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ParadoxAre there deep connections between science and art in the early 20th century?
What is Paradox?• A statement or proposition that seems self- contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth• Example: “This sentence is false.”
Paradox in Science• Quantum Theory, as we have studied, lies in direct contradiction with Einstein’s worldview of causality and the western worldview of monotheism as a model for understanding.• For the first time since the Enlightenment, we see the principles of logic and materialism refuted by quantum probability.
Paradox in Science cont.• The concept of “no privileged perspective” and “space-time” instead of “space” and “time”.• Movement affecting time.• Limits on speed that contradict common sense• Particle/Wave dichotomy
Paradox in Culture (Art + Cubism)• Paralleling these developments in theoretical physics, we see a revolution in Art.• Picasso, taking after Cezanne, begins to examine form, geometry, and the “fourth dimension of painting”• Dada, Surrealism, Abstraction gaining traction and prevalence.
Fourth Dimension(Marcel Duchamps “Nude Descending a Staircase” 1911)
Question:Is there a common deep seeded idea thatallowed these parallel developments?