What is breast cancer?its a cancer thatstarts in thebreast, usually in theinner lining of themilk ducts orlobules. withdifferent stages(spread), aggressiveness, and geneticmakeup.
Causes and risk factors of breast cancerOver the course of a lifetime, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer.Risk factors you cannot change include: Age and gender. –Most breast cancer cases are found in women over the age of 50. Women are 100 times more at rise of getting breast cancer than men.Family history of breast cancer - You may also have a higher risk for breast cancer if you have a close relative who has had breast, uterine, ovarian, or colon cancer
Continued..Genes-Some people have genes that make them more likely to develop breast cancer. These genes normally produce proteins that protect you from cancer. If a parent passes you a defective gene, you have an increased risk for breast cancer.Menstrual cycle -- Women who got their periods early (before age 12) or went through menopause late (after age 55) have an increased risk for breast cancer.
Symptoms of breast cancer.In early breast cancer. You cant detect symptoms of breast cancer. This is why it is important to get regular breast exams.Symptoms my include:lump in the armpit that is hard, has uneven edges, and usually does not hurtChange in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple . For example a redness, and dimpling.Fluid coming from the nipple. For example clear, green that looks like pus.
SymptomsMen can also have breast cancer. Symptoms can be:breast lump and breast pain and tendernessBone painBreast pain or discomfortSkin ulcersSwelling of one arm (next to the breast with cancer)Weight loss
Treatment Treatment is based on many factors, including: Type and stage of the cancer Whether the cancer is sensitive to certain hormones Whether the cancer overproduces (overexpresses) a gene called HER2 A general, cancer treatments may include: Chemotherapy- medicines to kill cancer cells Radiation therapy-to destroy cancerous tissue Surgery to remove cancerous tissue - a lumpectomy removes the breast lump; mastectomy removes all or part of the breast and possible nearby structures
Stages and Treatment Stage 0 and DCIS -- Lumpectomy plus radiation or mastectomy is the standard treatment. There is some controversy on how best to treat DCIS. Stage I and II -- Lumpectomy plus radiation or mastectomy with some sort of lymph node removal is the standard treatment. Hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and biologic therapy may also be recommended following surgery. Stage III -- Treatment involves surgery, possibly followed by chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and biologic therapy. Stage IV -- Treatment may involve surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or a combination of these treatments
Most complications and prevention You may experience side effects or complications from cancer treatment. For example, radiation therapy may cause temporary swelling of the breast Lymphedema may start 6 to 8 weeks after surgery or after radiation treatment for cancerTo prevent from having breast cancer: With medical history go talk to a doctor. Have a check up every other month.
Breast Cancer Awareness Month The National Breast Cancer Awareness Month is a collaboration of national public service organizations, professional medical associations, and government agencies working together to promote breast cancer awareness, share information on the disease, and provide greater access to services. Since its inception more than 25 years. The forefront of promoting awareness of breast cancer issues and has evolved along with the national dialogue on breast cancer. although many great strides have been made in breast cancer awareness and treatment. Many people remain to dedicated and educating empowering women to take charge of their own breast health. Although October is designated as National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, to raising awareness and educating individuals about breast cancer throughout the year.