WEXPLORE China Study Tour - Participant Handbook

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This is a handbook for the project of WEXPLORE China Study Tour, which is organized by WELAND.

This is a handbook for the project of WEXPLORE China Study Tour, which is organized by WELAND.

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  • 1. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook
  • 2. WEXPLORE CHINA August 6, 2009 before benefit and cost. To understand the Welcome Message fundamental reasons, you would need to understand how Confucian teachings have Dear WEXPLORE participants, affected the way of thinking for China’s 1.3 WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook billion people. By getting to know the Chinese Table of Contents people, you will better understand this nation’s Why China? deep philosophical underpinnings. You may have asked yourself this question This tour will take you to some of the most before signing up for the WEXPLORE tour. famous historical sites in the world. You will There are many sources that you can use to see wondrous places and try things you’ve Welcome Message 1 learn about China nowadays, such as the media or your friends and families. And never tried before. However, it is up to you to make sure this experience fulfills your goals. Introduction to Facilitators 2 we believe that most of the ideas are quite We hope this is simply the first visit of many conflicting. There won’t be a final answer for more to come. WEXPLORE Itinerary 3 you unless you make your way here. Then you would the one telling others about your China experience. Group Competitions 7 What makes China so unique? China, one Sincerely, Guidebook 8 of the world’s most ancient civilizations, has recorded over 5,000 years of history. It has BEIJING 8 experienced numerous stages, and each era has SHANGHAI 12 resulted in different historical achievements. Founder, WEXPLORE China Study Tour XI’AN 14 Today, it is a united multi-ethnic nation of MAPS 17 56 ethnic groups, each of which has their own clothing styles, music, languages and ways of Guidelines and Regulations 21 living. We hope this tour can expose you to a taste of the vast diversity China has to offer. China Tips 24 Up o n a r r i va l , yo u m a y h a ve a l re a d y experienced numerous culture shocks, some of which might have led to miscommunication, especially regarding business matters. For example, it is often difficult for Chinese people to be as direct as foreigners. Most Chinese business partnerships are based on guanxi (relationships and connection), which goes 1
  • 3. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA WEXPLORE GUIDES AND FACILITATORS Introduction to Facilitators WEXPLORE Itinerary Yichan Yuan (袁乙婵) August 6, 2009, Thursday August 7, 2009, Friday August 8, 2009, Saturday 二零零九年八月六号,星期四 二零零九年八月七号,星期五 二零零九年八月八号,星期六 Founder Yichan Yuan, from Hainan, China is a graduate of Beijing University of International Business and Economics, 14:00 9:00 8:30 with a degree in Finance. At school, she became vice-president of the university’s student union responsible Travel to hotel Gather in hotel lobby After homestay breakfast, reunite at hotel for external relations. She has participated in AIESEC, the world's biggest student organization, serving as 16:00 9:15 9:00 vice president focusing on culture exchange and global communication, after which she joined McKinsey as Check-in, short rest, small snack Travel to hutong Set out to explore Beijing in small teams a knowledge specialist focusing on Chinese macro-economic development. She came to Weland with the - Lunch in teams passion to help international Youth gain a unique perspective on China. 17:00 9:45 - Use per diem for food and transportation Gather in lobby to travel to Hei Long Tan Park Explore hutong in teams 17:00 17:30 12:00 River Yang (杨子娇) Opening ceremony Reunite at hutong restaurant for lunch Return to hotel to meet with homestay families - Dinner and evening time with homestay Chief Facilitator 19:30 Traditional Beijing duck dinner 13:00 Leave for embassy visit families River Yang is a native Beijinger. After graduating from Qinghua High School, she was accepted to the Beijing University of Technology, where she is currently majoring in English. During her time at university, 21:00 13:30 she served as chief volunteer of the Beijing Olympic Games as well as founder of her university’s MUN Return to hotel Embassy tour Organizing Committee. In her spare time she loves discussing MUN with her peers and travelling. She joined 15:30 Weland International this year and will make every effort to create a fascinating WEXPLORE Study Tour for Travel to Peking University international students! 16:00 Tour Peking University Michael Gold (金迈克) 17:00 Sports/games/relax at Peking Uni International Liaison/WEXPLORE Documentarian 18:30 Michael was born and raised in Palo Alto, California and attended Yale University, where he graduated Hotpot dinner in 2007 with a degree in anthropology. During college he produced and directed a documentary about environmental issues in Thailand and served as a Freshman Counselor for the class of 2010. After graduation 20:00 he studied Chinese in Beijing for one year and worked at the Museum of Natural History in New York. Finding Return to hotel, meet with homestay families the charms of China impossible to resist, however, he moved back to Beijing in May 2009 to work for Weland 20:45 International. Disperse to homestays Vincent Zhu (朱鸣岐) Guide Vincent Zhu is now a student at China Foreign Affairs University, majoring in English and International Studies. He is a devoted MUN veteran with a great deal of conference organizing experience. Before joining the Weland Platform, he worked with the United Nations Development Program, Chinese Cultural Club and other Foreign Service branches, where he earned his credentials as both a Chinese culture expert and a qualified event organizer. Vincent also serves in the External Relations Department of WE Model United Nations Conference 2009, where he is in charge of several exciting events including the Secretary General Summit. Beck B. Kimanoff Guide Beck B. Kimanoff was born and raised in Kazakhstan. After graduating from high school he received a presidential scholarship to study in the United States. He participated in AIESEC, the biggest student organization in the world, during his university time, where he was in charge of managing international exchange. In summer 2009 he joined the WEXPLORE project and absolutely loves his unique China experience! WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 2 3
  • 4. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE WEXPLORE Itinerary CHINA WEXPLORE Itinerary August 9, 2009, Sunday August 10, 2009, Monday August 11, 2009, Tuesday August 12, 2009, Wednesday August 13, 2009, Thursday August 14, 2009, Friday 二零零九年八月九号,星期天 二零零九年八月十号,星期一 二零零九年八月十一号,星期二 二零零九年八月十二号,星期三 二零零九年八月十三号,星期四 二零零九年八月十四号,星期五 8:45 8:00 7:45 9:30 9:45 9:49 After homestay breakfast, gather at Weland Breakfast, pack up tents and sleeping gear After hotel breakfast, gather in hotel lobby After hotel breakfast, gather in lobby Gather in hotel lobby Train arrives in Xi’an office 9:00 8:00 9:45 10:00 10:00 9:00 Trek Great Wall Leave for Tian Tan – The Temple of Heaven Depart for Pudong and the Bund – Shanghai Depart for local factory Travel to hotel for rest, shower, lunch Lecture on rural Chinese development from riverfront scenic area 11:00 8:30 10:30 12:30 academic expert Lunch Taichi class 10:45 Factory tour Depart for Bing Ma Yong – ancient Terracotta 10:00 Explore Pudong and the Bund warriors, “make your own Terracotta statue” 12:00 9:30 12:30 Leave for Jin Shan Ling – Great Wall rural area Depart for Ming Tombs Leave for Chinese tea house 12:30 Lunch 17:30 12:00 Lunch Return to Xi’an 14:30 10:00 13:30 Arrive at Jin Shan Ling; lunch in farmhouse Tour Ming Tombs Beijing closing ceremony 13:30 Travel to Creative Industry Center – hotbed of 18:30 restaurant Depart for Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Chinese modern art Dinner 16:30 12:00 13:30 Hall Leave for Beijing city center Depart for Silk Market 14:00 20:00 Activities in rural areas, possibilities include: 14:30 Tour Creative Industry Center Tang Dynasty Performance - Horseback riding 18:00 12:30 Tour Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Hall - Fishing Dinner Lunch 16:30 21:15 - Hiking 16:00 Travel to train station Return to hotel - Sewing 19:00 13:00 Depart for Cheng Huang Miao – Shanghai city - English teaching at local schools Leave for acrobat show Shopping 17:30 temple and gardens Dinner near train station 18:00 21:00 15:00 16:30 Barbecue dinner Depart back to hotel Return to hotel 20:05 Tour Cheng Huang Miao Train departs for Xi’an 19:30 15:30 18:30 Campfire, s’mores Pack for Shanghai/Xi’an Dinner 21:00 16:00 19:30 Pitch tents, roll out sleeping bags, camp on Depart for airport Depart for Xin Tian Di – restored “stone-gate” Great Wall 17:00 shops and cafés Airport check-in, dinner 20:00 20:00 Stroll Xin Tian Di Depart for Shanghai 21:30 22:15 Return to hotel Arrive in Shanghai 24:00 Hotel check-in WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 4 5
  • 5. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA WEXPLORE BEIJING TEAM COMPETITIONS WEXPLORE Itinerary Group Competitions August 15, 2009, Saturday August 16, 2009, Sunday August 17, 2009, Monday Chinese Jeopardy! 二零零九年八月十五号,星期六 二零零九年八月十六号,星期天 二零零九年八月十七号,星期一 7:00 9:45 For students still in Beijing, free explore During the Beijing closing ceremony we’ll be hosting prize for the winning team. We’ll save the specific Gather in hotel lobby Gather in hotel lobby - Receive per diem for food and transportation a Chinese knowledge competition structured in the questions for the closing ceremony, but keep in mind 7:30 10:00 18:00 format of the game show Jeopardy, with a special the following categories for the game: Kung fu lesson with Buddhist monk Depart for local factory Surprise good-bye party! 8:30 10:30 History Geography Language Economics Pop Culture Facts & Figures Breakfast Factory tour 200 200 200 200 200 200 9:30 12:30 400 400 400 400 400 400 City tour, explore the ancient Xi’an city wall Lunch 600 600 600 600 600 600 12:00 13:30 800 800 800 800 800 800 Lesson on dumpling rolling and noodle pulling Travel to Creative Industry Center – hotbed of Chinese modern art 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 13:00 Eat what we made! 14:00 Tour Creative Industry Center 14:00 Continue Xi’an tour – visit Big Goose Pagoda and drum and gong tower 16:30 Travel to train station Photo Scavenger Hunt 17:00 17:30 Explore Xi’an Muslim district Dinner near train station Each team is invited to participate in the Beijing • An advertisement featuring Liu Xiang, Athens photo scavenger hunt. Any team that collects an 2004 Olympic gold-medalist hurdler 18:00 20:05 Dinner in Muslim district Train departs for Xi’an example of each of the following shots wins our • A clean natural-gas powered bus 19:00 secret prize: Further explore Muslim district or early return • The character for “peace” on a road sign to hotel • An old man holding a bird • An article of clothing or accessory featuring • A large group of elderly Chinese dancing in public Chairman Mao • A stop along the not-yet-opened Line 4 subway • The full moon • Deep-fried insects • Outdoor hotpot restaurant WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 6 7
  • 6. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA The Great Wall BEIJING Wear comfortable walking shoes as the palace is Guidebook Guidebook 960 meters long and 750 meters wide. It has 9,999 rooms—a room being the space between four pillars. The Great Wall was key to protecting agriculture and The well-guarded palace is surrounded by a moat resisting cavalry of the Huns and other warrior tribes 3,800 meters long and 52 meters wide. Intruders from the north. The advantages of the enormous were discouraged by guards in watchtowers with barrier diminished with the advancement of bow and arrows. gunpowder and other weaponry. Tiananmen Square has acted as a lightning rod for dissent. After the start of the Falungong demonstrations, for example, it was The wall was originally built of stone, wood, grass cordoned off from the public. and earth. In the Ming Dynasty bricks were produced Tiananmen Square is a modern creation, China being a land where large public gathering places were The cornerstone was laid by Mao Zedong and Zhu Hutongs in kilns set up along the wall. The bricks were transported by men carrying them on their backs. not traditionally built. Its construction broke down De on September 30, 1949, a day before the official A hutong is an ancient city alley or lane typical in Donkeys, mules and even goats had a brick tied to walls of the Forbidden City to make way for the large establishment of the People’s Republic of China. Beijing, where hutongs run into the several thousand. their heads before being driven up a mountain. thoroughfare, Chang’an Jie. Previously Tiananmen The location chosen represented a clear break with Surrounding the Forbidden City, many were built Square was occupied by imperial offices which were the feudal dynastic past by being positioned in the The Great Wall of China was built over more than during the Yuan (1206 – 1341AD), Ming (1368 – inside the Forbidden City and connected the Temple middle of the old imperial pathway. Completed two thousand years. Construction on the first section 1628AD) and Qing (1644 – 1908AD) dynasties. In the of Heaven to Qianmen and the palace. in 1958, more than 10,000 tons of stone were began between the 7th and 6th century BC, and the prime of these dynasties, the emperors, in order to used for the 40 meter high obelisk. At the base of last work on the wall was done between the 14th and Tiananmen (translated from Chinese: The Gate of establish supreme power for themselves, planned the monument are eight two meter tall bas-relief 17th centuries. Heavenly Peace) is the original gate of the Imperial the city and arranged the residential areas according Palace, commonly known as the Forbidden City. It panels depicting seminal events in the Communist to the etiquette systems of the Zhou Dynasty. The is now one of the entrances for tourists visiting the interpretation of Chinese history between 1839 and center of the city of Beijing was the royal palace—the Forbidden City. Built and burned down a few times 1949. Forbidden City. starting in 1417, its recent incarnation dates to 1651. Olympic Green One kind of hutongs, usually referred to as the Today it is a world-recognized symbol of where Mao regular hutong, was near the palace to the east The Olympic Green is an Olympic Park constructed Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) declared the foundation the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949. The Forbidden City and west and arranged in orderly fashion along the for the 2008 Summer Olympics. streets. Most of the residents of these hutongs were In the middle of Tiananmen Square sits the Renmin Beijing Olympic Park is a big oxygen bar of the city. The Forbidden City was the former imperial palace imperial kinsmen and aristocrats. Another kind, the Yinxiong Jinian Bei, or Monument to the People’s It is a leisure park with scenery similar to that of a which was the home to 24 Chinese emperors over simple and crude hutong, was mostly located far to Heroes, which can be seen in the foreground. classical Chinese landscape painting. Beijing Olympic 491 years between 1420 and 1911. The Forbidden the north and south of the palace. The residents were Dedicated to the men and women who died in the Park lies in the north of the central axis of the city. City is now known as the Palace Museum and is open merchants and other non-aristocrats. struggles to make China an independent nation in Covering an area of 1,215 hectares, with 760 hectares the century before the Communists came to power, it to Beijing’s visitors. set aside for woods and grass, 405 hectares for the WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 8 9
  • 7. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA International Exhibition and Sports Center and 50 expedition of 1860, the Empress Dowager ordered its of the temple is entirely symmetrical, with main halls rivers and ponds, and exotic flowers and grasses from Guidebook Guidebook hectares for the Chinese Nationalities Museum, restoration in the 1880s. It became a public park in on a north-south axis and wing halls on both sides. different parts of the country. Indeed, it embodies Beijing Olympic Park is larger that the total of the 1924. It is comprised of a courtyard in the south and five the essence of Chinese ancient landscape gardening. Summer Palace and the Yuanmingyuan Park (Old main halls in separate courtyards in the north: the The func tion of corridors in Chinese garden The vast majority of the remaining scenic spots were Summer Palace) combined. Hall of the Heavenly Kings, the Hall of Harmony and architecture is to offer a sheltered passageway destroyed in the 1980s, but under the due protection Peace, the Hall of Everlasting Blessings, the Hall of the Beijing Olympic Park is the central area for holding from direct sun as well as inclement weather when of the Chinese government, a park has been Dharma Wheel and the Pavilion of Infinite Happiness. Olympic sports. It contains 44 percent of the total passing between buildings. The corridor in the established on the ruin site. Visitors can imagine the Furthermore, this splendid temple combines various Olympic sports venues and most of the service Summer Palace, over 700 meters long, is interspersed former grandeur of the Old Summer Palace from the Han, Manchu, Mongolian and Tibetan architectural facilities—fourteen sports venues; an Olympic Village with a quartet of double-eave octagonal pavilions crumbling walls and ruins. In addition, there is also an styles. for 16,000 athletes, coaches and accompanying staff; symbolizing each of the four seasons. The horizontal opportunity for visitors to view the complete picture a reporters’ village with 400,000 square meters of support beams inside the corridor are painted with of Yuanmingyuan in its heyday in the exhibition hall. floor space; and an international broadcasting and scenes from West Lake in Hangzhou, as well as figures Old Summer Palace The reconstruction of some of the original structures TV center. from fables and history, landscapes and flowers. and scenic spots provides people with a lovely place The Old Summer Palace, which is also known as the to relax. Ruins of the Yuanmingyuan (the Garden of Perfection and Light), is located northwest of Beijing and to The Summer Palace Lama Temple the east of the (present-day) Summer Palace. The Garden was first constructed in the year of 1709 Located 15 km northwest from the central city Lama Temple (Yonghe Temple; Yonghe Lamasery) is during the reign of the Emperor Kangxi of the Qing and occupying an area of about 300 hectares, the the largest and best-preserved lamasery in Beijing. Dynasty (1644-1911). Over the next 150 years of the Summer Palace is associated with the Qing dynasty’s It was built in 1694 during the Qing Dynasty (1644- Qing Dynasty, this Garden was expanded to become dowager empress Cixi, but has a history of more than 1911) as the residence of the Emperor Yongzheng a large-scale Chinese emperors’ private pleasure 800 years as an imperial garden dating back to the (the third emperor of the Qing Dynasty) before he garden, covering a total area of 350 hectares (over 1150s. The name in Chinese, Yiheyuan, means “garden ascended the throne. In the year 1744, the residence 864 acres). of restful peace”. It served as a suburban pleasance was completely converted into a lamasery. This Generally speaking, the Old Summer Palace consists for emperors, a place in the countryside yet near the resplendent architectural complex is endowed with of three parts—Yuanmingyuan, Wanchunyuan (the capital. the style of an imperial palace, making it distinctive Garden of Blossoming Spring) and Changchunyuan from other temples. It occupies an area of 66,400 The Yiheyuan in its present form dates from Manchu (the Garden of Eternal Spring). These three gardens square meters (16 acres) and is described as a mini- rule over China, 1644-1911. In the 1750s the emperor are of ten referred to as one common name: palace with yellow glazed tiles on the roof and red Qianlong commanded the creation of the lake Yuanmingyuan. Hundreds of scenic spots in the walls circling the group of buildings. and redesigned the temple atop Longevity Hill. Garden are made up of exquisitely constructed halls, Severely damaged during the punitive Anglo-French As a result of the ancient architecture, every element pavilions, chambers, kiosks, earth and rock hills, WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 10 11
  • 8. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA The Bund SHANGHAI including magnetic levitation (maglev), subway, and Guidebook Guidebook light-rail trains that are going to change even the The Bund is one of the face of the Bund. The rest of the building includes a most recognizable U-shaped mezzanine with photographic exhibits of architectural symbols colonial and contemporary Shanghai, a temporary of Shanghai. The word exhibit hall on the second floor, and a cafe and art Intro precipitation is 1,240mm. “bund” derives from an gallery on the fifth. There are restaurants and retail Shanghai, an open city on the coast and a famous Anglo-Indian word for outlets crafted in the style of 1930s Shanghai on the historical and cultural city, is a gate to the Yangtze an embankment along underground level that connects to the Metro. River delta. It is a municipality under the direct a muddy waterfront and jurisdiction of the Central Government, the largest that is what it was in the economic and trade center, a comprehensive beginning, when the first British company opened industrial base and the leading port in China. an office there in 1846. It became the epitome of Xin Tian Di elegance during Shanghai’s history as a city of trade. Shanghai is well known in the world not only for its Located in the center of Shanghai City south of Now many attractive new constructions have been prosperous cosmopolitan features but also for its rich Huaihai Zhong Lu, Shanghai Xin Tian Di has become erected in addition to the historical buildings. A humanistic resources. In recent years, a number of an urban tourist attraction that holds the historical 771-metre long retaining wall for flood control was modern buildings have been added to the city, such and cultural legacies of the city. Shanghai Xin Tian recently built; atop the wall is a spacious walkway Shanghai is 1460km/906mi away from Beijing and as the Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Shanghai Museum, Di is a fashionable pedestrian street composed of for sightseeing, paved with colorful tiles and dotted can be reached by a two-hour flight or 17-hour train Shanghai Library, Shanghai Stadium, Shanghai Shikumen (“stone gate”) and modern architecture with flower beds and European-style garden lights. It journey. There are also connections by rail and air Grand Theatre, Shanghai Circus City, Shanghai City- style. is a good place for a leisurely stroll and a view of the with Nanking, Hangzhou, Canton and other main Planning Exhibition Hall and Jin Mao Tower, and the Huangpu River. Shanghai Xin Tian Di is unique because of its concept cities. There are three shipping lines operating Shanghai Science & Technology Museum, which have all become new scenic sights in Shanghai. of construction. It retains the antique walls, tiles and services to Dalian, Tsingtau and Ningbo. Colorful festivities, like Shanghai Tourism Festival exterior of the Shikumen housing of old Shanghai. The name Shanghai means “over the sea”. It is the and Shanghai China International Art Festival, have On the other hand, its interior embodies a totally largest city in China and the center of the nation’s attracted an increasing number of tourists from Shanghai Urban Planning different world of international galleries, bars and trade and industry, with the biggest and most home and overseas. Exhibition Hall cafes, boutiques or theme restaurants. When you important port in the land. The city is experiencing walk into Xin Tian Di, you will get the taste both of a meteoric economic expansion, one result of which Shanghai’s tourist infrastructure is also becoming Filmmakers and science -fic tion writers have Shanghai in the 1920s and the sonic modern lifestyle has been a massive building boom. Much of this increasingly sophisticated: by the end of 2002, there imagined it, but if you want to see what a city of the of urbanites of the 21st century. activity is focused on the new industrial zone of were 40 international travel services, 524 domestic future is really going to look like, take yourself over to Pudong, a district in the east of the city reached via travel services and 300 star-rated hotels with about this museum on the eastern end of People’s Square. two high-level bridges and tunnel that cross over and 50,000 rooms. Shanghai is also an ideal paradise Housed in a striking modern five-story building under the Huangpujiang River. for shoppers and gourmets. There are commercial made of microlite glass, this is one of the world’s streets and shopping areas like the famous Nanjing largest showcases of urban development and is Shanghai, also named “Hu” or “Shen” for short, is Road Pedestrian Mall, Huaihai Road, Sichuan Bei much more interesting than its dry name suggests. situated at 31”14’ north latitude and 121”29’ east Road, Yuyuan Commercial and Tourist Area, the Ever The highlight is on the third floor: an awesome vast longitude, and is in the middle of China’s east Bright Commercial City, Xujiahui Commercial City and scale model of urban Shanghai as it will look in 2020, coastline. It occupies a total area of 6,341sq.km. Zhangyang Road Commercial City in Pudong. There, a master plan full of endless skyscrapers punctuated (of which Pudong New Area occupies 523sq.km.), shops stand rows upon rows with large collections of occasionally by patches of green. The clear plastic with a total resident population of 16 million. It has beautiful commodities, meeting the needs of tourists models indicate structures yet to be built, and a pleasant climate, with four distinct seasons. The of different income levels. there are many of them. The fourth floor also offers average temperature is around 18 °C and the annual displays on proposed forms of future transportation, WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 12 13
  • 9. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA XI’AN underground. It is hard to understand why anyone feet) high. It stands on a brick base 35.5 meters Guidebook Guidebook would create so many glorious sculptures just (116.4 feet) long and 8.6 meters (28.2 feet) high on for burial. This site makes the sophistication and each side. During the Ming Dynasty, Xi’an was an advanced culture of ancient China evident to the important military town in Northwest China, a fact entire world. Everyone who sees these soldiers that is reflected in the size and historic significance of has a similar reaction to that of the former French its tower. Intro Premier Jean-Pierre Raffarin who exclaimed, “The Qin The tower was built in 1384 by Emperor Zhu terracotta pit is one of the marvels of the world. To go Yuanzhang as a way to dominate the surrounding Originally known as Chang’an, Xi’an was in ancient to Egypt and not see the pyramids is not really going countryside and provide early warning of attack by times the starting point of the famed Silk Road. to Egypt; to go to China and not see this sight is not rival rulers. Over a period of more than 2,000 years, Xi’an was really going to China.” the capital city of eleven different dynasties. Along with Rome and Constantinople, this city was a world leader in culture and trade and played a vital role in bridging the gap between East and West. Often Xi’an City Wall The Great Mosque called a “living museum”, the Terracotta Warriors Since ancient weapons did not have the power to Located in Muslim district along Huajue Lane, the from the Qin Dynasty, along with other relics and break through a wall, the only way for an enemy to Great Mosque is short walk from the Drum Tower and excavations nearby, such as the restored city wall, the enter the city was by attacking the gate of the city the Bell Tower at the center of town. The mosque, Big Goose Pagoda, and the Banpo Neolithic Village, wall. This is why complicated gate structures were which is still an active place of worship and was tell the story of why Xi’an is considered to be such built within the wall. In Xi’an, the city wall includes established by the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD) in an invaluable historical site in China. Xi’an is located four gates and they are respectively named as 742 AD for Muslim traders from Central Asia who in the southern portion of the Guanzhong Plain in Changle (eternal joy) in the east, Anding (harmony settled in Xi’an. Shaanxi Province, with the Qinling Mountains to the peace) in the west, Yongning (eternal peace) in the north and the Weihe River to the south. Xi’an, the Inside the Great Mosque compound it is difficult south and Anyuan (forever harmony) in the north. provincial capital, is the largest city in northwest to tell that the buildings are Islamic because it was The south gate, Yongning, is the most beautifully China. of the first three rows making up the front ranks. decorated one. It is very near to the Bell Tower in the Behind them are the marching soldiers and horses center of the city. Important greeting ceremonies drawing chariots, making up the main body of this organized by the Provincial Government are usually Museum of Qin Terracotta army. The two sides of the army and the rear each have a line of warriors, divided to face south, north held in the south gate square. Warriors and Horses and west to protect the body of the army from attack in other directions. All the structures are in the O n e d ay i n 1 9 7 4 , n e a r X i ’a n , s o m e f a r m e r s accidentally stumbled upon this site of the terracotta same proportions and the same size as real people, Bell Tower reflecting the skill of the Qin dynasty sculptors. From soldiers built to guard the Mausoleum of Emperor The Bell Tower is a stately traditional building that the location, hair, clothing and weaponry, one can Qin Shi Huang. They are over 2,200 years old and still marks the geographical center of the ancient capital. generally deduce their rank and position. Soldiers stand just as proudly today. From this important landmark extend East, South, with relatively long beards, most likely older generals, From inside the hall, you can view over 1,000 horses are placed towards the rear. Each has a special pose West and North Streets, connecting the Tower to the and soldiers that have been excavated and cleaned according to his duties, such as the kneeling archer East, South, West and North Gates of the City Wall of up; the rest of the 5,000 are in the process of being ready to fire. the Ming Dynasty. carefully cleaned. The army forms a rectangular The wooden tower, which is the largest and best- This site is especially famous because it was so formation facing east with 210 warriors lining each preserved of its kind in China, is 36 meters (118 strange and mysterious to bury a whole army WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 14 15
  • 10. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA Shanxi History Museum MAPS built according to traditional Chinese architectural Guidebook Guidebook forms and many of the Islamic symbols are Sinicized. Unlike typical Chinese temples, which are built on a Shaanxi Province is the birthplace of ancient Chinese north-south axis, the mosque is built east-west with civilization. Xi’an City was the capital city in thirteen the prayer hall at the far west end in accordance to dynasties which in total lasted over 1,100 years. BEIJING MAP the Islamic regulation of facing Mecca for prayer. Consequently, the ancient history of Shaanxi is Although originally built during the Tang dynasty, to some degree the ancient history of China. The it has been extensively renovated with many of the Shaanxi History Museum is situated in the southern present buildings hailing from the Qing Dynasty suburb of Xi’an City, northwest of the Big Wild Goose (1644 – 1911 AD). The mosque and the surrounding Pagoda. Since it was opened to the public in 1991, its buildings take up an area of 13,000 square meters, architecture, internal design, and exhibits have made though not all areas, such as the prayer hall, are it famous as a first-class museum in China. accessible to non-Muslims. The mosque grounds are quiet, giving it an aura of religious sanctity, and there is a large wooden gateway dating from the reign of the emperor of the Qing dynasty, Kangxi, who reigned from 1662 to 1723 AD. The gateway features the calligraphy by Mi Fu, a famous Northern Song Dynasty (960 – 1127 AD) calligrapher and painter. WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 16 17
  • 11. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA BEIJING SUBWAY MAP SHANGHAI MAP Guidebook Guidebook WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 18 19
  • 12. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA XI’AN MAP WEXPLORE GUIDELINES AND REGULATIONS Guidebook Guidelines and Regulations Payment and Registration Identification All WEXPLORE fees must be paid in full before the Please make a photocopy of your passport photo student’s arrival in China. Upon completion of page and Chinese Visa and keep it with you at all the MUN conference, all WEXPLORE participants times. Chinese police reserve the right to ask for will gather with all belongings in the lobby of identification at any time. We recommend that you the International Conference Center for check-in leave your passport in a secure place in your luggage. promptly at 15:30. We strongly advise all participants Also, please bring your student I.D. card. This will to pack the night before. allow us all to save money on a number of entrance fees. Opening Ceremony At the opening ceremony, all participants will receive Transportation the following, most of which is also included in this Most transportation on the tour is by private e-mail: bus. However, some days we will travel by public • Pertinent Beijing, Shanghai and Xi’an information transportation (subway or public bus) or homestay family private car. Please use common sense and • Detailed tour itinerary remain aware of your surroundings at all times while • Guide biographies in transit. Rely on each other, your fellow travelers, • Name tag and your guides as well. • Emergency contact sheet • Beijing group game introduction • Per diem for meals and transportation on group Meals explore days Most meals are arranged in advance. However, • Mobile phone—this phone is on lend from the some meals will be selected independently in small travel agency and charges a fee for every call. Please explore travel groups. You will receive a daily budget use it for emergencies only for these meals; any extra money you spend on food Please don’t lose these materials—especially the must come out of your own pocket. phone and the emergency contact sheet, which you should keep with you at all times. WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 20 21
  • 13. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA LODGING Packing List Prohibited Substances Enforcement Guidelines and Regulations Guidelines and Regulations The following is a suggested list of items to bring: No student may buy, possess, or consume any All WEXPLORE personnel will act to uphold these Hotels alcoholic beverages, narcotic drugs, or any other rules of conduct. WEXPLORE staff members will Students must present passports upon check-in at all • Student I.D. illegal substances. The drinking age in the People’s address any infringement directly. Serious violations hotels. Students must remember that they are guests • Insect repellant Republic of China is 18 and will be strictly enforced. of policy will be referred to faculty advisor and of both the hotels and WEXPLORE. All students Any violations of this rule will be taken very seriously parents. WEXPLORE reserves the right to address • Sunscreen are expected to be quiet and respectful on hotel and the student’s faculty advisor will be notified. any violation of the aforementioned Guidelines premises. WEXPLORE participants are not the sole • Hat and Regulations by removing the offender(s) from occupants of hotels, and therefore, we must respect • Umbrella WEXPLORE at participant’s expense, suspending the the other guests. This includes all elevators, hallways, individual from participation in WEXPLORE, and/or • Comfortable shoes and stairwells. Any damage to or theft of hotel Health and Safety prohibiting the individual from future involvement property will not be tolerated, and individuals will be • Day pack in WEXPLORE. The WEXPLORE staff will make every charged for items that are missing or damaged in the As our tour is entirely city-based (even the camping effort to resolve violations of this code with efficiency • Overnight bag hotel. is not more than a few hours outside of Beijing city and discretion; however, if incidents involve hotel • Long and short pants center), high-quality, sanitary, Western-style medical security personnel or local police officials, WEXPLORE Homestay • Extra cash/traveler’s checks in case of emergency care will be available to all students should the will cooperate fully with the authorities. The homestay is a special opportunity for cultural need arise. WEXPLORE guides will be familiar with • Medicine for headache, gastrointestinal upset, etc exchange. Please be respectful of your hosts and the hospital nearest to all the sites we visit, and we • Chinese-English phrasebook have designed our itinerary with the health and their property and be mindful that your hosts may possess a viewpoint that differs significantly from • Camera with USB cable, memory card, etc. to safety needs of our participants first and foremost your own. Your homestay families will receive your connect to computer in our minds. All participants will be provided with schedules beforehand but it is your responsibility to clean bottled water everyday and our guides will be • We’ll be hosting a photo competition as well make sure you are on time to all events. prepared to answer any health and safety-related as a photo scavenger hunt during the Beijing leg question a participant might have. of the tour Camping Weland International is not responsible for any lost However, health and evacuation insurance is not The Great Wall is an extremely ancient, sensitive area. covered in the trip fee and we strongly urge all or missing belongings. We suggest you purchase lost Littering and graffiti are not permitted. In addition, participants to purchase international emergency luggage insurance before departure. the tents and sleeping bags are rented equipment health insurance before departure, as stipulated in and must be returned in the same condition you the original WEXPLORE brochure. found them. The camping may include some physically demanding activities such as hiking and Weland International will not be held financially horseback riding. Though a physician’s certification Equal Treatment responsible for any physical harm to a participant of is not necessary for WEXPLORE, we recommend WEXPLORE. WEXPLORE best achieves a cultural-exchange all students complete a routine check-up before environment if we offer equal opportunity and access attending. to all students. Instances of discrimination based upon race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, age, or disability will not be tolerated. If you feel disadvantaged because of any of these reasons, please speak with any of the WEXPLORE staff. WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 22 23
  • 14. WEXPLORE China Study Tour Participant Handbook WEXPLORE CHINA CHINA TIPS China Tips China Tips BEIJING STATISTICS USEFUL WORDS/PHRASES TIME ZONES INTERNATIONAL DIALING • Area (Municipality): 16,801 km2/6,487 mi2 CODES English Chinese Pinyin Pronunciation • Elevation: 43.5 m/143 ft Hello 你好 nǐ hǎo nee-how 12:00 Beijing Time From Beijing, dial 00 + • Population: 17 mil (Municipality), 12 mil (Metro) Good-bye 再见 zàijiàn zai-jeean City Time City Time Destination Code Destination Code Yes 是 shì shur • Average Annual Income: 36,097 RMB/4,660 USD Jakarta 11:00 London (GMT) 5:00 USA 1 Russia 7 No 不是 búshì boo-shur • Life Expectancy: 80.07 Years Mumbai 9:30 São Paulo 1:00 UK 44 Australia 61 Thank you 谢谢 xièxie sheh-sheh Tehran 8:30 New York 0:00 Germany 49 Brazil 55 • Literacy Rate: 90.6% How are you? 你怎么样? nǐ zěnme nee-zen-muh yahng? yàng? Moscow 8:00 Los Angeles 21:00 Japan 81 France 33 I’m good 我好 wǒ hǎo woh-how Cape Town 6:00 Sydney 14:00 India 91 Mexico 52 Right; correct 对 duì dway Berlin 6:00 Tokyo 13:00 Indonesia 62 South Africa 27 CURRENCIES Wrong; incorrect 不对 bú duì boo-dway Sorry; excuse 对不起 duì bu qǐ dway-boo-chee 100 Chinese Yuan RMB (as of 12 June 2009) me Region Currency Exchange Rate USA Dollar 14.63 EU Euro 10.39 WEATHER UK Pound 8.86 Japan Yen 1,433 Month July August India Rupee 693.69 Average High °C (°F) 30 (8a6) 29 (85) Brazil Real 28.54 Average Low °C (°F) 22 (72) 20 (69) Russia Ruble 452.09 Precipitation cm (inches) 22 (8.8) 17 (6.7) WELAND International Room 1115, Zuo An Gong She, Bei Si Huan Xi Lu No.68, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China, 100080 TEL. +86-10-62636880 FAX. +86-10-82626361 Email. wexplore@wemunc.org Web. www.wemunc.org 24 25