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INTI 13 - Energy Transition for what Society ?

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  • 1. Gérard MagninExecutive DirectorEnergy CitiesInternational Conference of Territorial Intelligence"Territorial Intelligence, socio-ecological transitionand resilience of the territories"30-31 May 2013,Besançon (UFR SLHS, MSHE), Dijon (MSHD)The Energy Transition:towards which society ?
  • 2. Energy Cities:Where vision and action meet !1000 cities30 countries
  • 3. Energy is an universal issue…
  • 4. …as climate is a global one
  • 5. What does that mean?Acting on energy -> Seeing the results
  • 6. 1 - Society and energyorganisation
  • 7. Centralised organisation(no relation between people)Order is imposed from the topFrom Gregory Ellison
  • 8. Centralised grid(no relations between customers)
  • 9. Order emerges from the bottomHolarchic organisation(everybody is in relation with all others)From Gregory Ellison
  • 10. Distributed production(everybody is in relation with all others)
  • 11. Which (energy)organisation for the future??
  • 12. Which (governance)organisation for the future??
  • 13. ==CompetitionCooperationCompetition vsCooperation
  • 14. Empowerment….
  • 15.  Energy systems = long cycles, inerty Energy choices done from 40 (1st oil shock)to 70 years ago A society based on abundant and cheapenergies without climate constraints A very changing world in all domainsWhy the energy transition ?We are at the end of a cycle. What to do now?
  • 16. A transition towards…Megawatt NegawattSupply DemandVertical HorizontalState Local authoritiesCentralised DecentralisedBig technologies Small & soft techn.Fossil, Fissil RenewablesConsumers Citizens
  • 17. 2 - Energy andsocial organisation
  • 18. Low Energy Citieswith a High Quality of Life for All
  • 19. Low Energy Citieswith a High Quality of Life for All
  • 20. Low Energy Citieswith a High Quality of Life for All
  • 21. Low Energy Citieswith a High Quality of Life for All
  • 22. Low Energy Citieswith a High Quality of Life for All
  • 23. Low Energy Citieswith a High Quality of Life for All
  • 24. Low Energy Citieswith a High Quality of Life for All
  • 25. Accelerate theEnergy Transition ofCities and Towns
  • 26. 1 - Empowering local actors
  • 27. 1.1 Take local control of energy supply1.2 Unite all stakeholders in a local energy alliance1.3 Ensure public budgets integrate energy externalities1.4 Co-create a long-term vision to shape all policies1.5 Eradicate local fuel poverty1.6 Lead by example by transforming municipal energymanagement1.7 Prepare an Energy Transition Action Plan1 - Empowering local actors
  • 28. 2 - Knowing our territories’resources and flows
  • 29. 2.1 Know the territory’s metabolism so as to optimise localpotential2.2 Identify local energy potential in order to live within ourmeans2.3 Prepare a local heat plan to match need and availableresource2.4 Create and implement a territorial bio-waste action plan2.5 Make the best use of energy and material flows byencouraging synergies between players2 - Knowing our territories’resources and flows
  • 30. 3 - Rethinking finance in general
  • 31. 3.1 Keep money spent on energy near to home3.2 Collect local savings and invest them in sustainable localenergy projects3.3 Integrate future energy prices in the economic calculationsmade prior to investment decisions3.4 Dedicate human capacities in financial engineering3.5 Set up financial structures dedicated to the energytransition3 - Rethinking finance in general
  • 32. 4 - Inventing a new local governance
  • 33. 4.1 Create interface capacities between public authorities andthe civil society4.2 Establish cross departmental links to avoid silo mentality4.3 Prove that it works and create a snowball effect4.4 Give public visibility to motivated players and citizens4.5 Raise opportunities for experimenting new practices toencourage their dissemination4.6 Make arts and culture part of the energy transition process4 - Inventing a new local governance
  • 34. 5 - Urban planning as a way ofreducing energy use
  • 35. 5.1 Make planning system drive territory’s energy transition5.2 Prepare an energy retrofitting plan for the whole buildingstock5.3 Ensure that new neighbourhoods are “100%” renewable5.4 Plan modal shift to sustainable transport5.5 Transform railway stations into territorial structuring hubs5.6 Design a street code to favour walking and cycling5.7 Implement goods delivery schemes5 - Urban planning as a way ofreducing energy use
  • 36. Thank You!www.energy-cities.eugerard.magnin@energy-cities.eu

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