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School Counseling <ul><li>PowerPoint produced by Melinda Haley, M.S., New Mexico State University . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Th...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>School counselors are mandated to follow: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>standards,  <...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Ethical Codes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical standards do not always give ...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Ethical Standards for School Counselors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School coun...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Students </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counseling servic...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidentiality:  The right ...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Students </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear and imminent dange...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Parents </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors have a respons...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Colleagues and Professional Associates </li></ul><ul><ul><u...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to the School and Community </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselo...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Self </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors must be co...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to the Profession </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors ...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Maintenance of Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors are resp...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>The Law and Schools </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should become famili...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>School Board Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School districts design polic...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Legal Issues for School Counselors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Al...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>The Buckley Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This amendment gives parents ...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Public Law 94-142 [Education For All Handicapped Children Act] </li></ul><ul>...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Counselor Liability </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The following activities could ...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Counselor Liability </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative measures against l...
Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Studen...
School Counseling Presentation Resources <ul><li>Schmidt, J. J. (2003).  Counseling in schools:  Essential services and co...
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Ethical Standards School Counseling

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Transcript of "Ethical Standards School Counseling"

  1. 1. School Counseling <ul><li>PowerPoint produced by Melinda Haley, M.S., New Mexico State University . </li></ul><ul><li>“ This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: </li></ul><ul><li>any public performance or display, including transmission of an image over a network; </li></ul><ul><li>preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; </li></ul><ul><li>any rental, lease, or lending of the program.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>School counselors are mandated to follow: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>standards, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>regulations, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>laws and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ethical codes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These have been established by: </li></ul><ul><li>_ Professional associations </li></ul><ul><li>_ State and Federal agencies </li></ul><ul><li>_ The courts </li></ul><ul><li>_ and many other institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Ethical Codes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical standards do not always give counselors clear instruction about what to do in an ethical situation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These codes are best used as a “guide” to practice. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They serve as a broad framework from which counselors can make the best possible decisions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should protect themselves by knowing their professional standards, local, State and Federal laws, as well as know current legislation governing counselors. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Ethical Standards for School Counselors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors are governed by the ethical codes of the American School Counselor Association (ASCA). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors must understand the limits of these standards. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors should supplement their knowledge base of sound ethical and legal practices from a variety of resources. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors should be cognizant that they are serving three different populations: Students, parents and teachers and the ethical codes are divided accordingly. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Students </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counseling services should consider the total developmental needs of each student. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must inform students about the services they offer. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should not impose their values upon students but help students explore their own. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must protect student confidentiality. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidentiality: The right of the counselee to privacy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privileged Communication: A legal term meaning that the counselee is protected from having information, presented in counseling, used against him or her in a court of law. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only 20 States have granted privileged communication status to students in school counseling relationships. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors must know if these privileges apply and the limitations of those privileges. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Courts do not recognize these privileges as extending beyond the relationship of two people. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Students </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear and imminent danger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the student is being harmed or plans to harm another, the school counselor must report it. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must follow the law as mandated reporters. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must ensure that student individual needs are being met. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The counselor must know the program and be able to assist students properly. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All students must have equitable access. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Parents </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors have a responsibility to inform parents about services that are available to their child(ren). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There may be an ethical dilemma between involving parents and keeping the confidentiality of the student. Counselors need to be aware of these ethical AND legal issues. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should seek a student’s permission to involved parents. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should be aware of the cultural issues that might affect a student and his or her family in relationship to these issues. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Colleagues and Professional Associates </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ethical code promotes the qualities of cooperation, fairness, respect and objectivity. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselor’s who are ethical display regard and respect for the profession and other professionals. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselor’s are ethical when they inform themselves about the services provided by others that would benefit their students. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical counselors keep all lines of communication open. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to the School and Community </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors often act as advocates of the educational process and the students’ right to that education. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Counselor must speak up when any policy or program threatens the welfare of a student(s). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors should inform the principal when conditions in the school inhibit the counselor’s effectiveness in providing services to students. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors should build relationships with other professionals in the community for the benefit of students, parents and teachers without benefit to themselves. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to Self </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors must be cognizant of cultural identity…theirs as well as their students’. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must attend to their own professional development by continuing their education. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors need to know when to refer a student out to another agency or professional. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors need to practice self-care to avoid burn-out and compromise of services. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Responsibility to the Profession </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors are responsible for conducting research and reporting their results to benefit the field. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should participate in counseling and educational associations. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should attend workshops, conferences and read professional publications to keep abreast of their field. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should behave professionally when in the public view. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Maintenance of Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School counselors are responsible for seeing that the ethical standards are followed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must bring ethical violations to the attention of superiors and attempt to resolve the ethical issue. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If school counselors cannot resolve a ethical issue within their school then it is their responsibility to take the issue to the local, state or national level. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors need to know how ethical standards comply with or contradict state or federal law. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should also know how policies passed by their local school board affects their practice. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>The Law and Schools </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should become familiar with the laws that affect their practice in their state and city. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should be familiar with the Constitution of the United States. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors should have some familiarity with educational law. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All of these things help counselors stay within the legal boundaries of their profession. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>School Board Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School districts design polices that affect schools in compliance with the limitations and guidelines set forth by state statutes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schools cannot surpass or deny and state statute. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must be aware of the rules and regulations also passed by their school boards. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors must be aware of how these policies affect programs and services offered to students. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors are duty bound to bring forth any discrepancy between school board policies and state law. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Legal Issues for School Counselors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student’s rights (freedom of expression, the right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to due process, appropriate/compensatory education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and the right to privacy). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parent’s rights (the right to provide guidance to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>their children, be involved with their child’s education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and access their child’s student records when </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>children are under the age of 18). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>The Buckley Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This amendment gives parents of minor students, and students over the age of eighteen, the right to view student records. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parents (and students over the age of 18) may challenge what is found within the records and request a hearing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schools are required to notify parents of these rights and obtain written permission before disseminating information to those other than the parent (or student over the age of 18). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors need to check if their case records are affected by this law. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Public Law 94-142 [Education For All Handicapped Children Act] </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The original law guarantees a free and appropriate education to all students regardless of handicap or disability. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors work with teachers and parents to develop Individual Education Plans (IEP’s) for students with special needs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As coordinators of student services it is often up to the school counselor to determine how federal laws affect the school. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Counselor Liability </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The following activities could lead to a malpractice or liability lawsuit: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administration of drugs. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Giving birth control advice. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Giving abortion-related advice. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assisting in searches of students’ lockers. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Making statements that might be defamatory. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Violating confidentiality and the privacy of records. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Counselor Liability </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative measures against liability include: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining strict adherence to program standards and criteria. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reliance on other professionals for guidance and advice and in making referrals. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thorough knowledge of the ethical codes and standards of practice. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge about laws, statutes and ethical interpretations that affect school counselors. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Professional Ethics and Legal Issues <ul><li>Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students are protected against discrimination based upon sex and schools must ensure equal access for both boys and girls. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the school violates this law they will lose their funding. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pregnant teenagers are also covered under this amendment. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One way school counselors assist in compliance is by helping staff select gender neutral, non-stereotypical instructional materials. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors may not associate with any professional or agency who discriminate on basis of gender. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. School Counseling Presentation Resources <ul><li>Schmidt, J. J. (2003). Counseling in schools: Essential services and comprehensive programs, 4 th ed. Boston, MA.: Allyn & Bacon. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
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