symbolism SYMBOL: an object, word, or image that has a deeper significance than just its literal meaning Represents something more than itself; another person, idea, concept, etc. Enhances the meaning of the story. Can you think of any common literary symbols? Colors… Weather… Objects… Animals…
IMAGERY IMAGERY : descriptive language that appeals to the readers senses Creates vivid images in our heads as we read Words that describe… SIGHT SMELL TASTE SOUND TOUCH
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE SIMILE: a direct comparison between two unlike things using the words LIKE or AS. Can you come up with an example of a simile?
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE METAPHOR: a direct comparison between two unlike things WITHOUT using “like” or “as” Can you think of an example of a metaphor? Example: The road was a ribbon of moonlight.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE ALLITERATION: Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Alliteration is used to… create melody establish mood call attention to important words point out similarities and contrasts. Example: We are wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to waken.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE PERSONIFICATION: gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Purpose of personification is… to show something in an entirely new light to communicate a certain feeling or attitude towards it to control the way a reader perceives it.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE ONOMATOPOEIA: the use of words that mimic sounds. The word should sound like the sound itself. They appeal to our sense of hearing and they help bring a description to life. Got any others???