectedareas: (a) Hunting, destroying, disturbing or mere possessionof any plants or animals or products derived therefrom without a permitfrom the Protected Area Management Board; (b) Dumping of any waste products detrimental to theprotected area, or to the plants and animals or inhabitants therein; ( c) Use of any motorized equipment without a permitfrom the Management Board; (d) Mutilating, defacing or destroying objects of naturalbeauty, or objects of interest to cultural communities (of scenic value); (e) Damaging and leaving roads and trails in a damagedcondition; (f) Squatting, mineral locating, or otherwise occupyingany land; (g) Constructing or maintaining any kind of structure,fence or enclosures, conducting any business enterprise without a permit; (h) Leaving in exposed or unsanitary conditions refuse ordebris, or depositing in ground or in bodies of water; and (i) Altering, removing, destroying or defacing boundarymarks or signs.
b. Republic Act No. 3547 – An Act Defining and Penalizing Cruelty to Animals It is unlawful to overdrive, overload, torture,torment, or neglect to provide with necessary sustenance or shelter, or tocruelty beat, or needlessly mutilate, or kill any living creature (Republic Act3547 of 1929, as amended by Republic Act 3548). c. Commonwealth Act No. 73 of 1936 The Commonwealth Act No.73 of 1936 prohibits thehunting, killing, wounding or taking of the Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis)and provides penalty thereof. d. Republic Act No. 3983 of 1932 It is unlawful to take, collect, kill, mutilate or have inpossession, or to purchase, offer or expose for sale, transport, ship or exportalive or dead flowering plants, fens, orchids, club moss and other wild plantswithout permit from the government.5. PROTECTION OF CULTURAL PROPERTIES Presidential Decree No. 374 - “Cultural Properties Preservation and Protection Act” It shall be unlawful to export or to cause to be takenout of the Philippines any of the cultural properties without previousregistration of the objects with the National Museum and a written permitfrom the Director of the National Museum. No cultural property may beimported without an official certification of exportation from the country oforigin. It shall be unlawful also to explore, excavate, ormake diggings on archaeological or historical sites for the purpose ofobtaining materials of cultural or historical value without the prior writtenauthority from the Director of the National Museum. No excavation ordiggings shall be permitted without the supervision of an archaeologistcertified as such by the Director of the National museum, or such otherperson who in the opinion of the Director is competent to supervise thework, and who shall, upon completion of the project, deposit with theMuseum a catalogue of all the materials found thereon, and a description ofthe archaeological context in accordance with accepted archaeologicalpractices. When excavators shall strike upon any buried cultural property,the excavation shall be suspended and the matter reported immediately tothe Director of the National Museum who shall take appropriate stems tohave the discovery investigated and to insure the proper and safe removalthereof, with the knowledge and consent of the owner. The suspension shallnot be lifted until the Director of the national Museum shall so allow it. All restoration, reconstruction, and preservation ofgovernment historical buildings, shrines, landmarks, monuments and sites,which have been designated as “National Cultural Treasures”, and“important cultural properties” shall only be undertaken with the writtenpermission of the Director of the National Museum who shall designated thesupervision of the same.”
SUBJECT : LOI /01 SANGINGAT-MILENYO (The PNP’s Master Plan on Security Coverage in the 3rd Millennium)TO : See DistributionI. REFERENCES: a. Republic Act 6975, as amended by Republic Act 8551; b. Pertinent NAPOLCOM Resolutions; and c. The Operational PPAs and PERs.II. PURPOSE: This Master Plan sets forth the strategic concepts and operationalguidelines, as well as contingency plan to ensure the maintenance of peaceand order during the year-round observance of holidays, which involvesgreat concern on movement of the citizens, international, national and localmeeting/conferences/events, and rallies/mass action in protest to widerange of issues. 1. Broad Objective The PNP, concurrent with its mission and functions, conductspolice operations to ensure utmost security possible to individuals and vitalinstallations, most especially during the holding of special events. It shallundertake coordinated courses of action necessary to prevent, contain,neutralize persons from inflicting any harm upon people or damage toproperty especially on activities involving foreign guests and tourists. 2. Specific Objectives In the conduct of providing security for various events, the PNP,thru its Police Regional/Provincial Police Offices (PROs/PPOs) and NationalSupport Units (NSUs) shall undertake the following: a. To catalyze all PNP units to enhance coordination andcooperation with government units and private sectors in their respectiveareas of jurisdiction, to be able to come up with measures to preempt theoccurrence of crimes that can adversely affect the safety and security ofindividuals and vital installations; b. To enhance the level of awareness and preparednessof PNP personnel in providing security to individuals and vital installations,and in dealing mass actions; c. To enhance the units’ capability to identify andneutralize threat groups; and
d. To determine and rectify PNP vulnerabilities whichmaybe exploited by the threat groups.III. SITUATION: The security situation is one of the factors that greatly affect theeconomic conditions of the country. The Philippine National Police, being theforefront of maintaining peace and order and public safety, undertakessecurity measures towards the attainment of a safe place to live, work,invest and do business in. Wide range of issues which tend to beset/affect the lives of thepopulace are being capitalized by cause-oriented groups/various threatgroups, to coerce moderate organization/s to join in staging mass actions,such as rallies, demonstration, strike, etc. to project their positions anddemands. The situation can likely be taken advantage of by thedissidents/terrorists to create an atmosphere of chaos and destabilization.Hence, the need to integrate PNP efforts with the national and localgovernment units to be able to come up with a program of action that iswell-coordinated, unified and responsive to the situation at hand to preempt,prevent and/or suppress destabilization and/or terroristic acts.IV. MISSION: The PNP, concurrent with its mission and functions, secures andprotects the people and facilities from any acts of violence, to further ensurenormal functions of the government, business establishments, and preservethe freedom of travel and assembly; orderly and safe conduct of any local,national or international events.V. EXECUTION: 1. STRATEGIC CONCEPTS – In furtherance of the PNP’s thrust in providing security coverageand public safety services to ensure the peaceful and orderly conduct of anyevent/activities, in close coordination with the concerned governmentagencies, non-government organizations (NGOs) and civilian volunteerorganization (CVOs), the following shall compose the strategic concepts: a. The Police Security Containment Ring System (PSCRS). Thedeployment of which depend on their availability and the situation on theground: a.1 The Innermost Containment Ring, composed ofbarangay tanods, CVOs, NGOs, radio groups; a.2 The Innermost Containment Ring, composed of thefoot-patrol elements in uniform for police visibility while the detective patrolcomponent is in “civilian” attire for police presence; a.3 The Middle Containment Ring, which is composed ofbicycle or motorcycle-mounted patrols at control points; a.4 The Outer Containment Ring, composed ofdesignated specialized units like the mobile patrols, deployed atchokepoints; and
a.5 The Outermost Containment Ring, where the specialpolice units (like SWAT or anti-terrorist units) and the mobile groups shallserve as security elements at areas designated as strong points, where theycan immediately react to call for armed support. b. The Operationalization of an Integrated Area/CommunityPublic Safety Plan (IA/CPSP) Through the coordination with the local Peace and OrderCouncils, Law Enforcement Coordinating Councils and Disaster CoordinatingCouncil, the formulated and developed IA/CPSPs of local government unitsare rationalized in order that it shall appropriately serve as the unified andintegrated direction of the local public safety programs and create an activeshield against the problems associated with internal security. c. The Community Involvement thru the Community OrientedOriented Policing Systems(COPS) The function of the community in nation building is notonly crucial, it is absolutely imperative. Efficient and effective delivery ofpolice services can only be attained through the development of aresponsive partnership, based on trust and goodwill, between thecommunity and the police. The interaction among the community players,which result in a partnership for a peaceful community is called COPS. d. Effective Feedback Mechanism The continued feedback from all recipients of public safetyservices received from the citizens through the Project 117 of the DILG, the“Ugnayans” conducted by the PNP and other government agencies, andother sources of reports, complaints, needs, or rejoinders, shall be the basisfor improving the delivery of police services to the citizenry. This feedbackmechanism shall serve as the trigger to set off a series of adjustments and ifneeded be, a realignment of the foregoing strategies to attain the purpose ofmaintaining a peaceful and prosperous community. 2. OPERATIONAL CONCEPT The following policies in various special events shall servebe observe: a. During Elections/Plebiscite – The PNP, as deputizedby the Commission on Elections, shall ensure the smoothimplementation and maximum effectiveness of the securityoperations and delivery of public safety services during the givenperiod for the electoral process. All PNP personnel shall remainapolitical and shall undertake necessary actions to pre-empt theoccurrence of election-related violence and provide contingencyplans to address untoward incidents during the entire electionprocess. b. During Holidays –The PNP, in coordination with DOTC andjointly with the LGUs, NGOs, CVOs, established a Public Assistance Centersto ensure a secured, safe, and orderly movement of themotorists/commuters during the year-round observance of holidays. Ensurethe smooth flow of traffic and conduct preemptive/preventive measures tominimize if not totally eradicate vehicular accidents.
c. During International, National and LocalEvents/Conferences/Celebrations – The PNP, in close coordination with the National ExecutiveCommittee/Organizing Committee, other government agencies and NGOs,provides security coverage to the visiting dignitaries, top ranking/seniorofficials, delegates and participants to ensure their safety and the peacefuland orderly conduct of all the scheduled activities. d. During Mass Actions – The PNP, in close coordination withthe LGEs and other law enforcement agencies, secures the rallyists, protectsthe citizenry from acts of terrorism and violence brought about by massprotest actions and related illegal activities, and ensures the normalgovernment functions and normal business operation of various industries.Maximum tolerance shall be observed in dealing with rallyists. e. On Bomb Threats/Bombing Incidents – To efficiently andeffectively address the threats and destruction posed by terrorist groups andindividuals, who employ bombing as means to attain their objectives,through planning, preparation, prevention, detection, reaction and post blastinvestigation, and to be able to identify and bring the offenders before thebar of justice. As situation/magnitude of the above-events demands, aprovisional Task Force shall be organized by the concerned PROs/PPOs/CPOsthat will control, direct and supervise the conduct of security operations toensure the orderly and peaceful conduct of the activity. The following Task Groups maybe established under the Task Forcedepending on the situation: a. Airport Security Task Group – stateguests/dignitaries/tourists and their official party, as well as their property,are being secured while at the airport area. Airport facilitation is extended tothose arranging the arrival and departure of the guests, in close coordinationwith the airport authorities. b. Close-in Security Task Group –the safety of local andforeign VIP/s shall be arranged and provided by the close-in security. Theresponsibility ends when the party being secured has left the country, or anappropriate order has been issued terminating the close-in security’sservices. c. Convoy Security Task Group – provision of motorcycle andmobile cars for escort duties, as well as ensuring the safe and orderlymovement of the vehicles and in accordance with the protocol arrangementshall be under the responsibility of convoy security. d. Billet Security Task Group – appropriate security to theVIP/s billeted in the different hotels, etc. for their protection from thefts,kidnappings, etc shall be the responsibility of the billet security. e. Route Security Task Group – deployment of personnel toprotect a predetermined course of movement (primary and alternate route)from a specific point of origin to its destination. f. Site Security Task Group – the inner circle of a place ofengagement is placed under the overall security coverage of PSG personnelas mandated by protocol, with the PNP in support role. Other than thosespecified (below the Vice-President of the Republic of the Philippines, and
that of a visiting dignitary of a Minister rank), site security shall be theprimarily responsibility of the PNP. g. Area Security Task Group – the immediate vicinity and theouter circle of the place of engagement has to be secured to thwart anypossible threat. g.1 Traffic and Parking Arrangement – the smooth flowof traffic along the routes to be taken, and the orderly and securedingress/egress of vehicles in the designated parking area; and g.2 Contingency Operations – the deployment ofexplosive ordnance for paneling purposes, civil disturbance management,special weapons and tactics (SWAT) team, ready to address/respond to alocalized emergency/crisis situation is included in the security plan. h. Reserve Force Task Group – augmentation of personneland equipment placed on standby, ready on call, to attend to certainemergency requirements/prevailing situation, such as but not limited tomedical and firefighting capability, prison van, technical/lightingcomponents/instruments, etc. i. Intelligence Security Task Group – to gather intelligenceinformation for use of the Task Force. j. Logistics Security Task Group – to provide logistics supportto the Task Force. 3. TASKS: 1. DPRM – a. Issue appropriate order for the transfer orreassignment of organic personnel from one unit to another assignment, toman the Security Force. During Elections, this must be with priorcoordination and approval from the COMELEC, during the election period;and b. Support the additional subsistence allowance ofpersonnel detailed for special security operations. 2. DI – a. Provide timely intelligence information to all taskedunits/offices; and b. Draw up an election watchlist areas at the provincial,city/municipal level, in close coordination with the AFP, during elections. 3. DO – Oversee and monitor the implementation of securitypreparations for the various special events, as embodied in the campaignplan. 4. DL – Support the logistical requirements of tasked unitson special security operations. 5. DPCR –
a. Organize NGO’s, CVO’s and civic groups to supportthe DILG/PNP in providing better traffic management and road safety, andpublish traffic updates such as location of traffic jam, destroyed bridges,rerouting plans, etc; b. Supervise the implementation of the strategicconcept on Community Oriented Policing System (COPS); linkage of thosedepartment/agencies hosting/sponsoring the event and those sectoralgroups which might stage actions, such as rallies, demonstration, strike,etc., to disrupt the staging of event or embarrass the government. 6. NCRPO, PROs 1-13, CAR and ARMM - The mainimplementors of this campaign plan, thus you are directed toperform/undertake the activities but not limited to the following: a. Gather, monitor and report all intelmatters/significant developments that would likely occur inidentified areas and report all intelligence matters that may affectthe activity particularly on the movements and intention of theprotesting groups and various security threats. b. Pursue more meaningful interfacing with othergovernment agencies through the RLECC, RPOC and other regionalcoordinating bodies; prepare, update and operationalize theIA/CPSP of every province and city/municipality in respective AOR; c. Coordinate with various government agencies,NGOs and civil society to discuss possible arrangements to ensure acordial atmosphere during security operations, and necessarycontingency measures/plans to take care of unforeseen events oracts, both natural or otherwise; and d. Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 7. TMG - a. UPR in the traffic direction and control, and motoristassistance; b. Attach/detail motorcycle teams placed OPCON toPRO designated as UPR; c. Catalyze the organization of land transport systemfor a complementary support on inter-related program/thrusts. c. Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 8. MG - a. Conduct negation/barrier patrol along the coastalareas of the place of engagement; b. Detail maritime patrol teams placed OPCON to PRO,designated as UPR; c. Catalyze the organization of water-transport systemfor a complementary support on inter-related program/thrusts.; and d. Perform other tasks as requested/directed.
9. ASG - a. Secure airports and its immediate establishmentsagainst threats of terrorist groups/individuals. b. Extend airport facilitation assistance to the visitingdignitaries and Welcome Committee coordinating the arrival/departure of theVIPs; c. Catalyze the organization of air-transport system fora complementary support on inter-related program/thrusts.; and d. Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 10. SAF – a. Attach/detail CDM personnel, and EOD and ATUteams to be placed OPCON to PRO, designated as UPR; b. Support the PROs and the PPOs in terms of EODtraining, and responding to bombing incidents, upon request/orders; and c. Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 11. CES - a. Support the PRO, designated as UPR, oncommunication network/requirements; b. Coordinate with different civic and amateur radiogroups/association for the use of their facilities and members to assist thePNP in the monitoring and reporting of incidents, traffic situation, motoristassistance, land/seaports area activities; and c. Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 12. CSG - a. Coordinate with the security agencies and companyguard forces for their active role in assisting the PNP in trafficcontrol/direction and immediate reporting of any crime incidents; b. Periodic inventory/accounting and implementation ofstrict control measures to safeguard against pilferage of explosives; and c. Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 13. Other NSUs – a. Provide operational/technical/administrative supportto all PROs; and b. Perform other tasks as requested/directed.VI. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS:
a. Personnel detailed in route and area security must be facingoutward in relation to the VIPs being protected to detect and/ward-offpossible hostile action of would be attackers and shall stay in their respectiveassignment until recall order is given by the overall Commander. b. Coordination with media during live-traffic situations and toimplement re-routing and advisory programs dealing with traffic congestionshall be ensured. c. Pull-out of detailed personnel shall be only after the area hasbeen cleared of rallyists/demonstrators and traffic has been restored tonormal flow. d. Be reminded that while personnel would be employed incommuters/motorists assistance, civil disturbance management, securingthe safety of VIPs and delegates, the normal operations against criminalelements and dissidents terrorists should not be overlooked. e. Alert status shall be declared/upgraded/lifted at the discretion ofthe RDs based on the prevailing situation in the respective AORs. f. Tasked units shall operate on existing logistical and financialallocations. NHQ-PNP shall provide additional logistical and financial supporton a case-to-case basis. g. Lateral coordination to create awareness, constantcommunications and action among tasked offices/units, other localgovernment agencies, NGOs and other concerned civilian organizations incarrying out the mission is highly encouraged/authorized. One player’sproblem/concern should be regarded as a team problem. h. This Master Plan has been conceived in order to provide a singlereference material, prevent confusion, minimize paperwork, or precluderepetitive issuances of directives, guidelines or policies applicable to similarsituations. i. Prepare a specific plan for the specific activity wherein yourPolice Office is tasked to secure and submit it to NHQ PNP (Attn: DO). j. This LOI takes effect ten (10) days after approval/signature. LEANDRO R MENDOZA Police Director General Chief, PNP
Annexes: A. Annex “1” – SANG-INGAT Framework B. Annex “2” – NAPOLCOM Res No 2000-157, Approving aCommunity- Oriented Policing System (COPS) Operations Manual for thePNP. C. Annex “3” – NAPOLCOM Res No 93-037, Implementation ofan Integrated Area/Community Public Safety Plan (IACPSP). D. Annex “4” – Project “Patrol 117:” DILG Security andDevelopmentPlan. E. To efficiently and effectively address the threats and destructionposed by terrorist groups and individuals, who use “bombing” as means toattain their evil intents Annex “5” – Letter of Instructions 11/93 “KAMAGONG”(Prevention, Containment and Neutralization of terrorists from furtherBombing in NCR) dated June 16, 1993. Annex “6” – Letter of Instructions 11/93 “LAUA-AN” (PNPAnti-Terrorism Strategy) dated May 15, 1993. Annex “7” – Letter of Instructions 04/2001 (EOD CapabilityRestructuring) dated February 7, 2001. F. In securing the rallyists, protect the citizenry from acts ofterrorism and violence brought about by mass protest actions and relatedillegal activities, and to ensure the normal government function and normalbusiness of various industries. Annex “8” – Letter of Instructions 31/93 APITONG (PNPsPlan Against Welga ng Bayan). Annex “9” – Letter of Instructions 32/93 “ACACIA” (PNPsContingency Plan for Manila during Transportation Strike to PreventTerrorism and ensure maintenance of Peace and Order). Annex “10” – Letter of Instructions 08/93 (LABOR DAY)dated 28 April 1993. Annex “11” – Letter of Instructions 17/Y2 (11th CONGRESS)dated July 14, 2000. G. On ensuring an honest, orderly and peaceful electoral process. Annex “12” – Letter of Instructions 24/91 (MABOLO-ALPHA). Annex “13” – Letter of Instructions 54 /97 (ELECTION) datedDecember 11, 1997.
Annex “14” – Letter of Instructions 06/98 (PAG-AAYOS-HOPE)dated March 18, 1998. Annex “15” – Letter of Instructions 03/2001 (HALALAN) datedJanuary 23, 2001. H. On ensuring a secured, safe, and orderly movement ofthe motorists/commuters during the year-round holidays. Annex “16” – Letter of Instructions 01/93 (PAGTATAPOS) Annex “17” – Letter of Instructions 10/93 (BALIK-PAARALAN)dated May 31, 1993. Annex “18” – Letter of Instructions (HOLY WEEK) Annex “19” – Letter of Instructions (KALULUWA) I. In providing security coverage to the visiting dignitaries, topranking/senior officials, delegates and participants to ensure their safety andthe peaceful and orderly conduct of all the schedules activities. Annex “20” – Letter of Instructions 15/2T (INDEPENDENCE DAY) Annex “21” – Letter of Instructions 51/Y2 (RIZAL DAY) Annex “22” – Letter of Instructions 13/93 (PARANGAL) Annex “23” – Letter of Instructions 20/93 (PAGSUSULIT) datedJuly 26, 1993. Annex “24” – Letter of Instructions 15/92 (AKBAYAN) Annex “25” – Letter of Instructions (BISITA)
SUBJECT : LOI ___/01 SAKLOLO-MILENYO (The PNP’s Disaster Plan in the 3rd Millennium)TO : See DistributionI. REFERENCES: a. Republic Act 6975, as amended by Republic Act 8551; b. Presidential Decree No 1566- Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Control Capability and Establishing the National Program on Community Disaster Preparedness; and c. The Operational PPAs and PERs.II. PURPOSE: This Letter of Instructions sets forth the strategic concepts, operationalguidelines and coordinating instructions to be undertaken by PNP Offices andpersonnel on disaster management. With this Letter of Instructions, theaction that will be undertaken by the concerned PNP units/offices will be asresponsive and possible with the support of the government agencies andthe community.III. SITUATION: The great ocean and seas around the Philippines, while providing wideavenues for international trade and commerce and source of tremendousmarine resources, also serve as the spawning areas of destructive typhoonsand monsoons. Being in the so-called Circum-Pacific belt of fire andtyphoons, our country has always been subjected to series of naturaldisasters and calamities yearly, which usually result in deaths, miseries andmassive destruction of property. Disasters, which could be natural and human-made, would causeenormous loss in terms of human lives and property, the destruction ofenvironment and the setback of economic development. It has been notedthat the number and costs of disasters continue to rise overtime. This is inview of the increasing vulnerabilities of societies and communities to naturaland man-made disasters. On the other hand, poverty and populationpressures have forced growing numbers of poor people to live along harm’sway – on flood plains, unstable hillside and earthquake-prone zones. Theirextraordinary vulnerability is perhaps the most important cost of the highnumber of disaster casualties. Moreover, in cities and communitiesexperiencing rapid industrialization and urbanization, the lack of disaster-riskmitigation programs contributes to their increasing vulnerability to disaster.In whatever part of the country we are located, the possibility ofexperiencing the gloom and the stark reality of all types of hazards:typhoons, floods, flashfloods, drought, earthquakes, volcanic eruption,landslide, fire, maritime disasters, air disasters, oil spills, etc., is alwayspresent.
Relatedly, the PNP’s inherent duty for public safety dictates theprovision of area security; search, rescue/recovery, evacuation and reliefoperation in affected areas, in support to the tasked governmentagencies/instrumentalities of the Disaster Coordinating Councils. Theprogram thrusts shall be pursued thru the implementation of keeping thepolice units and personnel ready to serve, and provide support to communitydevelopment.IV. MISSION: The Philippine National Police, as the Disaster Coordinating Counciloperating unit, conducts disaster preparedness activities, provides securitycoverage in disaster areas, and assist in search and rescue, evacuation, andrelief operations.V. EXECUTION: This Master Plan embraces all conceivable contingencies, short of waremergency, making use of all available resources the PNP can muster toexecute the NDCC Calamities and Disaster Preparedness Plan. The intentconceived in this LOI is to make operation plans promulgated by thedifferent regional commands functional and action-oriented and is capable ofmeeting simple or multiple contingencies. This LOI encourages the conceptof self-reliance by promoting the spirit of self-help and mutual assistanceamong the local officials and their constituents which the local PNP units willbe in contact with and/or will be working with during disasters andcalamities. Preparedness is constant alertness and constant enhancement ofcapabilities. Readiness is preparedness for the worst. As member-Agency, the PNP is tasked to organize Police AuxiliaryServices in the cities, municipalities and barangays; and to provide securitycoverage in disaster areas. A. STRATEGIC CONCEPTS In furtherance of the DILG/PNP mandated functions, thefollowing shall compose the strategic concepts: 1. CONTINUOUSLY IMPROVING POLICE SECURITYSERVICE PACKAGE - Effective law enforcement and crime preventionand suppression system, through the Innermost Containment Ring of thePolice Security Containment Ring System (PSCRS), which is composed ofbarangay tanods, CVOs, NGOs, radio groups, fire/disaster/calamity volunteerbrigades that provide localized and needed police services to the barangays. 2. THE OPERATIONALIZATION OF AN INTEGRATEDAREA/COMMUNITY PUBLIC SAFETY PLAN (IA/CPSP) - Whileemergency preparedness is a joint responsibility of the national and localgovernment, its effectiveness will depend largely on the skills and resources,and the involvement of private organizations and the general public in thearea of disaster. Through close coordination with the Disaster CoordinatingCouncil, the formulated and developed IA/CPSP of the PNP, in consonancewith the local government units is rationalized in order that it shallappropriately serve as the unified and integrated direction of the local publicsafety programs to be more resolve to confront disaster on a total systemapproach.
3. THE COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT THROUGH THECOMMUNITY-ORIENTED POLICING SYSTEM (COPS) - The function ofthe community in nation building is not only crucial, it is absolutelyimperative. Efficient and effective delivery of police services can only beattained through the development of a responsive partnership, based ontrust and goodwill, between the community and the police. The interactionsamong the community players, which result in a partnership for a peacefulcommunity is called COPS. 4. EFFECTIVE FEEDBACK MECHANISM - The continuedfeedback from all recipients of public safety services received from thecitizens through the Project 117 of the DILG, the “Ugnayans” conducted bythe PNP and other government agencies, and other sources of reports,complaints, needs, or rejoinders, shall be the basis for improving thedelivery of police services to the citizenry. This feedback mechanism shallserve as the trigger to set off a series of adjustments and if needed be, arealignment of the foregoing strategies to attain the purpose of maintaininga peaceful and prosperous community. B. OPERATIONAL CONCEPT The activities to be undertaken shall be as follows: a. Preparation – Involves planning, readiness throughinformation dissemination and training, and pre-positioning ofresponse/reaction teams to meet all foreseeable threats/emergencies.Planning and operation shall be done on an inter-agency, multi-sectoralbasis to optimize the utilization of resources. Goals and objectives have tobe more realistic and attainable. b. Organization – Inventory of equipment, manpower andresources of different participating government agencies, non-governmentorganizations and private entities which can be readily tapped when thesituation so requires. Considered the Council’s frontier in its response arethe following association/groups, but not limited to: medical, contractors,fire volunteers, mountain climbers, engineers, communications, transport,etc. c. Accounting – Resources and equipment committed shall beaccounted for maximum utilization/disposition and the proper turn-over ofsame after the disaster operations. d. Coordination - Networking with the LGUs, othergovernment agencies such as DPWH, DECS, DSWD, the non-governmentorganizations and private entities. The deployment of PNP personnel in every municipal/citythroughout the country, become magnanimous to the first line of responsemobilized to the scene/disaster response operation. Rescue and recoveryoperations shall be conducted at the Barangay/Municipal/Provincial nearestthe disaster incident until such time that the appropriate agency concernedshould have taken over the control of the rescue operations. To this end, regular/simulated exercises and drills will beconducted at all levels to enhance the PNP’s and community reactioncapability and ensure precision and spontaneity in responding toemergencies. C. TASKS:
1. NHQ, PNP a. DCO – Command Group supervisor, responsible inthe successful implementation of this LOI. b. DO 1) OPR for this Letter of Instructions; 3) Supervise and monitor the progress of theactivities of tasked units in the implementation of this LOI; 3) Supervise the implementation of the StrategicConcepts on continuous improvement of police security service package; andthe operationalization of the Integrated Area/Community Public Safety Plan;and 4) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. c. DL 1) Provide equipment and logistical support to alltasked units; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. d. DPCR – 1) Supervise the implementation of the strategicconcepts on Community Oriented Policing System (COPS); linkage with otherNDCC-member agencies, NGOs and CVOs; and effective feedbackmechanism; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. e. DC 1) Provide necessary fund support for theadditional subsistence allowance/hazardous duty pay of personnel involvedin the search and rescue/recovery operations; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. f. DHRDD 1) Design training programs/seminars for all PNPpersonnel to enhance their ability in the performance of their assigned dutiesrelative to this LOI’s operational concept; and 4) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 2. Police Regional Offices 1-13, ARMM, CAR and NCR The main implementors of this LOI, thus directed toperform activities, but not limited to the following:
1) Pursue more meaningful interfacing with othergovernment agencies through the RDCC, RPOC and other regionalcoordinating bodies; prepare and update and operational IA/CPSP of everyprovince and municipality under their jurisdiction. Review/identifytechnological, doctrinal and operational gaps in respective DCC system anddisaster management programs in preparation for emergencies; 2) Operationalize the strategic concept and operationalconcept as contained in this LOI. Institutionalize the practice of constantimprovement focusing on operational efficiency, increased speed andcorrective service, and improved internal and public communications; 3) Maintain peace and order and the safeguarding ofessential facilities during disaster or civil disturbances; 4) Provide security coverage in disaster areas, as wellas to government and private officials engaged in disaster relief operationsand other dignitaries assisting/assessing distress areas. Additionally,undertake traffic control and direction in clearing the streets from vehicularcongestion and other obstructions; 5) Sustain the participation of LGUs, civil societies, andvolunteer groups/ auxiliary public safety services at the barangay level inpartnership with the community, in providing traffic, safety and securityservices in cases of emergency and in times of calamities by promoting thetraditional bayanihan and the spirit of voluntarism. Forge strongerpartnerships with civil society groups, NGOs, civic organizations, privateinstitutions and other service-oriented groups (police auxiliary) to create awider scope of operational support and assistance; 6) Make the community equally pro-active andresponsive to cooperation and collaboration in ensuring a peaceful, stableand safe community; 7) Organize, develop, equip and mobilize PNPRadiological Response Teams (RQRTs), which shall serve as rapiddeployment units that could quickly deployed to perform precursory policefunctions in case of radiological emergencies. Prepare inventory ofequipment, facilities, and supplies. Identify items and programs forprocurement and repair; 8) As Chairman, Regional Disaster CoordinatingCouncils, except ARMM and CAR, shall perform the following duties andresponsibilities, namely: a. Establish a physical facilities to be known asthe Regional Disaster Operations Center (RDOC); b. Coordinate the disaster operations activities inthe region from the RDOC or from any forward operating facility within theregion; c. Implement within the region the guidelines setby the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC); d. Advise the Chairman, NDCC on the status ofdisaster preparedness programs, disaster operations, and rehabilitationefforts undertaken by the region and the private sector;
e. Establish policy guidelines on emergencypreparedness and disaster preparedness and disaster operations involvingrescue, relief and rehabilitation for the RDCC; f. Convene the Council as often as necessary toeffectively coordinate the original efforts on disaster preparedness,emergency operations, relief, recovery and rehabilitation activities; g. Call on all military units and governmentdepartments, bureaus, agencies and instrumentalities and corporations aswell as the private sector under the area of their jurisdiction for assistance inpreparing for, reacting to and recovery from the effects/calamities andregional civil emergencies; h. Advise the Local Disaster Coordinating Councilson disaster management; and i. Submit appropriate recommendations to theNDCC as necessary such as the declaration of a state of calamity in disaster-stricken areas in the area. 9. Perform other tasks as requested/directed. 3. National Support Units a. TMG 1) Ensure that traffic at the disaster area will beorderly in order to speed up rescue/recovery, relief and rehabilitationoperations; and 2) Perform other tasks as directed/requested. b. SAF 1) Performs rescue operations and other specialoperations that may contribute to the success of disaster relief operations;and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. c. PCRG 1) Catalyze the organization ofNGOs/volunteers re plans and programs of government agencies and privatesector that will promote community and citizen’s participation in themaintenance of peace and order and public safety in the disaster area; 2) Assist in providing relief assistance to thevictims of disaster; and 3) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. d. CLS 1) Provide forensics technical support to PROs;and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed.
e. CES – 1) Make available the communication unit toreceive/ transmit disaster information, and closely coordinate with theaccredited radio groups for a concerted utilization of their communicationfacilities, in times of impending and/or actual emergency; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed. f. HS 1) Assist in providing medical and dental servicesto victims of disaster; and 2) Perform other tasks as requested/directed.VI. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Although the possibility of radiological catastrophe is remote inthe local setting, the potential and cataclysmic consequences of such event,the local PNP units shall prepare and plan courses of actions on radiologicalemergencies, in coordination with the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute(PNRI) and the Philippine Atmosphere. Geophysical and AstronomicalServices (PAGASA). 2. Simulated drills to be regularly conducted to test theeffectiveness of preparations, bring out flaws and weaknesses, andcorrective/remedies effected to heighten levels of readiness of systems,procedures, organization, equipment and logistics to enhance reactioncapability, and ensure precision and spontaneity in responding toemergencies. 3. The provision of security coverage, hand-in-hand with immediaterelief, rehabilitation and community-based development effort in areasaffected by the disaster/calamity shall be coordinated and synchronized allplans and projects of all government agencies and instrumentalities. 4. Lateral coordination to create awareness, constantcommunications and action among tasked offices/units, other localgovernment agencies, NGOs and other concerned civilian organizations incarrying out the mission is highly encouraged/authorized. One player’sproblem/concern should be regarded as team problem. 5. Assistance rendered by NDCC member-agencies,NGOs/volunteers in the aftermath of disasters and calamities have to be wellrecognized. Their tangible effort during the disaster operation eases theload of policeman’s work, which may become complicated in their absence. 6. PNP Headquarters and other PNP units in the calamity strickenareas shall not become depositories of relief goods in order that speculationscontrary to moral/decency/honesty, can be avoided. 7. In order to insure uniformity in adopting/implementing theIA/CPSP concept, all chiefs of police/police supervisors implementing themmust always be guided by the IA/CPSP guidelines and requirements. 8. This Master Plan has been conceived in order to provide a singlereference material, prevent confusion, minimize paperwork, or preclude
repetitive issuances of directives, guidelines or policies applicable to similarsituations. 9. All RDs, PROs and Dirs, NSUs shall submit IMPLANs to this LOINLT fifteen (15) days from date of receipt of this LOI, and thereafter,periodic reports on its implementation. LEANDRO R MENDOZA Police Director General Chief, PNPAnnexes: A. Annex “1”– SAKLOLO Frame work B. Guidelines in responding to calamities and disasters thatperennially visit the country with the primary objectives to save life, preventneedless suffering, protect property, and minimize the damages: Annex “2”– Presidential Decree No. 1566 dated June 11, 1978 –Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Control Capability and Establishing theNational Program on Community Disasters Preparedness Annex “3”– National Disaster Coordinating CouncilMemorandum Order No 1 dated January 16, 1989 – Providing forCommunity-based Rescue, Evacuation and Relief Operations duringDisasters or Emergencies and Encouraging Volunteerism from among theconcerned Citizenry for such Purposes Annex “4”– Letter of Instructions 13/93 (SAKLOLO) Calamitiesand Disaster Preparedness Plan dated April 1, 1993 Annex “5”– Letter of Instructions 33/93 (FIRES) dated April 1,1993 –Guidelines on PNP Personnel in Assisting Fire Control and Post FirePhase Annex “6” – Letter of Instructions 50/96 (KALIGTASAN) datedOctober 10, 1996 C. Guidelines to be observed in responding to radiological accidentsand other catastrophes arising from radiation-related incidents Annex “7”– Revised National Radiological Emergencypreparedness and Response Plan (RADPLAN) Annex “8” – Letter of Instructions 20/2T (SAKORO) datedAugust 2, 2000 D. Annex “9” – NAPOLCOM Resolution No 93-037, Implementationof an Integrated Area/Community Public Safety Plan (IACPSP) E. Annex “10” – Project “Patrol 117:” DILG Security andDevelopment Plan
POLICE OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES (POP) II. REFRENCES: A. Rules 113 and 126 on Criminal Procedure of the 1985 Rules ofcourt; B. Supreme Court Decision in the case of Ricardo C. Valmonte, et al; C. MOA between DOLE and NAPOLCOM; and D. PNP Rules of Engagements dated January 14, 1993PURPOSE This letter directive prescribes the police operational procedure o bestrictly observed and religiously followed by all PNP units and personnelwhile in the conduct of police operations or in the performance of othermandated tasks. This will enable PNP units/personnel to uniformly andconsistently implement the guidelines and preclude the unnecessary and/orexcessive use of force, especially firearms in the performance of duties. Aspast experiences will show, there were instances of operational lapses ordeficiencies in decision which unfortunately had resulted in a number offatalities, thus seriously damaging the PNP’s image as the law enforcer andprotector of the people. In fact, some personnel have been unnecessarilycharged in court as a consequence of non-observance of the PoliceOperational Procedure. Therefore, it is imperative that every policemanshould immediately stop and correct these dysfunctional incidents andaberrations. Nothing in these police operational procedure shall prevent theformulation of more detailed guidelines pending the subsequent issuance ofa UNIFORM MANUAL OF OPERATIONS to be promulgated by thisHeadquarters. III. GENERAL RULES: Regardless of the types of functions to be performed and/or policeoperations to be conducted, all PNP units and personnel shall comply withand apply the following rules: A. Under all circumstances, the use of force, including firearms, is justifiable only by virtue of the Doctrines of Self-Defense and Defense of a Stranger. B. The use of force, especially firearms, shall be applied only as a last resort, when all other peaceful and nonviolent means have been exhausted. Whenever resorted to, only necessary and reasonable force sufficient to conduct self-defense and/or defense of a stranger and/or subdue/overcome the clear and imminent danger posed or resistance being put up by a malefactor or group shall be applied.
C. After a shoot-out, the police officer shall check whether the suspect still poses danger or he has been wounded and disabled. He shall then be brought with adequate security to the nearest hospital for medical treatment. D. The police siren and megaphone shall be used to influence/warn the offenders/suspects to stop and peacefully give up. E. The use of force, especially the use of firearm, shall be tempered with such considerations as keeping foremost in the law enforcers’ minds the safety of the hostage and prevention of crossfire casualties or damages to third parties. A reasonable force to neutralize the vehicle and enemy/suspect’s resistance is sufficient. F. In case of unavoidable engagement with the criminal elements, immediate removal of the casualties from the crime scene shall be undertaken after the necessary sketches, pictures and other investigative requirements are accomplished. The victims’ bodies shall always be segregated from those of the suspects. All the SOP’s of crime scene investigation shall be strictly followed. G. Human rights shall be strictly observed and respected at all times.IV. SPECIAL RULES: In addition to the General Rules, the PNP personnel shall conform withand observe the guidelines and procedures for every police function oroperation as follows: 1. Rules on Arrests: a. All arrests shall be effected pursuant to Rule 113 of the1985 Rules on Criminal Procedures, as amended. b. It shall be the duty of the officer executing the warrant,to arrest the accused and to deliver him to the nearest police station or jailwithout delay. c. The head of the office to whom the warrant of arrest hasbeen delivered for execution, shall cause the warrant to be executed within(10) days from receipt thereof. If the accused/respondent is not arrestedwithin the said period, the station concerned shall submit a report thereof tothe court of origin also within ten (10) days following the expiration of theoriginal 10 day validity. d. An arrest, unless dictated by grave urgency, shall not becarried out in the middle of the night, during Saturdays, Sundays or legalholidays to give the suspect the opportunity to exercise his right to bail. e. A peace officer effecting warrantless arrest shall strictlycomply with the rules on arrests and give due regard to the dignity and rightof the individual to be arrested.
2. Rules on Searches and Seizures: a. All searches and seizures shall be conducted in accordancewith Rule 126 of the Rules on Criminal Procedure, as amended. b. Personal property, papers and other valuables shall not betaken without a search warrant, except dangerous weapons or anythingwhich may be used as proof of the commission of an offense. c. Search of house room or premise should be made in thepresence of two witnesses of sufficient age and discretion residing in thesame locality particularly when the lawful occupant is not present in thearea. 3. Rules on Check/Choke Points: a. Only mobile checkpoints are authorized and they shall beestablished only in conjunction with on-going operations/situation, or whenthere is a need to arrest a criminal or fugitive from justice. The conduct ofsearches and arrests in said checkpoints shall be done with civility and withdue regard to the innocent passersby and commuters. The area, where thecheckpoints are established, shall be properly lighted, and legible and clearsigns shall be exhibited to show that the searches are being conducted.Enforcement officers shall at all times be in uniform with their identificationcards and nameplates on, and led by an officer with the rank of at least anInspector. Strictly, there shall be no mulcting, extortion nor harassment ofdrivers, passengers, traders, etc. b. In the event checkpoints/roadblocks are ignored and themotorists/suspects bump the roadblock in an attempt to elude arrest oravoid inspections, the team leader shall automatically contact the adjacentunits for the conduct of pursuit operation and/or by setting up of roadblocks against the fleeing motorists/suspects. Warning shot is notencouraged due to the confusion it can create to the driver/passengers ofthe vehicles. Megaphone or police siren shall be used instead of warningshots. Notation of the Plate Number of the vehicle is a must since thevehicle may be able elude the pursuit operations. c. In the event the occupants of the vehicles fire towards thepersonnel manning the checkpoint, overkill tendencies shall be avoided toavoid tragic and embarrassing situations which can adversely affect theorganization and the government. Reasonable force to immobilize thevehicle and/or neutralize the suspect’s resistance shall be sufficient. 4. Rules on Saturation Drives a. Saturation drives can only be conducted in: 1.) Critical areas pinpointed as places where criminalsare hiding. 2.) Prostitution dens, lairs of prohibited drugusers/dealers and places where illegal gambling and other illegal activitiesproliferate. b. Police saturation drives, if conducted, shall strictly complywith the statutory requirements on warrants of arrest and search warrants,
and shall be done with due regard to the human rights of the persons in thearea, including those to be arrested. c. To undertake the actual arrest, the police operatives shall,whenever possible, limit themselves to the specific residences where thesuspects may be found, except in cases of hot pursuit. d. The police operations must be led by an officer ofresponsible and accountable position, accompanied by any of the dulyelected barangay (village) officials in the area, and the names of the personsarrested shall be properly entered in the barangay docket, including thenames of the arresting officers and the reason or reasons therefor. e. Saturation drives must be conducted in an orderly anddisciplined manner, and as such, law enforcement agents are prohibitedfrom brandishing their weapons, or pointing them at innocent residents. f. Intrusions of residences and acts tantamount to invasion ofprivacy and acts degrading to human dignity are strictly prohibited. 5. Rules on Civil Disturbance Management (CDM) Operationsduring strikes, lockouts and labor disputes: The pertinent provisions of the Public Assembly Act of 1985 (BatasPambansa Blg 8500), the Labor Code of the Philippines, as amended andother applicable laws, shall be observed during rallies, strikes,demonstrations or other public assemblies. Accordingly, law enforcementagents shall at all times, exercise maximum tolerance. No excessive orunreasonable force shall be employed on such occasions as to maim or harmindividuals. Only such force as may be necessary and reasonable to preventor repel an aggression may be used, and only as a last resort. Theemployment of teargas and water cannons shall be made under the properadvisement and command of a responsible or superior police officer. Noarrest of any leader, organizer or participant shall be made during the publicassembly unless he violates during the assembly any of the pertinent laws.General Policy a. The involvement of the PNP during strikes, lockouts andlabor disputes in general shall be limited to the maintenance of peace andorder, enforcement of laws and legal orders of duly constituted authorities. b. Any request for police assistance shall specify the acts tobe performed or conducted by PNP personnel. c. Unless directed by the President or personally by theChairman, NAPOLCOM, upon consultation with the Secretary of Labor andEmployment or when requested by the latter, personnel from the AFP shallnot intervene nor be utilized in any labor dispute. d. A peace-keeping detail shall be established in a strike orlockout area, when deemed necessary for the purpose of maintaining peaceand order in the area. The members of the peace-keeping detail shall stayoutside the 50 meter radius from the picket line, except, if the 50 meterradius includes public thoroughfares. e. Any person who obstructs the free and lawful ingress toand egress from the employee’s premises in contemplation of Article 264,
par. (e) of the Labor Code, as amended, or who obstructs publicthoroughfares may be arrested and accordingly charged in court. f. In the matter of determining whether a strike, picket orlockout is legal or not, should be left to DOLE and its appropriate agencies. g. During the pendency of a strike/lockout, the police and themilitary personnel concerned are discouraged from socializing with any ofthe parties involved in the controversy. 6. Role of PNP personnel during eviction and/or demolition ofsquatters dwellings: a. PNP participation shall only be limited to giving securityassistance to such eviction/demolition activities. b. PNP members shall observe maximum tolerance.However, when the eviction/demolition escalates to such a degree – ordevelops to actual disturbance – which is already beyond the capability ofthe demolition team, PNP elements shall employ reasonable force to quellthe disturbance.V. COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS: A. Mechanics of implementation of the foregoing rules ofengagements shall be thoroughly discussed to all concerned. For thispurpose, respectable government prosecutors, Commission on Human Rightslawyers, and other qualified resources persons shall be invited to elucidateon them among respective units and personnel. Report compliance on thismatter shall be submitted to this Hqs (Attn: ODO) ASAP. B. Thorough dissemination and deep internalization thereof shall beensured and made to filter down to the police stations and to the last man inevery unit. C. As a matter of operational SOP, before any unit or element isdispatched, all concerned shall be reminded about the General Rules and theSpecial Rules applicable to the type of operations to be conducted orfunctions to be performed. D. After every operation, debriefing shall be conducted toemphasize the lessons learned as part of educating the members of the unit. E. In any operation to be conducted, person to person coordinationby the operating units with the units having jurisdiction of the area shallbe done to enhance immediate cooperation and avoid misencounter.Operation Center of said units shall monitor the operation being conductedand be ready to relay to all concerned elements significant developmentsthat may happen that need immediate action. F. Observance and implementation of these rules by respectiveunits and personnel are considered command responsibility. G. Non-observance of these rules shall be dealt with drastically andshall, ipso facto, be considered evidence of negligence in any administrativeproceeding.
H. Within thirty (30) days from receipt of this Memorandum, allregional Directors and Directors of National Support Units shall submitdetailed implementing guidelines on all aspects of police operations forconsolidation by this Hqs (Attn: ODO). Said consolidated guidelines shall bethe basis of a Manual of Operations to be uniformity observed thereafter. I. This revised directive shall take effect immediately. Letter-Directive of this Hqs dtd January 14, 1993, subject as above, and all otherprevious issuances in conflict with this revised directive are hereby rescindedor modified accordingly.
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTSPREAMBLE WHEREAS recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equalinalienable rights of the members of the human family is the foundation offreedom, justice and peace in the world. WHEREAS disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted inbarbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and theadvent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech andbelief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highestaspiration of the common people WHEREAS it is essential, if man is not to be compiled to have recourse,as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that humanrights should be protected by the rule of law, WHEREAS it is essential to promote the development of friendlyrelations between nations, WHEREAS the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charterreaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worthof the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and havedetermined to promote social progress and better standards of life in largerfreedom., WHEREAS Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United nations, the promotion of universal respect for andobservance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, WHEREAS a common understanding of these rights and freedom is ofthe greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge. NOW THEREFORE, the General Assembly, proclaims this UniversalDeclaration of Human rights as a common standard of achievement for allpeoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ ofsociety, keeping this declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teachingand education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and byprogressive measures, national and international, to secure their universaland effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples ofmember States themselves and among the peoples of territories under theirjurisdiction.Article I All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Theyare endowed with reasons and conscience and should act towards oneanother in a spirit of brotherhood.Article 2 1. Everyone is entitled to all rights and freedom set forth in thisDeclaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex,language., religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin,property, birth or other status. 112
2. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of thepolitical, jurisdiction or international status of the country or territory towhich a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-selfgoverning or under any other limitation of sovereignty.Article 3 Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of person.Article 4 No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and theslave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.Article 5 No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degradingtreatment or punishment.Article 6 Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person beforethe law.Article 7 All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discriminationto equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection againstany discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitementto such discriminationArticle 8 Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competentnational tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him bythe constitution or by law.Article 9 No one shall be subject to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.Article 10 Everyone is entitled in full equality to a far and public hearing by anindependent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his of his rightsand obligations and of any criminal charge against him.Article 11 1. Everyone charged with a penal offense has the right to bepresumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial atwhich he has all the guarantees necessary for his defense. 113
2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offense on account ofany act or omission which did not constitute a penal offense under nationalor international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavierpenalty be imposed than one that was applicable at the time the penaloffense was committed.Article 12 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy,family, home or correspondence, nor to attack upon his honor andreputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against suchinterference or attacks.Article 13 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residencewithin the borders of each state. 2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own,and to return to his country.Article 14 1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countriesasylum from persecution. 2. This ,right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutionsgenuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to thepurposes and principles of the United Nations.Article 15 1. Everyone has the right to a nationality. 2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor deniedthe right to change his nationalityArticle 16 1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race,nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to find a family. They areentitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at itsdissolution. 2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consentof the intending spouses. 3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of societyand is entitled to protection by society ands the StatesArticle 17 1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as inassociation with other. 2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. 114
Article 18 Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this rightincludes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either aloneor in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religionor belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance,Article 19 Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this rightincludes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receiveand impart information and ideas through any media and regardless offrontiers.Article 20 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. 2. No one may be compelled to belong to an associationArticle 21 1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of hiscountry, directly or through freely chosen representatives. 2. Everyone has the right to equal access to public service in hiscountry. 3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority ofgovernment; this will be expressed in periodic and genuine elections whichshall be by universal and equal suffrage ands shall be held by secret vote orby equivalent free voting procedures.Article 22 Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security andis entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of eachState, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for hisdignity and the free development of his personalityArticle 23 1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment,to just and favorable condition of work and to protection againstunemployment. 2. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal payfor equal work. 3. Everyone who works has the right to just and favorableremuneration insuring for himself and his family an existence worthy ofhuman dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of socialprotections. 115
4. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for theprotection of his interests.Article 24 Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonablelimitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.Article 25 1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for thehealth and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing,housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right tosecurity in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowed, oldage or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. 2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care andassistance. All children whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy thesame social protection.Article 26 1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, atleast in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shallbe compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be madegenerally available and higher education shall be accessible to all on thebasis of merit. 2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the humanpersonality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights andfundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding tolerance andfriendship among all nations 3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education thatshall be given to their children.Article 27 1. Everyone has the right to participate in the cultural life of thecommunity, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and itsbenefits. 2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral andmaterial interests resulting from any scientific, literacy or artistic productionof which he is the author.Article 28 Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which therights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.Article 29 116
1. Everyone has duties to the community in which the alone thefree and full development of his personality is possible. 2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall besubject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for thepurpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedomsof others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order andthe general welfare in a democratic society. 3. These rights and freedom may in no case be exercised contraryto the purposes and principles of the United Nations.Article 30 Nothing in this declaration may be interpreted as implying for anySate, group or persons any right to engage in any activity or to perform anyact aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedom set forthherein.EXPLANATORY NOTES: With the exception perhaps of Article 22 the entirely of the principlesof the Universal Declaration of Human Rights can all be found under existingPhilippine laws. 117