Gagnon Spatial Structure And Disparities


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Gagnon Spatial Structure And Disparities

  1. 1. Spatial structure and disparities: a possible link? Communication presented by Denis Y. CHARLEBOIS, B.Sc (agr.), M.A. Under the direction of Serge GAGNON, Ph.D., Geography At the Grand Ouest Conference on Territorial Intelligence Nantes-Rennes, March, 2010
  2. 2. A word about disparities Types of disparities Differentiated territorial actors Space: a differentiated structure of positions Relation between spatial structure and disparities Interpretation Conclusion Contents
  3. 3. Presque toutes les révolutions qui ont changé la face des peuples ont été faites pour consacrer ou pour détruire l’égalité. Écartez les causes secondaires qui ont produit les grandes agitations des hommes, vous en arriverez presque toujours à l’inégalité . De Tocqueville, A. (1840); De la démocratie en Amérique, Tome 2, chapitre XXI. Librairie philosophique J. Vrin, 1990. A word about disparities
  4. 4. Economic Social Environmental Cultural Types of disparities Ratio median income to average income The indicator of economic disparities chosen
  5. 5. An essential: the capacity to control one’s mobility Humans: all nomads, at various degrees Factors affecting the capacity to control mobility: Age Health Richness Education Employment status etc. Differentiated territorial actors: nomads and sedentaries
  6. 6. The territory generation path in 3 times: geoanthropologic, geopolitic, geoeconomic GA: Between utilitary and esthetic, the values invested in the land GP: A fight for the appropriation or control of geographic positions GE: The necessity to pay for the « situation rent » Space: a differentiated structure of positions
  7. 7. The study zone: Montérégie-Estrie in Québec (Canada)
  8. 8. <ul><li>Elements of T1: geoanthropologic </li></ul><ul><li>Localized Imaginary </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic anchors </li></ul><ul><li>Prospective vision </li></ul><ul><li>Esthetic </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Utilitary </li></ul><ul><li>Values associated with places: </li></ul>
  9. 9. T1 - Synthesis map of valorisations
  10. 10. Indicator map: the old representations
  11. 11. <ul><li>Elements of T2: geopolitic </li></ul><ul><li>Land rights </li></ul><ul><li>Land-use orientations </li></ul><ul><li>Actors’ capacity of actions </li></ul><ul><li>High </li></ul><ul><li>Madium </li></ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial capacity of action: </li></ul>
  12. 12. T2 - Synthesis map of the capacity of action
  13. 13. <ul><li>Elements of T3: geoeconomic </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of development </li></ul><ul><li>State of the occuoancies </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Types of usages: </li></ul>
  14. 14. T3 - Synthesis map of usages
  15. 15. General synthesis map
  16. 16. Consecration territory Exploitation territory Territory of cohabitation
  17. 17. Relation between disparities and spatial structure 2006, R=0,4722 1986, R=0,4089 n=23266
  18. 18. Where the spatial structure is more of the kind “consecration”, the disparities in income are higher; Where the spatial structure is more of the kind “exploitation”, the disparities in income are lower; The relation is stronger in 2006 than in 1986. Interpretation
  19. 19. This study has examined a possibility of a relation between income disparities and the spatial structure in the region of Montérégie/Estrie in Québec. There is a significant correlation between the two series of numbers, and it is stronger after a period of 20 years.. The increase in the strength of the correlation could be an indicator of the relation. However, it cannot be inferred by these data that there is a causal effect between the two phenomena, although there is one in the sequence of the concept underlying the spatial structure, the territory generation path. More research will have to be performed on the issue before we will be able to state definitely on the question. Conclusion
  20. 20. Site internet Cyber carnet Documents available (upon registration)
  21. 21. Une méthode innovante: des pistes pour une action publique en aménagement des territoires Thank you