Chuinti13 gontier


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Accompany the mutation of an industrial city into sustainable industrial city: engineering of the territorial prospective to strengthen citizen and institutional empowerment.

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Chuinti13 gontier

  1. 1. Accompanying the transformation of an industrial city into a sustainable city: territorial prospective workshops to strengthen citizen and institutional empowerment INTI Conference Huelva 2013 21st-22nd November Social Innovation and new ways of governance for Pascale Gontier
  2. 2. A research and training action in the town of Hawkesbury, Ontario, Canada A consortium of research and training for action • UQO, LabMIT Serge Gagnon / expert diagnosis • The Cégep de l'Outaouais, CerTIT Pascale Gontier / expert diagnosis, workshops, strategic plan • A cooperative of territorial development, the anvil / strategic plan A prospective approach applied from March 2012 to September 2013  
  3. 3. The city of Hawkesbury Formatting context ( Contextualization ) -A trading area and services for the region. - A city that has lost its major industries but maintains a diversified industrial zone - A rich city,but neglected, getting depopulated and impoverished. - A city in a rural country where large farms dominate. - A city with a working-class tradition losing its identity   Outaouais river Montréal, Québec, canada 100kms Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 100kms
  4. 4. The expectations of the town councillors  Getting a scientific territory diagnosis for their planning documents  Developing the capability of the community to project itself into the future : Involving the community in a participatory approach to understand the issues for the territory and build a shared vision of urban development by 2030
  5. 5. Methodological proposal • Proposing a simple diagram of applied prospective to anchor a prospective attitude in the community • Implementation of the method to analyze the spatial dynamics of structural geography in the workshops • Using spatial representations and heuristic cards as tools for expert and lay knowledge mediation.  
  6. 6. Workshop 3: Transfer of the structural geography assumptions  Every territory consists in spaces in tension for the location of activities and mobility of people  Every territory is marked by dynamics of urbanity and rurality which influence the way it can be transformed: indicators of rurality strengthen tradition, urbanity indicators promote innovation  The dynamics of rurality and urbanity are influenced by the cultural perception of landscapes converted into uses of the territory, property rules and local governance  Three types of landscape influence the occupation and development of the territory: aesthetic landscapes (escape spaces), utilities (functional spaces) and coexistence (mixed spaces)  
  7. 7. Workshop 3 : Locating and drawing the typology of spaces Positioning the projects in progress to evaluate space coherence
  8. 8. Hypothèses pour l’analyse Matériel produit Radar de la rurbanité Capacité de transformation Scénario 1 Scénario 2 Intentions exprimées Prochaines étapes Capability of transforming the territory : Utilitarian and coexistence spaces
  9. 9. Hypothèses pour l’aalyse Matériel produit Radar de la rurbanité Capacité de transformation Scénario 1 Scénario 2 Intentions exprimées Prochaines étapes Capability of transforming the territory : Escape and coexistence spaces
  10. 10. Workshop 3: Transfer of the structural geography assumptions Rurality and urbanity markers Rurality markers The utilitarian perception of the landscapes is dominating Importance of monofunctional spaces ( production-settlement) Few aesthetic landscapes are enhanced Few escape spaces (attractive) Coexistence spaces for mixed use under the influence of utilitarian spaces Sedentary populations because of economic activity or affordable accomodation A vulnerable and hardly diversified economy A rather homogeneous population A little replacement of the populations Little property value «  A territory where you have to be  » A territory of tradition which can hardly be transformed unless you act on the way utilitarian spaces are perceived Urbanity markers Value of aesthetic landscapes (natural and patrimony) Importance of the escape spaces (attractive) Importance of the multi-functional coexistence spaces under influence of the valued aesthetic spaces  Controled utilitarian spaces Sedentary populations motivate by the environment A diversified economy in transformation Population turnover( motivated nomads) An increasing property value «  A territory where you want to be » An innovative territory with a good capability of transformation
  11. 11. Workshop 3: Stage 4 Looking for urbanity and rurality signs to complete the rurbanity pattern
  12. 12. The rurbanity pattern
  13. 13. Scenario1 Hawkesbury, my past, my reality: an industrial and commercial suburban city
  14. 14. Scenario 2 The city on piles, the future borne by tradition
  15. 15. In conclusion…. « They didn’t know that it was impossible then they do it » Marc Twain (1835-1910) The IT transfer: A training and a methodical progression to become an actor of the community: • The appropriation of the prospective process • The acquisition of concepts and a method of analysis of complexity • A visual trace of the work A bilateral valorization of work The researcher, an actor of the transformation
  16. 16. Institutional empowerment? A question to the leader of the town of Hawkesbury « In my opinion lines have already begun to move just by the fact of this exercise. The future is the guarantor of the effort that was put by us people in this document. People have asked a popular follow-up that will be included in the application procedure. So now the lines will move if it is shown that management and the Board are committed to make the living document on an annual basis. » René Berthiaume, mayor of Hawkesbury 2013 November 8 th
  17. 17. Bibliography • AkricheM, Callon M, Latour B(2006). Sociologie de la tarduction, textes fondateurs, Presse de l’école des mines. • Bacqué MH, Biewener Carole (2013) L’empowerment une pratique émancipatrice, La découverte. • Callon M, Lascoume P, Barthes Y (2001). Agir dans un monde incertain, Seuil, la couleur des idées. • Cauvin C, (2002)« Cognitive and cartographic representations : towars acomprensiv approach » URL • Desmarais G, Richtot G(2000). La géographie structurale, l’Harmattan. • Gagnon S (2002). L’échiquier touristique québécois, PUQ. • Gagnon S (2009). Le rôle de la spatialité dans l’organisation des territoires, guide de géomatique structurale, LabMIT. • Godet M (2007). Manuel de prospective stratégique. Tome 1 : une indiscipline intellectuelle ; Tome 2 : l’art et la méthode DUNOD • Gontier P, Lardon S, Loudiyi S (2008).Utiliser les représentations spatiales pour analyser son territoire: une formation-action pour le développement territorial. Colloque ASRDLF Rimouski, Québec, Canada. • Gontier P (2011). La didactique du changement territorial pour un territoire apprenant. Conférence pour le colloque « Intelligence, communication, ingénierie territoriale pour penser ensemble le développement des territoires ». Gatineau, Québec, Canada octobre 2011( • Jambes JP (2009). Territoires apprenants, esquisse pour le développement local du 21° siècle, l’Harmattan.