What is the Progressive Era??<br />Progressive Era = <br />Period between 1890 – 1920, during which many reforms were enacted at all levels of government<br />
The Beginning of the Progressives<br />Grew out of many reform groups<br />Populism, Charity Reform, Settlements Houses<br />Started at the Local Level & Moved Up<br />Most were from the Middle Class<br />A Perfect Storm for Reform…<br />Poor Economy, New Immigrants & Ideas<br />Many progressives believed private charities could not do enough to help people<br />
What Progressives Believed<br /><ul><li>Not a Unified Movement!
#1 Belief: Government should become more efficient and help to improve the lives of people.</li></li></ul><li>Different Beliefs<br />Social Reform:<br />Working with government to help people<br />Political Reform:<br />Wanting to make government more efficient<br /> Moral Reform:<br />Improving because it’s the right thing to do<br />Economic Reform<br />Wanting to improve wages and benefits to people<br />
Problems…<br />Many of these beliefs overlapped<br />Do we see this today… (Examples)<br />
Local Level Changes<br />Political Machines controlled cities and elections<br />Progressives fought to have more control over their cities<br />Cutting out the Monopolies<br />Catastrophes were often needed to bring change<br />
State Level Changes<br />Labor Departments established to prevent workplace hazards <br /><ul><li>Child Labor almost abolished by 1910
Minimum Wage Law passed in Eight States by 1912</li></li></ul><li>Federal Changes<br />President Roosevelt = A Federal Voice to Promote Change<br />Regulating Railroads<br />Better Public Health<br />Department of Labor Established w/Child Labor & Women’s Bureau<br />Believer in Preserving Federal Lands<br />
Incidents/Events 2 & 3<br />With a partner you are to complete the rest of the packet<br />Be sure to follow directions and complete each section before moving on to the next one<br />
Shirtwaist Fire Background<br />Triangle Fire, March 10, 1911.<br />About 500 Italian and Jewish girls were employed in the clothing factory<br />146 died when a fire trapped them inside because the doors were locked from the outside<br />This is an example of an event that moved people to demand changes<br />Problems workers faced?<br />Why did the company do so little?<br />
Shirtwaist Fire Political Cartoons<br />What do you see in this Political Cartoon?<br />
Muckrakers<br />What is a Muckraker?<br />Jungle Feelings???<br />Comparison to Today?<br />
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