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  • 1. Gerunds How to use gerunds correctly
  • 2. What exactly are the verbals?
    • Verbals include gerunds, infinitives, and participles:
    • A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun.
      • Writing a good essay takes effort.
    • An infinitive is a to + verb verbal that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
      • To graduate from college takes time.
    • A participle is a verbal used as an adjective, and it often ends in -ing (present) or –ed (past) .
      • Shaking with anger, Gloria turned away from her cheating boyfriend Carlos.
      • Shaken with fear, Ed walked away from the wrecked car.
  • 3. How then do we use gerunds?
    • Fill in each blank with the right word form:
    • a. search, b. eat,
    • c. do, d. make
    • Filmmaker Morgan Spurlock spent a month (1) __ what 10-year-olds only dream of. (2) __ nothing but food from McDonald's, there were no side trips to Burger King and no midnight raids on the fridge (3) __ for salad greens.
    Can eating McDonalds super-size anyone?
  • 4. Here is how we use gerunds:
    • Fill in each blank with the correct gerund:
    • a. searching, b. eating,
    • c. doing, d. making
    • Filmmaker Morgan Spurlock spent a month (1) doing what 10-year-olds only dream of. (2) Eating nothing but food from McDonald's, there were no side trips to Burger King and no midnight raids on the fridge (3) searching for salad greens.
    Can eating McDonalds super-size anyone?
  • 5. Can you use gerunds correctly?
    • Fill in each blank with the correct verbal:
    • a. put, b. look,
    • c. do, d. interest
    • (1) __ in the food’s effects, the ex-playwright and ex-beach volleyball announcer spent many thousands (2) __ down on film what happened to his body, which was in quite good shape when the project started.
    Does super-sizing work on most people?
  • 6. Can you use gerunds correctly?
    • Fill in each blank with the correct gerund:
    • a. putting, b. looking,
    • c. doing, d. interested
    • (1) Interested in the food’s effects, the ex-playwright and ex-beach volleyball announcer spent many thousands (2) putting down on film what happened to his body, which was in quite good shape when the project started.
    Does super-sizing work on most people?
  • 7. What tale do the gerunds tell ?
    • Fill in each blank with the correct verbal:
    • a. put, b. add,
    • c. gain, d. refer
    • (1) __ 25 pounds and (2) __ 65 points to his cholesterol count, Spurlocks’ head ached continually and he was depressed. (3) Having __ to his liver as pâté, doctors told him to quit McDonalds or he would die.
    What happened to Morgan?
  • 8. What tale do the gerunds tell ?
    • Fill in each blank with the correct gerund:
    • a. putting, b. adding,
    • c. gaining, d. referring
    • (1) Gaining 25 pounds and (2) adding 65 points to his cholester-ol count, Spurlock’s head ached continually and he was depressed. (3) Having referred to his liver as pâté, doctors told him to quit McDonalds or die.
    What happened to Morgan?
  • 9. What is super-sizing all about ?
    • Fill in each blank with the correct gerund:
    • a. pass, b. blame,
    • c. do, d. hope
    • (1) __ all who sees the film will think about what they eat is Spurlock’s objective. Most people don't eat healthily, but (2) __ everyone is not our goal. Still, (3) __ junk for food is killing the health of the nation.
    Is there a strong connection between food and health?
  • 10. What is super-sizing all about ?
    • Fill in each blank with the correct gerund:
    • a. passing, b. blaming,
    • c. doing, d. hoping
    • (1) Hoping all who sees the film will think about what they eat is Spurlock’s objective. Most people don't eat healthily; (2) blaming everyone is not the goal. (3) Passing junk for food is killing the health of the nation.
    Is there a strong connection between food and health?
  • 11. What is super-sizing all about ?
    • Fill in each blank with the correct gerund:
    • a. accounting, b. forced,
    • c. visiting, d. deciding
    • (1) Visiting his mother in West Virginia, he heard about obesity lawsuits. (2) Accounting for 43% of US fast-food sales, McDonalds said their food was safe to eat. (3) Having decided to test the food, Spurlock filmed Supersize Me, and forced McDonalds to drop its super-sizes!
    Is there a strong connection between food and health?
  • 12. Then what are infinitives?
    • Infinitives consist of “to” plus a verb.
    • They look like verbs, but aren’t.
    • Instead, they indicate purpose.
    • What is the purpose of Janet coloring her hair?
    • She colors it to appear younger.
    • She wants to feel better about herself.
    Do hairdressers ask too much?
  • 13. Do you use infinitives correctly?
    • Use: be, finish, make, succeed, graduate.
    • Do you need ___ a college degree?
    • Yes, I plan ___.
    • But you don’t seem __ very motivated.
    • Yes, I am; I am trying ___ in all of my classes.
    • Oh, I see that you have decided ___ something of yourself.
    Do even rabbits need more than dumb luck?
  • 14. Do you use infinitives correctly?
    • Use: be, finish, make, succeed, graduate.
    • Do you need to finish a college degree?
    • Yes, I plan to graduate .
    • You don’t seem to be very motivated.
    • I am trying to succeed in all of my classes.
    • I see that you have decided to make something of yourself.
    Do even rabbits need more than dumb luck?
  • 15. Do you know how to use verbals?
    • Which verbal best fills each blank?
    • The boss asked me __ the job.
    • a. to finish, b. finishing, c. finished.
    • We rarely finish __ our tests early.
    • a. to take, b. taking, c. took.
    • Most people like __ ice cream.
    • a. to eat, b. eating, c. eaten.
    Do most of us need better balance?
  • 16. Do you know how to use verbals?
    • Which verbal best fills each blank?
    • The boss asked me __ the job.
    • a. to finish , b. finishing, c. finished.
    • We rarely finish __ our tests early.
    • a. to take, b. taking , c. took.
    • Most people like __ ice cream.
    • a. to eat, b. eating , c. eaten.
    Do most of us need better balance?
  • 17. Do you know your verb forms?
    • Which verb form is the right one?
    • They were hoping (to go, going) out.
    • The hard workers kept (to go, going) very late.
    • A genius seems (to know, knowing) all the correct answers.
    • The extreme thief stopped (taking, to take) candy from the baby.
    How does the thief feel about the burglar alarm?
  • 18. Do you know your verb forms?
    • Which verb form is the right one?
    • They were hoping ( to go , going) out.
    • The hard workers kept (to go, going ) very late.
    • A genius seems ( to know , knowing) all the correct answers.
    • The extreme thief stopped ( taking , to take) candy from the baby.
    How does the thief feel about the burglar alarm?
  • 19. Can you use verbals correctly?
    • How many books are you (carry) __ to class?
    • Do you have a way of (get) to college?
    • Alfredo knows how (get) __ 70% on Compass English.
    • Have you (forget) __ anything that you need?
    • 5. The students have (take) __ the survey already.
    • We have (see) __ the results; they’re good.
    • Hope has (burn) her mother’s cake.
    • Eunice has (buy) her essay online.
    • Kevin would have (rise) early if he had (hear) the alarm.
    • Clark had (fly) from Atlanta to Chicago when the plane (hit) turbulence.
  • 20. You can use verbals correctly:
    • How many books are you carrying to class?
    • Do you have a way of getting to college?
    • Ryan knows how to get 70% on Compass English.
    • Have you forgotten anything that you need?
    • 5. Students have taken the survey already.
    • We have seen the results; they’re good.
    • Hope has burnt her mother’s cake.
    • Eunice has not bought her essay online.
    • Kevin would have risen early if he had heard the alarm.
    • Clark had flown from Atlanta to Chicago when the plane hit turbulence.