Chemistry
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Chemistry

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Chemistry Chemistry Presentation Transcript

  • Lipids
    • Triglycerides
    • Waxes
    • Steroids
    • Phospholipids
  • Triglycerides - Elements
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
  • Triglycerides - Examples
    • Fats
    • Oils
  • Triglycerides - Subunits
    • 3 Fatty Acids
    • Glycerol
  • Triglycerides - Functions
    • Energy source – 9 Cal/g
    • Insulation
    • Secondary solvent of cells
  • Waxes - Elements
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
  • Waxes - Examples
    • Ear Wax
    • Thin covering on plants
      • Cutin
  • Waxes - Subunits
    • 3 Fatty Acids
    • Alcohol chain
  • Waxes - Functions
    • Waterproofing
    • Protection
  • Steroids - Elements
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
  • Steroids - Examples
    • Hormones
    • Cholesterol
  • Steroids - Subunits
    • 4 carbon rings
  • Steroids - Functions
    • Structural elements of cells
  • Phospholipids - Elements
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
  • Phospholipids - Example
    • Cell Membrane
  • Phospholipids - Subunits
    • 2 Fatty acids
    • Glycerol
  • Phospholipids - Functions
    • Forms a barrier around the cell
  • Proteins - Elements
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
    • Nitrogen
  • Proteins - Examples
    • Insulin
      • Regulation of the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats
    • Hemoglobin
      • Iron-containing respiratory pigment in red blood cells
    • Albumin
      • Proteins that are found in egg white, blood serum, milk, and many other animal and plant tissues
    • Keratin
      • A tough, insoluble protein substance that makes up hair, nails, horns, and hooves
    • Enzymes
  • Proteins - Subunits
    • Amino acids
      • 2 amino acids
        • Di-peptide
      • 3 amino acids
        • Tri-peptide
      • Many peptides = Polypeptides
      • Many polypeptides = Protein
  • Basic Amino Acid
    • Copy this picture to have in your notes.
  • Examples of Amino Acid. There are 20 different kinds. The R groups make each amino acid unique.
  •  
  • Proteins - Functions
    • To build and for structures
    • Enzymes are catalysts
    • Secondary energy source – 4 Cal/g
  • Enzymes A Special Kind of Protein
    • Example of proteins
    • Characteristics
      • Reusable
      • Specific
      • Act as a catalyst
        • Speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the activation energy
  • Enzyme as a catalyst
  • This image shows how an enzyme is used to take a disaccharide and break it down to its monomers. Please study this picture.
  • Nucleic Acids - Elements
    • Carbon
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
    • Nitrogen
    • Phosphorous
  • Nucleic Acids - Examples
    • DNA
    • RNA
  • Nucleic Acids - Subunits
    • Nucleotide
      • Base
      • Sugar
        • Deoxyribose (DNA)
        • Ribose (RNA)
      • Phosphate
  •  
  • Nucleic Acids - Functions
    • DNA
      • Stores genetic information
    • RNA
      • Involved in protein synthesis
  • Using a new page in your composition book, take notes on following characteristics of water.
  • Water - Elements
    • Hydrogen
    • Oxygen
    • 2 H : 1 O
  • Water - Functions
    • Major solvent of the cell
  • Water - Characteristics
    • Polar
      • Partial charge
    • Cohesive
      • Sticks to itself
      • Water beads
    • Adhesive
      • Sticks to other things/surfaces