B08 A24c 33 Diapo Breuer En
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Sixth annual International Conference of Territorial Intelligence "Tools and methods of Territorial Intelligence"

Sixth annual International Conference of Territorial Intelligence "Tools and methods of Territorial Intelligence"

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B08 A24c 33 Diapo Breuer En Presentation Transcript

  • 1. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 EMERGENCE OF A TERRITORY PROJECT FOR THE DISTRICTS OF HUY AND WAREMME (BELGIUM) Tools, participation and construction Besançon, October 16th 2008 International Conference of Territorial Intelligence Tools and methods of Territorial Intelligence Christophe BREUER Researcher SEGEFA – University of Liege (Belgium) Guénaël DEVILLET Deputy-manager SEGEFA – University of Liege
  • 2. Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction 1 – Introduction 2 – Diagnosis and shared analysis 2.1 A tool at the base of the actors’ reflection: the cartographic pack 2.2 Relevant territory and territory of action 2.3 Selection of the indicators 3 – Construction of the territory project 3.1 Method 1 : Tuesday of the development 3.2 Method 2 : Final conference 3.3 Territory Project 4 – Strategy and territorial intelligence 5 – Conclusion BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008
  • 3. 1 - Introduction During the year 2007, the CSEF undertakes its strategic planning of actions (PAD) for the period 2008 - 2014 . In order to ensure an external scientific managment, the CSEF of the Huy and Waremme districts appealed to the SEGEFA from the University of Liege. The project quickly exceeds the economic and formation sectors to include the sectors related to the environment, the culture… the vision become systemic . The wish of the CSEF being to make the actors appropriate certain phases of the process , regular meetings have been programmed during various parts of the elaboration of a « strategic tool of shared actions ». The territory of the two districts being vast and including varied areas, the actors were diverse. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 4. 1 - Introduction • 176.000 inhabitants for 1.049 km ² and 31 communes • Many socio-economic actors (institutions/lobby groups) • Big difficulties related to the heterogeneity of the territory • Transition territory between Liège / Bruxelles / Namur  No clear identity BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 5. 1 – Introduction Space-time analysis made by the SEGEFA of the University of Liège to make a diagnostic of the region Huy - Waremme: weaknesses, strenghts, opportunities and threats? CSEF Huy – Waremme by the trade unions, the employers and the local actors for a general reflection in order to develop a strategic tool of actions Workshop 1 : Territorial attractivity Workshop 2 : Energy & sustainable development Workshop 3 & 4 : Companies, trade, services/Building firm Workshop 5 : Tourisme & Culture Workshop 6 : Agriculture & Horticulture Workshop 7 : Planification & Infrastructures Phase 3 Execution of a strategic planning BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 6. 2 – Diagnosis and shared analysis The initial diagnosis carried out by the SEGEFA had to be large enough to get a vast, and readable statistical sight so that the actors can make use of it without difficulty in the next phases of the step. The cartographic option seemed to be ideal to take the various contextual indicators into account. Assembled in the form of a « package », the documents (cartographic & statistical) have been distributed to the various actors. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 7. 2.1 - A tool at the base of the actors’ reflection: the cartographic pack • The diagnoses are often perceived like unpleasing and incomprehensible , what considerably decreases their effectiveness and give them a secondary formal role. • It is a question of decreasing the blockages of the territory comprehension, in other words, to widen the knowledge of a maximum of the debates recipients. • The cartography : - spatializes the information visually, what allows an increased comprehension of the dynamics and disparities of the territory (+/- D) ; - gives a t hematic synthesis and substantially more readable than the data tables ; - is more didactic and better perceived than the raw data ; - allows iterative correction as an effective and interactive mean to build up the shared diagnosis ; - … • The cartography has some inconvenient (simplicity, difficulty of interpretation) BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 8. 2.1 - A tool at the base of the actors’ reflection: the cartographic pack • A cartographic package was created and distributed to the participants. • It was the synthesis of the pre diagnosis, compiled in 42 thematic cards and maps. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction CARTOGRAPHY COMPAR. EXPLANATION
  • 9. 2.1 - A tool at the base of the actors’ reflection: the cartographic pack • The participants used the provided maps, which were : - the support of the identification of certain localizable problems ; - the vector of complementary analyzes by the actors themselves. Actors asked for additional cartographies (infrastructure / teaching / …) • The schematization realized at different scales made it possible to specify the place of the studied territory in the regional and national context. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 10. 2.1 - A tool at the base of the actors’ reflection: the cartographic pack • Evaluation : - The evaluation of this tool is positive, for the piloting team and for the participants. - She allowed to overcome the blockages of the information diffusion. - She was really the basis of an accurate and shared analysis. This method of validation and of iterative correction seems to be an effective and interactive mean to build up the shared diagnosis. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 11. 2.2 - Relevant territory and territory of action The main participative territorial development projects run up from the start against the difficulty in determining a relevant territory of work to carry out the collective project in the long term. Indeed, it seems that the realization of a participative process within a territory having a strong identity and a feeling of membership supports the emergence of common objectives with a consensual vision of the territory development. The selection of boundaries depending of relevant territory : • decrease the number of variables to be taken into account (isolation of system) • make it’s easier to adapt strategy to the territory • increase adaptability (more flexibility) BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 12. 2.2 - Relevant territory and territory of action • Nevertheless, the relevant territory rarely corresponds to the territory of action: - the historical administrative cuttings superimposed  Levers not adapted (decisionnal / financing) - these territories will evolve (necessary to modify territorial organization)  New paradigm of territorial organization (“basins of life”…) The districts of Huy and Waremme do not escape this report in a complex institutional context. The participative process confronts the latter with the “lived territory”, perceived as a concrete entity (geomorphology, urbanization, etc) or abstracted (“basin of life”). BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 13. 2.3 – Selection of the indicators The indicators taken into account were numerous. In order to allow a systemic sight, they included indicators on: BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 14. 3 – Construction of the territory project • The construction of the territory project was carried out in a collaborative and interactive way . • The relations between the actors were planned and channeled during meetings which took various forms according to the successive phases of reflection. - “Tuesday of the development” - Final conference • The topics approached during the participative process were selected on the basis of their coherence, the effective levers at the disposal of the local actors BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 15. 3.1 – Method 1 : Tuesday of the development • The method employed during the “Tuesday of the development” consisted in a separation in different phases of the reflection and an orientation of this towards concrete actions to be carried out. (Linear) • 1• Presentation of the diagnosis at the beginning of the meeting • 2• Talks of good practices • 3• Debate. -1- Critic of the diagnosis -2- Tendencies observed in the territory -3- Identification of axes of development. • 4• Conclusion BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 16. 3.2 – Method 2 : Final conference • The final conference aimed primarily to validate the strategic axes highlighted before and to specify the projects to carry and their coordinators. • Circle and cumulative method. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction Start point Final project
  • 17. 3.3 – Territory project BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 18.
    • 4 – Strategy and territorial intelligence
    • • The clarification of the relations between strategic development of the territories and territorial intelligence is, in our opinion, little developed until now, and this essential articulation, appears rejected in second plan.
    • • Nevertheless, these links are regularly implied and developed under another term :
    • Philippe Destatte (2006) specified in his guide of the territorial prospective that from this process emanated two products: the first being the constitution of a “interactive process of collective intelligence and mobilization of the actors”, and in addition a strategic phase which “works out precise answers to the stakes of identified long run”.
    • - This vision of the intelligence as capacity is also raised by Philippe Dumas (2008) who moreover shows the differences in acceptances of the term “intelligence” according to the Anglo-Saxon pole or the Latin view.
    BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 19. 4 – Strategy and territorial intelligence • In fact, these definitions are not paradoxical and place the territorial intelligence at the same time as produces and bases of strategies. - Firstly as substrate, by increasing the network and coherence effects, and by accentuating the positive effects of the strategic information scanning system. - Secondly as produces, being able to be the emanation of a development strategy and set up by it. • The territorial intelligence can thus be an integral part of a permanent strategy in constant renewal. In addition to bringing material, it authorizes corrections by successive adjustments of the policies as well as sectoral or multidisciplinary innovating strategies answering new opportunities. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 20. 5 – Conclusion • The use of the cartographic package as mode of representation of the diagnosis made it possible for the actors to appropriate this one and to highlight the challenges of the territory. • Variation of method of participation Satisfaction of participants : 82% (but great variabilty depending on conditions) Very good results for emergence of the territory project (+ validation of strategic axes) and the definition of prioritary actions. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 21. 5 – Conclusion • Subtask : • The case study of the districts of Huy and Waremme shows that, unfortunately, the territory of action can strongly differ from the relevant territories • The actors pled for a continuous and iterative approach of the process in order to collect the opportunities and to adapt the strategies in a permanent way. • Tools must be improved to collect the information, to concentrate it and diffuse it by reinforcing the strategic information scanning system. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 22. BREUER Christophe researcher [email_address] DEVILLET Guénaël deputy manager [email_address] SEGEFA – Service d’Etude en Géographie Economique Fondamentale et Appliquée Université de Liége Sart Tilman - B11 Allée du 6 août, 2 B-4000 Liège http://www.segefa.be/ Thank you for your attention BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 23. 4 – Strategy and territorial intelligence • The final conference aimed primarily to validate the strategic axes highlighted before and to specify the projects to carry and their coordinators. • Circle and cumulative method. BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 24. 3 - Constitution of a cartographic « package » Sources for contextual data : division, complexity, high cost of access BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 25. 3 - Constitution of a cartographic « package » Sources for cartographic data : how to have statiscal / administrative cuttings and land use BREUER C., DEVILLET G., University of Liege (Belgium) International Conference of Territorial Intelligence | Besançon | October 15-18th 2008 Emergence of a territory project for the districts of Huy and Waremme : Tools, participation and construction
  • 26. BREUER Christophe – University of Liege (Belgium) Conference Territorial Intelligence – Territorial informations, indicators and tools | Pécs 29-32 May 2008 Participative construction of a territorial strategy Strategic planning of action for Huy and Waremme analyses 3 – Constitution of a cartographic « package »