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Gender Lecture Mens Health

Gender Lecture Mens Health






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    Gender Lecture Mens Health Gender Lecture Mens Health Presentation Transcript

    • Sex , Gender and Identity Gender and sex are not the same Sex is biological and determined by XX or XY
    • Genetics
      • Y chromosome determines male characteristics and teste formation
      • Y  testes,hormones(T) and secondary male sex characteristics
    • Gender
      • Learned attitudes and
      • Behaviors
      • Based on social and cultural expectations
      • Not physical qualities
      • These characterize males and females
      • Usually of one sex or another
    • Gender identity
      • Social context and parenting define or model gender identity
      • “ gendered behavior”
      • At school
      • From family
      • At home
      • At work
      • Within society
    • Gendered roles
      • What a specific society expects of a particular sex ( M or F)
      • Influences from
      • religion
      • SES ( socioeconomic status)
      • ethnicity
    • Summarized
      • Sex —genetic, morphologic, and function
      • Gender ---------- learned characteristics
      • Gender identity —our concept of our own gender
      • Gender roles --- what we actually do and our actions
      • Nature! vs. 2) nurture! Are we a biological product of our environment or a product of anatomy
      Nature Nurture innate Learned Biological/physiological Psychological heredity Environmental Fixed Changeable
    • Nature male biology produces Testosterone, as determined by XY Higher male infant mortality More male genetic disorders Differences in smell, taste, thought Higher mortality at most ages
    • Nurture as determined by social and parenting Gender roles identity Sexual orientation? ( may be mostly biological!)
    • In most cases
      • Gender and sex same
      • In agreement with societal norms
      • In transsexuals, gender identity out of sync with biological sex
      • Due to circulating hormone levels, in mom or fetus
      • Brain morphology variants
      • Influenced by chemical initiators /hormonal mimics
    • Sex Orientation attraction unrelated to roles, sex I.D., identity Sexual ID genetics Male female Pick one Gender ID nurture M F Pick one Gender role What we do M F Pick one Sex Orientation Attracted to? M F Pick one
    • Transgendered
      • Either XX or XY
      • Feel and identify with the opposite sex
      • Believe they as individuals should have been other sex
      • Attraction variable
      • May not be actual transsexual
      • Culure,social,nurture connotations
    • Intersexed
      • Individuals have indistinct sexual features
      • May require surgical modifications
      • May have duplicate or vestigial genitals
      • Secondary characteristics vary
    • Ways to study men: Biological Model Genes Hormones Function development Anthropolocical Model Evolution Cross species study Sociological model Society Family culture Psychological model Motivation Attitudes Evolutionary psychology
    • Examples
      • Hormonal influences on wiring and cognition (Biological)
      • Risk taking, aggression,
      • Or maybe these are selective pressures to mate more often ( anthropological)
      • Or societal ( social) or (psychological)
    • Feminists vs. Evolutionary biologists/psychologists
      • Feminists favor nurture
      • Sensitive male
      • Biologists favor nature?
      • Survival male?