Up/Down Position• The vertical location of objects in the frame affects their apparent distance from the viewer. Objects higher in the frame appear farther away, and objects lower in the frame seem closer.
Contrast and Affinity• The greater the contrast in a visual component, the more the visual intensity or dynamic increases. The greater the affinity in a visual component, the more the visual intensity or dynamic decreases.
Affinity of space• A surface division divides the frame in half and both halves are flat space. Although the frame is divided, both halves are spatially similar, creating an affinity of space.• Affinity of space represented in these two shots which are both flat.
Flat Space• Flat space is not an illusion. Flat space emphasises the two-dimensional quality of the screen surface.• The walls are frontal, and there are no longitudinal planes or converging lines. Actors are staged on the same horizontal plane, they are the same size.
Deep Space• Deep space gives the illusion of a three dimensional picture on a two-dimensional screen surface. There are several longitudinal planes, one-point perspective, shape change, size difference, colour separation, tonal separation, up/down position.
Ambiguous Space• The lights are off in the hall, some stray light illuminates the stairs, and the two actors are somewhere in the dark. The picture is ambiguous because it’s impossible to tell the actual size and spatial relationship in the shot.