Strasbourg2010 bozzano-resa

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Strasbourg2010 bozzano-resa

  1. 1. 9th ENTI Conference Strasbourg 2010 STLOCUS Method Defining Places through Territorial Intelligence a project of Kennedy University of Argentina BOZZANO, Horacio Ph.D. in Geography, Land Use Planning and Urbanism, U. Paris III horacio.bozzano@presi.unlp.edu.ar +54 (221) 4212430 / 4225690 Full Professor at UNLP [National University of La Plata], Researcher at CONICET [Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas/ National Scientific and Technological Research Council], Argentina. Researcher at UAJFK [Universidad Argentina J. F. Kennedy] RESA, Sergio Architect, UNLP resasergio@gmail.com +54 (221) – 4527561 Professor and Researcher at UAJFK [Universidad Argentina J. F. Kennedy] Members of the TAG Team [Territorios, Actores, Gobernanza/ Territories, Actors, Governance], Lugar Innova, UNLP Av.7 n° 776 – 1900 La Plata, Argentina
  2. 2. 9th ENTI Conference Strasbourg 2010 STLOCUS an innovative method to define micro-spaces adapted to local action une méthode innovante pour définir des micro-espaces adaptés à l’action locale un método innovador para definir micro-espacios adaptados a la acción local Horacio BOZZANO and Sergio RESA a project of Kennedy University of Argentina
  3. 3. Stlocus is the old Latin term for “where somebody or something is placed” Sthalam, old india Locus in Latin means place: whereas the first one relates to addresses, the second one refers to the home. It is this sense of belonging, of articulation between something and somebody, what made us favor of this name for the method.
  4. 4. some general perspectives a- replicability of criteria in other places, while keeping the theoretical-methodological assumptions; b- theoretical reflections related to the concept of place and similar ideas; c- usefulness of the operational concept of “place” in diverse objects of intervention d- meaning of the concept of place in matters related to territorial understanding, intelligence and development.
  5. 5. Considering there exist millions of places and thousands of millions of perceptions and thoughts about them, how can we establish a method to define places? We present a proposal oriented towards the definition of places according to five moments or instances. This line of research started in 1984 at the National University of La Plata and the CONICET, it continued in the last two years as part of a Research Project at the John Kennedy Argentine University. It is currently part of the Territoriesnet 2010-2015 PICTe 2 and 3 Scientific Research Program for “Territory and Territorial Intelligence: Theoretical Concepts and Methods”
  6. 6. The place is understood a priori as a pattern of territorial occupation and appropriation in the micro and meso scales: centers, neighborhoods, farming communities, urban interstices, industrial parks, degraded and protected spaces, among others.
  7. 7. It seeks to contribute territorial understanding that incorporates territorial intelligence and development: we believe that, once the places for each project have been defined, diverse relationships may be found—direct as well as indirect— applicable to a large scope of objects of intervention; such as projects, programs, and diverse plans and policies: • urban and territorial zoning plans • impact assessments • general or sectoral strategic plans • policies for jurisdictional changes • geographic information systems • territorial attractivity • identification of strategic interventions • public intervention programs • public-private intervention programs among others.
  8. 8. hypothesis “Conceptually defining the place as accurately as possible in terms of an object of study provides valid contributions, which can be applied while using the notion of place, in a second instance, together with some other concepts such as policy, program, management, strategic intervention, territorial intelligence, territorial development, local development, institutional development, planning and zoning in real objects of intervention.”
  9. 9. STLOCUS Method five moments 1st) territorialities and territories 2nd) vocations and “pre-places” 3rd) rationalities, processes, trends and actors 4th) mapping of places 5th) synthesis matrix: "places, concepts and variables." In each moment we specify what is understood by each operational concept and record the techniques used, in relation to sources as well as to procedures.
  10. 10. First stage: Territorialities and territories. We start investigating in a preliminary way four territorialities: urban, peri-urban, rural and natural. These territorialities are subject to a preliminary spatialization in a map of the administrative area or territory under study.
  11. 11. Second stage: Vocations and “pre-places.” Vocations are studied -central, residential, industrial, agricultural and other- to preliminary spatialize them in the micro scale; that allows us to create a map of "pre-places", this is, the preliminary definition of places in terms of territorial occupation and appropriation patterns, identifying nuances and variations for each vocation.
  12. 12. Third stage: Rationalities, processes, trends and actors. We investigate rationalities, processes, trends and actors that exist in each “pre-place” or preliminary place; a provisional record is prepared —like a matrix for impact assessments— with information about the presence and meaning of each concept and variable in three levels: important, secondary and irrelevant or absent.
  13. 13. Fourth stage: Mapping of places. Building on the mapping of those “pre-places” and incorporating the analysis of rationalities, processes, trends and actors, we create the final mapping of places, defining each place by its most prominent characteristic in the most simple, fuller and exact possible way. In this stage we take care of the final adjustments, when required, with experts aware of the local reality.
  14. 14. Fifth stage: Synthesis matrix A matrix is built where we synthesize all places on one axis and all concepts and variables on the other, specifying and adjusting the preliminary record created during the third stage and related to the presence and meaning of each concept and each variable in three levels: important, secondary and irrelevant or absent. This matrix is interpretive of the research process conducted; it contributes elements to define the operational concept of each place, recognizing its most prominent characteristics.
  15. 15. It is worth mentioning the importance of GIS tools and all the information available on the Internet that enable us to process the data to generate new information.
  16. 16. some general perspectives a- replicability of criteria in other places, while keeping the theoretical-methodological assumptions; b- theoretical reflections related to the concept of place and similar ideas; c- usefulness of the operational concept of “place” in diverse objects of intervention d- meaning of the concept of place in matters related to territorial understanding, intelligence and development.

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