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what is PBL? how is PBL deliver?

what is PBL? how is PBL deliver?

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  • PBL is based on Constructivism/Social Constructivism: Understanding through interaction with problem scenario & learning environment Piaget (1970) suggested that one of the motivations for intellectual development was the ‘cognitive conflict’ that arises between the child’s experience of the world and understanding it Problem inquiry create cognitive conflicts that stimulate learning Students are active problem solvers Collaborative processes require social negotiation and evaluation of one’s understanding  leads to knowledge construction Emphasis is on knowledge acquisition rather than application
  • Problem Encounter Define the main problem and highlight specific keywords and issues Inductive and deductive analyses Problem Analysis Generate and articulate specific questions Generate possible explanations and hypotheses based on prior experiences or knowledge Make links to relevant theories/research Formulate learning objectives Peer Teaching and Discovery Formulation and Evaluation of Solution Generate and choose appropriate solutions based on theory and research Evaluate solutions
  • Problem Statement: Students’ interpretation of the problem. An overarching statement of the problem; the problem stated in its most succinct and comprehensive form Learning Issues are topics where students need to search and study in order to solve or explain the problem (usually state in the form of questions) Hypotheses/Explanations: Informed guesses or research-based explanations to the learning issues Learning Objectives: Specific learning objectives when researching on the learning issues