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Unidad 2. Clase de Psicología de la Salud. Semestre Enero-Junio 2009

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Saluuud

  1. 1. Unit 2 Health Promotion And The Practice Of Health Behaviors
  2. 2. HeaLTH PROMOTION AND THE PRACTICE OF HEALTH BEHAVIORS
  3. 4. Why Is Health Behavior Important? <ul><li>Role of behavioral factors is increasing. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25% of cancer prevented by not smoking </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20% of CHD by reducing 10% of weight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low cholesterol= great arteries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>50% of the deaths from 10 leadings causes of death are due to MODIFIABLE lifestyle factors! </li></ul>
  5. 6. Why Is Health Behavior Important? <ul><ul><li>Reduce deaths due to diseases related to lifestyle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase longevity and life expectancy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand the number of years without chronic diseases. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. What Are Health Behaviors?
  7. 8. 7 Health Habits By Belloc And Breslow <ul><ul><li>Sleep 7 to 8 hours. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No smoking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat breakfast. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more that 2 alcoholic drinks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise regularly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No eating between meals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more that 10% overweight. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Types of Health Behavior <ul><li>Depends on the health system. </li></ul><ul><li>Exams, immunizations… </li></ul><ul><li>Health system isn’t necesary </li></ul><ul><li>exercise, dietary control… </li></ul><ul><li>No health system at all </li></ul><ul><li>Brushing one’s teeth. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Primary Prevention <ul><li>Installing good health habits and changing poor ones. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Change poor health habits. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Programs for people overweight. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Keep people from developing poor health habits. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Smoking prevention or Safe sex programs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Intervening with children and adolescents Intervening in childhood can help prevent poor health habits from developing.
  11. 13. Interventions with At-Risk People
  12. 14. Advantages to working with people who are at risk for a particular health disorder. By identifying these people as early as possible, one may be able to prevent or eliminate poor health habits that can contribute to the likelihood of the problem. In addition, working with at-risk populations provides a specific focus for health interventions that may achieve good results.
  13. 16. Health promotion: An overview
  14. 18. Barriers to effective health promotion
  15. 19. Barriers to health promotion within the structure of medicine The absence of a formal diagnostic process for health. The absence of an appropriate method for identifying people who are at risk. Health risk appraisal : is a formal strategy by which health educators attempt to promote changes in individuals´health behaviors. It involves the assesment of health habits and a quantified, personalized, computarized report indicating which health habits should be modified.
  16. 20. Individual barriers to health promotion Health behaviors are learned in the child´s most powerful environment, the home. Parents generally play an important role in deciding what their children will an will not do. Unrealistic optimism The perception that their poor health behaviors are widely shared but that their healthy behaviors are more distinctive.
  17. 21. Health-Habit Factors That Undetermine Health Practices
  18. 22. Why Are Health-Habits Autonomus And Unstable?
  19. 25. Individual Differences In The Practice Of Good Health Behavior
  20. 27. Health Promotion: A Preliminary Evaluation

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