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Pubic and Low-Fee private Schooling in Ghana, Are the Poor Being Served? Luke Akaguri
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Pubic and Low-Fee private Schooling in Ghana, Are the Poor Being Served? Luke Akaguri

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  • 1. Public and Low-fee Private Schooling in Rural Ghana: Are the Poor Being Served? Luke A. Akaguri - University of Sussex
  • 2. Introduction
    • In Ghana, evidence suggest considerable progress in expanding access – gender and regional differences have narrowed but ....
    • ... gaps in participation between the poor and non
    • poor and also between rural and Urban persist.
    • Key Message
    • Fee-free schooling should be driven by an
    • incentive structure that makes public schools
    • more accountable to local communities.
  • 3. Food cost constitutes the most significant component of Household expenditure for both school types averaging about 45% and 29% of the costs per child per term for public and private schools respectively. Findings
  • 4. A large proportion of poorest household’s income is spent on education – about 16% and 30% public and private respectively
  • 5. What makes low fee private schools attractive to the poor?
      • Capitation has reduced the cost burden
      • ‘ Household friendly’ fee policy
      • LFP schools operated with clear vision of improving learning outcomes – people perceive them to be of good quality.
  • 6. Policy Messages
    • The state should create an incentive structure that make public schools more accountable to local communities.
    • Providing school meals would reduce greatly reduce the costs burden of the poor
    • State to support LFPs to keep their cost low.
    • School mapping to include LFPs to understand their expansion and relative costs.
  • 7. Are the poor being served?
    • Yes, to those who are dissatisfied with public schools and despite their poverty are looking for an alternative.
    • No, for those who cannot afford low-fee private schools and still find that the alternative (public schools) are not cost free even for the poorest quality they might offer.
    • Thank you