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2A-Sebille- Urban Freight Transport... 2A-Sebille- Urban Freight Transport... Presentation Transcript

  • URBAN FREIGHT TRANSPORT IN REGULATIONS AND INFRASTRUCTURES IN NINE AREAS OF BRITTANY
    Sophie SEBILLE
    Doctorante en géographie
    • UFT = the movement by a vehicle of goods or materials.
    • A delivery= a pause when goods are loaded and unloaded.
    • Pbc: which local authorities in the area of Brittany planned the implementation of regulations and infrastructures.
    • Study of 9 towns in Brittany: Rennes, Saint-Malo, Saint-Brieuc, Lannion, Morlaix, Brest, Quimper, Lorient and Vannes. Based on urban documents, interviews with local authorities and diagnosis.
  • I The history of government’s consideration about the transport of goods
    • Before 1990, interest about public transport and private motor vehicle traffic. Movements of goods limited in towns centres.
    • 1990’: notion of sustainable development (the image of being polluting lorries).
    • « The national program on goods in city ». Obj: to provide local authorities with information.
    the government decides in the way centralist and descending
    - FRETURB model: a tool which can describe and calculate the freight vehicles delivery flows and anticipate the evolution of transport of goods.
  • II The Urban Mobility Plan and municipal regulations: two regulations to define goods traffic
    • Since the law LAURE and SRU, it became compulsory for metropolitan areas over 100 000 inhabitants to produce an Urban Mobility Plan that includes public transport + goods transport.
    • The Urban Mobility Plan: a collective action and global thought regarding the problem thanks the actions of stakeholders. A tool of dialogue between different parties that anticipate public action.
    • Regarding smaller areas of Brittany, the goods transport was quite often a stimulating subject linked with the willingness to build a network of public transport.
    • The municipal regulation is a localized project: some parties were in interaction to set together the objective of making Urban Mobility Plan a reality. It’s an operational point of view.
    • In the scale of Brittany, similarities in regulations:
    - dated from 1980 with the increase of the goods transport or more recent to follow on from the application of national laws,
    - the weight, it’s often 3,5 tonnes,
    - timetables of delivery, the deliveries were authorised until 10h00 or 11h00.
     But, all of the areas passed the law independently with a lack of consultation and coordination together.
  • III The use of FRETURB model to aid the local authorities to make decisions
    • Area of Rennes, a survey of a planning department for 2001 to 2003 with the FRETURB model.
    Obj: to define innovative actions for urban goods transport in the town centre.
    • In October 2007, the delivery vehicles blocked the buses circulation when they were parked in bus lanes.
    • A study of the characteristics of the streets where the deliveries disturbed more the buses circulation.
    • A leaflet to make local authorities of the town and the area more attentive to the goods movement in future urban regulation schemes.
  • IV Experimentation on delivery equipment thanks to a model or based without quantitative survey
    • Area of Lannion, in 2001, a survey by a planning department with FRETURB. Results: a delivery platform wasn’t suited to the deliveries practices.
    • Area of Saint-Malo: a haulage contractor, has decided to make good use of delivery vehicles during the day.
    • Vehicles goods parking areas in each town according to the needs and authorised by a municipal regulation.
     Although the increase of the vehicles goods parking areas, no real global coordination.
  • CONCLUSION
    • The goods transport: ignored for a long time by national and local politics.
    • With decentralization, the local areas have more power to regulate the goods transport but, a patchwork in the local regulation in spite of the Urban Mobility Plan that defines global objectives.
    • To better know the deliveries practices and to aid the local authorities, the model FRETURB was a good solution to define a new regulation or infrastructures.
    • A unique solution doesn’t exist to facilitate the goods traffic: even if the same solution was implemented in two towns, the results would not necessarily be similar.
  • Thank you for your attention