Psychoactive Drugs

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Psychoactive Drugs

  1. 1. PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS Bryan Zachary Johnson
  2. 2. WHAT ARE PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS • Psychoactive Drugs- Drugs that alter the state of the brain (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • There are four types of psychoactive drugs (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Stimulants • Depressants • Narcotics • Hallucinogens http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psyc hoactive_drug
  3. 3. IMPORTANT TERMS TO KNOW • Physical Dependence- The user of a drug needs the drug to continue performing everyday activities (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Psychological Dependence- The user feels as if they need the drug to maintain emotional stability (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Withdrawal- symptoms experienced when the drug is removed (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Head Pain • Sickness • Pain • Cramping • Frustration • Tremors • High Blood Pressure http://uhpsych100.wikispaces.com /chapter+seven
  4. 4. STIMULANTS • Stimulants- Drugs that speed up the nervous system (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Amphetamines • Cocaine • Nicotine • Caffeine • Some stimulants are found in pain relievers (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Stimulants are highly addictive (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://old.wisconsinengineer.com/articles/126
  5. 5. DEPRESSANTS • Depressants- Psychoactive drugs that decrease the speed of the central nervous system (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Barbiturates (Major Tranquilizers) • Benzodiazepines (Minor Tranquilizers) • Alcohol • Highly Addictive (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Becomes very deadly with higher dosages (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://www.thefitnesstrain eracademy.org/2012/09/0 5/something-in-the-way
  6. 6. NARCOTICS • Narcotics- Psychoactive Drugs that eliminate pain by numbing the pain receptors (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • All narcotics are a resultant of Opium (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Morphine • Heroin • Pain seems worse when drug wears off (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Makes drug very addictive http://www.narcotics.com/effects/
  7. 7. HALLUCINOGENS: MANUFACTURED HIGHS • Manufactured Highs- Drugs created by man to alter the senses (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) • Phenyl Cyclohexl Piperidine (PCP) • MDMA (Ecstasy) • Drug causes poor decision making and becomes dangerous when user experiences bad trip (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MDMA
  8. 8. HALLUCINOGENS: NONMANUFACTURED HIGHS • Nonmanufactured Highs- Drugs that alter the senses that are found in nature (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Mescaline • Psilocybin • Marijuana • Often a part of religious and cultural rituals (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). • Similar to Manufactured Highs, danger comes with poor decision making and bad trips (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). http://hallucinogens.com/are- hallucinogens-addictive/
  9. 9. REFERENCES • Ciccarelli, S. K. & White, J. N. (2012) Psychology (3rd ed.). Pearson

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