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Ladder Safety PDF

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  • 1. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLadders 1
  • 2. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLadders• Ladders must be kept in a safe condition – DO –• Keep the area around the top and bottom of a ladder clear• Ensure rungs, cleats, and steps are level and uniformly spaced• Ensure rungs are spaced 10 to 14 inches apart• Keep ladders free from slipping hazards 2
  • 3. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLadders• Use ladders only for their designed purpose – DON’T –• Tie ladders together to make longer sections, unless designed for such use• Use single rail ladders• Load ladders beyond the maximum load for which they were built, nor beyond the manufacturer’s rated capacity 3
  • 4. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersSecuring Ladders This ladder is not on a stable surface• Secure ladders to prevent accidental movement due to workplace activity• Only use ladders on stable and level surfaces, unless secured• Do not use ladders on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet 4
  • 5. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersPortable Ladders• Inspect before use for cracks, dents, and missing rungs• Design or treat rungs to minimize slipping• Side rails -- at least 11 1/2 inches apart• Must support 4 times the maximum load 5
  • 6. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersPainting Wood Ladders• Don’t paint ladders• Don’t use an opaque covering (like varnish) on a wood ladder 6
  • 7. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersLadder AngleNon-self-supporting ladders: (which leanagainst a wall or other support)• Position at an angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is 1/4 the working length of the ladder 7
  • 8. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersLadder Rail Extension• When using a portable ladder for access to an upper landing surface, the side rails must extend at least 3 feet above the upper landing surface 8
  • 9. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersNear Energized Electrical Equipment• If using ladders where the employee or the ladder could contact exposed energized electrical equipment, they must have nonconductive siderails such as wood or fiberglass. This is an Unsafe Condition 9
  • 10. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersTop Step• Do not use the top or top step of a stepladder as a step 10
  • 11. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersCrossbracing On this ladder the• Don’t use crossbracing on the back rungs rear of a stepladder for climbing are designed for - unless the ladder is designed use for that 11
  • 12. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersDamaged or Defective Ladders• A competent person must inspect ladders for visible defects, like broken or missing rungs Missing rung• If a defective ladder is found, immediately mark it defective or tag it "Do Not Use”• Withdraw defective ladders from service until repaired 12
  • 13. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLaddersClimbing the Ladder• Face the ladder when going up or down• Use at least one hand to grab the ladder when going up or down• Do not carry any object or load that could cause you to lose balance 13
  • 14. Cabrillo Safety TrainingLadders SummaryKey Components for Ladder Safety• A competent person must inspect• Use the correct ladder for the job• Use the correct angle, supports, treads, cross braces and rails• Don’t overload• Your employer must train you in proper use of a ladder 14