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Unit 6 keynote


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  • 1. Unit 6 Identify By: C a it li n Po rterThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 2. Pancho Villa (5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) provisional Governor of Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914 seized hacienda land for distribution to peasants and soldiers ordered nearly 500 Mexican members of his revolutionary group to make a cross-border attack on New Mexico (also attacked Texas) retired in 1920 given a large estate which he turned into a "military colony"Thursday, January 27, 2011
  • 3. Franz Ferdinand (18 December 1863–28 June 1914) born in Graz, Austria, the oldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia from 1889 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne assassination in Sarajevo precipitated Austria-Hungarys declaration of war against Serbia caused Germany and Austria-Hungary, and countries allied with Serbia to declare war on each other, starting World War IThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 4. Allies people, groups, or nations that have joined together in an association for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose associations may be called Allied Powers, especially when discussing World War I or World War II formal military alliance is not required for being perceived as an ally—co-belligerence, fighting alongside someone, is enough with a capital "A", usually denotes the countries who fought together against the Central Powers in World War I, or those who fought against the Axis Powers in World War IIThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 5. Central Powers (28 June 1914) one of the two sides that participated in World War I also known as the Triple Alliance, the other being the Triple Entente (Allied Powers) made up of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria name is derived from the location of these countries; all four were located between the Russian Empire in the eas and France and the United Kingdom in the westThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 6. Sussex Pledge (1916) promise made by Germany to the United States prior to the latters entry into the war. Early in 1916 Germany had instituted a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, primary elements of this undertaking were: Passenger ships would not be targeted Merchant ships would not be sunk until the presence of weapons had been established Merchant ships would not be sunk without provision for the safety of passengers and crewThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 7. Zimmermann telegram (1917) diplomatic proposal from the German Empire to Mexico to make war against the United States proposal was declined by Mexico, but angered Americans and led in part to a U.S. declaration of war in April message came as a coded telegram to the German ambassador in Washington, D.C., at the height of World War I. was intercepted and decoded by the British cryptographers of Room 40 revelation of its contents caused public outrage that contributed to the U.S.s declaration of war against Germany and its allies on April 6Thursday, January 27, 2011
  • 8. War Industries Board (established on July 28, 1917) United States government agency established during World War I to coordinate the purchase of war supplies encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency urged them to eliminate waste by standardizing products board set production quotas and allocated raw materials conducted psychological testing to help people find the right jobsThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 9. Bernard Baruch (August 19, 1870 – June 20, 1965) born in Camden, South Carolina American financier, stock-market speculator, statesman, and political consultant advised U.S. Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt on economic matters he became known for discussing government affairs with other people while sitting on a park bench The Saratoga Race Course named the Bernard Baruch Handicap in his honor.Thursday, January 27, 2011
  • 10. Liberty Bond (1917-1918) war bond that was sold in the United States support the allied cause in World War I became a symbol of patriotic duty in the United States introduced the idea of financial securities to many citizens for the first time Act of Congress which authorized the Liberty Bonds is still used today as the authority under which all U.S. Treasury bonds are issuedThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 11. Victory Bond (1917,1918) debt securities issued by a government purpose of financing military operations during times of war generate capital for the government and make civilians feel involved in their national militaries useful as a means of controlling inflation Government-issued war bonds tend to have a yield which is below market value and are often made affordable to all citizensThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 12. Committee on Public Information (April 13, 1917) also known as the CPI or the Creel Committee independent agency of the government of the United States created to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American participation in World War I used every medium available to create enthusiasm for the war effort enlist public support against foreign attempts to undercut Americas war aimsThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 13. Vladimir Lenin (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924) Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician led the October Revolution of 1917 leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years (1917–1924) lead the country through the Russian Civil War worked to create a socialist economic systemThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 14. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 3, 1918) between Russia and the Central Powers headed by Germany marked Russias exit from World War I provide some relief to the Bolsheviks, who were tied up in fighting the Russian Civil War affirmed the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, and LithuaniaThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 15. Fourteen Points (January 8, 1918) speech delivered by United States President Woodrow Wilson intended to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe his Allied colleagues were skeptical of the applicability of Wilsonian idealism delivered 10 months before the Armistice with Germany became the basis for the terms of the German surrenderThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 16. League of Nations (1919–1946) intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference goals included preventing war through collective security, disarmament, and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration Other goals included labour conditions, just treatment of native inhabitants, global health,and protection of minorities in Europe represented a fundamental shift in thought from the preceding hundred yearsThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 17. Treaty of Versailles (signed on 28 June 1919) one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in separate treaties it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty registered by the Secretariat of the League of NationsThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 18. Red Scare denotes two distinct periods of strong Anti-Communism in the United States First Red Scare (1919 to 1920) About worker (socialist) revolution and political radicalism the Second Red Scare (1947 to 1957) Focused on (national and foreign) communists influencing society or infiltrating the federal government, or both.Thursday, January 27, 2011
  • 19. A. Mitchell Palmer (May 4, 1872 – May 11, 1936) Attorney General of the United States from 1919 to 1921 nicknamed The Fighting Quaker directed the controversial Palmer Raids advocated lower tariffs despite the popularity of tariffs in his home district and state played a key role in holding the Pennsylvania delegation together in voting for WilsonThursday, January 27, 2011
  • 20. J. Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) First Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. he was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935 credited with building the FBI into a large and efficient crime-fighting agency he also instituted a number of modern innovations to police technology, such as a centralized fingerprint file and forensic laboratories. critics have accused him of exceeding the jurisdiction of the FBI.Thursday, January 27, 2011