Unit 5 Going Places Use of future with going to and will and the use of modals for necessity and suggestion Lic. Selene Rodríguez Junio 2008 Rev. Ceci
Future with be going to and will Use be going to + verb for plans Use will + verbs for possible plans you’ve decided on before you’ve made a decision What are you going to do ? What are you going to do ? I ’m going to relax at the beach I’m not sure, I guess I ’ll just stay home We ’re going to go surfing every day Maybe I’ll watch a few DVDs I ’m not going to do anything special I don’t know. I think I ’ll go camping I probably won’t go anywhere
We normally use will / won’t for simple predictions.
Rain will spread from the west. It won’t be much fun.
But we use going to (NOT will) for predictions about the future when there’s present evidence of a future event.
It ’s going to rain. It’ s going to be very windy.
(The weather forecast he’s looking at tells him this)
EXERCISE 1. Complete the conversation with the appropriate forms of be going to or will .
Have you made any vacation plans?
Well, I’ve decided on one thing, I __________ go camping.
A. That’s great! For how long?
I __________ be away for a week. I only have five days of vacation.
So when are you leaving?
I’m not sure. I __________ probably leave around the end of May.
A. And where __________ you __________ go?
I haven’t thought about that yet. I guess I __________ go to one of the national parks.
That sounds like fun.
Yeah. Maybe I __________ go hiking and do some fishing.
A. __________ you __________ rent a camper?
I’m not sure. Actually, I probably __________ rent a camper – it’s to expensive.
_____ you __________ going with anyone?
No. I need some time alone. I __________ travel by myself.
Modals for necessity and suggestion Describing necessity Giving suggestions You must have a driver’s license. You ’d better avoid the stalls on the streets. You need to make a reservation. You ought to pack a first -aid kit. You have to get a passport. You should try some local specialties. You don’t have to get a visa. You shouldn't carry a lot of cash
Must is followed by the infinitive without to. ( NOT I must to go)
There’s no final – s in the 3rd person singular. ( NOT He musts go. NOT He must goes)
Questions and negatives are formed without do. ( NOT Do you must go?)
For the past tense of must, we use had to.
Must they go? They mustn’t go They must go Must you go? You mustn’t go You must go Must we go? We mustn’t go We must go Must he/she/it go? He/she/it mustn’t go He/she/it must go Must you go? You mustn’t go You must go Must I go? I mustn’t (must not) go I must go Questions Negative Present and Future
Do they have to go? They don’t have to go They have to go Do you have to go? You don’t have to go You have to go Do we have to go? We don’t have to go We have to go Does he have to go? He doesn’t have to go He/she/it has to go Do you have to go? You don’t have to go You have to go Do I have to go? I don’t have to go I have to go Present Did I have to go? I didn’t have to go I had to go Past Will I have to go? I won’t have to go I’ll have to go Future