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Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga
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Crossing the threshold, dropout in Ghana, Eric Ananga

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  • 1. Eric Daniel Ananga University of Sussex
  • 2. Key Messages <ul><li>Towards the Threshold: Push-Pull factors </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing Thresholds: Types of Dropout </li></ul><ul><li>Re-crossing threshold: Policy Implications </li></ul>
  • 3. Toward the threshold: Push-Pull Poor Performance Irregular Attendance Repetition
  • 4. STAGES IN THE PROCESS
  • 5. Crossing the Threshold: Types of Dropout PERMANENT DROPOUT TEMPORARY DROPOUT EVENT DROPOUTS LONG-TERM DROPOUTS 7—17 YEARs OLD 7-17 YEARS OLD SPORADIC DROPOUTS UNSETTLED DROPOUTS SETTLED DROPOUTS
  • 6. Re-Crossing the Threshold: Implications for Policy <ul><li>Supply Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility towards irregular attendees and dropouts—school level, and community level </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-grade teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative school programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible school hours </li></ul><ul><li>Programmes to suit physical mobility of children—mobile schools, flexible timetable   </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Demand Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening demand at the community level by providing incentives (take home rations) </li></ul><ul><li>Instituting measures to discourage usage of children’s labour </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging parents to get involved in their children’s education </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing problems arising from conflict between pupils and teachers </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><ul><li>Thanks </li></ul></ul>

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