90110 pp tx_ch06
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90110 pp tx_ch06






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    90110 pp tx_ch06 90110 pp tx_ch06 Presentation Transcript

    • The School Health Program: A Component of Community Health Chapter 6
    • Introduction
      • The school health program has great potential for affecting health of the community
    • Coordinated School Health Program
      • An organized set of policies, procedures, and activities designed to protect, promote, and improve the health and well-being of students and staff
    • CSHP
    • The School Health Council
      • Individuals from a school or school district and its community who work together to provide advice and aspects of the school health program
        • Should include diverse representation
      • Primary role – provide coordination of the CSHP components
    • The School Nurse
      • Can provide great leadership for the CSHP
      • Has medical knowledge and formal training
      • Has multiple responsibilities
      • Often districts do not have resources to hire full-time nurses
    • Teachers
      • Heavy responsibility in making sure the CSHP works
      • Often spend more waking hours with children than parents
    • The Need for School Health
      • An unhealthy child has a difficult time learning
      • Health and success in schools are interrelated
      • A CSHP provides the integration of education and health
    • Foundations of the School Health Program
      • School administration that supports the effort
      • A well-organized school health council
      • Written school health policies
    • School Health Policies
      • Steps for creating local health-related policies include
          • Identify the policy development team
          • Assess the district’s needs
          • Prioritize needs and develop an action plan
          • Draft a policy
          • Build awareness and support
          • Adopt and implement the policy
          • Maintain, measure, and evaluate
    • Policy Development
      • Should be executed by the school health council
      • Should cover all facets of the school health program
      • Gain approval from key stakeholders
    • Policy Implementation
      • Policies only effective if implemented
        • Distribute policies to those affected
          • Distribute with a memorandum of explanation
          • Place in faculty, staff, and student handbooks
          • Present them at group meetings (PTO)
          • Hold a special meeting for explaining policies
          • Place them in the school district newsletter
    • Monitoring Policy Status
      • National survey conducted by CDC every 6 years
      • Assesses:
        • School health policies
        • School health practices at the state, district, school, and classroom levels
    • Components of a CSHP
      • Administration and organization
      • School health services
      • Healthy school environment
      • School health education
      • Counseling, psychological, and social services
      • Physical education
      • School nutrition services
      • Family/community involvement
      • School-site health promotion for staff
    • Administration and Organization
      • A CSHP should be administered by a School Health Coordinator
        • Multiple responsibilities
        • Often not a position required by states
    • School Health Services
      • Health services provided by school health workers to appraise, protect, and promote health
          • Health screenings, emergency care for injury and sudden illness, chronic disease management, communicable disease prevention and control, health counseling
      • Advantages: equitability, confidentiality, breadth of coverage, user friendliness, convenience
    • Healthy School Environment
      • By law, school districts are required to provide a safe school environment
      • Physical environment
        • Buildings and structures, and the behaviors of those using them
        • Location, age, air quality, food service, temperature, etc.
      • Psychosocial environment
        • Attitudes, values, feelings of students and staff
    • School Health Education
      • The development, delivery, and evaluation of a planned curriculum
        • Priority health content:
          • Alcohol and other drugs, healthy eating, mental and emotional health, personal health and wellness, physical activity, safety/unintentional injury prevention, sexual health (abstinence and risk avoidance), tobacco, violence prevention
    • Development of and Sources of Health Education Curricula
      • Many available from national specialists
      • Approved curricula from state departments of education or health
      • Health agencies and associations
      • Commercially produced curricula
    • Issues and Concerns of the School Health Program
      • Lack of support for CSHP
      • School health curriculum challenges
      • School-based health centers
      • Violence in schools
    • Lack of Support for CSHP
      • Limited success in getting CSHP implemented across the country
      • Need supportive legislation
    • School Health Curriculum Challenges
      • Controversy
        • Strong opinions on various topics
      • Improper implementation
        • Often provided by individuals other than health education specialists
        • Barriers to school health education
    • School-Based Health Centers or School-Linked Health Centers
      • Rapidly growing concept
      • Provided in different ways; most common is in school building
      • Common features among various centers
      • “ Cultural wars”
      • Funding challenges
    • Violence in Schools
      • High profile incidents of violence in schools
      • Bullying
      • Electronic aggression
      • Recommendations for improving school climate as it relates to violence
    • Discussion Questions
      • Why is a CSHP so challenging to implement in every school district?
      • How can schools have more effective health programs with limited funding?