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Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
Preterite imperfect
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Preterite imperfect

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  • 1. Past Tense Preterite Imperfect Preterite vs Imperfect
  • 2. Preterite conjugation <ul><li>Regular Verb Endings: </li></ul><ul><li> ___-ar__ _ ____-er/-ir___ </li></ul><ul><li>-é -amos -í -imos </li></ul><ul><li>-aste -asteis -iste -isteis </li></ul><ul><li>-ó -aron -ió -ieron </li></ul>
  • 3. Preterite conjugation Irregular Yo <ul><li>Yo spelling changes: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- car -qué </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-gar -gu é </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-zar -cé </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 4. Otros verbos –car <ul><li>acercarse (to come near, approach) buscar (to look for) </li></ul><ul><li>arrancar (to pull out, start (engine) chocar (to crash) </li></ul><ul><li>colocar (to place, put) complicar (to complicate) </li></ul><ul><li>comunicar (to communicate) criticar (to criticize, critique) </li></ul><ul><li>dedicar (to dedicate, devote) educar (to educate) </li></ul><ul><li>embarcarse (to board, go on board) marcar (to dial, mark) </li></ul><ul><li>equivocarse (to make a mistake) masticar (to chew) </li></ul><ul><li>fabricar (to make, manufacture) pescar (to fish) </li></ul><ul><li>justificar (to justify, give a reason for) platicar (to chat) </li></ul><ul><li>practicar (to practice) secar (to dry) </li></ul><ul><li>explicar (to explain) </li></ul><ul><li>sacar (to take out, remove, receive [grades]) </li></ul>
  • 5. Otros verbos –gar <ul><li>agregar (to add) ahogarse (to drown) </li></ul><ul><li>apagar (to turn off) cargar (to carry, load) </li></ul><ul><li>castigar (to punish) despegar (to take off, peel off) </li></ul><ul><li>pagar (to pay) pegar (to hit, glue) </li></ul><ul><li>tragar (to swallow) llegar (to arrive) </li></ul><ul><li>encargar (to put in charge, order [goods]) </li></ul><ul><li>Stem changers </li></ul><ul><li>colgar (ue) (to hang up) fregar (ie) to wash dishes, scrub) </li></ul><ul><li>negar (ie) (to deny) regar (ie) (to water plants) </li></ul><ul><li>jugar (ue) (to play a game, sports) </li></ul><ul><li>rogar (ue) (to beg) </li></ul>
  • 6. Otros verbos –zar <ul><li>almorzar (to eat lunch) abrazar (to hug) </li></ul><ul><li>aterrizar (to land) cruzar (to cross) </li></ul><ul><li>comenzar (ie) (to begin) empezar (ie) (to begin) </li></ul><ul><li>especializarse en (to specialize in, major in) </li></ul><ul><li>garantizar (to guarantee) gozar (to enjoy) </li></ul><ul><li>lanzar (to throw) rezar (to pray) </li></ul><ul><li>realizar (to carry out, attain, realize) </li></ul><ul><li>tranquilizar (to calm down) </li></ul><ul><li>tropezar (ie) (to trip, stumble) utilizar (to use, make use of) </li></ul>
  • 7. Preterite Irregular C onjugation -uve group <ul><li>andar- to walk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>anduve, anduviste, anduvo, anduvimos, anduvisteis, anduvieron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>tener- to have </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tuve, tuviste, tuvo, tuvimos, tuvisteis, tuvieron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>estar- to be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>estuve, estuviste, estuvo, estuvimos, estuvisteis, estuvieron </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Preterite Irregular C onjugation I group <ul><li>hacer- to do, to make </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hice, hiciste, hizo , hicimos, hicisteis, hicieron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>venir- to come </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vine, viniste, vino, vinimos, vinisteis, vinieron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>querer- to want </li></ul><ul><ul><li>quise, quisiste, quiso, quisimos, quisisteis, quisieron </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Preterite Irregular C onjugation J group <ul><li>traer- to bring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>traje, trajiste, trajo, trajimos, trajisteis, trajeron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>decir- to have </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dije, dijiste, dijo, dijimos, dijisteis, dijeron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>traducir- to translate </li></ul><ul><li>(all -ucir verbs like conducir to drive) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>traduje, tradujiste, tradujo, tradujimos, tradujisteis, tradujeron </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Preterite Irregular C onjugation supe, pu-, pu- group <ul><li>saber- to know </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supe, supiste, supo, supimos, supisteis, supieron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>poner- to put </li></ul><ul><ul><li>puse, pusiste, puso, pusimos, pusisteis, pusieron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>poder- to be able </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pude, pudiste, pudo, pudimos, pudisteis, pudieron </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. Preterite Irregular C onjugation Other Verbs <ul><li>caber- to fit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cupe, cupiste, cupo, cupimos, cupisteis, cupieron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>satisfacer- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>satisfice, satisficiste, satisfizo , satisficimos, satisficisteis, satisficieron </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Preterite Irregular C onjugation <ul><li>Ser- to be and ir- to go. </li></ul><ul><li>(You know which verb it is by using context of the sentence) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fui fuimos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fuiste fuisteis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fue fueron </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Dar and Ver <ul><li>dar- to give ver- to see </li></ul><ul><li>di dimos vi vimos </li></ul><ul><li>diste disteis viste visteis </li></ul><ul><li>dio dieron vio vieron </li></ul>
  • 14. Preterite Stem Changers <ul><li>Stem changes occur in –ir verbs only. </li></ul><ul><li>Stem changes occur in él /ella/Ud . and ellos/ellas/Uds only. </li></ul><ul><li>Stem changes are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e i </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>o u </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Preterite Stem Changers <ul><li>sentir (ei, i) (to feel) advertir (ei, i) (to warn) </li></ul><ul><li>convertir (ei, i) (to convert) convertirse (ei, i) (to become) </li></ul><ul><li>divertir (ei, i) (to amuse) mentir (ei, i) (to lie) </li></ul><ul><li>divertirse (ei, i) (to amuse oneself) preferir (ei, i) (to prefer) </li></ul><ul><li>sentir (ei, i) (to feel, be sorry) sentirse (ei, i) (to feel) </li></ul><ul><li>dormir (ue, u) (to sleep) morir (ue, u) (to die) </li></ul><ul><li>dormirse (ue, u) (to fall asleep) </li></ul>
  • 16. Preterite Stem Changers <ul><li>servir (i, i) (to serve) medir (i, i) (to measure) </li></ul><ul><li>repetir (i, i) (to repeat) seguir (i, i) (to continue) </li></ul><ul><li>despedir (i, i) (to fire someone) vestir (i, i) (to dress) </li></ul><ul><li>pedir (i, i) (to ask for, request) re ír (i, i) (to smile) </li></ul><ul><li>conseguir (i, i) (to get, obtain) sonreír (i, i) (to laugh) </li></ul><ul><li>vestirse (i, i) (to dress oneself) freír (i, i) (to fry) </li></ul><ul><li>despedirse de (i, i) (to say good-bye to) </li></ul>
  • 17. Preterite conjugation i to y change (not –uir) <ul><li>Verbs that end in –er or –ir whose stem ends in a vowel, change i to y in the 3 rd person forms, él /ella/Ud . and ellos/ellas/Uds only. </li></ul><ul><li>leer </li></ul><ul><li>le í le ímos </li></ul><ul><li>le íste le istéis </li></ul><ul><li>le yó le yeron </li></ul><ul><li>caerse (to fall down), creer (to believe), oír (to hear), poseer (to posess) </li></ul>
  • 18. Preterite conjugation -uir verbs (not –guir verbs) <ul><li>Verbs ending in –uir also change i to y. </li></ul><ul><li>(Note: there are no accents on t ú, nosotros, y vosotros) </li></ul><ul><li> concluir- (to conclude) </li></ul><ul><li>conclu í conclu imos </li></ul><ul><li>conclu iste conclu isteis </li></ul><ul><li>conclu yó conclu yeron </li></ul>
  • 19. Preterite conjugation Other –uir Verbs <ul><li>atribuir (to attribute) </li></ul><ul><li>construir (to build) </li></ul><ul><li>contribuir (to contribute) </li></ul><ul><li>distribuir (to distribute) </li></ul><ul><li>huir (to flee) </li></ul><ul><li>incluir (to include) </li></ul>
  • 20. Translation <ul><li>The English Translation for the preterite is: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Yo hablé- I spoke </li></ul>
  • 21. Preterite Trigger Words: <ul><li>ayer anteayer </li></ul><ul><li>una vez luego </li></ul><ul><li>entonces de repente </li></ul><ul><li>cuando anoche </li></ul><ul><li>hace # años que ... </li></ul><ul><li>la semana pasada </li></ul><ul><li>el mes/año pasado </li></ul>
  • 22. Preterite Uses: <ul><li>Specific Action </li></ul><ul><li>Happened Once </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Point in Time </li></ul><ul><li>Sequential Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Narration (AKA telling a story) </li></ul><ul><li>Interrupting Action </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning or End of an action in past </li></ul>
  • 23. Imperfect Regular Verb Endings: <ul><li>__-ar__ - er/-ir_ _ </li></ul><ul><li>-aba -ábamos -ía -íamos </li></ul><ul><li>-abas -abais -ías -íais </li></ul><ul><li>-aba -aban -ía -ían </li></ul>
  • 24. Imperfect 3 irregular verbs: <ul><li>__ir__ __ser__ __ ver__ </li></ul><ul><li>iba íbamos era éramos veía veíamos </li></ul><ul><li>ibas ibais eras erais veías veíais </li></ul><ul><li>iba iban era eran veía veían </li></ul>
  • 25. Imperfect Translation <ul><li>The English Translation for the imperfect is: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>I used to speak </li></ul><ul><li>Yo hablaba- I was speaking </li></ul><ul><li>I would speak </li></ul><ul><li>I spoke </li></ul>
  • 26. Imperfect Trigger Words: <ul><li>algunas veces generalmente </li></ul><ul><li>muchas veces todos los días </li></ul><ul><li>a menudo siempre </li></ul><ul><li>frecuentemente a veces </li></ul><ul><li>mientras de vez en cuando </li></ul><ul><li>cada (día, año, etc.) los lunes/los martes </li></ul>
  • 27. Imperfect Uses: <ul><li>Repeated Action </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Action </li></ul><ul><li>Habitual Actions (aka “Used to”) </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptions/ Physical Appearance/ Emotional State </li></ul><ul><li>Background Info </li></ul><ul><li>Day/Date/Weather/Age </li></ul><ul><li>2 Actions Occurring at the Same Time </li></ul><ul><li>An ongoing action interrupted by another action (2nd action is preterite) </li></ul>
  • 28. Comparing Usage <ul><ul><ul><li>Preterite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Specific Action </li></ul><ul><li>Happened Once </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Point in Time </li></ul><ul><li>Sequential Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Narration (AKA telling a story) </li></ul><ul><li>Interrupting Action </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning or End of an action in past </li></ul><ul><li>Imperfect </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated Action </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Action </li></ul><ul><li>Habitual Actions (aka “Used to”) </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptions/ Physical Appearance/ Emotional State </li></ul><ul><li>Background Info </li></ul><ul><li>Day/Date/Weather/Age </li></ul><ul><li>2 Actions Occurring at the Same Time </li></ul><ul><li>An ongoing action interrupted by another action (2nd action is preterite) </li></ul>
  • 29. Preterite vs Imperfect: verbs that change meaning <ul><li>Verb Preterite Imperfect </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Conocer Conocí- I met Conocía- I knew </li></ul><ul><li>(to know a person or place) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>saber Supe- I found out Sabía- I knew </li></ul><ul><li>(to know a fact or </li></ul><ul><li>how to do something) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>pensar Pensé- It dawned on me Pensaba- I thought </li></ul><ul><li>(to think) I realized </li></ul><ul><li>poder Pude- I managed Podía- I could </li></ul><ul><li>(to be able, can) I was able </li></ul>
  • 30. Preterite vs Imperfect: verbs that change meaning <ul><li>Verb Preterite Imperfect   </li></ul><ul><li>no poder No pude- I couldn´t (failed to) No podía- I couldn´t </li></ul><ul><li>(to not be able) (a specific effort and (No reference to specific </li></ul><ul><li> failure implied) effort or failure) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>querer Quise- I tried Quería- I wanted </li></ul><ul><li>(to want) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>no querer No quise- I refused No quería- I didn´t </li></ul><ul><li>(to not want) want to </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>tener Tuve- I got Tenía- I had </li></ul><ul><li>(to have) </li></ul>
  • 31. Preterite vs Imperfect: verbs that change meaning <ul><li>Verb Preterite Imperfect </li></ul><ul><li>tener que Tuve que...- I had to... Tenía que...- I was </li></ul><ul><li>(to have to...) supposed to... </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>costar Costó- It cost Costaba- It cost </li></ul><ul><li>(to cost) (and I bought it (implies that I didn´t buy it) </li></ul>

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