STATE OF THE ART INNOVATION andTECHNOLOGY TRANSFER of CANEPHORA in THEMAIN PRODUCTION COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD              ...
Role of Coffee on the Indonesia Economics Main source income for some 2 million farmer’s   families in the remote areas ...
The Progress of INDONESIAN Coffee Indonesia the 3rd Biggest Coffee Producer in the WORLD
INDONESIAN COFFEE HISTORY
   Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica)       Arabica coffee is a type of coffee plants that first entered        Indonesia i...
   For one century, Arabica coffee grown as farmer plantation    (small holders)   In the early 19th century , Arabica c...
   Liberica Coffee (Coffea Liberica)       Arrived to Indonesia in 1875 to replace the Arabica Coffee        Plants that...
       Robusta Coffee (Coffea Canephora)       Entered to Indonesia in 1900        In fact, Robusta coffee have more ad...
ROBUSTA COFFEE      DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA       Robusta coffee plants growing in Indonesia especially inSumatera islan...
   From the Dutch Colonial Era until now, Robusta    Coffee become export commodities.     Years      Volume (Ton)       ...
1. COFFEE PLANTATION
A.   Planted Area          Year 2011*          =    1.308.000 hektar           Arabica            =      296.854 hektar (2...
Distribution of Coffee Growing Areas in               Indonesia                                 Sulawesi   Sumatra        ...
Tabel 1. Land Areas and Indonesia Coffee Production                                     Areal, ha                        P...
B.    Coffee Production     Indonesia Coffee Production     2007       =    673.186 Metric Ton                            ...
   Coffee Production in year 2010 and 2011 can’t fulfill the    Target due to CLIMATE CHANGE (global warming)   Coffee P...
C. Coffee Producers      Small Holder (Farmers)         Mature area                     : 890.000 hectare          Product...
Coffee Farmers in Indonesia :     Approximately 1.9 Million head     The average area own by farmers only 0.8 Hectar/Hea...
Government Estate :       1 . PTP Nusantara IX, Central Java with total production          appoximately 1.000 Metric Ton/...
2. COFFEE EXPORT
Tabel. Indonesia Coffee Export                         Volume    Value   Year                  Tones     000 US$   2005   ...
   In year 2010 Indonesia coffee export volume decreased    12.5%, and country devisa income from coffee commodity    dec...
Tabel. Indonesia Coffee Export base on Coffee Type                                                                        ...
Tabel. Average Indonesia Coffee Export at last 5 yearsNo   Country                  Volume               Percentage 1 Germ...
3.   COFFEE CONSUMPTION
   In year 2011                  : 0,9 kg/capita/year    In year 2000                  : 0,7 kg/capita/year    In year 19...
4. Finish Products Coffee          industrial
Downstream Industry of Coffee in Indonesia                                2006       2007       2008Number of Companies,in...
COFFEE EXPANSION POLICY       INDONESIA
1.   Increasing Indonesia Coffee           Production
A. Intensification Program  -   For Arabica and Robusta Coffee  -   Fertilizing:      o   Robusta Coffee           : Organ...
C. Goverment,Resaerch Insitute and Private Organization   back up  -    Government back up in funds  -    Back up by ICCRI...
2. Coffee Protection
-   Registration of Speciality Coffee at Geografis Indication-   Speciality that have already had Geografis Indication :  ...
INDONESIAN SPECIALITY       COFFEE
INDONESIA SPECIALITY COFFEEWHICH HAVE BEEN KNOWN IN THE WORLD-   Mandheling Coffee       TASTE              : Full body, n...
-   Java Coffee    Taste              : Fine Acidity, exotic flavour    Export Potential   : 12,000 ton    Main Market    ...
FUTURE POTENTIAL NEW SPECIALITY COFFEES-   WEST JAVA              : Preanger Coffee    Location               : Bandung Mu...
-   Eastern Nusa Tenggara   : Banjawa Coffee    Location                : Banjawa Municipal    Potential Production    : 2...
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012  by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)
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International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012 by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)

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International conference coffee canephora at vitoria, es june 11 15 2012 by pranoto soenarto (actual presentation)

  1. 1. STATE OF THE ART INNOVATION andTECHNOLOGY TRANSFER of CANEPHORA in THEMAIN PRODUCTION COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD INDONESIA By Pranoto Soenarto Association of Indonesian Coffee Exporters And Industries (AEKI/AICE) INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE COFFEE CANEPHORA June 12, 2012, at Vitoria Convention Center, Vitoria - ES
  2. 2. Role of Coffee on the Indonesia Economics Main source income for some 2 million farmer’s families in the remote areas Share to GNP :  10,7 % to GNP Agriculture  0,57 % to GNP Non oil & gas  0,44 % to GNP in Total *Average of recent 5 years
  3. 3. The Progress of INDONESIAN Coffee Indonesia the 3rd Biggest Coffee Producer in the WORLD
  4. 4. INDONESIAN COFFEE HISTORY
  5. 5.  Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica)  Arabica coffee is a type of coffee plants that first entered Indonesia in 1696  Arabica Coffee Plants damaged by flood.  New coffee Arabica seedlings arrived back to Indonesia in 1699.  The first Arabica coffee grown in the area around Jakarta and West Java.  Arabica coffee Plantation then develop to other areas in Indonesia.
  6. 6.  For one century, Arabica coffee grown as farmer plantation (small holders) In the early 19th century , Arabica coffee plantation began to develop large private estate in Central Java (Semarang & Kedu) and in east java (Kediri & Malang) at the end 19th. Arabica coffee grown in Indonesia for nearly 2 centuries In 1876, arabica Coffee crops suffered a set back due to leaf rust disease (Hemileia Vastatrix) Arabica coffee crop was left only in the high area ( 1000 above sea level)
  7. 7.  Liberica Coffee (Coffea Liberica)  Arrived to Indonesia in 1875 to replace the Arabica Coffee Plants that damaged due to leaf rust disease.  In fact, Liberica coffee also not resitant to leaf rust disease.  It was less preferred because too acidic.
  8. 8.  Robusta Coffee (Coffea Canephora)  Entered to Indonesia in 1900  In fact, Robusta coffee have more advantages then arabica coffee and liberica coffee, such as:  Relatively resistance to leaf rust disease.  More easily maintained  Require terms of robusta coffee grown are easier (400 – 800 meters from above sea level)  Production is much higher.  Expand throughout some region in Indonesia, until now.
  9. 9. ROBUSTA COFFEE DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA Robusta coffee plants growing in Indonesia especially inSumatera island covering Lampung, Bengkulu, South Sumatera; Javaisland covering Central Java and East Java; Bali and South Celebes. Year Area (acres) Production (Ton) Estate Farmer total Estate Farmer Total 1959 47,291 208,877 256,168 18,998 65,281 84,279 1962 45,126 242,475 287,601 12,559 99,121 111,680 1965 40,356 259,694 300,050 91,457 91,457 182,914 1968 38,259 328,378 366,637 13,824 143,341 157,165 2010 48,674 1,219,802 1,268,476 28,677 655,399 684,076
  10. 10.  From the Dutch Colonial Era until now, Robusta Coffee become export commodities. Years Volume (Ton) Value (000 US $) 1959 38,943 18,883 1962 58,530 12,599 1965 108,286 31,637 1968 82,087 42,970 1969 104,000 49,800 2010 447,494 846,542
  11. 11. 1. COFFEE PLANTATION
  12. 12. A. Planted Area Year 2011* = 1.308.000 hektar Arabica = 296.854 hektar (22.70%) Robusta = 1.011.146 hektar (77.30%)* prakiraan/estimate Last 5 years(2007–2011*): don’ t show any significant progress Arabica Coffee : average increase at 6,0% Robusta Coffee : average decrease at 1,0%
  13. 13. Distribution of Coffee Growing Areas in Indonesia Sulawesi Sumatra Kalimantan Irian Jaya Jawa Robusta Coffee Bali Arabica Coffee
  14. 14. Tabel 1. Land Areas and Indonesia Coffee Production Areal, ha Produksi, ton (Area, ha) (Production, ton) Arabica Robusta Total Arabica Robusta TotalTahun Year2007 228.931 1.058.478 1.287.409 124.098 549.088 673.1862008 239.476 1.063.417 1.302.893 129.660 553.278 682.1592009 281.398 984.839 1.266.237 147.631 534.961 682.9382010 283.343 985.133 1.268.476 148.487 534.961 683.4482011* 296.854 1.011.146 1.308.000 155.383 553.617 709.000Source : Ministry of Agriculture, 2011
  15. 15. B. Coffee Production Indonesia Coffee Production 2007 = 673.186 Metric Ton increase 5,3% or 1,3% annually 2011* = 709.000 Metric Ton Arabica 2007 = 124.098 Metric Ton increase 25.0% or 6,25% annualy 2011* = 155.383 Metric Ton Robusta 2007 = 549.088 Metric Ton increase 0.8% or 0,2% annually 2011* = 553.617 ton * estimate/target
  16. 16.  Coffee Production in year 2010 and 2011 can’t fulfill the Target due to CLIMATE CHANGE (global warming) Coffee Production in year 2010 and 2011 are only 530.000 Metric Ton In some area Farmers have already change coffee plant with cacao plant and palm tree.
  17. 17. C. Coffee Producers Small Holder (Farmers) Mature area : 890.000 hectare Production per year : 650.000 tones (92,0%) Average of product per hectare : 730 kilogram/ha Government Mature area : 18.000 hectare Production per year : 15.000 tones ( 4,0%) Average of product per hectare : 833 kilogram/ha Private Mature area : 20.000 hectare Production per year : 15.000 tones ( 4,0%) Average of product per hectare : 750 kilogram/ha
  18. 18. Coffee Farmers in Indonesia : Approximately 1.9 Million head The average area own by farmers only 0.8 Hectar/Head Education level average Elementary (SD) thru High School (SMA) Plantation Systems are very traditional way In Marketing, they depend on loan shark and collector
  19. 19. Government Estate : 1 . PTP Nusantara IX, Central Java with total production appoximately 1.000 Metric Ton/year on Robusta 2. PTP Nusantara XII, East Jawa with total production 8,000 Metric Ton/year on Arabica and 2,000 Metric Ton/year on Robusta.Private Estate : 1. Approximately 10 companies 2. It’s getting lesser since 1998 when crisis economy in 1998 3. Cooperative within Farmers or Paople who live around forest with Department of Forestry
  20. 20. 2. COFFEE EXPORT
  21. 21. Tabel. Indonesia Coffee Export Volume Value Year Tones 000 US$ 2005 424,276 579,754 2006 307,883 497,615 2007 312,084 622,606 2008 421,784 923,542 2009 505.381 803.564 2010 443.766 777.949 2011* 265.409 700.937 * Until August 2011
  22. 22.  In year 2010 Indonesia coffee export volume decreased 12.5%, and country devisa income from coffee commodity decreased 3.2% compare to year 2009. In year 2011 Indonesia coffee export volume by end of year will be approximately only 400.000 Metric Ton, but country devisan income from coffee commodities will hit record high at USD.1 Million (increased by 30%) compare to year 2010. Percentage of Indonesia Coffee export, still dominated by: * Robusta Coffee : 80% * Arabica Coffee : 15% and the rest is * Solubel coffee at: 5% German, USA and Japan are still main destination for Indonesia Coffee
  23. 23. Tabel. Indonesia Coffee Export base on Coffee Type (Tones, US D) Year Arabica Robusta Others Total Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value 2006 67,775 169,901 227,620 294,164 12,481 33,263 307,876 497,328 2007 50,952 141,926 247,852 425,332 13,279 55,343 312,083 622,601 2008 59,735 228,072 348,187 630,917 13,843 64,553 421,765 923,542 2009 62,854 172,909 434,430 608,304 8,098 22,351 505,382 803,564 2010 78,036 223,491 357,591 534,872 8,342 23,403 443,969 781,766 2011* 44,875 237,759 212,160 444,869 5,374 18,310 262,409 700,938 * Until August 2011
  24. 24. Tabel. Average Indonesia Coffee Export at last 5 yearsNo Country Volume Percentage 1 German 75,000 17.44 2 USA 68,000 15.81 3 Japan 51,000 11.86 4 Italy 26,000 6.05 5 Belgium 25,000 5.81 6 Algier 20,000 4.65 7 Philipine 15,000 3.49 8 Others 150,000 34.88 9 Total 430,000 100.00
  25. 25. 3. COFFEE CONSUMPTION
  26. 26.  In year 2011 : 0,9 kg/capita/year In year 2000 : 0,7 kg/capita/year In year 1989 : 0,5 kg/capita/year They have several factors which increase Coffee Consumption in Indonesia:  Living Standard s are getting better  Coffee become favorite choice as refreshing drink which will help to awake us..Its favor by young and old generation ,students, workers.  The ways to consume coffees easier and more varieties  The growth of finish product coffee industrial  Trend aand life style of people toward modern countries  The advance of Media Communication and Publication
  27. 27. 4. Finish Products Coffee industrial
  28. 28. Downstream Industry of Coffee in Indonesia 2006 2007 2008Number of Companies,in unit 77 77 79Total Capacity in Ton 163,390 163,390 164,200Real Production in Ton 133,459 137,215 141,450 (76 %) (78 %) (80 %)Export in Ton 12,006 14,096 15,506Import in Ton 5,696 5,815 6,105Labours (in force) 17,915 17,915 17,995 Sources: Industrial Dept. (2009)
  29. 29. COFFEE EXPANSION POLICY INDONESIA
  30. 30. 1. Increasing Indonesia Coffee Production
  31. 31. A. Intensification Program - For Arabica and Robusta Coffee - Fertilizing: o Robusta Coffee : Organic Fertilizer and NPK o Arabica Coffee : Organic Fertilizer - Replanting old trees with Better seed - In force Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) - Using friendly environment chemical to kill diseasesB. Extensification Program - For Arabica Coffee - Using lands above 1.000 m sea level - Under shaded trees (under supervision department of Forestry)
  32. 32. C. Goverment,Resaerch Insitute and Private Organization back up - Government back up in funds - Back up by ICCRI in readiness of BEST seeds - Back up by Association and Private Institute - Back up by Manufactures with their CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)D. Targeting for Increasing Productions : In 15 years time, we will double the productions up to 1.5 Million Metric Ton
  33. 33. 2. Coffee Protection
  34. 34. - Registration of Speciality Coffee at Geografis Indication- Speciality that have already had Geografis Indication : Gayo Coffee Bali Kintamani Coffee- In Process for Geografis Indication : Flores Coffee Toraja Coffee- In Indentification of Characteristics of Indonesian Speciality Coffees thru out the countries side like Luwak Coffee Preanger Coffee and etc
  35. 35. INDONESIAN SPECIALITY COFFEE
  36. 36. INDONESIA SPECIALITY COFFEEWHICH HAVE BEEN KNOWN IN THE WORLD- Mandheling Coffee TASTE : Full body, neutral, Good acidity Export Potential : 40,000 ton Main Market : USA, Eropa dan Jepang- Gayo Coffee Taste : Full body, Good acidity Export Potential : 80,000 ton Main Market : USA, Eropa, Jepang
  37. 37. - Java Coffee Taste : Fine Acidity, exotic flavour Export Potential : 12,000 ton Main Market : Jepang, USA, Eropa- Toraja Coffee Taste : Good acidity, smooth, nice mellow Export Potential : 4,000 ton Main Market : Jepang, USA, Eropa
  38. 38. FUTURE POTENTIAL NEW SPECIALITY COFFEES- WEST JAVA : Preanger Coffee Location : Bandung Municipal (Pangalengan) Potential Production : 1,200 ton- Bali : Kintamani Coffee, Bali Coffee Location : Buleleng and Tabanan Municipal Potential Production : 4,000 ton- Lampung : Robusta Spesialti Coffee Location : West Lampung Potential Production : 2.000 ton
  39. 39. - Eastern Nusa Tenggara : Banjawa Coffee Location : Banjawa Municipal Potential Production : 2,000 ton- Papua : Jaya Wijaya Coffee Location : Manokwari Municipal Potential Production : 700 ton
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