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Roman art
 

Roman art

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    Roman art Roman art Presentation Transcript

    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.
    • What do we know about Ancient Rome?
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!   Empire stretched from England to Egypt; Spain to Russia. Ruled by an emperor!   Roman culture was a mixture of older cultures (primarily Greek). Romans spread this cultural mix to the places they conquered
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Art was heavily influenced by Greek art!  Roman art is less religious and less idealized than Greek Art.!  It was more commemorative (made to memorialize)
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Purpose of Roman Art: !  Celebrate and show off the power and might of the emperor and empire !  Create a record of Roman history
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  What kinds or types of art would you create if you wanted to show your power as an emperor and the might of your empire?!  What might that art look like?!  Where would you want to place that art?
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  SCULPTURE: Realistic depictions of Roman leaders. Influenced by wax death masks used for memorializing the deceased!  Designed to be seen in public places all over the empire
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. 400 A.C.E. !  How does this sculpture show the power of the emperor? !  Why would you want to spread sculptures of the emperor around the empire?
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  A popular way to show the emperor’s might AND his image: coins!  Spread around the empire!  New coins made every time a new emperor was appointed
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Roman sculpture is less idealized than Greek sculpture (not as obsessed with perfect beauty)!  Showed the true looks of their subject– including their imperfections
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.Higher Level Thinking:Why would Roman artists want to createsuper-realistic images of their leaders?(hint: think back to one of the purposes ofRoman art – creating their history visually) What effect would these super realistic sculptures have on Roman citizens in far reaches of the Empire?
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to400 A.C.E.!   Work to Know: Marcus Aurelius, 160-180 B.C , bronze
    • Which is Greek? Which isRoman? WHY?
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Roman relief sculptures: shallow, 3 dimensional carvings on flat surfaces (like a coin)!  Showed off the skill of the artists with many intricate carvings and figures!  Most reliefs are on architectural works and have subject matters of battles or hunts
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Work to Know: Trajan’s Column, Rome 113 A.D. , Marble Made to commemorate Trajan’s battle victories. Height of the column and relief sculptures symbolize the ‘height of success and accomplishment’ of the emperor Trajan
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Work to Know: Trajan’s Column, Rome 113 A.D. , Marble
    • Roman Architecture!  What art history period had the biggest influence on Roman architecture?!  (hint: think about what culture was the biggest influence on Roman artwork!)
    • What parts of this building showGreek architectural influences?
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!   ARCHITECTURE:!   Massive public buildings like courts, stadiums, palaces to proclaim the power and riches of the Roman Empire!   Other types of architecture: baths, aqueducts, bridges!   Spread these buildings and their architectural style through the empire
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!   What would be the purpose of building massive public buildings around the Empire?
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Romans incorporated Greek pediments and columns into their architecture!  Also popularized the use of the arch, dome and vault!  These three architectural features were made possible through the Roman invention of concrete
    • Arch!  Structure that spans a wide space that is open underneath!  Used for bridges, aqueducts and triumphal arches
    • Arch – bridge arch
    • Arch – aqueduct arch
    • Arch – triumphal arch
    • Vault!  Series of arches used to create an open space with a rounded ceiling!  Used for hallways, sewers and tunnels
    • Vault
    • Dome.!  Architectural element that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere!  Used for massive public buildings
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E. .!  Work to Know: The Colosseum, Rome, 70 B.C., concrete
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E. .!  Work to Know: The Coliseum, Rome, concrete, 70 B.C.
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E. .!  Work to Know: The Colosseum, Rome, 70 B.C., concrete!  Amphitheatre used for gladiatorial battles, mock sea battles, executions, plays!  Constructed with multiple series of arches and vaults!  Hidden series of networks and tunnels underneath the floor to hold animals and gladiators
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.!  Work to Know: Pantheon, Rome, granite, Rome, 126 A.D.
    • Art of Roman Empire 200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E. !  Work to Know: Pantheon, Rome, granite, 126 A.D. !  Temple to all the Roman gods!  Huge Corinthian columns supporting a pediment
    • Art of Roman Empire!  Domed central area behind the columns and pediments!  World’s largest free standing dome!  Oculus (skylight) functions as a heating, cooling and lighting system
    • Art of Roman Empire200 B.C.E. to 400 A.C.E.
    • Discussion:!  If you were a Roman emperor conquering a new territory what are some concerns you would have about your new lands and the people inhabiting it?
    • Discussion:!  What are some ways you could help prevent uprisings in your new territories?!  What are some ways you could use art or architecture to spread Roman culture to those you’ve conquered?
    • Hands On: Roman Art – Design aRoman City!  Your Task: !  Create a scaled city plan, for a Roman city !  Create a drawing in 2 point perspective of a portion of your Roman city
    • Hands On: Roman Art –Scaled City Plan !  Skills Learned: • Using a ruler • Measuring skills • Drawing to scale !  Concepts Learned: • Thinking about the purpose of Roman Art while you work • Putting yourself into the mindset of the Ancient Romans
    • Scaled City Plan Requirements!  Rubric!  City Requirements in Binder
    • Before You Begin!  Start by adding the scale of the city onto the graph paper: ¼”: 10’!  Draw lightly!!! If you have a clean enough first version you won’t need to do a final copy!  Use your ruler or a compass/tracer for EVERYTHING!!!
    • Drafting Tip !  Tip* - Draw your objects first with dots for where they start and end before committing to drawing them in with your ruler or stencils
    • Let’s Start Together!  #1 – Cardo and Decumanus CARDO DECUMANUS
    • Let’s Start Together!  Red Area around the intersection of roads will be your Forum area CARDO DECUMANUS
    • Work Your Way through the restof the Roman City Directions