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Impact of economic crisis in the development of local agenda 21. The Case of the province of Huelva (SPAIN)
Irene CORREA TIERRA

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Chuinti13 correa

  1. 1. INTI Conference Huelva 2013 21st-22nd November Social Innovation and new ways of governance for the socioecological transition IMPACT OF ECONOMIC CRISIS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL AGENDA 21. The Case of the province of Huelva (SPAIN) Irene Correa Tierra C3it-University of Huelva
  2. 2. Index • Introduction • Local Agenda 21 in Huelva • Evaluation of LA21 • Final ideas/Conclusions
  3. 3. Introduction • Presentation of: - an evaluation analysis of Local Agenda 21 done in the province of Huelva in the last decade, and - identify the influence of the current crisis on local sustainable policies. Introduction; Local Agenda 21 in Huelva; Evaluation of LA21; Final ideas/Conclusions
  4. 4. Introduction • The rise of environmental awareness since the seventies facilitated the application of `sustainable´ policies in all areas -from international to local-. • Local Agenda 21 as methodology for achieving sustainable development at the local level, has been implemented for almost 20 years in more than 2,800 European towns, of which almost 1,200 are Spanish. Introduction; Local Agenda 21 in Huelva; Evaluation of LA21; Final ideas/Conclusions
  5. 5. LA21-Phases Initial step (motivation) Auditing Acordar filosofía Identificar problemas y causas Definir objetivos generales Priorizar problemas Action Plan Establecer objetivos específicos Identificar opciones para la acción Crear programas para abordar los objetivos Formalizarlos en un Plan de Acción Evaluation and feed-back Aplicar y comprobar Evaluar y retroalimentar
  6. 6. LA21-Phases Initial step (motivation) Auditing Acordar filosofía Identificar problemas y causas Definir objetivos generales Priorizar problemas Action Plan Establecer objetivos específicos Identificar opciones para la acción Crear programas para abordar los objetivos Formalizarlos en un Plan de Acción Evaluation and feed-back Aplicar y comprobar Evaluar y retroalimentar New elements: 1. GreenPhilosophy 2. Participation 3. Continuous
  7. 7. Local Agenda 21 in Huelva • In Huelva: Almost all of the municipalities has been involved in sustainability policies: -Like signatories of Charter of European Cities & Towns Towards Sustainability (Aalborg Charter, 1994) -Provincial Agenda 21-Huelva/ Sustainable Energy Action Plans -Members of CIUDAD 21 Introduction; Local Agenda 21 in Huelva; Evaluation of LA21; Final ideas/Conclusions
  8. 8. http://www.ciudad21.org/
  9. 9. •Local Agendas 21: `Ciudad´ 21 Program 2002 2008 2011 HUELVA PROVINCE
  10. 10. •Local Agendas 21: `Ciudad´ 21 Program 2002 2008 2011 Study area: HUELVA PROVINCE
  11. 11. Evaluation of LA21 • Study area: Punta Umbría + Cartaya + Aljaraque Introduction; Local Agenda 21 in Huelva; Evaluation of LA21; Final ideas/Conclusions
  12. 12. Evaluation of LA21 • Study area: Punta Umbría + Cartaya + Aljaraque • Why these cases? Because they had an own Local Agenda 21, they were very active and because they had… 1. Resources (economic / staff) 2. Institutional support 3. Positives experiences (participation/ results) Introduction; Local Agenda 21 in Huelva; Evaluation of LA21; Final ideas/Conclusions
  13. 13. Evaluation of LA21 • Current situation: 1. Resources (economic / staff) • • without personal, and the personal of the Envieronment or Local development Area don´t know it or they don´t have time for it. without own budget. Any action with own resources. 2. Institutional support • it isn´t between the priorities of the local governments 3. Positives experiences (participation/ results) • • • Last actions: The Covenant of Mayors, PAES-Sustainable Energy Action Plans No participative process (afraid for it?) Any public information Introduction; Local Agenda 21 in Huelva; Evaluation of LA21; Final ideas/Conclusions
  14. 14. Conclusions • Old positive experiences (plans, projects…) • The good relationship between administration and citizen or • Implemented participatory processes experiences not been enough to survive • Need more maturity (participation and education) • More co-responsability Introduction; Local Agenda 21 in Huelva; Evaluation of LA21; Final ideas/Conclusions
  15. 15. Thanks for attention! irene@uhu.es

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