2014: Russian Organized Crime 5 Years Out Caitlin Rice, 8 Dec 2009 PIA2365 – Transnational Organized Crime
Introduction What? Current status of Russian organized crime is marked by trends towards oblast’ centers, leadership power vacuum, increasing opportunities (Olympic contracts/businesses) So what? Sochi: capital of Russian crime by 2014 Winter Games
Overview Russian Organized Crime Today What, where, who? The year 2009 1 death (“Yaponchik”) 1 decline (“Taro”) 1 rise to power (“DedKhasan”) Legal response/involvement
Overview Sochi (Krasnodar Krai, Russian Federation) Regional crime in Northern Caucasus Government corruption Russian-Olympic corruption (2002, 2014) 2014: Alternate Futures Future of vory v zakonye? Profit from Sochi Winter Olympics? Law enforcement/rule of law?
2008 – 2009 July 2008 – Taro’s meeting on boat, arrests Feb 2009 – Alek “Sochi” Minalyan dead May 2009 – Andrei Golubev killed July 2008 Feb 2009 May 2009
2009 (continued) 28 July 2009: Yaponchik shot 19 Sept 2009: malyava on Taro issued 9 Oct 2009: Yaponchik dies “from DedKhasan” Yaponchik’s funeral, Moscow (13 Oct 2009)
Lasha medium business, trade, petty theft DedKhasan oil, hotels, gambling, banking, travel, vehicle sales, $ laundering Taro real estate, drugs, arms, gambling, banking, $ laundering Yaponchik Interest banking, information technology, vehicle sales, contraband Other firms protection, waste disposal, drugs, consumer goods Moscow, early 2009
Lasha (w/ D.Kh.’s permission) DedKhasan (+ Y’s territory) Other (?) Moscow, late 2009
Russian & Olympic corruption Salt Lake City 2002
So what? Sochi as capital of Russian organized crime in 2014?
Alternate Futures(under construction) In 2014… is DedKhasan the leader of the vory v zakonye? have the Winter Olympics brought high profits? international toleration of Olympics corruption? unification of crime gangs versus turf wars? Other factors status of conflict in Georgia/Caucasus? Economic situation in Eastern Europe/Eurasia? Russian rule of law? (i.e. life sentences for organizers)