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Parts of speech part 4

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Forming and using the simple present and present progressive tense.

Forming and using the simple present and present progressive tense.


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  • 1. C English Encounters
  • 2. Simple Present Tense Regular Verbs: Affirmative Singular Plural 1st Person I walk We walk 2nd Person You walk You walk 3rd Person He (she, it) walks They walk Noun Subject Joselma walks Joselma and Jorge walk
  • 3. Simple Present Tense Examples: Affirmative Jack goes to HCC classes everyday. His friends usually ride the bus, but Jack drives his brother’s car. The bus runs every thirty minutes. Jack plays the violin very well. Rule 1: Use the present tense to express habitual action or something you or someone else knows how to do.
  • 4. Simple Present Tense Regular Verbs: Negative Singular Plural 1st Person I don’t (do not) walk We don’t (do not) walk 2nd Person You don’t (do not) walk You don’t (do not) walk 3rd Person He (she, it) doesn’t (does not) walk They don’t (do not) walk Noun Subject Tran doesn’t walk Tran and Jose don’t walk
  • 5. Simple Present Tense Examples: Negative Jack doesn’t go to HCC classes everyday. His friends don’t usually ride the bus. The bus doesn’t run very often. I don’t often drive myself to school. Olga doesn’t play tennis. Rule 1: Use the present tense to express habitual action or something one knows how to do.
  • 6. Simple Present Tense Regular Verbs: Affirmative Questions Singular Plural 1st Person Do I walk? Do we walk? 2nd Person Do you walk? Do you walk? 3rd Person Does he (she, it) walk? Do they walk? Noun Subject Does John walk? Do John and Sally walk?
  • 7. Simple Present Tense Rule 1: Use the present tense to express habitual action or something one knows how to do. Examples: Affirmative Questions Does Jack go to HCC classes everyday? Do his friends usually ride the bus? Does the bus run very often? Do I drive today, or do you? Do you play chess?
  • 8. Simple Present Tense Regular Verbs: Negative QuestionsSingular Plural 1st Person Don’t I walk? Don’t we walk? 2nd Person Don’t you walk? Don’t you walk? 3rd Person Doesn’t he (she, it) walk? Don’t they walk? Noun Subject Doesn’t Maria walk? Don’t Maria and Ahmad walk?
  • 9. Simple Present Tense Examples: Negative Questions Doesn’t Jack go to HCC classes everyday? Don’t his friends usually ride the bus? Doesn’t the bus run every thirty minutes? Don’t I drive today? Don’t you work at Walmart? Rule 1: Use the present tense to express habitual action or something you know how to do.
  • 10. Simple Present Tense Rule 2: Use the present tense to express future time for schedules and appointments. Examples: The bus arrives at 3:00 P.M. this afternoon. Don’t you have an appointment with the doctor this morning? The meeting is not until noon today. When does the party start?
  • 11. Simple Present Tense Rule 3: Use the present tense to express facts, generalizations, and preferences. Examples: I love going to the mall. Do horses really like apples? Most windows are made of glass. I prefer large cities over small towns.
  • 12. Simple Present Tense Rule 4: Use the present tense with non-continuous verbs to show action that is now. Non continuous verbs: Abstract Verbs: to be, to want, to cost, to seem, to need, to care, to contain, to owe, to exist... Possession Verbs: to possess, to own, to belong... Emotion Verbs: to like, to love, to hate, to dislike, to fear, to envy, to mind...
  • 13. Simple Present Tense Rule 4: Use the present tense with non-continuous verbs to show action that is happening now or not happening now. Examples: He is liking the movie. Not Correct He likes the movie. Correct Abraham is needing a drink of water now. Not Correct Abraham needs a drink of water now. Correct Mahar is at school. Don’t you have a passport? Do you want help?
  • 14. Write 5 sentences with the simple present tense about: 1. A transportation schedule or appointment 2. Usual or habitual action 3. Something that one knows how to do 4. A fact or preference 5. An action happening now using a non continuous verb.
  • 15. Present Progressive Tense Regular Verbs: Affirmative (be + verb + ing) Singular Plural 1st Person I am walking We are walking 2nd Person You are walking You are walking 3rd Person He (she, it) is walking They are walking Noun Subject Joselma is walking Joselma and Jorge are walking
  • 16. Present Progressive Tense Rule No. 1: Use the present progressive tense with normal verbs (not non continuous verbs) to express action that is happening now, or not happening now. Examples: He is watching T.V. in his room. What are you doing? The children are finishing their homework. Janis isn’t playing tennis right now.
  • 17. Present Progressive Tense Rule No. 2: Use the present progressive tense to express what we are in the process of doing, but not necessarily right now. Examples: He is taking English 0346 at HCC. What are you doing these days? Are you studying to become an engineer? Janis isn’t playing tennis any more. Why aren’t you working?
  • 18. Present Progressive Tense Rule No. 3: Use the present progressive tense to express what will or will not happen in the future. Examples: He is going to the store later. My parents are coming to visit me in a couple of weeks. Are you working tomorrow? Janis isn’t playing cards with us tonight. Why aren’t the boys going to the game tonight?
  • 19. Present Progressive Tense Rule No. 4: Use the present progressive tense to express repetition and irritation with always or constantly. Examples: He is always coming to class late. Some people are always complaining about something. Why are you constantly talking?
  • 20. Write 5 sentences using the present progressive tense to express: 1. Something happening now. 2. Something happening in the near future. 3. Longer actions in progress now. 4. Repetition and irritation with always or constantly.
  • 21. For more study and practice on the simple present and present progressive tenses, go to the website below: http://www.englishpage.com