Genital Herpes: A Hidden Epidemic Linda Bren Annual Editions  Health McGraw-Hill
45 million Americans Have Herpes <ul><li>1 in 5 Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Especially in 12-19 age group and </li></ul><u...
What is genital herpes? <ul><li>An STI (STD) </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by herpes simplex virus </li></ul><ul><li>HSV-1:infe...
history <ul><li>1 st  episode </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent episodes </li></ul><ul><li>May be flu-like with sores, 2-10 days...
Harboring Herpes
Path of virus <ul><li>Enters skin </li></ul><ul><li>Nerves followed </li></ul><ul><li>To spine base </li></ul><ul><li>Inac...
Possible activity <ul><li>No signs  with + or – transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Asymptomatic shedding occurs </li></ul><ul>...
transmission <ul><li>Skin to skin only and mucous membrane </li></ul><ul><li>No sex while symptomatic </li></ul><ul><li>Al...
treatment <ul><li>Acyclovir (Zovirax) </li></ul><ul><li>Famciclovir </li></ul><ul><li>Valacyclovir (valtrex) </li></ul><ul...
Diagnosis <ul><li>Viral culture or blood test </li></ul><ul><li>Serological blood test best –tests antibodies </li></ul>
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Genital Herpes

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Genital Herpes

  1. 1. Genital Herpes: A Hidden Epidemic Linda Bren Annual Editions Health McGraw-Hill
  2. 2. 45 million Americans Have Herpes <ul><li>1 in 5 Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Especially in 12-19 age group and </li></ul><ul><li>20 to 29 age group </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to self diagnose </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to greater susceptibility to HIV </li></ul><ul><li>We have a blood test </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is genital herpes? <ul><li>An STI (STD) </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by herpes simplex virus </li></ul><ul><li>HSV-1:infects on lips—most common </li></ul><ul><li>HSV-2:genital </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangeable : genital  oral </li></ul><ul><li>Sores on anus,vagina,cervix,penis </li></ul><ul><li>Inner thigh and scrotum </li></ul>
  4. 4. history <ul><li>1 st episode </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent episodes </li></ul><ul><li>May be flu-like with sores, 2-10 days post contact, lasting2-4 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Variable in timing </li></ul><ul><li>HSV-2 > HSV-1 </li></ul><ul><li>1 st yr. More and worse </li></ul>
  5. 5. Harboring Herpes
  6. 6. Path of virus <ul><li>Enters skin </li></ul><ul><li>Nerves followed </li></ul><ul><li>To spine base </li></ul><ul><li>Inactive at base of spine </li></ul><ul><li>Reactivates /reproduces  skin </li></ul><ul><li>Moves back to mucous membranes and skin </li></ul>
  7. 7. Possible activity <ul><li>No signs with + or – transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Asymptomatic shedding occurs </li></ul><ul><li>If new infection, HSV-2 more shedding </li></ul><ul><li>Itch,tingle  blister  open, crust  gone </li></ul>
  8. 8. transmission <ul><li>Skin to skin only and mucous membrane </li></ul><ul><li>No sex while symptomatic </li></ul><ul><li>Always use condoms </li></ul><ul><li>Condoms may not protect all areas </li></ul><ul><li>May be more protective for female </li></ul>
  9. 9. treatment <ul><li>Acyclovir (Zovirax) </li></ul><ul><li>Famciclovir </li></ul><ul><li>Valacyclovir (valtrex) </li></ul><ul><li>Taken for outbreak, or suppressively </li></ul><ul><li>Interfere with viral reproduction </li></ul>
  10. 10. Diagnosis <ul><li>Viral culture or blood test </li></ul><ul><li>Serological blood test best –tests antibodies </li></ul>
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