Module 5


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Sex Education Taught in Schools

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Module 5

  1. 1. Bridgette Resh CI 583 Module 5
  2. 2. Problem <ul><li>Abstinence-only programs assume that all young people across the country have the same experience with sex and sexuality and disseminates misinformation about contraception, abortion, STIs and pregnancy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Comprehensive Sexuality Education? <ul><li>program that starts in kindergarten and continues through high school </li></ul><ul><li>age appropriate sexuality topics </li></ul><ul><li>covers the broad spectrum of sex education, including safe sex, STDs, contraceptives, masturbation, body image, and more. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  4. 4. Comprehensive sex education programs include discussions around : <ul><li>personal safety </li></ul><ul><li>healthy relationships </li></ul><ul><li>abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>sexually transmitted diseases </li></ul><ul><li>pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>birth </li></ul><ul><li>Parenting </li></ul><ul><li>sexual orientation </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>No abstinence-only program has yet been proven through rigorous evaluation to help youth delay sex for a significant period of time, help youth decrease their number of sex partners, or reduce STI or pregnancy rates among teens. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 6. EFFECTIVENESS OF SEX EDUCATION PROGRAMS <ul><li>shown to increase young people's levels of knowledge about sex and sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>push back the average age at which they first have sexual intercourse </li></ul><ul><li>decrease risk when they do have sex </li></ul><ul><li>focus on reducing specific risky behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>provide accurate information about the risks associated with sexual activity, contraception and birth control, and sexual decision making </li></ul><ul><li>dealing with peer pressures amongst young people </li></ul>
  7. 8. Research Purpose <ul><li>The goal of this research project is to encourage Americans to support a comprehensive sexuality education program that includes lessons on abstinence as well as contraception. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Significance of this study <ul><li>* Accurate information about sex and sexuality </li></ul><ul><li>*How to negotiate sexual relationships safely and responsibly </li></ul><ul><li>*Sexuality education </li></ul><ul><li>*The most influential role models for a young person are their parents and teachers. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>What we found… </li></ul><ul><li>The effectiveness of sex education program </li></ul><ul><li>Sex education is a major issue in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Most schools only teach Abstinence-only </li></ul>
  10. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>Guttmacher Institute, U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions: National and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethnicity, 2010, <>, accessed Oct. 26, 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Teen Network. (2001). Advocacy resource guide: Comprehensive sexuality education. Washington, DC: Healthy Teen Network. </li></ul><ul><li>Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Public Secondary School Principals: The Politics of Sex Education (Menlo Park, CA, The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, December, 1999), p. 9. </li></ul><ul><li>Kirby, D, Emerging Answers 2007: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, 2007. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Bibliography <ul><li>Martinez G, Abma J and Casey C, Educating teenagers about sex in the United States, NCHS Data Brief, 2010, No. 44. </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Alliance on Teen Pregnancy. Comprehensive sexuality education. Retrieved June 1, 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Peter D. Hart Research Associates, Inc. Teaching Sex Education in Public Elementary Schools (Washington, DC, Children's Research and Education Institute, 1999). </li></ul>