Girardot Presentation of the current projects of ENTI


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Presentation of the activities and projects of ENTI

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Girardot Presentation of the current projects of ENTI

  1. 1. The European Network of Territorial Intelligence and its current projects Jean-Jacques GIRARDOT Scientific co-ordinator of the European Network of Territorial Intelligence Scientific co-ordinator of EU projects caENTI and job-LIFE Université de Franche-Comté, BESANÇON, France Maison des Sciences de l’Homme et de l’Environnement C. N. LEDOUX International Conference of Territorial Intelligence Nantes et Rennes, 24-26 mars 2010
  2. 2. ENTI Projects <ul><li>European Network of Territorial Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Research project </li></ul><ul><li>Job-LIFE “Future jobs for better LIFE” </li></ul><ul><li>GdRIit Groupe de Recherche International </li></ul>
  3. 3. ENTI projects
  4. 4. Development partnerships Participants of ENTI network are research teams working with development partnerships. They are temporary territorial networks, that are multisectors into two senses: - They gather actors offering services in all sectors of activity, according to sustainable development - They gather public, private and associative, in the logic of local governance They meet their capacities in a joint project, responding to a concrete concerted project of sustainable development. Diagnostic, evaluation and observation are useful tools to evaluate relevance, efficiency and impact of their joint action.
  5. 5. caENTI Action Coordination ENTI was supported from March 2006 to February 2009 by the 6th research program of the European Union, under the theme &quot;Citizens and governance in a knowledge society&quot;. The overall objective of caENTI was to integrate current research projects on tools of territorial intelligence to give them a European dimension.
  6. 6. Action de coordination FP6 caENTI
  7. 7. ENTI <ul><li>ENTI is now an informal network open to research teams and territorial actors </li></ul><ul><li>Subscribing at the definition of territorial intelligence as “the science the object of which is sustainable development of territories and the subject the territorial community” and </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing at its research program. </li></ul><ul><li>Acting in the field of sustainable development. . </li></ul>
  8. 8. A multiple meaning emerging concept Territorial intelligence is an emerging concept, with multiple meanings, often confused with competitive intelligence, on the one side, or community development, on the other side.
  9. 9. Competitive intelligence Economic intelligence is born in the United States as “ competitive intelligence ” or “ business intelligence ” in 1980, in the context of information society. La inteligencia economica se ha desarrollada en los Estados Unidos bajo el término &quot; inteligencia competitiva &quot; o  “ busines inteligencia ” en el contexto de la sociedad de la información del trabajo de Michael PORTER en 1980, a continuación, Craig FLEISHER y Babette BENSOUSSAN. “ Competitive intelligence is a systematic and ethical programme for gathering, analysing, and managing any combination of data, information, and knowledge concerning the business environment in which a company operates that, when acted upon, will confer a significant competitive advantage or enable sound decisions to be made.”  (Vernon PRIOR, 2007)
  10. 10. Knowledge society The concept of knowledge society is now concentrating on the production and dissemination of knowledge and the importance of human capital and social capital. The approximation of knowledge and action, in science parks and technology, the cluster current economic development, is, for example, a way to stimulate innovation and production. “ Knowledge management is an integrated, systematic process for identifying, collecting, storing, retrieving, and transforming Information and knowledge assets into knowledge that is readily accessible in order to improve the performance of the organisation. The basic tenets of knowledge management are to enhance decision making, foster innovation, build relationships, establish trust, share information, and improve learning.  The means for doing so might include apprenticeship schemes and mentoring programmes, briefings and debriefings, bulletin boards, databases, documents, educational and training programmes, knowledge maps, meetings, networks, and visits.  Performance improvements may be effected through enhanced learning, problem solving, strategic planning, and decision-making.”
  11. 11. Community development Community development is a concept developed in the Anglo-Saxon in local development. By Dimitriu concise formula SANDU it &quot;refers to voluntary changes in, by and for the community.&quot; Rather oriented on a sociological approach of communities than on a territorial approach, Community development often adopts a defiant attitude vis-à-vis information technology for the benefit of participatory methods of animation.
  12. 12. Territorial intelligence Territorial Intelligence is : &quot;Is a way for researchers, for actors and the local community to acquire a better knowledge of the territory, but also to better control of theit development. [Girardot, 2000] &quot;Puts information technology at the service of sustainable development in the knowledge society by respecting the principles of democratic governance: participation, partnership and integrated approach&quot; [Girardot, 2001] &quot;means the set of multidisciplinary knowledge, which, on the one hand, contributes to understanding the structures and territorial dynamics and, on the other hand, aspires to be an instrument at the service of teritorial actors of sustainable development of territories [Girardot, 2002] &quot;l'intelligence as a congnitive process as cognitive and as a organization of information, and the territory as a space for meaningful relationships.&quot;[Dumas, 2004] &quot;can be equated to the territoriality that results from the phenomenon of appropriation of resources of a territory and then to skills transfer between classes of actors of different cultures [BERTACCHINI, 2004]
  13. 13. Territory, a space for community action As community development , sustainable development, affirms the importance of territory as a space for action and the local community as a collective actor, in agreement with the slogan &quot;think globally to act locally. » &quot;The territory is no longer considered a natural frmework, more or less binding, with a heritage more or less rewarding, but as a construction actors.” [Daumas, 2002] It is not only a geographical space but the space project and action of a community .
  14. 14. Governance Since the 70s, in a context of successive crises, energétic and speculative, enhanced by the computerization of society, governance aims to ensure the well being of citizens, social cohesion and the balance of relations between the society and its environment. Territorial governance derives its distinctiveness from the social and environmental costs that globalization imposes to territories. Partnerships are new resources for sustainable development of territories to limit these costs.
  15. 15. Sustainable development Territorial intelligence breaks with economic intelligence, and also with community development, by a more ambitious target than the business or local economic development: sustainable development characterized by the multiplicity of economic, social, [cultural] and environmental, through an the multidisciplinary and the multi-sectoral approach.
  16. 16. Information technologies and ethics Territorial intelligence clearly states the benefit of using information and communications technology. Territorial intelligence is clearly within the knowledge society, where knowledge and information are the main vectors of development. As intelligence, territorial intelligence uses traditional methods of information dissemination and use of information technology and communication via Internet and Intranet sites, documentation and treatment methods of information. Territorial intelligence goes further, however: the “word” territory adds methods for spatial analysis and geographic information systems, while the reference to sustainable development also involves methods of MCA. The use of information technology and communications intelligence territorial nevertheless part of the ethics of sustainable development. This also raises ethical limits on the use of information technology and communication.
  17. 17. Competitiveness and cooperacion Territorial intelligence has not aimed at the elimination of market competition or competitiveness. It wants to limit and regulate the adverse effects of market development cooperation areas. Territorial intelligence also proposes to integrate the social, environmental and cultural costs in the overall budget for development projects, knowing that this accounting is inadequate for the energy challenges of sustainable development are not only economic.
  18. 18. “ Embarqued” and collective intelligence It is an embedded intelligence that uses information technology and communication to integrate spatial information and analysis tools within shared and cooperative information systems. It is also a collective intelligence that combines skills in a cooperative manner to argue, implement and evaluate relevant and sustainable innovative projects.
  19. 19. Collective intelligence “ Collective intelligence refers to the results gained from collaboration and the sharing of information, as well as through competition, between many individuals; it is the primary objective of Knowledge management.  Although the term is applicable to many activities (including those of certain bacteria, insects, and other animals), in this context it refers to the mass behaviour of human beings.  It may be regarded as a form of Networking, which has been enabled by recent developments in Information technology”
  20. 20. Territorial information fields It compares and integrates multidisciplinary knowledge on the structures, the systems and dynamics of territories. It adapts the scientific methods and generic tools of wide applicability to analyze territories and territorial information. It evaluates the governance principles that ensure a balanced consideration of the needs, an equitable distribution of resources and their sustainability, thanks to partnership and participation. It designs and produces tools with actors who aspire to develop their territories in compliance with these ethical principles.
  21. 21. Research axis of ENTI [Territory] Concept of territory and scientific methods to analyse the territories. Territories as place and territorial intelligence as process of the socio-ecological transition and of the combination of economic, social, environmental and cultural objectives of sustainable development [Observation] Methods for territories global observation. Accessibility of the indicators of the sustainable development for the territorial actors. Observation, monitoring and evaluation information systems and tools [Communication] Culture and education for new development models. Dissemination of ENTI work on [Governance] Territorial and participative governance for sustainable development. Integration of actors and territorial community to decision making process.
  22. 22. ENTI three cross-cutting topics [Vulnerability] Vulnerability of territories and vulnerable populations [Culture] The culture as fourth objective of the sustainable development of territories [Gender] Gender and sustainable development of territories
  23. 23. Future jobs for better life Job-LIFE is a “Large scale integrating project addressing an important societal challenge” answering topic SSH.2010.2.1-1 “Creating and adapting jobs in Europe in the context of a socio-ecological transition”, in area 8.2.1. “Socio-economic development trajectories” of the activity 8.2. “Combining economic, social and environmental objectives in a European perspective – Paths towards sustainable development”.
  24. 24. Socio-ecological transition The socio-ecological transition will shift to new modes of production and consumption . The Oil Peak expected in 2025 implies an organized mutation to the post-oil era, mutation that involve the taxation of pollution, an exchange system of permits to pollute and internalisation of external costs. These economic measures remain limited because the problem is not the price, but the limitation of fossil fuels. It will require changes in individual behaviour and social attitudes. We must also consider a financial system oriented to long term and based on public and private funds together.
  25. 25. Job-LIFE consortium job-LIFE gathers a consortium of 39 participants, managed by the CNRS (France) for 4 years. It is a virtual laboratory of 23 research centres and 13 territorial actors representing about 350 researchers who contribute to the dissemination of research results and innovative practices. 36 participants from 11 European countries will cooperate with three research teams outside Europe.
  26. 26. Job-LIFE objective The objective of jobs-LIFE is to establish a prospective for jobs in Europe at a territorial level in 2025, within the framework of the socio-ecological transition, with new development trajectories characterized by the combination of the sustainable development objectives for a better life quality. The project organizes 10 work packages into three research axis.
  27. 27. Axis A {Life quality} Axis “Work, territories and life quality in the combination of the objectives of the sustainable development” It aims at drawing a prospective analysis of the mutations of work in a global comparative approach of European territories development
  28. 28. Axis B {job systems} Axis “Territorial job systems, innovation and governance for creating and adapting jobs in the socio-ecological transition” It will focus on the identification of territorial trends of jobs creation and adaptation. It will address positive experiences of social and ecological innovation and discuss the favourable territorial governance.
  29. 29. Axis C {trajectories} Axis &quot;Communication, culture, education and dissemination for new development trajectories” It will question the process of information and communication for the co-construction of new social and cultural models. It will analyze the educational and formative practices in and by the sustainable development. An ethical point of view on the sustainable development will be elaborated to imagine new cultures of human activity.
  30. 30. GdRIi t Integrate in a virtual laboratory, at worldwide level, research teams on territorial intelligence. Resarch axes of ENTI. Promote multidisciplinary research teams cooperating with cross territorial actors, adapted to research-action challenges for sustainable development, and associate to ENTI.
  31. 31. Merci pour votre attention Catalyse comunity [email_address]