Stalemate

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Stalemate

  1. 1. Stalemate<br />A Tale of Two Koreas<br />
  2. 2. Korea: A Brief Pre-War History<br />The kingdom of Korea was unified in 668<br />Although subject to frequent invasion, Korea maintained a distinct identity under the Koryo and Choson dynasties.<br />Korea was annexed by Japan in 1910, and remained a Japanese colony until the end of World War II in 1945.<br />
  3. 3. The Korean War<br />After the war, Korea was divided into zones of occupation by its liberators: the North went to the Soviet Union and the South went to the United States.<br />In 1950, North Korea invaded the South in hopes of reunifying the nation.<br />Fearing the spread of communism, the United Nations intervened, led by the United States.<br />The war lasted for three years, from 1950 to 1953. <br />
  4. 4. Divided Korea: War’s Aftermath<br />American troops advanced far into the North, but were pushed back by the Chinese, who allied themselves with their fellow communists.<br />An armistice line was drawn at the 38th parallel (see right) that divides the Korean peninsula in two.<br />Although the two nations have agreed to a cessation of hostilities, the war was never officially ended!!!<br />Tensions remain high to this day.<br />
  5. 5. The DMZ<br />The best physical representation of current relations between North Korea and South Korea is the DMZ (demilitarized zone).<br />The DMZ is a 151 foot long, 2.5 mile wide zone filled with minefields and surrounded by barbed wire.<br />It is under constant surveillance by both sides, and is the most heavily armed border on Earth.<br />
  6. 6. Korea Today<br />With North Korea aspiring to become a nuclear power, the tension between North and South Korea is a relevant international issue.<br />The recent sinking of a South Korean ship by North Korea is only one example of an international incident that could touch off a war.<br />
  7. 7. Diplomacy<br />Many countries, including China, the United States, and Japan have been attempting to mediate between the North and South in order to find a diplomatic solution<br />Conflict between the two Koreas is highly undesirable for many reasons, including economic destabilization, the massive amount of refugees it would create, and the death toll.<br />
  8. 8. The DMZ Forum<br />One particularly interesting organization is the DMZ Forum, which proposes Korean reunification and the transformation of the DMZ into a peace park.<br />Having been uninhabited for many decades, the DMZ has become a nature reserve home to many endangered species such as the red-crowned crane (see right.)<br />
  9. 9. What You Can Do<br />Contact your representative and express your concern about the issue.<br />The DMZ Forum is a licensed charitable organization and takes donations. You can donate online at their website: http://www.dmzforum.org/getinvolved/donateonline.php<br />
  10. 10. Works Cited<br />DMZ Walk. N.d. KoreanDMZ.org. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://koreandmz.org/>. <br />DMZ Walk. N.d. KoreanDMZ.org. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://koreandmz.org/>. <br />DMZ Walk. N.d. KoreanDMZ.org. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://koreandmz.org/>. <br />DMZ Walk. N.d. KoreanDMZ.org. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://koreandmz.org/>. <br />DMZ Walk. N.d. KoreanDMZ.org. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://koreandmz.org/>. <br />Weisman, Alan. The World Without Us. New York: Picador, 2007. Print. <br />Weisman, Alan. The World Without Us. New York: Picador, 2007. Print. <br />Weisman, Alan. The World Without Us. New York: Picador, 2007. Print. <br />Weisman, Alan. The World Without Us. New York: Picador, 2007. Print. <br /><ul><li>DMZ Walk. N.d. KoreanDMZ.org. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://koreandmz.org/>.
  11. 11. Korean War Artillery. N.d. National Archives. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://www.archives.gov/</li></ul> publications/prologue/images/ korean-war-artillery.jpg>. <br /><ul><li>"Summary of Korea's History/Background." AsianInfo.org. N.p., 2000. Web. 30 May 2010. <http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/korea/pro-history.htm>.
  12. 12. Tran, Mark. "How likely is a war between North and South Korea?" guardian.co.uk. The Guardian, 25 May 2010. Web. 30 May 2010.
  13. 13. Weisman, Alan. The World Without Us. New York: Picador, 2007. Print. </li>

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