Autism

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Autism

  1. 1. Autism defined by IDEAAutism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbalcommunication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely affectsa childs educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism areengagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmentalchange or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.IDEA Regulations: Part 300 / A / 300.8 / c / 1 / iStatisticsCDC Report 2012 from vvwvv.austim-society.org1 in 88 are diagnosed 1in 54 boysAutism Spectrum includes: Autistic Disorder Rett syndrome Childhood disintegrative disorder Pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) Asperger syndromeCharacteristics • Social Relationships: o Difficulty establishing relationships o Resist human contact o* Issues with social interaction o Lack of eye contact o Uninterested in others • Communication o Delayed language o Struggle to maintain communication (conversations) • Poor communication leads to inappropriate behaviors (screaming, hitting, biting, running) o Echolalic speech - repeat what others say * Repetitive Behaviors * Interests o Narrow range of interests o Can spend hours alone exploring 1 thing obessesively • Student Stress o Tend to get stressed easily o Difficultly dealing with stress o Get stressed or "set off by little things o Often need rituals to complete tasksNon Profit Organizationsvvww, autismspeaks.orgwww.autism-socitey.org
  2. 2. Teacher Tips * Create structured/predictable environments * Establish and display clear procedure for tasks * Establish and display rules * Establish consistent pattern for instruction * Use visuals (pictures) for displaying rules and procedures * Foster social interactions o Teach children with autism to take turns, wait, complete tasks, be flexible, be quiet... • Communication o Variety of strategies depending on level of ASD * Language * Sign Language * Communication boards • Other tips: o Social Stories: Brief stories of when certain behaviors are acceptable and not acceptable o Picture Exchange Communication System: display picture of desired item or task...student responds.. .no words used o Visual Schedules: Pictures that depict daily routines displayed in classroom and in student notebook o Special Education Department: work with SPED to develop a plan that works with each individual student. Resourceshttp://www.araisnispeaks.org/faniily~seiTices/resource-library/too1s-professionalsAutism Speaks School Community Tool KitThis tool kit is intended to be a support for the general education and administrativeschool staffwho interact with students with autism in various capacities.www, a u tisnispeaks.org/schoolEden Autism Services Free Webinars: Teaching Students with Autism This programprovides free monthly webinars and "live chats," free lesson plans, and onlinediscussion forums to help teachers connect and collaborate on the best practices forsupporting students with autism.Effective Strategies for Students in GradesPreK-5 Effective Strategies for StudentsGrades 6-12How to Set Up A Classroom for Students with AutismA Manual for Teachers, Para-Professionals and Administratorswww,autismclassroom.comSkills®: The Online Autism SolutionSkills® is an online tool for educators of children with autism that provides comprehensiveassessment and curriculum, positive behavior support planning for challengingbehavior,progress tracking and treatment evaluation all in one place.www.skiilsforautism.com

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