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Symbolism, Imagery, and Figurative Language

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Basic overview of literary terms

Basic overview of literary terms

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  • 1. Symbolism, Imagery, and Figurative Language
  • 2. symbolism
    SYMBOL: an object, word, or image that has a deeper significance than just its literal meaning
    Represents something more than itself; another person, idea, concept, etc.
    Enhances the meaning of the story.
    Can you think of any common literary symbols?
    Colors…
    Weather…
    Objects…
    Animals…
  • 3. IMAGERY
    IMAGERY : descriptive language that appeals to the readers senses
    Creates vivid images in our heads as we read
    Words that describe…
    SIGHT
    SMELL
    TASTE
    SOUND
    TOUCH
  • 4. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
    SIMILE: a direct comparison between two unlike things using the words LIKE or AS.
    Can you come up with an example of a simile?
  • 5. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
    METAPHOR: a direct comparison between two unlike things WITHOUT using “like” or “as”
    Can you think of an example of a metaphor?
    Example: The road was a ribbon of moonlight.
  • 6. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
    ALLITERATION: Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words.
    Alliteration is used to…
    create melody
    establish mood
    call attention to important words
    point out similarities and contrasts.
    Example: We are wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to waken.
  • 7. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
    PERSONIFICATION: gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.
    Purpose of personification is…
    to show something in an entirely new light
    to communicate a certain feeling or attitude towards it
    to control the way a reader perceives it.
  • 8. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
    ONOMATOPOEIA: the use of words that mimic sounds.
    The word should sound like the sound itself.
    They appeal to our sense of hearing and they help bring a description to life.
    Got any others???