URBAN FREIGHT TRANSPORT IN REGULATIONS AND INFRASTRUCTURES IN NINE AREAS OF BRITTANY<br />Sophie SEBILLE<br />Doctorante en géographie<br />
<ul><li>UFT = the movement by a vehicle of goods or materials.
A delivery= a pause when goods are loaded and unloaded.
Pbc: which local authorities in the area of Brittany planned the implementation of regulations and infrastructures.
Study of 9 towns in Brittany: Rennes, Saint-Malo, Saint-Brieuc, Lannion, Morlaix, Brest, Quimper, Lorient and Vannes. Based on urban documents, interviews with local authorities and diagnosis. </li></li></ul><li>I The history of government’s consideration about the transport of goods<br /><ul><li>Before 1990, interest about public transport and private motor vehicle traffic. Movements of goods limited in towns centres.
1990’: notion of sustainable development (the image of being polluting lorries).
« The national program on goods in city ». Obj: to provide local authorities with information.</li></ul> the government decides in the way centralist and descending<br />- FRETURB model: a tool which can describe and calculate the freight vehicles delivery flows and anticipate the evolution of transport of goods. <br />
II The Urban Mobility Plan and municipal regulations: two regulations to define goods traffic<br /><ul><li>Since the law LAURE and SRU, it became compulsory for metropolitan areas over 100 000 inhabitants to produce an Urban Mobility Plan that includes public transport + goods transport.
The Urban Mobility Plan: a collective action and global thought regarding the problem thanks the actions of stakeholders. A tool of dialogue between different parties that anticipate public action.
Regarding smaller areas of Brittany, the goods transport was quite often a stimulating subject linked with the willingness to build a network of public transport. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The municipal regulation is a localized project: some parties were in interaction to set together the objective of making Urban Mobility Plan a reality. It’s an operational point of view.
In the scale of Brittany, similarities in regulations:</li></ul> - dated from 1980 with the increase of the goods transport or more recent to follow on from the application of national laws,<br /> - the weight, it’s often 3,5 tonnes,<br /> - timetables of delivery, the deliveries were authorised until 10h00 or 11h00.<br /> But, all of the areas passed the law independently with a lack of consultation and coordination together.<br />
III The use of FRETURB model to aid the local authorities to make decisions<br /><ul><li>Area of Rennes, a survey of a planning department for 2001 to 2003 with the FRETURB model. </li></ul>Obj: to define innovative actions for urban goods transport in the town centre.<br /><ul><li>In October 2007, the delivery vehicles blocked the buses circulation when they were parked in bus lanes.
A study of the characteristics of the streets where the deliveries disturbed more the buses circulation.
A leaflet to make local authorities of the town and the area more attentive to the goods movement in future urban regulation schemes. </li></li></ul><li>IV Experimentation on delivery equipment thanks to a model or based without quantitative survey<br /><ul><li>Area of Lannion, in 2001, a survey by a planning department with FRETURB. Results: a delivery platform wasn’t suited to the deliveries practices.
Area of Saint-Malo: a haulage contractor, has decided to make good use of delivery vehicles during the day.
Vehicles goods parking areas in each town according to the needs and authorised by a municipal regulation.</li></ul> Although the increase of the vehicles goods parking areas, no real global coordination.<br />
CONCLUSION<br /><ul><li>The goods transport: ignored for a long time by national and local politics.
With decentralization, the local areas have more power to regulate the goods transport but, a patchwork in the local regulation in spite of the Urban Mobility Plan that defines global objectives.
To better know the deliveries practices and to aid the local authorities, the model FRETURB was a good solution to define a new regulation or infrastructures.
A unique solution doesn’t exist to facilitate the goods traffic: even if the same solution was implemented in two towns, the results would not necessarily be similar.</li></li></ul><li>Thank you for your attention<br />