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Present subjunctive

Present subjunctive






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    Present subjunctive Present subjunctive Presentation Transcript

    • Present Subjunctive
    • Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Regular Verbs
      • Conjugate verb in the yo present tense. pongo hablo
      • Chop off the –o. pong- habl-
      • Add opposite endings.
      • -ar -er/-ir
      • -e -emos -a -amos
      • -es -éis -as -áis
      • -e -en -a -an
      • no hablen no ponga
    • Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Irregular Verbs
      • Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
      • ir ser saber
      • vaya vayamos sea seamo sepa sepamos
      • vayas vayáis seas seáis sepas sepáis
      • vaya vayan sea sean sepa sepan
      • dar estar haber
      • D é demos esté estémos haya hayamos
      • des deis estés estéis hayas hayáis
      • D é den estés estén haya hayan
    • Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Stem Changes
      • Stem changes in –ar and –er verbs is the same as present indicative.
      • pensar- to think
      • piense pensemos
      • pienses penséis
      • piense piensen
    • Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Stem Changes
      • Stem changes in –ir verbs is the same as present indicative, but also stem change in the nosotros and vosotros forms o u and e i.
      • dormir- to sleep
      • duerma durmamos
      • duermas durmáis
      • duerma duerman
    • Conjugating Present Subjunctive - Spelling Changes
      • Verbs that end in change to
      • – car -que
      • – gar -gue
      • – zar -ce
    • Present Subjunctive- Volition
      • Subjunctive occurs most frequently when you have:
      • an independent clause + que + dependent clause
      • and
      • a subject change.
    • Present Subjunctive- Volition
      • If there is no subject change, use the infinitive.
      • ¿Quieres visitar Madrid?
      • Sí, espero ir este año.
    • Trigger Words- Volition
      • aconsejar que advise
      • desear que desire
      • exigir que demand /require
      • insistir que insist
      • ojalá que I hope
      • preferir que prefer
      • recomendar que recommend
    • Trigger Words- Volition
      • suplicar que beg/plead
      • decir que tell
      • escribir que write
      • hacer que make
      • mandar que send
      • pedir que ask
      • prohibir que prohibit
    • Trigger Words- Volition
      • rogar que beg
      • dejar que let
      • esperar que hope
      • impedir que prevent
      • obligar a que oblige
      • permitir que permit/allow
      • querer que want
      • sugerir que suggest
    • Present Subjunctive- Volition
      • Decir and escribir require the subjunctive when used to express a command.
      • Ojal á is always followed by the subjunctive.
      • When used to express an indirect command, the verbs aconsejar, dejar, hacer, mandar, obligar, permitir, and prohibir can be followed by either an infinitive or que and the subjunctive.
    • Present Subjunctive
      • Impersonal expressions that trigger subjunctive:
      • es mejor que It’s better that
      • es necesario que It’s necessary that
      • es imprescindible que It’s essential that
      • importa que It’s important that
      • es probable que It’s probable that
    • Present Subjunctive
      • es imposible que It’s impossible that
      • conviene que It’s convenient /proper
      • es menester que It’s necessary that
      • es preciso que It ’s necessary that
      • es importante que It’s important that
      • más vale que It’s better that
      • es posible que It’s possible that
    • Present Subjunctive
      • es bueno que It’s good that
      • es malo que It’s bad that
      • es l á stima que It’s a shame that
      • es raro que It’s rare that
      • es f ácil que It’s easy that
      • es difícil que It’s difficult/ unlikely that
    • Present Subjunctive: Sequencing of Tenses
      • Main clause (indicative) Dependent clause (subjunctive)
      • present
      • present perfect present
      • future present perfect
      • command
    • Present Subjunctive: Sequencing of Tenses
      • The present subjunctive is used to express what is happening or will happen in constructions that require the subjunctive.
      • The present perfect subjunctive is used to express what has happened or will have happened in constructions that require the subjunctive.