Present subjunctive
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Present subjunctive

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Present subjunctive Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Present Subjunctive
  • 2. Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Regular Verbs
    • Conjugate verb in the yo present tense. pongo hablo
    • Chop off the –o. pong- habl-
    • Add opposite endings.
    • -ar -er/-ir
    • -e -emos -a -amos
    • -es -éis -as -áis
    • -e -en -a -an
    • no hablen no ponga
  • 3. Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Irregular Verbs
    • Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
    • ir ser saber
    • vaya vayamos sea seamo sepa sepamos
    • vayas vayáis seas seáis sepas sepáis
    • vaya vayan sea sean sepa sepan
    • dar estar haber
    • D é demos esté estémos haya hayamos
    • des deis estés estéis hayas hayáis
    • D é den estés estén haya hayan
  • 4. Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Stem Changes
    • Stem changes in –ar and –er verbs is the same as present indicative.
    • pensar- to think
    • piense pensemos
    • pienses penséis
    • piense piensen
  • 5. Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Stem Changes
    • Stem changes in –ir verbs is the same as present indicative, but also stem change in the nosotros and vosotros forms o u and e i.
    • dormir- to sleep
    • duerma durmamos
    • duermas durmáis
    • duerma duerman
  • 6. Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Spelling Changes
    • Verbs that end in change to
    • – car -que
    • – gar -gue
    • – zar -ce
  • 7. Present Subjunctive- Volition
    • Subjunctive occurs most frequently when you have:
    • an independent clause + que + dependent clause
    • and
    • a subject change.
  • 8. Present Subjunctive- Volition
    • If there is no subject change, use the infinitive.
    • ¿Quieres visitar Madrid?
    • Sí, espero ir este año.
  • 9. Trigger Words- Volition
    • aconsejar que advise
    • desear que desire
    • exigir que demand /require
    • insistir que insist
    • ojalá que I hope
    • preferir que prefer
    • recomendar que recommend
  • 10. Trigger Words- Volition
    • suplicar que beg/plead
    • decir que tell
    • escribir que write
    • hacer que make
    • mandar que send
    • pedir que ask
    • prohibir que prohibit
  • 11. Trigger Words- Volition
    • rogar que beg
    • dejar que let
    • esperar que hope
    • impedir que prevent
    • obligar a que oblige
    • permitir que permit/allow
    • querer que want
    • sugerir que suggest
  • 12. Present Subjunctive- Volition
    • Decir and escribir require the subjunctive when used to express a command.
    • Ojal á is always followed by the subjunctive.
    • When used to express an indirect command, the verbs aconsejar, dejar, hacer, mandar, obligar, permitir, and prohibir can be followed by either an infinitive or que and the subjunctive.
  • 13. Present Subjunctive
    • Impersonal expressions that trigger subjunctive:
    • es mejor que It’s better that
    • es necesario que It’s necessary that
    • es imprescindible que It’s essential that
    • importa que It’s important that
    • es probable que It’s probable that
  • 14. Present Subjunctive
    • es imposible que It’s impossible that
    • conviene que It’s convenient /proper
    • es menester que It’s necessary that
    • es preciso que It ’s necessary that
    • es importante que It’s important that
    • más vale que It’s better that
    • es posible que It’s possible that
  • 15. Present Subjunctive
    • es bueno que It’s good that
    • es malo que It’s bad that
    • es l á stima que It’s a shame that
    • es raro que It’s rare that
    • es f ácil que It’s easy that
    • es difícil que It’s difficult/ unlikely that
  • 16. Present Subjunctive: Sequencing of Tenses
    • Main clause (indicative) Dependent clause (subjunctive)
    • present
    • present perfect present
    • future present perfect
    • command
  • 17. Present Subjunctive: Sequencing of Tenses
    • The present subjunctive is used to express what is happening or will happen in constructions that require the subjunctive.
    • The present perfect subjunctive is used to express what has happened or will have happened in constructions that require the subjunctive.