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Busgrowth

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  • 24/09/13 ABAHO ERNEST
  • 24/09/13 ABAHO ERNEST
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  • Transcript

    • 1. 6 Business Growth and Strategy
    • 2. Strategic management strategic and day-to-day management the components of strategic management strategic analysis strategic choice strategic implementation Importance of the business environment PEST analysis Strategic Analysis
    • 3. Strategic Analysis Porter's five forces model the five forces the bargaining power of suppliers the bargaining power of buyers the threat of potential new entrants the threat of substitutes the extent of competitive rivalry
    • 4. Industry competitors Porter's Five Forces Model Source: Michael E. Porter Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, (The Free Press, 1980)
    • 5. Industry competitors Rivalry among existing firms Porter's Five Forces Model Source: Michael E. Porter Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, (The Free Press, 1980)
    • 6. Potential entrants Industry competitors Rivalry among existing firms Threat of new entrants Porter's Five Forces Model Source: Michael E. Porter Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, (The Free Press, 1980)
    • 7. Substitute products Potential entrants Industry competitors Rivalry among existing firms Threat of new entrants Threat of substitutes Porter's Five Forces Model Source: Michael E. Porter Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, (The Free Press, 1980)
    • 8. Suppliers Substitute products Potential entrants Industry competitors Rivalry among existing firms Threat of new entrants Bargaining power of suppliers Threat of substitutes Porter's Five Forces Model Source: Michael E. Porter Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, (The Free Press, 1980)
    • 9. BuyersSuppliers Substitute products Potential entrants Industry competitors Rivalry among existing firms Threat of new entrants Bargaining power of suppliers Bargaining power of buyers Threat of substitutes Porter's Five Forces Model Source: Michael E. Porter Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, (The Free Press, 1980)
    • 10. Strategic Analysis Porter's five forces model the five forces the bargaining power of suppliers the bargaining power of buyers the threat of potential new entrants the threat of substitutes the extent of competitive rivalry factors affecting each of the forces
    • 11. Strategic Analysis Porter's five forces model the five forces the bargaining power of suppliers the bargaining power of buyers the threat of potential new entrants the threat of substitutes the extent of competitive rivalry factors affecting each of the forces limitations of the five forces model
    • 12. Strategic Analysis Value chain analysis nature of value chain analysis primary activities inbound logistics operations outbound logistics marketing and sales service secondary activities procurement technological development human resources management firm infrastructure
    • 13. Inbound logistics The value chain Operations Outbound logistics Marketing and sales After-sales serviceFirminfrastructure Technological development Humanresource management Procurement
    • 14. Strategic Choice Environment or market-based strategy types cost leadership differentiation focus importance of establishing:- the basis of a firm's competitive advantages the nature of the target market Resource-based strategy exploiting core competencies defining & establishing core competencies
    • 15. Growth by internal expansion product differentiation vertical integration diversification Growth by external expansion: mergers and takeovers horizontal mergers vertical mergers conglomerate mergers Growth Strategy
    • 16. Alternative growth strategy GROWTH OF A FIRM Internal expansion External expansion (1) Differentiation Horizontal expansion (same product, increase in market share) (1) Horizontal integration Mergers of firms producing the same product (2) Vertical integration Different products, but belonging to different stages of same product (2) Vertical integration Mergers of firms producing at different stages of same process (3) Conglomerate Diversification - introduction of totally different products (3) Conglomerate Diversification - merger of firms producing totally unrelated products
    • 17. Growth Strategy Growth by internal expansion financing internal growth borrowing share issue ploughing-back profit the takeover constraint
    • 18. Growth Strategy Growth by internal expansion (cont.) growth through vertical integration backward integration ('upstream' integration) forward integration ('downstream' integration) why vertically integrate? economies of scale reduced uncertainty monopoly power • barriers to entry growth through diversification advantages • when existing market is saturated • spreads risks
    • 19. Growth Strategy Growth through mergers and takeovers types of merger and takeover horizontal vertical conglomerate motives for mergers and takeovers growth economies of scale monopoly power increased market valuation reduced uncertainty other motives effects of mergers on consumers
    • 20. Financing Growth and Investment Sources of business finance internal sources ploughed-back profit external sources banks • mainly short- and medium-term finance stock market • longer-term finance problem of 'short-termism' international sources
    • 21. The role of the Stock Exchange primary market secondary market advantages brings together savers & firms seeking finance regulates firms and helps encourage confidence facilitates mergers and takeovers reduces transaction costs of investment finance disadvantages cost of getting listed possible short-termism and instability Financing Growth and Investment
    • 22. Is the stock market efficient? the efficient market hypothesis share prices reflect information about companies' current and expected future performance implications of stock market efficiency benefit of speculation diminishes as efficiency increases perfect efficiency and share prices following a 'random walk' Financing Growth and Investment
    • 23. Staying Small EU definition of SMEs by number of employees micro enterprises small enterprises medium enterprises by turnover
    • 24. EU SME definitions
    • 25. EU SME definitions
    • 26. EU SME definitions
    • 27. EU SME definitions
    • 28. Staying Small Competitive advantage and small firms flexibility quality of service production efficiency and low overheads product development and innovation Problems facing small businesses selling and marketing funding R&D management skills less ability to gain economies of scale